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Full-Text Articles in Education

Fostering Motivation With An Authentic Task Based Unit On Linear Modeling, Brandon Derue May 2019

Fostering Motivation With An Authentic Task Based Unit On Linear Modeling, Brandon Derue

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was created to provide teachers with additional resources to use when teaching an 8th grade unit on linear modeling. The included activities put an emphasis on grappling with new ideas, communication, and developing understanding through a project using real world mathematics. An embedded goal in the curriculum is to foster student motivation in mathematics. The main topic involves constructing scatter plots, noticing trends in the data, and constructing lines of best fit based on these trends. Recommendations are included by the author for implementing the included activities, as well as a rubric for evaluating the student ...


Rethinking Mathematical Proofs And The Opportunity To Learn, Robert Burgett Apr 2019

Rethinking Mathematical Proofs And The Opportunity To Learn, Robert Burgett

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Mathematical proofs are conceptually difficult for many students and the perceived lack of relevance in terms of authenticity and practicality may result in feelings of apathy or indifference. Providing students with connections and applications of the process of proof-solving can help alleviate this problem. This curriculum project includes materials designed to supplement existing units on geometric proof. These materials are intended to provide teachers with opportunities for students to both frequently practice with components of mathematical literacy relative to proofs and to allow multiple opportunities for students to demonstrate growth and evidence of learning. Mathematical discourse amongst students is also ...


Implementing Technology In A Geometry Curriculum, Stephanie Zimmerman Jan 2019

Implementing Technology In A Geometry Curriculum, Stephanie Zimmerman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was designed to assist teachers to implement technology into the Common Core Geometry Curriculum and was created by a second career teacher who supported Geometry classes as a teaching assistant. Technology has become deeply rooted in the lives of students from birth and studies show that using technology in the classroom can impact their learning. This curriculum project includes lessons from across the geometry curriculum using various technological tools.


A Focus On Scientific Inquiry In Cte Through A Green Space, Emily Anderson Dec 2018

A Focus On Scientific Inquiry In Cte Through A Green Space, Emily Anderson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Science education trends state that students and teachers should work to promote learning by making science relevant and meaningful. With a changing world, the way science is taught and learned needs to change too. There is an increasing push for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) awareness and the engineering design process. Integrated science education in Career and Technical Education (CTE) is a trend and area of teaching that is needed and looked at as a way to make science more relevant and meaningful. Teachers are expected to engage students in meaningful and purposeful instruction that provided students with inquiry ...


Teaching Science Through Multimedia: Transitioning From A Technology-Centered Approach To A Learner-Centered Approach, Daniel Roberti Dec 2018

Teaching Science Through Multimedia: Transitioning From A Technology-Centered Approach To A Learner-Centered Approach, Daniel Roberti

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

An increase in the amount of educational multimedia content found on the internet has made it easier for teachers to flip their classrooms and have students learn through video as opposed to traditional lecture. However, two primary concerns exist with this method: (1) learning through video can be too passive as students are just expected to absorb the material and (2) there is usually no way to ensure students are viewing the multimedia assigned for them to watch. This project addresses each of these concerns and proposes solutions. Criteria are also identified within the literature to establish what characterizes a ...


A Practical Guide To Incorporating Best Practices Into A College-Level Instrumental Methods Course, Keith Osgood Dec 2018

A Practical Guide To Incorporating Best Practices Into A College-Level Instrumental Methods Course, Keith Osgood

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

There are a great number of teaching methods and practices which have been thoroughly studied and supported by research, but have not yet achieved widespread use in academia. An Instrumental Methods course offered at the College of Brockport presented a unique setting within which to examine some of these practices. Tools such as POGIL (Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning) and PBL were utilized in place of traditional lecture with a number of other innovative methods being used, including alternative grading and computer simulations. A review of the relevant research on these methods was conducted and summarized. Following this, a scholarly ...


Rethinking Metacognitive Intervention: A Scaffolded Exam Wrapper Strategy, Aaron Ridall Dec 2018

Rethinking Metacognitive Intervention: A Scaffolded Exam Wrapper Strategy, Aaron Ridall

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students lack the behaviors and strategies that support success in postsecondary environments, which has led one-third of all college students to enroll in remedial courses (Bowen, Chingos, & McPherson, 2009). One particular executive function that low-achieving students are often without is metacognition, or thinking about thinking. Traditional models of education in the United States do not teach students how to analyze their performance even though metacognition is linked to improved academic performance (Young & Fry, 2008). This work presents a scaffolded metacognitive strategy to help low-achieving students improve their metacognitive skillfulness and examination performance.


An Introduction To Implementing Technology In The Classroom Using Interactive Web-Based Applications, Matthew Rybak May 2018

An Introduction To Implementing Technology In The Classroom Using Interactive Web-Based Applications, Matthew Rybak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today’s students have grown up in a world where technology is an essential and accessible component of daily life, and it therefore plays an integral role in the modern classroom. Implementing technology into the traditional classroom can be an intimidating task; this curriculum project aims to aid educators in understanding the benefits of using technology, and to simplify its implementation. Desmos and Nearpod are used in this curriculum because they are excellent examples of two user-friendly and adaptable applets that facilitate technology-focused instruction. Each of the two units in this curriculum are designed to assist teachers who use a ...


A Focus On Mathematical Literacy To Increase Student Understanding And Performance, Rachel Alvarez May 2018

A Focus On Mathematical Literacy To Increase Student Understanding And Performance, Rachel Alvarez

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was designed to help promote mathematical literacy within applications of quadratic functions. The curriculum bridges literacy strategies with mathematical applications so that the two build upon each other in a lesson rather than being two separate entities. These materials are aligned with the Algebra I New York State Common Core Learning Standards.


Experiential Learning In The Middle School Living Environment Classroom, Andrea G. Heinlein May 2018

Experiential Learning In The Middle School Living Environment Classroom, Andrea G. Heinlein

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Experiential learning teaches students through concrete experiences, often occurring outdoors or outside of the classroom. (Scogin, Kruger, Jekkals, & Steinfeldt, 2017). Outdoor experiential learning provides higher level thinking opportunities as well as opportunities to build a range of non-cognitive skills such as cooperation, collaboration, independence and responsibility. Additionally, experiential learning is a key tool for creating interest in science and in connecting science contexts from the classroom to real world applications that students can experience firsthand (James & Williams, 2016). This project begins with a comprehensive literature review discussing different forms of experiential learning and benefits of this form of instruction as ...


Augmented Reality Technology Used To Enhance Informal Science Learning, Erin Reidy May 2018

Augmented Reality Technology Used To Enhance Informal Science Learning, Erin Reidy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With science advancements ever-changing and an increased use of multimedia to display information to the public, science literacy and critical thinking skills are important for the public to keep up to date. Students will need to know how to interpret science information they are faced with throughout their lives to make decisions and critique scientific arguments (Squire & Mingfong, 2007). Science education reform is becoming more focused on incorporating science practices with the use of tools and processes to enhance learning. An authentic learning experience can be described as experiencing real problems and consequences in context (Rosenbaum et al., 2007). Augmented ...


A Financial Literacy Curriculum Project On Linear Functions In Algebra I Aligned With New York State Common Core State Standards, Michael T. Hughson Jr May 2017

A Financial Literacy Curriculum Project On Linear Functions In Algebra I Aligned With New York State Common Core State Standards, Michael T. Hughson Jr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

There is a lack of financial literacy curriculum available for teachers to support students learning of mathematical skills that are needed in real life. Financial literacy curricula can support students learning real life skills needed before independent living situations in college or career. Direct mathematical modelling and application can support students comprehension of the relationship between financial literacy and algebra. This curriculum highlights the ideology of the need to know drives learning and aligns real world financial literacy problems to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) algebra standards.


“Please Turn And Talk”: Mathematical Discussions In Elementary Classrooms, Siobhan M. Tarbell May 2017

“Please Turn And Talk”: Mathematical Discussions In Elementary Classrooms, Siobhan M. Tarbell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research explores the perceptions of elementary math teachers on mathematical communication. The purpose of this research is to better support all students by understanding the benefits, limitations and strategies that are used to utilize mathematical communication to support higher-level thinking. Data were collected for this study over a period of 4 weeks using the transcribed audio recordings of semi-structured interviews with teachers, and through analysis of a reflective teaching journal. Data were coded through constant comparative analysis to find themes that emerged about the perceptions, benefits and limitations that teachers noted when using mathematical communication, or math-talk, in their ...


Describing Transformations: A Math 8 Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core And Learning Standards, Jessica Stam Dec 2016

Describing Transformations: A Math 8 Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core And Learning Standards, Jessica Stam

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project focuses on the 8th Grade Mathematics unit: Transformations. The project was developed as a resource for teachers transitioning to the new Common Core State Standards (CCSS). The unit plan is aligned to the New York State Common Core State Standards (NYSCCSS) and the New York State Standards for Mathematical Practices. The unit plan addresses all mathematical practice standards with emphasis on (2) Reason abstractly and quantitatively and (5) use appropriate tools strategically. The lessons in this unit plan, should be used as guide and alternate resource to support teachers who work in states where CCSS has been ...


Strategies To Support Student Argument And Argumentative Writing In A Secondary Stem Classroom, Laura Arnold Dec 2016

Strategies To Support Student Argument And Argumentative Writing In A Secondary Stem Classroom, Laura Arnold

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Argumentation is a critical goal of today’s schools as a way to develop rational citizens who can critique the validity claims about phenomenon in society and the natural world. This work reviews current educational research about the best practices when it comes to teaching and using argumentation in STEM disciplines. As a result of this literature review, three strategies are identified and implemented in a secondary STEM classroom to determine their impact. The specific strategies used to support argumentation were a clear argument structure, collaborative discourse, and engaging, inquiry based tasks. While the sample size is small, the literature ...


Modification Of Linguistic Instructional Strategies For Application In Chemistry: Progressing Beyond Scientific Literacy To Chemical Fluency, Genevieve Marie Criss Dec 2016

Modification Of Linguistic Instructional Strategies For Application In Chemistry: Progressing Beyond Scientific Literacy To Chemical Fluency, Genevieve Marie Criss

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project presents multiple instructional supports, designed from modifications of bilingual and linguistic educational methods, to promote the development of chemical fluency in chemistry language learners. These chemical language-focused supports will be presented in the form of six language modules, which feature specifically tailored linguistic strategies and specialized resources. Each module is specifically designed to support and align with the chemical language needs in the first six units of a typical Regents Chemistry classroom in New York state. Linguistic strategies for use in these modules include: 1) translation supports as used in bilingual education, with particular reference to code-switching ...


Physics Inquiry Starters: Labs To Introduce Physics Content, Jason S. Pritchard Oct 2016

Physics Inquiry Starters: Labs To Introduce Physics Content, Jason S. Pritchard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The Next Generation Science standards emphasize students thinking and working like scientists. The New York State Board of Regents adopted the draft New York State Science Learning Standards based on the Next Generation Science Standards in December 2016 for implementation beginning July 1, 2017. Teachers are concerned about such a short timeline to implement new standards. While these standards do not include new content for Physics teachers, many of them deepen the content and require a higher level of Blooms Taxonomy to meet the standards than the previous standards. Research backs inquiry-based learning in the science classroom (Jackson & Ash, 2012; Marshall & Alston, 2014; Shemwell ...


Uncovering Models And Visualizations In The Chemistry Classroom, An Assessment Of Classroom Activities And Lessons, Michael Brooke-Gay Oct 2016

Uncovering Models And Visualizations In The Chemistry Classroom, An Assessment Of Classroom Activities And Lessons, Michael Brooke-Gay

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Chemistry education, although difficult, can be improved through the use of modeling and visualizations in the classroom. Example case studies throughout will show the importance of models and questioning techniques used to assess student understanding. By injecting mental models, physical scientific models, cartoons, analogies and computer simulations into the curriculum, chemistry can become a subject where seeing the unseen is possible.


Differentiation In Chemistry For Students With Various Levels Of Cognitive Efficiency, Marilyn Laistner Oct 2016

Differentiation In Chemistry For Students With Various Levels Of Cognitive Efficiency, Marilyn Laistner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Using Cognitive Load Theory as a tool to help teachers differentiate in a Chemistry classroom can benefit both teacher and student. Using this theory, teachers can evaluate their lessons and activities and gauge how challenging they will be for their students, which invites teachers to adapt their methods based on their students’ skills. Students’ capabilities can be measured using the idea of cognitive efficiency. If they complete a task quickly and with a low amount of effort, versus a peer who completes the same task over a long time, applying a great deal of effort with little result, the first ...


Teaching Arithmetic Sequences Using Situated Problem Solving Tasks, Thomas A. Fisher Sep 2016

Teaching Arithmetic Sequences Using Situated Problem Solving Tasks, Thomas A. Fisher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was developed to help teachers educate students about arithmetic sequences using an inquiry-based situative approach. The curriculum incorporates meaningful contexts within problem solving tasks to help students make connections between linear functions and arithmetic sequences. The materials are aligned to the Algebra I standards within the Common Core Learning Standards (CCLS).


Examining Motivation To Behave Professionally In A Positive Behavior Support Model, Warren C. Wood Aug 2016

Examining Motivation To Behave Professionally In A Positive Behavior Support Model, Warren C. Wood

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Much research has been conducted on the impact that student behavior has on school and student outcomes. Loss of instruction, academic failure, and criminal activity have been linked to anti-social behavior in students. Such behaviors were more likely in schools that used a punitive form of behavior management and unclear expectations. Therefore, it is necessary for schools to teach students how to act professionally so that they are prepared for the demands of college and career. Positive Behavior Support (PBS) is a widely used behavior prevention model that has been shown to be effective in reducing behavior problems in schools ...


Rearranging Algebraic Equations Using Electrical Circuit Applications: A Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core Learning Standards, Susan L. Sommers Jun 2016

Rearranging Algebraic Equations Using Electrical Circuit Applications: A Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core Learning Standards, Susan L. Sommers

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As a response to both the implementation of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and a recent approval of a change by the New York State Board of Regents to allow multiple pathways for graduation, this curriculum project, which will be referred to as a unit plan throughout the paper, was designed to meet the need for more units of study that apply mathematical modeling in algebra to real world situations that allow students to explore applications of mathematics in careers. The unit plan on rearranging algebraic equations using electrical circuit applications is aligned to the New York State Common ...


A Curriculum Project On Expressions And Equations In Mathematics 8 Aligned To The Common Core State Standards, Nicole Szatko May 2016

A Curriculum Project On Expressions And Equations In Mathematics 8 Aligned To The Common Core State Standards, Nicole Szatko

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In response to the implementation of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), this curriculum project was designed to help teachers with the transition to these standards. This curriculum project provides a unit plan on solving equations for the eighth grade curriculum, which is aligned to the Common Core State Standards. The unit plan addresses expressions and equations in alignment with, Mathematical Practice Standard 8. The curriculum project may act as a resource to assist teachers in the process of converting their unit plans to align with the Common Core State Standards.


Metacognition And Student Achievement In Mathematics, Nancy Laistner May 2016

Metacognition And Student Achievement In Mathematics, Nancy Laistner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today’s students often struggle when solving with mathematical problems on tests. While students may have the content knowledge to solve these problems, often they do not have the ability to identify what content knowledge should be applied and when it should be applied. At times, students make simple computational mistakes or simply give up on problems part way through because they do not feel that they are on the right path. Students need to be equipped with metacognitive strategies which will help them to overcome these issues. This paper discusses metacognition and its’ impact on student achievement in mathematics ...


A Curriculum Project On The Design And Implementation Of Cognitive Load Theory In Mathematics, Kevin D. Gaydorus Jan 2016

A Curriculum Project On The Design And Implementation Of Cognitive Load Theory In Mathematics, Kevin D. Gaydorus

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Variety in the implementation of curriculum projects guided by the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) may be essential for student success in the mathematics classroom. This curriculum project designed for 7th grade mathematics geometry seeks to utilize the Cognitive Load Theory (CLT) to decrease the extraneous cognitive load of students. Merrienboer and Sweller (2005) define that CLT “uses interactions between information structures and knowledge of human cognition to determine instructional design” (p.147). Utilizing CLT into each lesson can provide students with a greater conceptual understanding of the complex tasks that are required of them by the CCSS.


Implementing Technology In An Algebra Classroom, Jennifer M. Damick Dec 2015

Implementing Technology In An Algebra Classroom, Jennifer M. Damick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The drive to place technology in the secondary mathematics classrooms has been on the rise and has shown over time to improve learning outcomes. How to support teachers with the implementation of technology in the midst of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) reform and teacher accountability is important. This thesis provides varied use of technology along with different technological instructional strategies for an Algebra I course. Presenting technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPCK) in the Algebra I context can support teachers’ implementation of technology into their instruction.

Keywords: Common Core State Standards (CCSS), NCTM Standards, Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK), Technological ...


Implementing Blended Classroom Pedagogy To Deepen Student Understanding In High School Biology, David J. Krebs Dec 2015

Implementing Blended Classroom Pedagogy To Deepen Student Understanding In High School Biology, David J. Krebs

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The blended classroom model offers excitement and increased student engagement to an aging education system. The objective of this project is to demonstrate how teachers can best deepen student learning founded within 3 main focuses; first, transitioning away from passive lecture centered environments towards active student centered environments, second, to embrace technology as an educational tool, and third, to implement effective hands-on learning protocols. In this comprehensive literature review both benefits and concerns to applying blended classroom frameworks in a 9th grade living environment setting are addressed and reveal it’s effectiveness specifically stating higher student achievement and positive ...


Science Literacy: Collection Of Earth Science Lessons Emphasizing Writing In Science, Amanda Klein Oct 2015

Science Literacy: Collection Of Earth Science Lessons Emphasizing Writing In Science, Amanda Klein

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this project is to create lessons and projects for high school Earth Science classes encompassing science literacy, specifically focused on writing. With the recent release of the Next Generation Science Standards, science literacy has gained importance in science education. This being said, teachers need the pedagogical skills to implement and teach science literacy.

For this project, a literature review of science literacy was conducted which lead to a focus on writing in science. Past research of writing in science classrooms revealed that more than half of high school science teachers claim that they do not feel prepared ...


The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand Aug 2015

The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the adoption of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), further emphasis in science education is being placed on preparing students to become more informed voters regarding social, ethical, economic and political topics that affect contemporary society. Parallel to this shift is a stronger emphasis on integrating evolutionary theory as a unifying concept in the biological sciences. Given that evolution is one of the aforementioned topics commonly discussed and debated about in social and political arenas, ensuring that instruction provides students from all backgrounds a comprehensive understanding of its principals is becoming increasingly important in contemporary science education. Chapter II ...


The Effects Of Constructs Related To Mathematical Persistence On Student Performance During Problem Solving, Derek M. Stoll Jun 2015

The Effects Of Constructs Related To Mathematical Persistence On Student Performance During Problem Solving, Derek M. Stoll

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The common core state standards in mathematics support the importance of persistence to mathematical problem solving calling it a 21st century skill (Common Core Initiative, 2010). The nature of true problem solving as outlined by Schoenfeld (1992) requires this element of persistence in mathematics. However, new research (Duckworth et al, 2007; US Department of Education, 2013) has identified multiple ways to be able to measure these non-cognitive skills, such as persistence, using a variety of methods. The purpose of this study is to use these methods to be able to determine whether mathematical persistence is predictive of mathematical performance ...