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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Study Of The Performance Of Deaf/Hard Of Hearing Students In High School Mathematics On Conceptual Understanding, Procedural Fluency, And Mathematical Reasoning Tasks, Bridget Ashmore Jun 2017

A Study Of The Performance Of Deaf/Hard Of Hearing Students In High School Mathematics On Conceptual Understanding, Procedural Fluency, And Mathematical Reasoning Tasks, Bridget Ashmore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Mathematics tends to be a subject where many students struggle and that struggle becomes especially prevalent as students make the transition from concrete mathematics to abstract mathematics, or from elementary or middle school to high school mathematics. With students that are deaf, the learning of mathematics becomes more complicated. Many barriers to learning present themselves as deaf students work their way through school and as they go through school, the performance gap between hearing and deaf students begins to grow. This thesis discusses the language barrier as one possible contributor as well as other factors like teacher preparedness and pedagogical ...


Primary Grade Students’ Expressive Oral Language In Social Situations, Caitlin Kier Apr 2017

Primary Grade Students’ Expressive Oral Language In Social Situations, Caitlin Kier

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research discusses the relationship between oral language development and social development. The primary goal of the study was to explore the use of expressive oral language within social situations in primary aged children. Data were collected over the course of six weeks. Data were collected using audio recordings, pre and post interviews and surveys, and observations. The data were analyzed to determine if and how students use oral language in social situations. The findings proved that students were able to improve their oral language skills within social situations.


Improving Reading Comprehension: For Children Living In Poverty In A Tier 3 Response To Intervention Group, Caitlin Merrifield Apr 2017

Improving Reading Comprehension: For Children Living In Poverty In A Tier 3 Response To Intervention Group, Caitlin Merrifield

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research explores the implementation of three different graphic organizers in my tier three, English Language Arts, Response to Intervention group. The purpose of this research is to improve reading comprehension for students raised in poverty. Data were collected for this study over a period of 6 weeks using the students’ graphic organizers, transcribed audio recordings, and observation notes. Data were analyzed for how effective the graphic organizer was along with why or why not. The participants were involved in the analysis portion, making their connection to their learning that much deeper.


Educating All Students? Successfully Supporting Students With Emotional Disabilities, Emily R. Davis Dec 2015

Educating All Students? Successfully Supporting Students With Emotional Disabilities, Emily R. Davis

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Within the last five years, the Department of Education Archives (n.d.) indicates the number of students classified with emotional disabilities ED enrolled in public schools has increased by ten percent. These increased numbers require that teachers need to be prepared to successfully support students with ED. This analytic review explores ways to meet the students’ needs both academically and emotionally. Discussion of placement, academic and social interventions, and the nature of special education proved focal. My analysis suggests that there needs to be a blend of academic supports and behavior modifications in place for students with ED for them ...


Exploring Social Development In A Child With Autism Who Uses The Language Acquisition Through Motor Planning (Lamp) Treatment Approach, Danielle L. Giangrasso Dec 2015

Exploring Social Development In A Child With Autism Who Uses The Language Acquisition Through Motor Planning (Lamp) Treatment Approach, Danielle L. Giangrasso

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study reviews how the communication device called Language Acquisition through Motor Planning (LAMP) influenced a specific child’s social development. The child in this study has autism and communicates nonverbally. I collected qualitative and quantitative data by recording field note observations, tracking behavioral data such as eye contact and social initiation, and having participants who personally know the child complete a survey regarding their thoughts on this topic. Findings were derived from the research. The findings were 1) socialization occurs more with adults, 2) LAMP gives opportunities to socialize, 3) communication occurs mostly when there is a highly motivating ...


Exploring The Impact Of Assistive Technologies In The Classroom For Students With Disabilities, Katie Coulon Dec 2015

Exploring The Impact Of Assistive Technologies In The Classroom For Students With Disabilities, Katie Coulon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This analytical review explores the impact of assistive technology (AT) on academic achievement for students with physical, intellectual, and developmental disabilities in pre-K to 12 th -grade classrooms. Extant scholarly literature from 2010 to 2015 is examined in this analytical review. Findings indicate that when students with physical, intellectual, and developmental disabilities use AT such as iPads®, software, speech generators, electronic notebooks, and computer-assisted instruction, there was an increase in academic achievement (e.g. spelling or writing skills) and an increase in student engagement. AT may be effective for one student; however, it may not be effective for another student ...


Differentiated Math Instruction: Instruction That Incorporates The Common Core State Standards And Effectively Addresses The Needs Of Sixth Grade Students. A Self-Study., Nicole A. Cubiotti May 2015

Differentiated Math Instruction: Instruction That Incorporates The Common Core State Standards And Effectively Addresses The Needs Of Sixth Grade Students. A Self-Study., Nicole A. Cubiotti

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

My capstone was a self-study conducted in a sixth grade 15:1 classroom. The purpose of my research was to determine how to incorporate the Common Core State Standards for math and effectively meet the needs of sixth grade students with different levels of abilities. Different strategies and interventions were used in the classroom during one hour class period and then were reflected into a journal to document the experience.


The Affects Of Executive Functions In Children With Adhd And The Impact On Their Literacy Development, Nicole Pettrone May 2015

The Affects Of Executive Functions In Children With Adhd And The Impact On Their Literacy Development, Nicole Pettrone

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In education, there have been an increase number of students who are diagnosed with Attention Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD). Although not all students with ADHD demonstrate executive function deficits, it’s been proven executive function deficits typically affect students with ADHD and their academic performance. Using a group of three fourth grade participants, the current study examines students with ADHD and how executive functions affect their literacy development in their regular classroom and how teachers can employ techniques and strategies to help bridge this gap. The results suggest students diagnosed with ADHD struggle with executive function development. Moreover, with implementation ...


Co-Teaching Using The Common Core State Standards In A Secondary Mathematics Classroom, Stacy M. Adams Apr 2015

Co-Teaching Using The Common Core State Standards In A Secondary Mathematics Classroom, Stacy M. Adams

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In schools today, mathematics teachers are faced with the challenge to educate all students. Additionally, teachers are also being asked to implement the new Common Core State Standards (CCSS) that were adopted by New York State in 2010. With the recent adoption of the CCSS and the rising number of students with disabilities, collaboration between mathematics and special education teachers is essential to meet the diverse academic needs of all students. Many schools are now implementing co-teaching so that teachers can share their expertise and work collaboratively towards the success of all students in the general education classroom. This research ...


Exploring The Effects Of Using The Words Their Way Program With Teenage Boys With Autism, Emily A. Gutknecht Jan 2015

Exploring The Effects Of Using The Words Their Way Program With Teenage Boys With Autism, Emily A. Gutknecht

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project is an initial investigation into effective methods of literacy instruction for teenage boys with autism. This study specifically focused on the Words Their WayTM Program incorporating Word Study for Spelling Instruction. The program focuses on developmental levels, differentiated based on ability, and uses a variety of multi-modal activities. Through a mixed-methods approach, both qualitative and quantitative data is collected and significant themes are developed (improvement in handwriting, characteristics of autism becoming academic obstacles, issues with the program, and ways motivation and engagement have influenced student performance). It was concluded that the program does improve spelling ability though ...


The Impact Self-Graphing Has On The Writing Fluency And Writing Attitudes Of Three 3rd Grade Students With Special Needs, Julie Anne Hyatt Aug 2013

The Impact Self-Graphing Has On The Writing Fluency And Writing Attitudes Of Three 3rd Grade Students With Special Needs, Julie Anne Hyatt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the demands of the Common Core Standards, a large emphasis has been placed on writing in all content areas. Unfortunately, in regards to students with special needs, teachers are unsure how to instruct them to produce higher quality writing and increase writing fluency. This study was designed to explore the impact self-graphing has on the writing fluency and writing attitudes of three third grade male students with special needs. Each student was given a survey to determine his or her attitude towards writing and asked to write about a prompt for varying amounts of time for six weeks. The ...


The Effects Of Discrete Trial Teaching On Students With Autism, Kristine Reardon Aug 2012

The Effects Of Discrete Trial Teaching On Students With Autism, Kristine Reardon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Discrete trial teaching (DTT) is one of the most widely interventions used on children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It is an intensive and individualized instructional methodology that involves breaking skills into smaller steps and intensely teaching each step until mastered. DTT is known to many as being useful for teaching new forms of behavior and discrimination. The purpose of this study was to investigate if DTT is a useful intervention for increasing communication skills, acquisition, and academic skills in children with ASD, while decreasing their inappropriate behaviors. Data indicated that DTT effectively increased acquisition, academic skills, and communication skills ...


Parents’ And Teachers’ Perceptions Of Home-School Journaling As An Effective Method For Two-Way Communication And Collaboration, Tabitha Fidanza Jul 2012

Parents’ And Teachers’ Perceptions Of Home-School Journaling As An Effective Method For Two-Way Communication And Collaboration, Tabitha Fidanza

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Home-school journals are a tool used for two-way communication between student’s parents and teachers. A typical home-school journal is given entries once a week. The entries include information about the student, and the class in general. The purpose of this study was to see how effective parents and teachers find these journals to be, and what observable effects the journals have on the collaboration of parents and teachers.

The study took place in a school in eastern United States that teaches children with multiple and severe disabilities. The school has a very ethnically and socioeconomically diverse population. Eight parents ...


The Impact Of Fountas And Pinnell's Leveled Literacy Intervention (Lli) Program On Student Learning In A Multi-Age, Special Education Classroom, Leigh Anne Shaffer May 2012

The Impact Of Fountas And Pinnell's Leveled Literacy Intervention (Lli) Program On Student Learning In A Multi-Age, Special Education Classroom, Leigh Anne Shaffer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The primary purpose of this research was to investigate the impact Leveled Literacy Intervention (LLI) had on a multi-age, special education classroom. LLI can be used and is appropriate for students with special needs, English Language Learners and/or struggling students in regular education classrooms.

This research study was implemented in a multi-age, special education classroom. The students participating in the study were in grades 3, 4 or 5 during the study. The study lasted six weeks.

The data were collected using a variety of methods. Developmental Reading Assessments (DRA) were used twice in the study. Running records were taken ...


Multimodal Texts And Student Motivation In School Writing, Jenna Cortash Dec 2011

Multimodal Texts And Student Motivation In School Writing, Jenna Cortash

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research is to explain the benefits of using multimodal texts in a classroom environment. So much emphasis is placed on fluency, accuracy of words read, expression and pace. While these elements are crucial for successful readers, I aim to suggest that a reader can demonstrate reading behaviors with wordless picture books. Students generate a storyline, and feel ownership toward the book because they have connection. Every student will notice various details and not everyone's story will be alike. The research questions that will be answered in my work are 1) How can a teacher use ...


A Special Education Teacher's Use Of Progress Monitoring, Louise V. Burgio Aug 2011

A Special Education Teacher's Use Of Progress Monitoring, Louise V. Burgio

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explored my use of progress monitoring in order to find the most effective ways to organize and gather data to support two of my students' literacy development. I investigated the purpose and reliability of my use of assessment. I have chosen the three participants based on their individual needs for literacy instruction and their quality of attendance, yet two of the three students participated. The design of this study enabled me to authentically and systematically reflect on my use of progress monitoring and the impact it had my individual students.


The Impact Of Using Direct Instruction To Teach Social Skills In A Middle School Self-Contained Special Education Classroom, Julie Matukewicz Aug 2008

The Impact Of Using Direct Instruction To Teach Social Skills In A Middle School Self-Contained Special Education Classroom, Julie Matukewicz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Social skills are a central part of educational development. Students develop social skills through peer interaction, modeling, role-playing, sports, and games. Social skills are not always directly taught to students although many teachers would agree that students often lack appropriate social skills. Finding ways to increase students' appropriate social skills is a challenge for special education and general education teachers alike. Significant research has been done in the special education population because a common characteristic of students with disabilities is a deficit in social development. This research project, through literature review and active application, explores educational methods to provide special ...


Educating Parents Effectively To Prepare Them For Their Role In The Special Education Process, Dawn Harnischfeger Aug 2008

Educating Parents Effectively To Prepare Them For Their Role In The Special Education Process, Dawn Harnischfeger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students with a labelled learning disability comprise approximately 5% of the population in American public schools. This research project seeks to identify appropriate ways to both prepare and inform parent/caregivers to enable them to advocate for their children through the Committee on Preschool Special Education/Committee on Special Education (CPSE/CSE) processes. It determines that the children are best served through a collaboration between the educators’ experience and the parents’ intimate knowledge of both student and home environment. Additional questions considered in this research project are: parent/guardian emotional response to their child’s suspected learning disability, identification of ...


Phonological And Phonemic Awareness And Their Effect On Reading Acquisition, Scott Drechsler Aug 2008

Phonological And Phonemic Awareness And Their Effect On Reading Acquisition, Scott Drechsler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Current research supports the relationship between phonological awareness and reading acquisition in primary school children. A hierarchy of skills is needed in early phonological awareness intervention, to develop sound reading ability. Children must develop skills in order to listen, rhyme, access word awareness, syllable awareness, and then develop phonemic awareness. Based on previous research, following a structured, sequential program which emphasizes these five areas of phonological awareness facilitates the process of learning to read. This thesis project explores the effect of a structured, sequential program, emphasizing the five areas of phonological awareness, on the process of learning to read. It ...


Using Technology To Develop Early Phonological Awareness Skills, Adrienne Ripley May 2008

Using Technology To Develop Early Phonological Awareness Skills, Adrienne Ripley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Differentiated instruction, a necessary practice in inclusive education, allows teachers to meet the needs of all students in a given classroom. The partnership of education and technology provides teachers with an interactive and focused means to present student-specific content.

This three week, action research project explores the use of an ACTIVboard and classroom desktop computers to engage and motivate students in a variety of activities targeting phonological awareness skills, specifically syllabication and rhyming. The literature review examines the history of technology in schools, the benefits of using technology in the classroom, notes the relationship between phonological awareness and reading readiness ...


Organizational Skills And Student Achievement, Anthony P. Davis Jan 2007

Organizational Skills And Student Achievement, Anthony P. Davis

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Organizational skills are important to the success of every student but they may also be the answer to helping students with mild disabilities keep up with their school work. Given the increasing number of children diagnosed with emotional or learning disabilities—many of whom will receive education in a general classroom—it is becoming more and more important for teachers to provide the support their students need. This thesis project explores the reasoning behind providing inclusive educational settings, discusses the challenges for teachers, parents, and students inherent in that inclusivity, and examines how different organizational strategies affect such challenging circumstances ...


Motivational Strategies And Student Participation, Amanda Richards Aug 2006

Motivational Strategies And Student Participation, Amanda Richards

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The lives of today’s students are filled with video games, tablets, HD television, tweets, Facebook, smart phones, and ever increasing technologies. They have grown accustomed to the immediate feedback that technology provides and struggle to complete academic tasks that require persistence. Capturing and holding the attention of students is a daily goal of many educators yet the shrinking attention span and decrease in motivation in the school setting makes teaching and learning more difficult each year. This study explores strategies to motivate students and increase participation. It postulates that when students are actively engaged in the lesson, academic achievement ...


The Effects Of The Assistive Technology Tool, Picture Sentence Key On The Expressive Language Skills In Children With Disabilities, Mary Catherine Engle May 2006

The Effects Of The Assistive Technology Tool, Picture Sentence Key On The Expressive Language Skills In Children With Disabilities, Mary Catherine Engle

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate if the amount and quality of expressive language in children with disabilities increase or decrease as a result of assistive technology, (focused on hardware and software) that is individualized to the needs of each child. To obtain information about this topic, the researcher reviewed literature and gathered evidence on the language skills of four elementary students with disabilities through pre and post language samples during a play situation. Pre and post language samples were used to assess any increases in the students' expressive language while using the assistive technology software, Picture Sentence ...


Satisfaction Level Of Parents Of Children Without Disabilities On The Idea Of Inclusion, Carrie Isaman May 2005

Satisfaction Level Of Parents Of Children Without Disabilities On The Idea Of Inclusion, Carrie Isaman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As a result of inclusion becoming more prevalent, it is crucial to know parents' perspectives toward inclusion. Therefore, the research question is: How satisfied are parents of children without disabilities on the idea of inclusion? In order to answer this question, the researcher developed an inclusion questionnaire, and sent it to all parents in a fourth and fifth grade class in upstate New York. Being a special educator, it is crucial to know how parents feel about inclusion. It is also important for parents to know the benefits and possible drawbacks of having their child in an. inclusive setting. The ...


Are Children With Autism In Their Primary Schooling Years Perceived By Their Teachers As More Socially Proficient In Inclusive Settings?, Amy Mallaber May 2005

Are Children With Autism In Their Primary Schooling Years Perceived By Their Teachers As More Socially Proficient In Inclusive Settings?, Amy Mallaber

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers may be placing students with autism in inclusive and self-contained settings based on teachers' perceptions and students' social characteristics. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the biases and experiences of elementary teachers affect the placement of students with autism. All of the subjects in this study are teachers from a small suburban school district in Western New York. According to the findings of this study, negative characteristics of students with autism did not affect the placement of students with autism. However, perceived characteristics of students with autism did significantly impact placement. If teachers are aware of ...


Perceptions Of Student Involvement In The Construction Of Their Own Iep' S, Kathryn Benninger May 2005

Perceptions Of Student Involvement In The Construction Of Their Own Iep' S, Kathryn Benninger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Based on the fact that students are often not included in the construction of their own Individualized Education Program (IEP) goals and objectives, the researcher developed the question; Are students more likely to achieve the criteria listed in their IEPs when they are involved in construction of their goals and objectives? The researcher distributed surveys to students, parents and teachers in order to draw conclusions regarding each group of participants' perceptions on whether or not students should be involved in their own IEP meetings. After collecting and reviewing the data, the researcher concluded that both parents' and teachers' perceptions seemed ...


Factors Affecting The Academic Performance Of Learning Disabled Students In Science, Kathleen Marie Parsons Jun 2004

Factors Affecting The Academic Performance Of Learning Disabled Students In Science, Kathleen Marie Parsons

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the factors that influence the academic performance of learning disabled students in an urban science classroom. The research focused on a group of six learning disabled sixth grade students. Student self-perceptions, levels of motivation, and locus of control served as the primary concentrations of the research study. Data was collected using an Academic Performance Questionnaire, weekly performance reflections, Studying Reflections, weekly observations, and student interviews. Findings indicate that LD students maintain a high overall self-concept despite inconsistent perceptions of their performance from week to week. LD students display less motivation than their unclassified peers, as evidenced by ...


Special And General Education Teachers' Attitudes Regarding Successful Versus Unsuccessful Inclusion In Elementary Schools, Jennifer Stremich May 2004

Special And General Education Teachers' Attitudes Regarding Successful Versus Unsuccessful Inclusion In Elementary Schools, Jennifer Stremich

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated teachers' attitudes of successful versus unsuccessful inclusion. All subjects were general and special education fourth and fifth grade teachers in an elementary suburban school district. One instrument was used for data collection in this research, which consisted of a survey with a rating scale and a written interview to gather teachers' attitudes. The planned analysis was conducted using SPSS (Noonan, 2003, version 12.0) in order to gather descriptive statistics (including mean, percentages, and standard deviation) and inferential statistics, using a paired sample T Test to determine whether a statistically significant difference existed between teachers' attitudes and ...


Least Restrictive Environment For Students With Disabilities, Kristin Talada May 2004

Least Restrictive Environment For Students With Disabilities, Kristin Talada

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As the number of students with disabilities in our classroom today grows, it is important to make sure we, as educators, do as much as possible to accommodate our students. Therefore, my research question is: Can fourth grade students with identified disabilities obtain the same level of academic achievement in the general education classroom with consultant services as compared to a pull-out program in the resource room? In order to answer this question, I reviewed literature, and obtained data through an observation checklist. The observational checklist was based on five specific academic behaviors shown in the general education classroom as ...


Successful Collaborative And Inclusive Practices, Jessica Schaaf May 2004

Successful Collaborative And Inclusive Practices, Jessica Schaaf

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As teachers, it is our job to educate each and every one of our students. It is important to take into consideration the composition of your classroom when teaching your students. Teachers need to be aware of individual needs and teach accordingly. Some teachers might find this difficult because they do not know how to teach in an inclusive environment. What are successful collaborative and inclusive practices for both general and special educators to use in a general education inclusive classroom with primary and intermediate age students? This is the question that will be partially answered in this paper. Two ...