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Fostering Motivation With An Authentic Task Based Unit On Linear Modeling, Brandon Derue May 2019

Fostering Motivation With An Authentic Task Based Unit On Linear Modeling, Brandon Derue

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was created to provide teachers with additional resources to use when teaching an 8th grade unit on linear modeling. The included activities put an emphasis on grappling with new ideas, communication, and developing understanding through a project using real world mathematics. An embedded goal in the curriculum is to foster student motivation in mathematics. The main topic involves constructing scatter plots, noticing trends in the data, and constructing lines of best fit based on these trends. Recommendations are included by the author for implementing the included activities, as well as a rubric for evaluating the student ...


Rethinking Mathematical Proofs And The Opportunity To Learn, Robert Burgett Apr 2019

Rethinking Mathematical Proofs And The Opportunity To Learn, Robert Burgett

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Mathematical proofs are conceptually difficult for many students and the perceived lack of relevance in terms of authenticity and practicality may result in feelings of apathy or indifference. Providing students with connections and applications of the process of proof-solving can help alleviate this problem. This curriculum project includes materials designed to supplement existing units on geometric proof. These materials are intended to provide teachers with opportunities for students to both frequently practice with components of mathematical literacy relative to proofs and to allow multiple opportunities for students to demonstrate growth and evidence of learning. Mathematical discourse amongst students is also ...


Creating A Discourse-Rich Classroom Culture To Enhance Academic Discussions Across Content Areas, Briana Cammarata Jan 2019

Creating A Discourse-Rich Classroom Culture To Enhance Academic Discussions Across Content Areas, Briana Cammarata

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today’s students struggle with effectively communicating their ideas in the classroom. Despite constantly being asked to think, write, read and respond students respond negatively when asked to interact verbally in an academic setting. The solution is not to force students to engage in dialogue, but to provide various opportunities for students to interact with both the teacher and their peers. “By allowing students to take responsibility for their own education we can close the gaps in our students learning”. (Turney) These interactions are crucial to student achievement and growth because they require students to explain their high-level thinking. When ...


Preparing New Teachers To Manage The Modern Classroom, Cody Kaminska Dec 2018

Preparing New Teachers To Manage The Modern Classroom, Cody Kaminska

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Classroom management is broadly defined as the wide variety of skills and techniques that teachers use to keep students organized, orderly, focused, on task, and academically productive during class. A teacher’s skills as a classroom manager are vital to being an efficient and effective teacher, no matter how knowledgeable a teacher may be on a subject. However, while most college curriculums focus on pedagogy and curriculum-building skills, most do not place explicit focus on classroom management strategies. This leaves many teacher candidates feeling ill-prepared to manage a classroom upon leaving academia. This paper explores the necessity of creating a ...


A Focus On Scientific Inquiry In Cte Through A Green Space, Emily Anderson Dec 2018

A Focus On Scientific Inquiry In Cte Through A Green Space, Emily Anderson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Science education trends state that students and teachers should work to promote learning by making science relevant and meaningful. With a changing world, the way science is taught and learned needs to change too. There is an increasing push for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) awareness and the engineering design process. Integrated science education in Career and Technical Education (CTE) is a trend and area of teaching that is needed and looked at as a way to make science more relevant and meaningful. Teachers are expected to engage students in meaningful and purposeful instruction that provided students with inquiry ...


The Importance Of Developing Classroom Community, Heather Geller Nov 2018

The Importance Of Developing Classroom Community, Heather Geller

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Secondary education students spend approximately 135 hours in one classroom per school year, sitting amongst the same twenty or thirty peers and staring at the same teacher. Whether they end up developing positively or negatively, the classroom’s culture is very quickly and easily formed: The daily routines, student attitudes during work, and the strategies used to implement a well-managed classroom form with or without effort from teachers and students. However, what is much more demanding to create, though ultimately more meaningful and positively impactful on learning is a positive classroom community. When educators embed discussion-based strategies and collaborative, discussion-based ...


The Inclusion Of Media Literacy In The English Curriculum, Nicole Manioci Aug 2018

The Inclusion Of Media Literacy In The English Curriculum, Nicole Manioci

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today, the digital world is ever changing. Teenagers all over the world are hypnotized by their tech-savvy devices. Their free time is spent on their smartwatches, cell phones, computers, or in front of their televisions and video games. When they arrive at school, they are expected to have the devices stored away and not have contact at all during the time they are at school. These students have lost their desire and passion for learning. The students need to have new and engaging ways to learn in the classroom, especially in English. Students have become disinterested in the teacher’s ...


An Introduction To Implementing Technology In The Classroom Using Interactive Web-Based Applications, Matthew Rybak May 2018

An Introduction To Implementing Technology In The Classroom Using Interactive Web-Based Applications, Matthew Rybak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today’s students have grown up in a world where technology is an essential and accessible component of daily life, and it therefore plays an integral role in the modern classroom. Implementing technology into the traditional classroom can be an intimidating task; this curriculum project aims to aid educators in understanding the benefits of using technology, and to simplify its implementation. Desmos and Nearpod are used in this curriculum because they are excellent examples of two user-friendly and adaptable applets that facilitate technology-focused instruction. Each of the two units in this curriculum are designed to assist teachers who use a ...


A Global Mind Is A Nurtured Mind: The Demand To Consider And Cure The Deprivation Of Multicultural Education, Amber D'Ambrosia Dec 2017

A Global Mind Is A Nurtured Mind: The Demand To Consider And Cure The Deprivation Of Multicultural Education, Amber D'Ambrosia

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The leaders of tomorrow are the bright and knowledgeable students of today. The problem with how these students are being prepared for their role as future leaders stems from the lack of diversity in literature, and the overall lack of multicultural education in American public schools. The dominant narratives being published, circulated, and studied in schools do not appropriately reflect, nor appropriately engage the multifaceted population of students accessing the discourse. The United States must no longer be notorious for its belief in its own cultural and historical superiority, but instead should begin making strides toward evolving the educational experiences ...


Decreasing Math Anxiety Through Teaching Quadratic Equations, Kaitlyn Kaufman Aug 2017

Decreasing Math Anxiety Through Teaching Quadratic Equations, Kaitlyn Kaufman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Math anxiety is known as having a feeling of fear that interferes with math performance. Many students today suffer from math anxiety as they push through each developmental stage in their schooling. A majority of students develop math anxiety through traditional classroom methods, such as drill and practice, assessments, memorizing, and textbooks. According to research, teachers can help decrease math anxiety in students by incorporating specific teaching styles, methods, and strategies, related to decrease math anxiety, into lessons. These teaching styles, methods, and strategies include, but not limited to, constructivist teaching, concrete-to-representation-to-abstract model, student-centered learning, and interactive lessons. Based on ...


Out With The Old, In With The New Digital Era Instruction: 21st Century Education Must Conform To The Needs Of "Digital Kids", Sheila Neth Jul 2017

Out With The Old, In With The New Digital Era Instruction: 21st Century Education Must Conform To The Needs Of "Digital Kids", Sheila Neth

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Modern day youths are known for their tech savvy ways and dependency on digital devices. They choose to spend their free time in front of a digital screen chatting, taking and sending photos, playing games, drafting emoji messages, etc. These youths are then expected to attend school and remove all electronic devices and pay attention for 6+ hours a day in each seat for at least 40-minute intervals. The relevancy to learn is lost; students can hardly see any relevancy in the content being learned at school with their own lives filled with technology and immediate driven results. Thus, it ...


A Study Of The Performance Of Deaf/Hard Of Hearing Students In High School Mathematics On Conceptual Understanding, Procedural Fluency, And Mathematical Reasoning Tasks, Bridget Ashmore Jun 2017

A Study Of The Performance Of Deaf/Hard Of Hearing Students In High School Mathematics On Conceptual Understanding, Procedural Fluency, And Mathematical Reasoning Tasks, Bridget Ashmore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Mathematics tends to be a subject where many students struggle and that struggle becomes especially prevalent as students make the transition from concrete mathematics to abstract mathematics, or from elementary or middle school to high school mathematics. With students that are deaf, the learning of mathematics becomes more complicated. Many barriers to learning present themselves as deaf students work their way through school and as they go through school, the performance gap between hearing and deaf students begins to grow. This thesis discusses the language barrier as one possible contributor as well as other factors like teacher preparedness and pedagogical ...


Engaging Assessment In English Language Arts, Joseph L. Dugan, Jr. May 2017

Engaging Assessment In English Language Arts, Joseph L. Dugan, Jr.

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Assessment is key to effective instruction. In the English classroom, engaging assessment can appear difficult because of the emphasis on the development of core reading skills. However, learning how students decipher information reveals that each individual learns according to their own unique connections. Examining and understanding the impact of Dr. Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory is the key to engaging assessments. This thesis dissects Dr. Gardner’s M.I. Theory and provides insight on how students learn. Furthermore, the research focuses on how Gardner’s Theory can be used to develop strategies and assessments in order to accurately and ...


Gaining Perspective: Social Media’S Impact On Adolescent Literacy Development, Kayla Swan May 2017

Gaining Perspective: Social Media’S Impact On Adolescent Literacy Development, Kayla Swan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study explores both teacher and student perspectives of social media’s impact on adolescent literacy development. In addition, it also investigates perspectives concerning if and how social media could be integrated into a classroom to improve student literacy skills. Research remains in dispute regarding the impact of social media use on literacy skills, as there are studies that claim social media both positively and negatively impacts students’ skills. Surveys of both teachers and students as well as semi-structured interviews of students were given and analyzed to gain insight concerning both the impact of social media on literacy skills ...


A Financial Literacy Curriculum Project On Linear Functions In Algebra I Aligned With New York State Common Core State Standards, Michael T. Hughson Jr May 2017

A Financial Literacy Curriculum Project On Linear Functions In Algebra I Aligned With New York State Common Core State Standards, Michael T. Hughson Jr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

There is a lack of financial literacy curriculum available for teachers to support students learning of mathematical skills that are needed in real life. Financial literacy curricula can support students learning real life skills needed before independent living situations in college or career. Direct mathematical modelling and application can support students comprehension of the relationship between financial literacy and algebra. This curriculum highlights the ideology of the need to know drives learning and aligns real world financial literacy problems to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) algebra standards.


The Effect Of Chromebooks On Disciplinary Literacy In The High School Social Studies Classroom, Joseph Yockel May 2017

The Effect Of Chromebooks On Disciplinary Literacy In The High School Social Studies Classroom, Joseph Yockel

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As the world grows ever more dependent on digital technology, so too does education. This qualitative case study examined a suburban school district in the northeastern United States implementation of Chromebooks as a piece of 1:1 technology. Specifically, this study narrowed its focus to concentrate on high school social studies classrooms. This study specifically looked at disciplinary literacy practices, and how the Chromebook affects those practices. The researcher observed, interviewed, and distributed questionnaires to the teacher participants. The data yielded five findings: preparation is key to the successful implementation of a 1:1 Chromebook initiative; the Chromebook can create ...


Are You Afraid Of Technology? Effects Of 1:1 Ipads On Standardized Assessment Scores, Michael Vowles May 2017

Are You Afraid Of Technology? Effects Of 1:1 Ipads On Standardized Assessment Scores, Michael Vowles

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Lack of support at home and in school can be seen as the reason for low standardized test scores and/or low literacy skills. This study reviews the impact of technology (specifically 1:1 iPads) on students’ summative assessments by quantitatively analyzing the results achieved by the same teacher over a two-year period. The assessment includes results for each school year. Additionally, this study qualitatively examines the lessons, the training, and the implementation of the technology by the cooperating teacher to better understand it’s benefits. Results show that students who were taught using iPads displayed more growth and higher ...


The Effects Of Discrete Trial Teaching On Students With Autism, Kristine Reardon Aug 2012

The Effects Of Discrete Trial Teaching On Students With Autism, Kristine Reardon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Discrete trial teaching (DTT) is one of the most widely interventions used on children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It is an intensive and individualized instructional methodology that involves breaking skills into smaller steps and intensely teaching each step until mastered. DTT is known to many as being useful for teaching new forms of behavior and discrimination. The purpose of this study was to investigate if DTT is a useful intervention for increasing communication skills, acquisition, and academic skills in children with ASD, while decreasing their inappropriate behaviors. Data indicated that DTT effectively increased acquisition, academic skills, and communication skills ...


Individualized Mathematics, Benjermin Giuliano Aug 2012

Individualized Mathematics, Benjermin Giuliano

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Given the high priority mathematics education holds in the United States, with regard to the importance of science, technology, education, and mathematics (STEM) employment, and the continued meager performance of students, a sense of pressure for meaningful reform continues to increase. The study investigates the viability and effectiveness of an individualized math program known as Accelerated Math™ (AM) by Renaissance Learning ™ (RL). The objective was to determine the worthiness and practicality of AM, as a computer-based individualized program, in becoming the centrally featured curriculum for mathematics education. The study focuses on two participants. One was female elementary teacher in the ...


Connections In History: Past To Present, Cheryl A. Raleigh Aug 2007

Connections In History: Past To Present, Cheryl A. Raleigh

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project examines scholarly work on the Black Plague and considers its import on history from an historian’s perspective. The second section explores the modern epidemic, AIDS, as a similar historical event and discusses the modern day response and effect of this “plague.” The third section of the project offers a global history lesson plan based on the central idea that current events guide our understanding of historical moments utilizing the theme magazine method. The year-long instructional package focuses on foundational lessons that teach historical analysis and understanding of primary and secondary sources, strategies for historical document analysis ...


Social Promotion Of High School Students, Amy Lee Patric Apr 2007

Social Promotion Of High School Students, Amy Lee Patric

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With new standards and increasing pressure on educators from state and national governments, it is essential that schools are able to keep up with the increasing demands placed upon them. However, increasing standards has led to an increase in the number of students that fail to meet grade level requirements. In the attempt to help more students to meet standards, the issue of social promotion, or the policy of allowing a student who did not meet requirements to continue on to the next grade, has come under fire. In this thesis, the objective was to analyze the effectiveness of the ...


The Benefits Of Cooperative Learning In The Middle School Science Classroom, Michael M. Pettibone Dec 2006

The Benefits Of Cooperative Learning In The Middle School Science Classroom, Michael M. Pettibone

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study presents an overview of the academic, social and behavioral benefits of cooperative learning in a middle school science classroom. Students were assessed in the second marking period during a teacher centered lecture and then introduced to a cooperative learning environment. There was an 89.7% increase in academic averages in the third marking period. This study also showed an observable improvement in classroom behavior and increase in appropriate social interactions.


Student Motivation In The Urban Middle School Science Classroom, Sarah Laiosa Aug 2006

Student Motivation In The Urban Middle School Science Classroom, Sarah Laiosa

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Student motivation in any setting is difficult, but proves to be a unique challenge when dealing with urban middle school students. During my student teaching experience and my first year teaching in such a setting, I have found that it is extremely difficult to instill the importance of education in these students. This thesis focuses on the effects of teachers, peers, and administration on student motivation and incorporates strategies to improve motivation through a variety of techniques. At the completion of the research section of this thesis, I discovered that it was primarily the teacher that was responsible for the ...


A Focus On Making Great Problem-Solvers, Lisa Renee Malik Aug 2006

A Focus On Making Great Problem-Solvers, Lisa Renee Malik

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The main focus of this research was to design and implement a strategy that students could use to help them in problem-solving multistep problems that are the main focus of state assessments. Related literature focused on four major steps that should be used when problem-solving. These four steps are closely aligned with Polyas' problem-solving process. My goal in this research was to show that students are struggling with using problem-solving techniques to solve multi-step mathematical problems. Students struggle with reading comprehension and common mathematic vocabulary. Students can solve basic computational math problems, but when embedded within a word problem, this ...


Factors Affecting The Academic Performance Of Learning Disabled Students In Science, Kathleen Marie Parsons Jun 2004

Factors Affecting The Academic Performance Of Learning Disabled Students In Science, Kathleen Marie Parsons

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the factors that influence the academic performance of learning disabled students in an urban science classroom. The research focused on a group of six learning disabled sixth grade students. Student self-perceptions, levels of motivation, and locus of control served as the primary concentrations of the research study. Data was collected using an Academic Performance Questionnaire, weekly performance reflections, Studying Reflections, weekly observations, and student interviews. Findings indicate that LD students maintain a high overall self-concept despite inconsistent perceptions of their performance from week to week. LD students display less motivation than their unclassified peers, as evidenced by ...


The Perceptions Of 9th Grade Students On English Homework In A Suburban School District, Joann M. Macmullen Apr 2003

The Perceptions Of 9th Grade Students On English Homework In A Suburban School District, Joann M. Macmullen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions and attitudes of 9th grade students on English homework in a suburban school district. Homework is a complex subject. Educators find themselves dealing with students who choose not to do their homework on a daily basis. Why is this so? There are many studies of educators and parents on their perceptions of homework, but perhaps the missing link is the students' perceptions. Do they value homework? The study involved administering a survey to 4 classes of 9th grade English students. Four different English teachers taught these classes. The findings demonstrated ...


A Study Of The Correlation Between 8th Grade Students’ Self-Concept Toward English-Language Arts Skills And Their Performance On A Standardized Test, Charles C. Roods May 2002

A Study Of The Correlation Between 8th Grade Students’ Self-Concept Toward English-Language Arts Skills And Their Performance On A Standardized Test, Charles C. Roods

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a statistically significant correlation between academic self-concept and performance in the subset areas of reading and language on a standardized test. More specifically, is there a statistically significant relationship between student performance and their self-reported perceptions to English-Language Arts assessment criteria from a standardized test.

The subjects consisted of 108 eighth grade students. Out of the total number of students, 87 were considered regular education students and 21 were classified with a learning disability. All subjects took the Terra Nova assessment in May of 2001 and were given the ...


Is There A Difference Between The Degree To Which African-Americans Are Studied In Represented Rural, Suburban, And Urban School Districts?, Patricia Chatman May 2002

Is There A Difference Between The Degree To Which African-Americans Are Studied In Represented Rural, Suburban, And Urban School Districts?, Patricia Chatman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to examine the extent to which African-American history is presented in a variety of elementary, middle, and high schools. Ninety surveys were distributed in urban, suburban, and rural school districts in western New York. The subjects were classroom teachers who responded to the surveys. The survey was designed to find out how teachers are representing African-Americans in their classroom. An analysis of the data from the surveys indicates all the subjects in the study are representing African-Americans in their classrooms. However, teachers in urban schools have a greater representation of presenting African-Americans than teachers ...


What Are The Effects Of Requiring Independent Reading And Culminating Projects On Seventh Graders' Attitudes Toward Reading?, Julie A. Judge May 2001

What Are The Effects Of Requiring Independent Reading And Culminating Projects On Seventh Graders' Attitudes Toward Reading?, Julie A. Judge

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine how requiring independent reading and culminating projects affects seventh graders' attitudes toward reading.

The study involved administering a survey to 96 seventh graders upon entry into the grade. They were then instructed to read a novel of their choice on their own time over a six-week period. When they finished reading, they completed a project of their choice from a list of 16 based on Gardner's first seven multiple intelligences to present to the class. This reading/project completion happened twice during the study. At the end of the second project ...


Behavior And Long-Term Out-Of-School Suspension – The Correlation To Low Sixth Grade Reading Scores, Gayle W. Keating May 2001

Behavior And Long-Term Out-Of-School Suspension – The Correlation To Low Sixth Grade Reading Scores, Gayle W. Keating

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Thirty-three ninth and tenth grade regular education students were randomly selected from an alternative high school in Rochester, New York. Many of the subjects were repetitive long-term out-of-school suspended students. All of the students have a history of disruptive behaviors within a public school setting.

This qualitative study examines the correlation between long-term out-of-school suspended students to low standardized reading test scores. Therefore, disruptive behavior and low standardized test scores are connected. Additional issues discussed are, the rise in long-term out-of-school suspension and the possible causes for the rise.

Some factors contributing to the rise in long-term out-of-school suspensions are ...