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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Comparison Of Parental And Self-Expectations For Intermediate Grade Students, Cheryl Marrese Dec 1990

A Comparison Of Parental And Self-Expectations For Intermediate Grade Students, Cheryl Marrese

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted in order to investigate and to compare the parental expectations held for

Intermediate (grades 4-6) children with those expectations that these same children hold for themselves. The subjects consisted of twenty-seven students and their parents. These participants were asked to complete a fourteen question survey. The survey given to the parents asked them about the expectations that they held for their children under a variety of circumstances. The student survey asked the children about their own expectations concerning the same circumstances. The surveys were then examined and the number of parent-child agreements for each question was ...


A Comparison Of Oral Reading Fluency And Silent Reading Rate, Yvonne M. Sander Dec 1990

A Comparison Of Oral Reading Fluency And Silent Reading Rate, Yvonne M. Sander

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between silent reading rate and oral reading fluency in upper elementary students.

The subjects were twenty-seven sixth grade students attending a suburban school, who were reading at or above grade level. Each student's words-per-minute rate was determined by a timed silent reading of a passage at the student's independent reading level. Each student's fluency score was determined by averaging the three scores obtained from the three raters who had listened to a recorded oral reading of the same passage used in the words-per-minute check. These scores were ...


A Comparison Of Aesthetic And Efferent Reading Strategies Of College Students, Julie Schnell Dec 1990

A Comparison Of Aesthetic And Efferent Reading Strategies Of College Students, Julie Schnell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to investigate, compare, and document the use of efferent and aesthetic reading strategies, as used by both undergraduate and graduate college students enrolled in a course in developmental reading instruction.

Twenty students were individually interviewed, each student attending two separate interviews: one which focused on efferent reading and the other which focused on aesthetic reading. The students' responses to the question, "What is efferent/aesthetic reading comprehension?"; their comments made as they “thought-out-loud” while reading; and their identifications of efferent and aesthetic reading comprehension strategies, were analyzed and categorized according to similarities in items included in ...


Who's A Good Teacher?: Third, Fifth, And Seventh Graders Speak Out, Mary Anne Coppola Dec 1990

Who's A Good Teacher?: Third, Fifth, And Seventh Graders Speak Out, Mary Anne Coppola

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Included in any discussion of quality education there has usually existed a universal agreement as to the importance of good teaching. It has been impossible to ignore the teacher's powerful ability to create achievers or failures out of his/her students. However, as adults attempted to define the characteristics of the "good teacher'', they rarely invited students to offer their input, even though those students possessed first-hand knowledge of intimate classroom dynamics.

This study, therefore, was an effort to tap this valuable resource by interviewing 117 third, fifth, and seventh graders and asking them the following quest ions: “Think ...


Illustration And Its Influence On Book Selection, Linda S. Mcgrath Dec 1990

Illustration And Its Influence On Book Selection, Linda S. Mcgrath

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the influence that illustration has on book selection. The subjects were students from a first, third and fifth grade setting in a suburban school district in Western New York State. The children responded verbally as well as in writing to express the characteristics of illustration which influence the process of book selection. This was done through the use of Caldecott award and honor books as well as books with inferior illustration. This research shows a descriptive analysis categorizing related concepts, similarities and patterns in illustration, through subject response at the various ...


Self-Esteem And Life Changes : Common Profiles, Mary Peck Nov 1990

Self-Esteem And Life Changes : Common Profiles, Mary Peck

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study's purpose was to investigate the relationship between an individual's self-esteem and the decisions he makes during life changes. Specifically, self-esteem of career changers and its relationship to need satisfying conditions of their occupations was examined. Transfer of these findings to classroom implications was discussed. The subjects were 56 adults attending a State University College in New York, randomly selected by the college's Administrative Computing Services. This sample population completed Rosenberg's SelfEsteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965) to reflect their selfesteem before and after their decision to change career. The subjects were then divided into categories based ...


The Relationship Of Self-Concept And Apprehension To Writing: A Case Study Of Avoidance Techniques In A Learning Disabled Student, Elizabeth C. Conte Aug 1990

The Relationship Of Self-Concept And Apprehension To Writing: A Case Study Of Avoidance Techniques In A Learning Disabled Student, Elizabeth C. Conte

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The background of a learning disabled student is profiled with specific details of his varied educational programs. Included is a review of literature concerning learning disabilities as they relate to self-concept, writing attitudes, ability and overall achievement. The purpose of this case study was to investigate the relationship of R's self-concept to his writing disability and his non-achievement in school. Family history, educational placements, academic, standardized, and diagnostic tests as well as anecdotal comments were reviewed in an attempt to break down his pattern of failure. There appears to be a strong correlation between R's ' achievement level and ...


A Study Of Invented Spelling Progress Of First Grade Students In Whole Language Classrooms, Sharon Plutchak Aug 1990

A Study Of Invented Spelling Progress Of First Grade Students In Whole Language Classrooms, Sharon Plutchak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the spelling progress of first grade students in whole language classrooms. Using a modified version of Graves spelling stages, the study investigated students' invented spelling development from October to June.

This study examined the invented spelling stages of development of 128 first grade students; in six heterogeneous classrooms, all of which practiced the whole language philosophy of learning. The teachers, experienced at assessing stages of spelling development in students' writing samples, assigned a stage of spelling to each student in October and June. Data comparing the October spelling stage means and the ...


The Relationship Between Reading Achievement Test Scores Of Pre-Kindergarten Entrants And Standard Entrants At The Beginning Of Kindergarten, Brenda M. Murphy-Pough Aug 1990

The Relationship Between Reading Achievement Test Scores Of Pre-Kindergarten Entrants And Standard Entrants At The Beginning Of Kindergarten, Brenda M. Murphy-Pough

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of early intervention on reading achievement scores of children of urban low-income families. Need for the study was prompted by the debate among early childhood experts about whether early intervention had an influence on children from urban low-income families.

One hundred fifty kindergarten students who attended school in the city of Rochester, New York were identified. Of the one hundred fifty students, seventy-seven were prekindergarten entrants and seventy-three were standard entrants. The California Achievement Test Level 10 form E was administered to the subjects by their kindergarten teacher at the ...


The Effect Of Self-Concept On Math Achievement In Fourth Grade Students, Scott Thomas Cote Jul 1990

The Effect Of Self-Concept On Math Achievement In Fourth Grade Students, Scott Thomas Cote

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a correlation between self-concept and math achievement on a standardized test for a heterogeneous group of forty-eight fourth grade students. Also studied were the relationships of self-concept and math achievement on students from single parent homes and students from two-parent households and the differences between male and female students in the areas of self-concept and math achievement.

Forty-eight fourth grade students from a suburban school district in Rochester, New York were the subjects of this study. Twelve of the forty-eight were from broken homes.

The math section of the ...


An Investigation Of Self-Concept In Relation To Student Participation In An Academically Talented Program, Kristine L. Schulte Jul 1990

An Investigation Of Self-Concept In Relation To Student Participation In An Academically Talented Program, Kristine L. Schulte

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study attempts to examine the issue of identifying and placing students in gifted programs, and the impact of such practices on self-concept. The purpose was to determine whether or not there were any significant differences in the self-concepts of students participating in a resource program for the academically talented and a comparable group of students not enrolled in the program.


The Correspondence Between Auditory Duration And Grapheme Length: A Developmental Study, Jhan L. Sauer Jul 1990

The Correspondence Between Auditory Duration And Grapheme Length: A Developmental Study, Jhan L. Sauer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examines the development of young children’s conceptions of the correlation between auditory duration and grapheme length of a word. The researcher hypothesizes that that children’s concept of this relationship is developed over time and will increase with age. The author also hypothesizes that that there will be a statistically significant difference between the metalinguistic abilities of children who have received formal reading instruction and those who have not. The study examined 26 preschoolers, 40 kindergarteners, and 34 first graders from private suburban schools in western New York. The researcher used word-pair cards consisting of pseudowords and ...


The Effects Of Music On The Recognition Of Sight Vocabulary Of First Grade Students, Elizabeth R. Findlay Jul 1990

The Effects Of Music On The Recognition Of Sight Vocabulary Of First Grade Students, Elizabeth R. Findlay

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect music had on the recognition of sight vocabulary of first grade students.

The research that had been documented previous to this study indicated that music should be used in an environment that includes an abundance of printed materials as in a language experience or whole language approach. Through this, the lyrics were made visible to the students.

A sample population of forty students was used for this study and it was conducted over an eight week period. The treatment group was instructed through the use of music and charted lyrics ...


A Comparison Of Reading Instructional Approaches: Ability-Grouped Basal And Whole-Group Literature-Based, Elaine L. Bezon Jun 1990

A Comparison Of Reading Instructional Approaches: Ability-Grouped Basal And Whole-Group Literature-Based, Elaine L. Bezon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Seventy-nine first-grade students from a rural school were subjects in a comparison of reading instructional approaches. Forty students were members of a whole-group literature-based classroom. Thirty-nine students were members of a ability-grouped basal classroom. The students' Stanford Achievement Test (SAT) total reading and sub-test scores were examined using the raw scores from the previous and present years of the two reading approach classrooms. Results from a Regression and Correlation Analysis, Two Sample t Tests, and Bivariate Crosstab Tables indicate a significant relationship between the type of reading approach and reading achievement. Students from the whole~group literature-based approach performed significantly ...


An Investigation Of Public Library Summer Reading Programs: Examining Common Principles For Motivation Of Leisure Time Readers, Virginia Hughes May 1990

An Investigation Of Public Library Summer Reading Programs: Examining Common Principles For Motivation Of Leisure Time Readers, Virginia Hughes

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This investigation was conducted by interviewing twelve children’s librarians, visiting nine summer library programs, and corresponding with two librarians to gather information about their programs. The purpose of the investigation was to research the commonalities in programs and the ideas that librarians use to motivate leisure time readers. This study describes some of the attributes of summer leisure reading library programs and identifies commonalities in their goals and program guidelines. Also examined was the range of possibilities for summer programs and ideas for implementation.

From the information gathered in this investigation, it can be concluded that there are several ...


A Study Of Spatial Ability As A Predictor Of Success In New York State Regents Chemistry, Dana Meredith May 1990

A Study Of Spatial Ability As A Predictor Of Success In New York State Regents Chemistry, Dana Meredith

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine which of the following variables contributed most to students' success on the New York State Regents Chemistry examination. The four variables to be assessed are Space Relations, Numerical Ability, Verbal Reasoning and Language Usage. Studies by Carter, LaRussa and Bodner (1987) using college students enrolled in general chemistry suggest there is a significant relationship between spatial ability and chemistry performance.

Based on such research, it is hypothesized that a similar relationship exists at the secondary level. In order to see if such a relationship exists an investigation to determine the validity of ...


Receptive Vocabulary And Birth Order Of Children With A Non-Working Parent At Home During Their Pre-School Years, Beverly Paris Cass May 1990

Receptive Vocabulary And Birth Order Of Children With A Non-Working Parent At Home During Their Pre-School Years, Beverly Paris Cass

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a statistically significant difference between the receptive vocabulary scores on the Stanford Achievement Test of children having different birth orders all of whom were raised with a non-working parent in the home during their pre-school years.

This study examined the effect of birth order on a child’s receptive vocabulary. It analyzed the effects on a child's language development by environment, birth order, parental involvement, sibling communications, schema and intelligence.

Researchers agree that a child’s academic success is correlated with his/her language components. A child’s ...


Diagnostic Theory Of Information As A Testing Technique To Ascertain The Different Levels Of Spanish Vocabulary Skills, Eliza Bennette-Kinkead May 1990

Diagnostic Theory Of Information As A Testing Technique To Ascertain The Different Levels Of Spanish Vocabulary Skills, Eliza Bennette-Kinkead

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of information theory as a testing technique to diagnose the different levels of Spanish vocabulary skills. This study is not an attempt to analyze mistakes or to debate which language proficiency test is the best in testing language abilities or expertness. This test was constructed to determine the readability and the validity of information theory as a testing tool. A secondary purpose was to determine whether this technique could help increase a person's ability to comprehend reading material at their level of second language learning.

Vocabulary skills were tested ...


The Effects Of Contacting Parents Once A Week Concerning Students Academic Performance, Ozella Brundidge May 1990

The Effects Of Contacting Parents Once A Week Concerning Students Academic Performance, Ozella Brundidge

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The experimenter proposes that students “Academic Performance" in science class will increase significantly if parents are told what their children are expected to know at the end of each week. Parents will be encouraged to act as study partners by asking specific questions related to classwork. Parents will also fill out a weekly survey related to their child's study habits and family interests. Students will receive a Study Guide and a weekly Time Management Log which is designed to assist parents in answering questions on the Parental Survey.

Students’ "Classroom Behavior" will improve along with their attendance in relation ...


Writing Apprehension And Writing Competency: Comparison Between Whole Language Students And Skills Orientated Students, Lisa M. Friesen Apr 1990

Writing Apprehension And Writing Competency: Comparison Between Whole Language Students And Skills Orientated Students, Lisa M. Friesen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Previous research on writing competency and writing apprehension suggests that the lack of one (competency) increases the level of the other (apprehension). The same also seems to be true for the reverse—the greater the competency, the lower the apprehension. Yet, many questions still remain as to the causes of writing apprehension and how to elicit its reduction.

Researchers also contend that the whole language approach is more effective in instructing students how to write in terms of content, originality and creativity, as opposed to the basal/skills language program which concentrates on the mechanics of writing. This study combines ...


Analysis Of Suc Brockport Student's Performance On The Nte Core Battery, Joseph J. Zuniga Apr 1990

Analysis Of Suc Brockport Student's Performance On The Nte Core Battery, Joseph J. Zuniga

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

American schools have been outperformed when compared to schools of other nations. Key components posited include a shorter academic year, societal issues, and educators themselves. This thesis project examines performance on the National Teacher Exam (NTE) core battery for students of State University College (SUC) Brockport and compares them to the New York State average. The study includes data from 504 students graduating from Brockport between August, 1987; December, 1987; June, 1988; August, 1988; December, 1988, and June, 1989. The students were separated into groups including those who are four-year undergraduates of Brockport, students with less than 30 hours of ...


A Comparison Between Assigned Topic And Unassigned Topic Writing Compositions Of Fifth Grade Students, Norma Jean Ellis Apr 1990

A Comparison Between Assigned Topic And Unassigned Topic Writing Compositions Of Fifth Grade Students, Norma Jean Ellis

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a statistically significant and important relationship between fifth grade students' writing products when self-selected-topic compositions were compared to assigned-topic compositions.

The study was conducted over an eight-week period of time with 88 fifth grade students from a suburban school in western New York. There were 48 boys and 40 girls in the study. Each student was requested to write two compositions; the first composition was based on a topic of the student's own choice, the second composition was based on an assigned topic selected from a previous New ...