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Full-Text Articles in Education

Embracing Audiobooks As An Effective Educational Tool, Stacy Waite Dec 2018

Embracing Audiobooks As An Effective Educational Tool, Stacy Waite

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The advancement of technology is changing the field of education and expanding the methods of delivering information. Smartboards, computers, and tablets are just a few of the tools that have claimed a space in modern-day classrooms. While these advantageous devices are welcomed by most, one such resource that literature enthusiasts seem to be especially hesitant to embrace are audiobooks. Almost three-fourths of Americans surveyed reported that they had read a book in the past year, but less than one-fifth had listened to an audiobook. Despite the convenient aspects such as mobility, ease of access, and entertainment provided, traditional readers still ...


A Global Mind Is A Nurtured Mind: The Demand To Consider And Cure The Deprivation Of Multicultural Education, Amber D'Ambrosia Dec 2017

A Global Mind Is A Nurtured Mind: The Demand To Consider And Cure The Deprivation Of Multicultural Education, Amber D'Ambrosia

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The leaders of tomorrow are the bright and knowledgeable students of today. The problem with how these students are being prepared for their role as future leaders stems from the lack of diversity in literature, and the overall lack of multicultural education in American public schools. The dominant narratives being published, circulated, and studied in schools do not appropriately reflect, nor appropriately engage the multifaceted population of students accessing the discourse. The United States must no longer be notorious for its belief in its own cultural and historical superiority, but instead should begin making strides toward evolving the educational experiences ...


Inner Dialogue Reading Behaviors And Student Comprehension Of Texts, Antonio Madau Dec 2017

Inner Dialogue Reading Behaviors And Student Comprehension Of Texts, Antonio Madau

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examines the use of inner dialogue reading behaviors by third grade students who achieve high scores on commercial reading assessments. The study looks at one class of third grade students in Western New York, and comparatively analyzes their self-reported use of reading behaviors in relation to their achieved scores on the Next Step in Guided Reading (GRA) commercial reading assessment. The researcher collected qualitative data from the participants using results from the administered GRA assessment, structured verbal interviews, and participants’ written responses in their weekly Independent Reading Logs. Conclusions for participants who scored highly on commercial reading assessments ...


Engaging Assessment In English Language Arts, Joseph L. Dugan, Jr. May 2017

Engaging Assessment In English Language Arts, Joseph L. Dugan, Jr.

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Assessment is key to effective instruction. In the English classroom, engaging assessment can appear difficult because of the emphasis on the development of core reading skills. However, learning how students decipher information reveals that each individual learns according to their own unique connections. Examining and understanding the impact of Dr. Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory is the key to engaging assessments. This thesis dissects Dr. Gardner’s M.I. Theory and provides insight on how students learn. Furthermore, the research focuses on how Gardner’s Theory can be used to develop strategies and assessments in order to accurately and ...


Gaining Perspective: Social Media’S Impact On Adolescent Literacy Development, Kayla Swan May 2017

Gaining Perspective: Social Media’S Impact On Adolescent Literacy Development, Kayla Swan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study explores both teacher and student perspectives of social media’s impact on adolescent literacy development. In addition, it also investigates perspectives concerning if and how social media could be integrated into a classroom to improve student literacy skills. Research remains in dispute regarding the impact of social media use on literacy skills, as there are studies that claim social media both positively and negatively impacts students’ skills. Surveys of both teachers and students as well as semi-structured interviews of students were given and analyzed to gain insight concerning both the impact of social media on literacy skills ...


An Exploration Of Consultant Teaching: Instructional Methods And Materials To Support Struggling Learners, Karen E. Burdick May 2017

An Exploration Of Consultant Teaching: Instructional Methods And Materials To Support Struggling Learners, Karen E. Burdick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study explores the consultant teaching model, and consultant teacher roles in the classroom. Specifically, this study focuses on consultant teacher’s methods and materials they use to support diverse learners. By meeting with and interviewing consultant teachers, I was able to better understand the factors that drive instructional methods and materials that are used in the classroom.


Reading Habits Of Adults: What Drives The Choice To Read Or Not Read?, Jessica Annable May 2017

Reading Habits Of Adults: What Drives The Choice To Read Or Not Read?, Jessica Annable

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading is an important skill that benefits every aspect of life. It is important for teachers to help children learn to read and learn to love reading forever. Using an interview, participants’ perspectives were examined in order to collect qualitative data on adult reading habits


The Impact Of Metacognitive Learning Of Reading On Students’ Cross Curricular Success, Katherine Bretsch Apr 2017

The Impact Of Metacognitive Learning Of Reading On Students’ Cross Curricular Success, Katherine Bretsch

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper explores the impact of metacognitive learning on students’ abilities to apply literacy skills across the curriculum. The research questions led to findings more complex than the idea of metacognition affecting student learning. Moreover, the literature review explores the ‘how’ while the findings explore the ‘why’. Through triangulation and constant comparison of three data sources, I deduced three findings, including; the development of metacognition, the most observable transfer of skills to non-literacy based subjects, and metacognition as it related to classroom management. This qualitative research study digests how routine metacognition supports students in transferring skills specifically related to reading.


Improving Reading Comprehension: For Children Living In Poverty In A Tier 3 Response To Intervention Group, Caitlin Merrifield Apr 2017

Improving Reading Comprehension: For Children Living In Poverty In A Tier 3 Response To Intervention Group, Caitlin Merrifield

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research explores the implementation of three different graphic organizers in my tier three, English Language Arts, Response to Intervention group. The purpose of this research is to improve reading comprehension for students raised in poverty. Data were collected for this study over a period of 6 weeks using the students’ graphic organizers, transcribed audio recordings, and observation notes. Data were analyzed for how effective the graphic organizer was along with why or why not. The participants were involved in the analysis portion, making their connection to their learning that much deeper.


The Impact Of Play On Emergent Literacy Development, Ashley Gazza Dec 2016

The Impact Of Play On Emergent Literacy Development, Ashley Gazza

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With increased standards in today’s school’s teachers are taking away play time and focusing on more specific literacy instruction. The opportunities to learn through play and exploration is a thing of the past. Although research states play is a natural part of a child’s development (Wong, Wang, & Cheng, 2011) the research focused on what reading and writing activities are embedded in play and how play can help develop emergent literacy in young children. A qualitative study was conducted with a 5-year-old male, at the emergent literacy state of development. The current study observed the research participant playing ...


The Effects Of Discrete Trial Teaching On Students With Autism, Kristine Reardon Aug 2012

The Effects Of Discrete Trial Teaching On Students With Autism, Kristine Reardon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Discrete trial teaching (DTT) is one of the most widely interventions used on children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It is an intensive and individualized instructional methodology that involves breaking skills into smaller steps and intensely teaching each step until mastered. DTT is known to many as being useful for teaching new forms of behavior and discrimination. The purpose of this study was to investigate if DTT is a useful intervention for increasing communication skills, acquisition, and academic skills in children with ASD, while decreasing their inappropriate behaviors. Data indicated that DTT effectively increased acquisition, academic skills, and communication skills ...


Spelling Instruction And Young Learners' Literacy Development, Amber Gail Taylor Aug 2012

Spelling Instruction And Young Learners' Literacy Development, Amber Gail Taylor

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

For several decades, in schools across the United States, spelling instruction has been and continues to be a fundamental component of the English Language Arts curriculum in the primary and intermediate grades. Many administrators, teachers, and parents support spelling instruction, claiming that it improves student's reading and writing performance. Other interested stakeholders (including administrators, teachers, and parents) agree that spelling instruction has become a staple of the American education system because it encourages a home-school connection. This means that teachers send home weekly spelling study guides and worksheets for parents and/or guardians to help their children with in ...


The Impact Of Fountas And Pinnell's Leveled Literacy Intervention (Lli) Program On Student Learning In A Multi-Age, Special Education Classroom, Leigh Anne Shaffer May 2012

The Impact Of Fountas And Pinnell's Leveled Literacy Intervention (Lli) Program On Student Learning In A Multi-Age, Special Education Classroom, Leigh Anne Shaffer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The primary purpose of this research was to investigate the impact Leveled Literacy Intervention (LLI) had on a multi-age, special education classroom. LLI can be used and is appropriate for students with special needs, English Language Learners and/or struggling students in regular education classrooms.

This research study was implemented in a multi-age, special education classroom. The students participating in the study were in grades 3, 4 or 5 during the study. The study lasted six weeks.

The data were collected using a variety of methods. Developmental Reading Assessments (DRA) were used twice in the study. Running records were taken ...


Interest Books And Engagement In Reading, Stephanie Rufina Peckham May 2012

Interest Books And Engagement In Reading, Stephanie Rufina Peckham

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Interest plays an important role in a child's reading development. When a text appeals to a child's interest, that child is motivated to read more. The more children read the better readers they become. Teachers want students to read as often as possible. This will have a positive effect on a child's development. In order for students to be motivated to read, they must have an interest. When students reach preadolescence the desire and motivation to read tends to decrease. Once this occurs students begin to fall behind their classmates. Teachers need to foster the desire to ...


Using Reader's Theater To Engage Struggling Readers In A Fifth Grade Urban Setting, Eric Bellinger Dec 2011

Using Reader's Theater To Engage Struggling Readers In A Fifth Grade Urban Setting, Eric Bellinger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to investigate the benefits of reader’s theater and how it related to student’s engagement, fluency and comprehension development. Two fifth grade case study students were chosen to participate in the six-week study. The students both attend an urban school and are from low-income families. Both students were recommended by the reading specialist to help improve their reading fluency and comprehension skills. In order to determine the effectiveness of reader’s theater, several forms of data collection were used. Observational notes, interview questions, running records and comprehension questions were chosen to gather the ...


Journal Writing: Taking Math Instruction To The Next Level, Anthony Gianvecchio Dec 2009

Journal Writing: Taking Math Instruction To The Next Level, Anthony Gianvecchio

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In the last two decades literacy has been the focus across all content areas, including mathematics, allowing students to demonstrate their thinking processes and understanding. The purpose of this qualitative study was to discover if journal writing in math improves middle school students' ability to gain a greater understanding of the processes involved in mathematical reasoning. Students in an eighth grade math class in a suburban middle school in Western New York completed journal entries at the start of a new unit to discern knowledge of the topic. The conclusions imply that journal writing aids in student mathematical learning. Math ...


Independent Student Literacy Activities: What Takes Place During Guided Reading, Natalie Joanne Humphrey Dec 2009

Independent Student Literacy Activities: What Takes Place During Guided Reading, Natalie Joanne Humphrey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigates the independent activities teachers assign their students during Guided Reading instruction, as well as their rationale for choosing these activities and determining their efficacy. The research focused on elementary school students from a culturally homogenous rural, Western New York school district. The researcher used a variety of data-collection methods, including a brief survey, semi-structured interviews, and classroom observation. Fifteen teachers participated in this study, with all observations occurring within teachers’ classrooms. The researcher discovered several themes in students’ independent work, including working with a partner/small group, focusing on subjects other than literacy to address lack of ...


Teaching Sight Words Through Games: Impact On Retention And Fluency Levels, Amanda Susan Tibbatts Aug 2008

Teaching Sight Words Through Games: Impact On Retention And Fluency Levels, Amanda Susan Tibbatts

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Sight words or sight vocabulary are defined as easily recognized words may be understood outside of a block of text. Many reading programs in the United States focus on the “drill and kill” method of instruction, often using flash cards to practice identification and spelling in order to increase reading fluency. This study examines the effect of teaching sight words within a gaming environment, as well as its impact on memorization and retention of sight vocabulary. For eight weeks the researcher conducted this research in a 1st grade classroom in an upstate New York urban school district. Subjects consisted ...


How Fluency Is Impacted For Struggling Readers Through Decoding, Rereading, And Word Study, Andrea Michele King Aug 2007

How Fluency Is Impacted For Struggling Readers Through Decoding, Rereading, And Word Study, Andrea Michele King

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate what happens to the fluency of struggling readers when the decoding of new or unfamiliar words were taught during small group reading instruction.

Three females and two male first and second grade students provided usable data for this study. Research was.collected over a three-month period and was taken during small reading groups. The elements of fluency that were addressed in the study were expression, accuracy, rate, and smoothness. Components that were used to increase fluency were the Dolch sight words, rereading, and word study. The students were tested three different times ...


How Students Explain Their Word-Solving Strategies When They Come To A Word They Don’T Know While Reading And How Does That Explanation Change When Students Are Explicitly Taught A Variety Of Reading Strategies, Mary J. Pyszczek Aug 2007

How Students Explain Their Word-Solving Strategies When They Come To A Word They Don’T Know While Reading And How Does That Explanation Change When Students Are Explicitly Taught A Variety Of Reading Strategies, Mary J. Pyszczek

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The researcher wanted to see what strategies fourth grade students say they use when they come to a word they don't know while they are reading. The researcher asked them what they do and then had them read out loud from a text. Notes were taken on the strategies they used to see if what they said matched what they actually did. Three mini-lessons were then given on word-solving strategies that they could use to figure out unknown words. Last, the students read out loud again and were asked what they do to problem-solve a word. The results were ...


Effectiveness Of Repeated Reading Along With Self-Evaluation On Reading Fluency, Lindsay Rae Strassner Jul 2007

Effectiveness Of Repeated Reading Along With Self-Evaluation On Reading Fluency, Lindsay Rae Strassner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of immediate repeated reading and self-assessment of short passages, poems, arid phrases on all aspects of oral reading fluency and reading accuracy reading rate. Two male and one female third grade students were selected based on classroom teacher recommendation. The children who were chosen were not considered "at risk" students, they just needed a little extra push to reach and stay at grade level. Repeated read aloud opportunities were created for the children, by the researcher, in regular one-on-one sessions for the duration of two week periods. The children were ...


Boys' Writing Genre Choices, Robert E. Stevens May 2007

Boys' Writing Genre Choices, Robert E. Stevens

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teaching students according to their learning styles has become one of the most accepted approaches for effective instruction. The purpose of this action research was to discover what elementary boys do when given the opportunity to choose the genre of their own writing within writing workshop.

More and more boys have resisted writing instruction and have slowly opted not to view themselves as writers. Boys' and girls' brains are structured differently and need different methods of instruction. Choice has been a motivating factor when encouraging boys to engage in any task. This is certainly true of writing. Students should view ...


The Effects Of A Student-Centered Approach To Spelling Instruction That Incorporates The Multiple Intelligences, Erin Morris Jan 2007

The Effects Of A Student-Centered Approach To Spelling Instruction That Incorporates The Multiple Intelligences, Erin Morris

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influences of a student-centered approach to spelling instruction that incorporated the multiple intelligences. A goal of this study was to identify spelling strategies that students could choose to use independently while participating in everyday writing activities. Five third grade students who were identified as struggling writers provided usable data for this study. The students recognized their individual need to develop and increase their spelling knowledge as they made personal goals to improve their spelling skills. Students were introduced to a number of spelling strategies that they could use independently through small ...


Success In Science: The Power Of Writing On Attitudes And Knowledge Acquisition In Middle School Science, Kelly A. Roberts Jan 2007

Success In Science: The Power Of Writing On Attitudes And Knowledge Acquisition In Middle School Science, Kelly A. Roberts

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research study looks at the global deficits in science-related industries with regard to scientific literacy and writing to articulate knowledge. This project explores a science curriculum that uses diverse resources like children's literature, poetry, nature journals, and writing prompts to explore learning and attitudes in the middle school science classroom. Researchers anticipated students’ development in content and conceptual knowledge, improvement in critical thinking skills, and increased interest in scientific reading and writing. Active research was conducted at a small suburban/rural parochial school in Western New York where subjects included 65 students in three seventh-grade life-science classes. Literacy ...


Using Readers' Theater As A Technique For Strengthening Fluency, Nicole Morris Aug 2006

Using Readers' Theater As A Technique For Strengthening Fluency, Nicole Morris

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted in an urban elementary school in Western New York. The researcher, who was an intern in a fourth grade classroom, was interested jn determining if and how Readers' Theater might affect reading fluency in struggling readers. The students in the study exhibited a range of reading levels, but all struggled with fluency. Before beginning Readers' Theater, the researcher assessed the students for fluency. Specifically, students were tested for automaticity, accuracy and prosody. The researcher then implemented a Readers' Theater program for a total of ten weeks. The students participated in the program three days a week ...


Listening Comprehension And The Development Of Emergent Reading Skills, Andrea Helena Priolette Jun 2005

Listening Comprehension And The Development Of Emergent Reading Skills, Andrea Helena Priolette

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Emergent readers face a difficult task as they begin to build their reading skills. Reading is a process that utilizes various skills, especially in the early stages of reading development. This study was conducted in an urban elementary school to investigate the importance of listening comprehension within a setting of emergent readers, participating in the Success For All: Reading Roots program. Specifically, this research explores the correlation between listening comprehension skills and reading levels in a group of beginning readers. It identifies teachers' beliefs on the value and purpose of read-alouds in the classrooms. Furthermore, it examines the relationship of ...


A Teacher Created Approach To Spelling Vs. A Textbook Approach To Spelling, Bridget Fichera-Aina May 2003

A Teacher Created Approach To Spelling Vs. A Textbook Approach To Spelling, Bridget Fichera-Aina

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of two different approaches to spelling reinforcement. The first approach used solely textbook activities and the second approach used teacher directed activities. The study included 19 students from a suburban upstate New York school district. The subjects were second grade students consisting of twelve girls and seven boys. The study took approximately 12 weeks to complete. The first ten, weeks consisted of a pretest at the beginning of each week containing 15-18 second grade spelling words. Each week the pretest was followed by either textbook reinforcement activities or teacher created ...


The Effect Of Reading And Social Studies Integration On Content Knowledge And Vocabulary, Jessica P. Schultz Apr 2003

The Effect Of Reading And Social Studies Integration On Content Knowledge And Vocabulary, Jessica P. Schultz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if the integration of reading in the content area would improve students' vocabulary and content knowledge test scores. The belief of content area literacy is that students learn with text, not from them. An interaction with text provides opportunities for students to enhance their own mental models of the material. This research report reveals the positive effects of teaching reading skills in all curricular areas, and it emphasizes the benefits of immersing students with literature in science, social studies and math, as well as language arts. The researcher compared two fifth grade ...


The Influence Of Visualization On Fifth Grade Students' Comprehension, Pamela Zola Smith Apr 2003

The Influence Of Visualization On Fifth Grade Students' Comprehension, Pamela Zola Smith

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This quantitative research study was conducted to see what effect teaching fifth grade students techniques on how to visualize before they read would have on their comprehension. Twenty fifth-grade students from a heterogeneous elementary class in a suburb of Western New York were part of the study. Each student was given an individual copy of The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe in class. During this five-week period, the students independently read the chapters assigned to them. They then received either a standard lesson and cloze test or a visualization lesson and cloze test directly following each chapter.

The data ...


Graphic Organizers: What Are The Effects Of Writing, Attitudes Towards, And Usage Of Graphic Organizers In A Fourth Grade Classroom, Wendy Rusin Apr 2003

Graphic Organizers: What Are The Effects Of Writing, Attitudes Towards, And Usage Of Graphic Organizers In A Fourth Grade Classroom, Wendy Rusin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examined the effects of a graphic organizer, the Venn Diagram, on fourth graders' writing projects. The students' views and attitudes towards the effectiveness of the graphic organizer were considered and were determined by a student survey. This information was used to determine if the students felt the organizer improved their writing compared to a previously written essay that was created without, the organizer. Students received direct instruction on several different types of graphic organizers. In February, the students took the New York State English Language Arts exam where the students wrote an essay based on two stories. There ...