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Full-Text Articles in Education

Autonomy, Education, Virtue, Seamus Clarkin Dec 2018

Autonomy, Education, Virtue, Seamus Clarkin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The ways in which educators have tried to implement autonomy support have typically been constrained by their pedagogical interests and demands from above for certain threshold levels of performance. In our current educational system, this treats autonomy as a means to the end of measurement-based outcomes. The research on autonomy such as self-determination theory (SDT) often acknowledges the significance as a matter of background, but the actual ways teachers bring it into class is typically much more superficial than what might be possible with authentic cognitive autonomy support. Further, the innate status of the three needs put forth by SDT ...


Teaching To Think & Read Like A Historian, Erin E. Moses May 2016

Teaching To Think & Read Like A Historian, Erin E. Moses

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explores how a disciplinary literacy framework could impact adolescent comprehension in the content area of social studies. I collected qualitative data by recording interviews with five high school social studies teachers, while also analyzing the school’s curriculum and its integration of literacy. Several findings were acquired from the research: 1) a need to return to the basics of reading and writing; 2) break down the sources for student comprehension of complex texts used in social studies classes; 3) students’ struggle with historical writing; and 4) comprehension literacy strategies used in social studies classrooms. Conclusions from this study ...


Finding The Most Meaningful Forms Of Parental Involvement: A Synthesis Of Meta-Analyses, Sarah Lawson Dec 2015

Finding The Most Meaningful Forms Of Parental Involvement: A Synthesis Of Meta-Analyses, Sarah Lawson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Definitions of ‘parental involvement’ and ‘school achievement’ confusingly differ. While some researchers use specific terms and definitions, others use a broad and open analysis of the terms. Although research suggests that parental involvement (PI) significantly influences children’s school achievement, it is important to understand which aspects of PI prove most critical. Accordingly, in this meta- synthesis, I offer research conducted within the last five, an in depth and up-to-date understanding of how parents can be involved in their children’s education in ways that most favorably impact their children’s school achievement.

The following themes emerged from this synthesis ...


Implementing Blended Classroom Pedagogy To Deepen Student Understanding In High School Biology, David J. Krebs Dec 2015

Implementing Blended Classroom Pedagogy To Deepen Student Understanding In High School Biology, David J. Krebs

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The blended classroom model offers excitement and increased student engagement to an aging education system. The objective of this project is to demonstrate how teachers can best deepen student learning founded within 3 main focuses; first, transitioning away from passive lecture centered environments towards active student centered environments, second, to embrace technology as an educational tool, and third, to implement effective hands-on learning protocols. In this comprehensive literature review both benefits and concerns to applying blended classroom frameworks in a 9th grade living environment setting are addressed and reveal it’s effectiveness specifically stating higher student achievement and positive ...


Reflective Peace In The At-Risk Classroom, Aaron C. Lawrick Aug 2015

Reflective Peace In The At-Risk Classroom, Aaron C. Lawrick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The intent of this project was to design a system to encourage self-reflection in the At-risk classroom. As teachers and staff working with these students, we must first learn and then model the success of self-reflection. We must know ways to properly look within ourselves through reflection and introspection, enabling our pedagogies to grow and evolve, to be at the ready to inspire whichever population of students we work with. The data from this project represents proof that classroom intervention strategies that focus on peace through self-understanding are vital for the overall success of ED students and the dedicated staff ...


To What Extent Does Professional Development Influence Constructivist Science Teaching In Classrooms?: A Comparative Study Of Education In The United States Of America And Finland, Michelle A. Caton Apr 2014

To What Extent Does Professional Development Influence Constructivist Science Teaching In Classrooms?: A Comparative Study Of Education In The United States Of America And Finland, Michelle A. Caton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The goal of this study is to identify the extent to which professional development influences the implementation of constructivist science teaching. An overview of the theory of constructivism leads to an explanation of how the theory is adapted to teaching methodologies in science classrooms. Science education, constructivist teaching practices, and professional development in the United States of America and Finland are compared in order to assess how professional development affects a teacher’s ability to use constructivist teaching methods effectively in science classrooms. Research confirms that professional development can positively impact teacher epistemology when given opportunities to increase science content ...


The Holodomor: Genocide And National Identity, Nicolas D. Sawicky Dec 2013

The Holodomor: Genocide And National Identity, Nicolas D. Sawicky

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper studies the Ukrainian famine of 1932-1933 known as the Holodomor. The first section of the paper includes previous research on the event and attempts to layout the different narratives of what exactly happened and more importantly, was it an act of genocide?

The second section of the paper looks at how the Holodomor is still relevant in modern Ukrainian politics as the country tries to find its own identity after gaining independence from the Soviet Union. The final section of the paper offers some online resources to help teachers educate students on the Holodomor.


The Invisible Students In The Classroom: How To Include The Introverts Without Excluding The Extroverts, Sharron E. Dow Nov 2013

The Invisible Students In The Classroom: How To Include The Introverts Without Excluding The Extroverts, Sharron E. Dow

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper focuses mainly on the introverted and extroverted temperaments and how that affects an adolescent’s learning in school and their interaction in the world. There are many cultural misconceptions of introversion which are unknowingly perpetuated by school personnel, who are often extroverts. This argument also includes the fact that America praises the extrovert while diminishing the introvert, thusly preventing the introverted students from full academic achievement as well as restricting connection to their community. There is evidence in American history that the extroverted ideal was developed over time and originated from Dr. Carl Jung’s research on personality ...


The Pitiful Bellringer: The Implications Of Representations Of Disability In Media & Literature, Elizabeth A. Dolski May 2013

The Pitiful Bellringer: The Implications Of Representations Of Disability In Media & Literature, Elizabeth A. Dolski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project investigates how throughout history, those who were different or atypical were often relegated to a marginalized life; this perspective was indicative in literature of previous eras as well as in historical documentation. As indicated in this research, even though literature and media has moved away from personifying disability in an overwhelmingly negative light, it has consequently moved toward characterizing people with disabilities as the antihero worthy of pity. The unintentional, prejudicial view of people with disabilities in popular culture perpetuates the idea that disability is something that must be overcome. This disconnect hinders student awareness and acceptance, and ...


National Science Education Reform And Its Effect On Science Education Reform In North Carolina, Kyle A. Leonard Jun 1997

National Science Education Reform And Its Effect On Science Education Reform In North Carolina, Kyle A. Leonard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this paper is to give a historical background of the progress of elementary science education reform from a national perspective and to then show the impact of that reform on North Carolina's efforts towards elementary science education reform. A comparison is made between the National Research Council's 1996 publication of the National Science Education Standards and North Carolina's 1994 publication of the new Standard Course of Study: Science K-12. The comparison shows that North Carolina has made an effort to incorporate the national vision of science education reform into its own vision of science ...


Reading Achievement Of General Education Children In Blended Classes, Dawn J. Squicciarini Aug 1993

Reading Achievement Of General Education Children In Blended Classes, Dawn J. Squicciarini

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Using 64, sixth grade students from a rural Western New York school district, the examiner attempted to determine if the current practice of integrating special needs students into the regular classroom has any effect on the reading achievement of the general education student. To accomplish this, the examiner found two comparable groups from the current sixth grade class. Group A was the integrated students and Group B was the traditional students. The total reading scores from annual standardized reading tests were compared.

Using a calculated t test, the data showed no statistically significant difference in achievement between the two test ...


New York State Migrant Education Program And Its Impact On Students In The Brockport Tutorial Outreach Project, Dolly Jackson-Williams May 1992

New York State Migrant Education Program And Its Impact On Students In The Brockport Tutorial Outreach Project, Dolly Jackson-Williams

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In spite of their problems the Migrant Education Program still provides effective assistance to the migrant population. It is surprising to note that many educators have no knowledge of the lifestyle and the educational process that the migrant students have to contend, in order to receive an appropriate education. Sadly, many educators do not know how to address the academic needs of the migrant students in their classroom. Because of this lack of knowledge, the special needs of the migrant child go unmet. Conversely, when a teacher knows he/she has a migrant child in class and sets out to ...


The Effect Of Self-Concept On Math Achievement In Fourth Grade Students, Scott Thomas Cote Jul 1990

The Effect Of Self-Concept On Math Achievement In Fourth Grade Students, Scott Thomas Cote

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a correlation between self-concept and math achievement on a standardized test for a heterogeneous group of forty-eight fourth grade students. Also studied were the relationships of self-concept and math achievement on students from single parent homes and students from two-parent households and the differences between male and female students in the areas of self-concept and math achievement.

Forty-eight fourth grade students from a suburban school district in Rochester, New York were the subjects of this study. Twelve of the forty-eight were from broken homes.

The math section of the ...


A Longitudinal Study Of Metropolitan Achievement Test Scores, Eric W. Purdy Nov 1989

A Longitudinal Study Of Metropolitan Achievement Test Scores, Eric W. Purdy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This longitudinal study compared how well students scored on the Metropolitan Achievement Test (sixth edition) (MAT6) in third grade, fourth grade, and fifth grade. Thus, the study examined the scaled scores of 50 randomly selected students over a three year period. The comparison of performance means between grades, and between genders at each grade, were drawn by conducting statistical t-tests. The three subtests of the MAT6 that were used in this study were; total reading, total math, and social studies. Of the 50 students selected, 28 were boys and 22 were girls. It was found that there was a substantial ...


Influence Of Attitude Toward Science, Gender And Locus Of Control On Student Achievement In Science, Dawn Gater Aug 1989

Influence Of Attitude Toward Science, Gender And Locus Of Control On Student Achievement In Science, Dawn Gater

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

From elementary school to the college level, nationwide trends indicate that males are achieving higher in science than females. The aim of this study was to compare the achievement of boys and girls studying 10th grade biology in the public school system. To achieve this a composite survey of attitude toward science, locus of control and achievement in science was administered to 221 biology students in the 10th grade of a large school district situated in a suburb of Rochester, NY.

It was found that females were achieving equally as well as males in 10th grade and that females had ...


Identification Of Learning Impaired Linguistically Different Students In Rochester, New York, Suburban Schools, Lucille Testa Stone May 1986

Identification Of Learning Impaired Linguistically Different Students In Rochester, New York, Suburban Schools, Lucille Testa Stone

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper reviews the legal basis for Bilingual Education and Special Education which have formed the framework for Bilingual Special Education.

Assessment procedures and considerations utilized to screen linguistically different students in the area of language dominance/proficiency and IQ measurement are examined. The advantages and disadvantages of assessment tools such as culture free tests, translated tests, regional norms, adaptive scales, criterion reference measures and pluralistic assessment techniques are discussed.

Included are the results of a questionnaire which was distributed to the directors of Special Education in thirty-two schools in and near Monroe County. The purpose of this questionnaire was ...


An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Mobility And Reading Comprehension Of Junior High Pupils, Joan Ring Markis May 1985

An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Mobility And Reading Comprehension Of Junior High Pupils, Joan Ring Markis

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the relationship between mobility and achievement in reading comprehension. The cumulative records of 78 junior high students were reviewed to obtain the data needed.

Intelligence test scores for the Otis-Lennon School Ability Test and the achievement subtest score in reading comprehension for the Stanford Achievement Test were obtained from those student records. The cumulative records yielded additional information regarding the types of schools attended (parochial versus public), the grade level at which the transfer occurred (grades 1-3 versus grades 4-8), and sex.

A significant difference was found between the reading comprehension scores of mobile and non-mobile students ...


Factors Related To The Resettlement Of Migrant Adults In New York State, Laura B. Neale May 1979

Factors Related To The Resettlement Of Migrant Adults In New York State, Laura B. Neale

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to explore factors related to the resettlement of migrant adults in New York State. Differences among groups of resettled, intrastate, and interstate migrant adults were analyzed in the areas of formal education received, reading achievement, attitudes toward reading, and socioeconomic and cultural factors chosen as important reasons for resettlement.

Two questionnaires were developed by the researcher to aid in this study. Possible relationships between attitudes toward reading and reading achievement, between reading achievement and formal education, and between attitudes toward reading and sex were also explored. Significant differences were found among the three groups ...


Basal Reading Texts: Change In Sex Role Attributes? With A Survey Of The Literature On Sex Roles, Ronn Sieber Jul 1974

Basal Reading Texts: Change In Sex Role Attributes? With A Survey Of The Literature On Sex Roles, Ronn Sieber

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Domination in humans is more behavioral than innate. Socialization conditions the sexes to react differently to a given situation; behavioral differences metaphor dichotomy of the sexes. Extreme stereotypic behavior inhibits intellect. Males dominate most of the world's societies. Humans generalize status and life styles from primary roles; perhaps males, as mobile hunters, perceive themselves worthier of power. Schools transmit cultural traits intact over generations, serving cultural lag. School environments and personnel often remained fixed in message. Media remains the variable to effect desirable changes. This study, designed to sample sex role attribute changes in readers between two periods, used ...


A Study Of School Desegregation With A Specific Look At The Rochester – West Irondequoit Inter – Cultural Program, Robert E. Spall Jun 1967

A Study Of School Desegregation With A Specific Look At The Rochester – West Irondequoit Inter – Cultural Program, Robert E. Spall

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper looks at the racial disparities within the educational system and negative consequences imposed on African American/minority children by that system. The author proposes full racial integration, with school populations reflecting the demographics of the wider community. He examines a volunteer transfer program, focusing on 25 high-achieving first graders who transferred from Rochester city school #19 to six neighborhood schools in the West Irondequoit Central School district in 1965. A control group of 25 high-achieving first graders remained at school #19. The author describes the cultural and communication difficulties encountered by the children in their new, predominantly white ...