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Full-Text Articles in Education

“Please Turn And Talk”: Mathematical Discussions In Elementary Classrooms, Siobhan M. Tarbell May 2017

“Please Turn And Talk”: Mathematical Discussions In Elementary Classrooms, Siobhan M. Tarbell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research explores the perceptions of elementary math teachers on mathematical communication. The purpose of this research is to better support all students by understanding the benefits, limitations and strategies that are used to utilize mathematical communication to support higher-level thinking. Data were collected for this study over a period of 4 weeks using the transcribed audio recordings of semi-structured interviews with teachers, and through analysis of a reflective teaching journal. Data were coded through constant comparative analysis to find themes that emerged about the perceptions, benefits and limitations that teachers noted when using mathematical communication, or math-talk, in their ...


Don’T Forget About Social Studies: A Unit Plan Project On Using Integration In Elementary Social Studies, Roland J. Yockel Ii Dec 2016

Don’T Forget About Social Studies: A Unit Plan Project On Using Integration In Elementary Social Studies, Roland J. Yockel Ii

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Social studies is one of the four core content areas in the elementary curriculum. With the current climate of standardized testing and the Common Core standards, social studies is facing marginalization in the elementary classroom. More and more time is being spent on English Language Arts (ELA) and mathematics and less time is being spent on social studies. Elementary social studies is facing a problem that could greatly affect the future of the elementary classroom.

This project looks at and addresses the problem of marginalization of elementary social studies. The literature review identifies the details of the current state of ...


The Importance Of The Implementation And Learning Of Spanish Language Arts, Adrializ Serrano May 2016

The Importance Of The Implementation And Learning Of Spanish Language Arts, Adrializ Serrano

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In the United States, there are “roughly about 54 million” people who are Hispanic or of Hispanic heritage (Hispanic or Latino Populations, 2015). Of this population, there are a substantial number of children who are enrolled in schools across the country. As these students become enrolled in school, the need to accommodate for their linguistic and academic needs is greater. The purpose of Dual Language bilingual programs is to develop students' native language, while developing their second language through language arts and content instruction in both languages. The students who part take in an effective Dual Language program are privileged ...


A Magnified View: The Impact Of Arts Integration In The Ela And Social Studies Classroom, Alyson M. Tardy May 2016

A Magnified View: The Impact Of Arts Integration In The Ela And Social Studies Classroom, Alyson M. Tardy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative research study explores the impact of arts integration in the ELA and social studies classroom. Through interdisciplinary lessons that weave music, theater, visual art, and movement with ELA and social studies content; this research explores the result of arts integration in the classroom. The fourth grade student participants in this study have contributed their ideas, understanding and reflections of the interdisciplinary ELA and social studies lessons through a collection of work samples, surveys, and interviews. Although the New York State Common Core State Standards have created a shift in content priorities and objectives for teachers, this study examines ...


Technology In The Classroom, Samantha M. Seaman Oct 2015

Technology In The Classroom, Samantha M. Seaman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to discover how I, a kindergarten teacher, used technology within the classroom. The authors of the articles and case studies in the literature review discuss the various technological tools available in school districts and how teachers utilize them effectively. This was a qualitative, self-study where I looked at my practices concerning technology in the classroom. The data were collected during a six-week period using journaling, factual information, and lesson plans. The results of the study showed that I used 10 different forms of technology in the classroom during lessons created. Results also showed the ...


Exploring The Implementation Of Words Their Way In A First Grade Classroom, Kathryn J. Horch Oct 2015

Exploring The Implementation Of Words Their Way In A First Grade Classroom, Kathryn J. Horch

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis explores the implementation of the program Words Their Way in a first grade classroom. I completed my study to explore the effects this program had on my students reading and writing. My research question is: How might the implementation of the program Words Their Way impact how students use their knowledge of phonics within their real reading and writing experiences?


Technology Enhancing Kindergarten Students’ Literacy Skills In Math, Alannah N. Heale Aug 2015

Technology Enhancing Kindergarten Students’ Literacy Skills In Math, Alannah N. Heale

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

I planned my methods and procedures in an effort to gain understanding of how technology affects instruction and learning of reading and writing in mathematics. I also focused my research on determining the impact that incorporating technology into mathematics can have on motivation in learning. In order to explore the impact technology can have on math instruction; I randomly selected three five year old students from my kindergarten classroom for a six week time frame during the Fall of 2014. I collected data through use of a variety of observations, audio tools, assessments, and interviews, as participant’s utilized technology ...


Using Writing Conferences To Scaffold First Grade Students' Narrative Writing, Marie Sinchak May 2015

Using Writing Conferences To Scaffold First Grade Students' Narrative Writing, Marie Sinchak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Young teachers are entering into their profession with little training on effectively teaching writing to their students. Writing conferences promote the growth of student writing skills, but their implementation remains uncertain to unexperienced teachers. This qualitative case study explored how writing conferences are utilized as a means of scaffolding the narrative writing skills of three first grade students, who participated in a series of writing conferences which built upon the specific needs of the students. Results suggest that student interest and peer review are instrumental in cultivating students’ skills of sentence fluency. Implications of results are discussed.


Case Study: A Holistic Approach In The Orthographic Development Of One Emergent Learner, Teresa I. Singh May 2015

Case Study: A Holistic Approach In The Orthographic Development Of One Emergent Learner, Teresa I. Singh

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Spelling instruction should go beyond weekly spelling assessments. This was a learning philosophy I believed in prior to conducting this case study. Through this case study, read about how one emergent learner’s orthographic knowledge was strengthened though a holistic instructional approach. Emergent learners enter the classroom with different degrees of what they conceptualize about language and the malleability of words. With this in mind, teacher should do more than approach spelling instruction through a systemic approach that ignores what individual students are capable of and what they still need to develop. By developing spelling instruction through data collection on ...


A Self-Study Exploring My Literacy Beliefs, Brittany Kline May 2015

A Self-Study Exploring My Literacy Beliefs, Brittany Kline

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this self-study was to explore my literacy beliefs first as a substitute teacher and then as a teacher's assistant. Over the span of six-weeks, I was able to scratch the surface of understanding my beliefs however, six weeks was not a sufficient amount of time when exploring an in-depth concept. With the triangulation of data to gather the information for my study, I used a journal, classroom observations, and artifacts. The results of data yielded three themes; my literacy beliefs being supported, my literacy beliefs being challenged, and resources affecting my beliefs. The conclusion for my ...


Parent Involvement And Literacy Achievement: A Case Study, Jessica M. Martorana Apr 2015

Parent Involvement And Literacy Achievement: A Case Study, Jessica M. Martorana

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of my research is to explore, through observing students at work during literacy lessons and analyzing the responses of distributed parent, teacher and student surveys, how parent involvement affects literacy achievement. The data collected was analyzed and used to determine the impact parent involvement has on a child’s literacy achievement; and what parts of literacy are affected by parent involvement (i.e. reading, writing, fluency, comprehension…). The methods used to collect data for my research will be anecdotal notes, observations, teacher surveys, parent surveys and student interviews from three student participants over a six-week period.


Fusing Literacy And The Arts To Meet Common Core Standards, Justin Jackson Jan 2015

Fusing Literacy And The Arts To Meet Common Core Standards, Justin Jackson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The literacy demands of current elementary students continues to increase through the use of state testing and Common Core State Standards while the time devoted to creative exploration suffers on the sidelines. As a way to bridge this increasing gap, educators may look towards new means of integrating literacy with the fine arts to produce a creative, fresh appearance to literacy instruction beyond that of traditional reading and writing instruction. The fine arts can serve either as literacy or as a component to a literacy lesson. This project researches the benefits of including the fine arts in some capacity to ...


Fostering Third Graders' Attributes Of Independence During The Literacy Block: A Self-Study, Danielle Russell Jul 2014

Fostering Third Graders' Attributes Of Independence During The Literacy Block: A Self-Study, Danielle Russell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This self-study is my attempt to determine how I can foster attributes of independence such as engagement, motivation, self-regulation, and accountability in students during the literacy block. I conducted this self-study while substitute teaching in a third grade classroom in a suburban elementary school in western New York. During the fifteen-week study, I implemented a reader’s workshop and a writer’s workshop and reflected on the students’ level of independence, their work habits and behaviors, and aspects of my literacy instruction. My findings indicate that students were able to reach levels of independence when they were engaged in active ...


How I Used Lucy Calkins’ Units Of Study Writing Program To Support My First Grade Students’ Writing Development: A Self Study, Kelly Schimpf Jul 2014

How I Used Lucy Calkins’ Units Of Study Writing Program To Support My First Grade Students’ Writing Development: A Self Study, Kelly Schimpf

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In this self study, I examine how I used Lucy Calkins Units of Study Writing Program (2006) to support my first grade students’ writing development. In order to reflect on my own teaching using the first two books in Calkins’ series, Launching the Writer’s Workshop and Small Moments-Personal Narrative Writing, I collected different types of qualitative data: audio tapes, research journals, student responses and examples, and reflections. The findings indicate that while I used Calkins’ Units of Study Writing Program, I supported my students’ literacy development by following the framework she provides, my using language and differentiating my writing ...


To What Extent Does Professional Development Influence Constructivist Science Teaching In Classrooms?: A Comparative Study Of Education In The United States Of America And Finland, Michelle A. Caton Apr 2014

To What Extent Does Professional Development Influence Constructivist Science Teaching In Classrooms?: A Comparative Study Of Education In The United States Of America And Finland, Michelle A. Caton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The goal of this study is to identify the extent to which professional development influences the implementation of constructivist science teaching. An overview of the theory of constructivism leads to an explanation of how the theory is adapted to teaching methodologies in science classrooms. Science education, constructivist teaching practices, and professional development in the United States of America and Finland are compared in order to assess how professional development affects a teacher’s ability to use constructivist teaching methods effectively in science classrooms. Research confirms that professional development can positively impact teacher epistemology when given opportunities to increase science content ...


Educational Technology And Instructional Pedagogy: Teacher’S Perceptions And Abilities To Integrate Technology In The Classroom, Adam M. Philipp Aug 2013

Educational Technology And Instructional Pedagogy: Teacher’S Perceptions And Abilities To Integrate Technology In The Classroom, Adam M. Philipp

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Many teachers leave the educational profession due to many factors. However, a majority of these conditions exist because our educational system and the institutions that prepare educators often fail to give educators the tools to do their job well. Preparatory courses for pre-service teachers, for example, lack the strength needed to ready the degree earners that enter their program with necessary skills to advance, especially when their institution has deficits laterally across the campus in terms of technology awareness, process, and structure. Once educators enter into school districts they are held responsible for student achievement that is not often supported ...


Use Of Computer Technologies In Supporting 3rd Graders' Literacy Development, Nicole M. Pensgen Dec 2012

Use Of Computer Technologies In Supporting 3rd Graders' Literacy Development, Nicole M. Pensgen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Over the past decade school districts across the country have been trying to find ways to incorporate technology into the classroom. With the new initiatives of state and federal lawmakers, the push for this integration is greater now more than ever. As teachers across the nation try to fulfill this requirement, they are looking for ways to do this throughout the school day. Some of the ways educators are incorporating technology into their instruction is through the use of Internet websites and program software. While websites and programs seem like a wonderful idea to engage students in daily learning, there ...


Electronic Books And Emergent Literacy Development, Joseph G. Juzwiak Dec 2012

Electronic Books And Emergent Literacy Development, Joseph G. Juzwiak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As we move further into the 21st century and beyond, the push to integrate technology into classrooms is becoming ever more apparent. Government is now moving towards making this integration a requirement through state and nationwide initiatives. As teachers scramble to become familiar with new and improved technological resources, many are turning to electronic books (e-Books) to meet their needs. While e-Books seem to be a logical source as they are essentially electronic versions of the paperback texts we already know and love, there seems to be a growing concern amongst researchers in the field as to their effectiveness ...


The Effects Of Parental Reading And Teaching On Kindergarten Children's School Readiness, Erin M. Dawson Aug 2012

The Effects Of Parental Reading And Teaching On Kindergarten Children's School Readiness, Erin M. Dawson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project identifies and discusses parental reading and teaching patterns and the impact these same methods may or may not have on children's school readiness, specifically the student’s readiness to read. The study highlights the following research questions: What patterns of parental reading and teaching can be identified among families of children entering kindergarten in a rural school? What are the associations between parental reading and teaching patterns and the child's school readiness? The literature review section examines the topics of home environment, parent’s engagement with literacy development, school readiness, and academic success. The active ...


Exploring The Use Of Interactive Read Alouds To Support The Literacy Development Of Fifth Graders Receiving Academic Intervention Services, Abbey L. Boyst Aug 2012

Exploring The Use Of Interactive Read Alouds To Support The Literacy Development Of Fifth Graders Receiving Academic Intervention Services, Abbey L. Boyst

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students identified as requiring Academic Intervention Services (AIS), either through testing or teacher recommendation, often struggle with fluency, reading comprehension, or a combination of both. This thesis project examines the effects of interactive read-alouds in reading instruction in an AIS class as a means to foster growth in comprehension and literacy skills. The central question, what happens when read-aloud activities include explicit instruction of reading comprehension and is incorporated into the instruction of students receiving AIS, was explored. The literature review section discusses previous research observations on the use of a designed read-aloud curriculum for teaching comprehension of narrative texts ...


Exploring The Literacy Development Of Preschoolers Through Theme-Based Center Activities, Shannon Gross Aug 2012

Exploring The Literacy Development Of Preschoolers Through Theme-Based Center Activities, Shannon Gross

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the integration of an increased literacy and math based curriculum for young children, it is important to keep students engaged while maintaining efficient and effective instruction. As a proven practice, play-based education allows a focused classroom that effectively educates children in literacy. This thesis project examines the effects of theme-based play centers on classroom literacy as well as suggested methods in lesson planning, engagement, and success. The literature review considers previous research regarding integrated theme-based play centers which suggests improved emotional, social, linguistic, and cognitive abilities in students. The research project used observation and qualitative research to focus on ...


Implementing The Common Core Learning Standards In Grade Three: Teaching For College And Career Readiness Through The Social Studies Content Area, Trista Fiorino Aug 2012

Implementing The Common Core Learning Standards In Grade Three: Teaching For College And Career Readiness Through The Social Studies Content Area, Trista Fiorino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the current state of the economy and job market in the United States, it is imperative that students are college and workforce ready when they complete their public school education. Standards- based education provides solid foundation for educators to plan learning experiences that build from the prekindergarten to grade twelve. Standards-based education is widely accepted and utilized as we prepare today's' students' for success when facing tomorrow's challenges.

As politicians, administrators, educators and parents work closely to ensure that the public education is equipped to meet the demands of the twenty first century, new and improved standards ...


Factors Influencing Readers When Matching Texts To Struggling Students, Brian P. Romeo Jul 2012

Factors Influencing Readers When Matching Texts To Struggling Students, Brian P. Romeo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers at every scholastic level search for the best pedagogical practices for their particular classroom and students. The method of leveling, a strategy in which teachers assess the instructional level of a text in order to properly match books with an individual reader, is used increasingly in literacy programs at the elementary level. Books are “leveled” by using a formula that measures sentence and word difficulty. This research project examines how students interact with various texts and explores student fluency, expression, comprehension, and re-telling. The research examines student accuracy rates, self-corrections, and miscue analysis. It considers what text features teachers ...


How Fifth-Grade Inclusion Teachers Within A Suburban School District, Use Assessments To Guide The Literacy Needs Of Their Students, Christine Erne Jun 2012

How Fifth-Grade Inclusion Teachers Within A Suburban School District, Use Assessments To Guide The Literacy Needs Of Their Students, Christine Erne

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Much research has been conducted on inclusion classrooms as well as on assessments. However, little research exists on how teachers within inclusion classrooms use assessments to provide literacy instruction. I conducted a six-week study in two fifth-grade inclusion classrooms within a suburban school district, in order to determine how teachers use assessments to guide the literacy needs of their students. I interviewed two general education teachers and two special education teachers, and observed them during their ELA blocks. I explored formal and informal assessments the teachers used throughout the study. The participating teachers used more informal assessments than formal assessments ...


Using Literature To Support Second Graders' Critical Literacy Of Civil Rights, Nicole M. Leo May 2012

Using Literature To Support Second Graders' Critical Literacy Of Civil Rights, Nicole M. Leo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to explore the use of children's literature to engage second grade students in critical literacy. I drew on multiple domains examining the use of children's literature in students' critical literacy development. I used data to analyze the kinds of perspectives children's literature provides, how students interpret different perspectives to solve their conflicts, and in what ways children's literature helps second graders act on issues that are important to them. The duration of the study was five weeks. An inquiry style of research was used. Data was collected through the use of field ...


Conferring With Readers To Develop Reading Proficiency, Sandra Goettelman May 2012

Conferring With Readers To Develop Reading Proficiency, Sandra Goettelman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research study is to determine the ways in which reading conferences help students develop reading proficiency. Reading conferences are one to one work with a student in which instruction is individualized to support the reader and help to elevate the student to be able to flexibly call upon a number of strategies to problem solve. The research questions will focus on the ways in which students incorporate feedback on decoding, fluency, and comprehension in their oral reading. The degree to which the reading conference fosters independence for students will also be examined. In addition, the efficiency ...


Use Of Dialogue Joumals To Support Independent Reading In A Fourth Grade Classroom, Kylie Armstrong May 2012

Use Of Dialogue Joumals To Support Independent Reading In A Fourth Grade Classroom, Kylie Armstrong

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This was an inquiry-based research study exploring the impact of using dialogue journals to support independent reading within a fourth grade classroom. The research was qualitative in nature and featured multiple case studies. The overarching aim of this study was to investigate the following question: How does using a dialogue journal to support independent reading impact students' learning? The study sought to answer this question by exploring how writing in dialogue journals supports students' understanding of their independent reading, writing for a specific audience, and critical appreciation of books and reading attitude. Data collection included observations, interviews, and writing samples ...


The Importance Of Play In Early Childhood Education, Cristie R. Ellison May 2012

The Importance Of Play In Early Childhood Education, Cristie R. Ellison

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Play is “work” for young children and is understood to build necessary language and social skills and understanding. This thesis project, an analytic review, explores the subject of play within the early childhood classroom environment while considering both cognitive constructivism and social constructivism through the lens of Piaget and Vygotsky. The multiple purposes of the review were to gain a more complete understanding of the functions of play in the early childhood setting, emphasize the importance of play for children's intellectual, emotional and social growth, and to analyze a body of knowledge of developmental and cognitive theories pertaining to ...


The Use Of Hands-On Comprehension Games In Literacy Development, Maria Prestigiacomo Apr 2012

The Use Of Hands-On Comprehension Games In Literacy Development, Maria Prestigiacomo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading comprehension is one of the most difficult components to teach. I have tried every resource my district has given me to help build comprehension skills and I have not seen a significant impact on the children’s learning. I investigated hands-on games and activities to see if they could help improve and build comprehension skills.

Many children in the twenty-first century are tactile learners and need hands-on activities. Keeping this in mind I researched and implemented hands-on games and activities for students in the fifth-grade to practice and reinforce their comprehension skills. I created, taught through guided practice, and ...


Multimodal Texts And Student Motivation In School Writing, Jenna Cortash Dec 2011

Multimodal Texts And Student Motivation In School Writing, Jenna Cortash

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research is to explain the benefits of using multimodal texts in a classroom environment. So much emphasis is placed on fluency, accuracy of words read, expression and pace. While these elements are crucial for successful readers, I aim to suggest that a reader can demonstrate reading behaviors with wordless picture books. Students generate a storyline, and feel ownership toward the book because they have connection. Every student will notice various details and not everyone's story will be alike. The research questions that will be answered in my work are 1) How can a teacher use ...