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Rethinking Mathematical Proofs And The Opportunity To Learn, Robert Burgett Apr 2019

Rethinking Mathematical Proofs And The Opportunity To Learn, Robert Burgett

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Mathematical proofs are conceptually difficult for many students and the perceived lack of relevance in terms of authenticity and practicality may result in feelings of apathy or indifference. Providing students with connections and applications of the process of proof-solving can help alleviate this problem. This curriculum project includes materials designed to supplement existing units on geometric proof. These materials are intended to provide teachers with opportunities for students to both frequently practice with components of mathematical literacy relative to proofs and to allow multiple opportunities for students to demonstrate growth and evidence of learning. Mathematical discourse amongst students is also ...


Out With The Old, In With The New Digital Era Instruction: 21st Century Education Must Conform To The Needs Of "Digital Kids", Sheila Neth Jul 2017

Out With The Old, In With The New Digital Era Instruction: 21st Century Education Must Conform To The Needs Of "Digital Kids", Sheila Neth

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Modern day youths are known for their tech savvy ways and dependency on digital devices. They choose to spend their free time in front of a digital screen chatting, taking and sending photos, playing games, drafting emoji messages, etc. These youths are then expected to attend school and remove all electronic devices and pay attention for 6+ hours a day in each seat for at least 40-minute intervals. The relevancy to learn is lost; students can hardly see any relevancy in the content being learned at school with their own lives filled with technology and immediate driven results. Thus, it ...


The Use Of Reading Strategy Prompts In Math, Jessica N. Newton May 2016

The Use Of Reading Strategy Prompts In Math, Jessica N. Newton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study explores the use of the three main reading strategy prompts from the cueing system in small group math instruction. It discusses the need for teachers in the secondary school setting to be knowledgeable about the reading process so that they can help struggling readers. The study seeks to offer a method for teachers of all content areas to begin supporting readers. One-on-one interviews were conducted to determine the participants’ current use of reading strategies prior to and at the conclusion of five mini-lessons, in which the researcher implemented the use of three reading strategy prompts: Does that ...


Teaching To Think & Read Like A Historian, Erin E. Moses May 2016

Teaching To Think & Read Like A Historian, Erin E. Moses

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explores how a disciplinary literacy framework could impact adolescent comprehension in the content area of social studies. I collected qualitative data by recording interviews with five high school social studies teachers, while also analyzing the school’s curriculum and its integration of literacy. Several findings were acquired from the research: 1) a need to return to the basics of reading and writing; 2) break down the sources for student comprehension of complex texts used in social studies classes; 3) students’ struggle with historical writing; and 4) comprehension literacy strategies used in social studies classrooms. Conclusions from this study ...


Exploring Urban Student Perspectives On Literacy Achievement, Cara Accorso May 2016

Exploring Urban Student Perspectives On Literacy Achievement, Cara Accorso

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study explores urban adolescent students’ perspectives on their literacy achievement. It discusses the factors students feel impact their achievement in literacy, as well as what challenges they face in reaching academic achievement. This study also explores the reasons for students’ academic challenges and successes, how students feel about statistics about themselves, and what teachers can do to help students become the best literacy learners they can be. A vast amount of research in the field discusses external factors that influence a student’s literacy achievement, generally focusing on a deficit perspective. Previous research has also been done on ...


Integrating Social Studies And Literacy Through Project-Based Learning, Katie L. French Apr 2016

Integrating Social Studies And Literacy Through Project-Based Learning, Katie L. French

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Inspired by a phrase commonly heard in schools, “I’m never going to use this in real life,” this paper focuses on how students make real-world connections through project-based learning (PBL). Specifically, research is focused on how middle school teachers efficiently and effectively integrate social studies and literacy through PBL in addition to any challenges and successes they experienced. By observing and interviewing teachers who have implemented PBL, I found that there was an increased amount of motivation and positive attitudes towards the work, as well as a shifting role between the teacher and the students.


Disciplinary Literacy And Content Area Reading Strategies: Intentionality And Collaboration, Jamie Wojtowicz Dec 2015

Disciplinary Literacy And Content Area Reading Strategies: Intentionality And Collaboration, Jamie Wojtowicz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Due to stagnate or falling adolescent reading scores as shown on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (2007) and the inclusion of literacy standards as part of the Common Core standards titled “Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science & Technical Subjects,” (National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers, 2010a) an interest in adolescent literacy, and what it means to teach literacy in a core subject area, has reemerged. Even prior to the literacy standards being released, studies re-exploring the topic of content area literacy through a new lens, disciplinary literacy, had been published. Since then ...


Integrating Comprehension Instruction Within The Middle School Ela Curriculum, Ulyana Udyak Dec 2015

Integrating Comprehension Instruction Within The Middle School Ela Curriculum, Ulyana Udyak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading comprehension, influenced by factors such as fluency and vocabulary, is a struggle among K-12 students, but especially middle school students. Since the implementation of the CCSS and a push for more rigorous reading material, the task of ensuring students comprehend complex texts is a challenging one for teachers. Due to the nature of reading comprehension, it’s a skill difficult to assess, leaving teachers unsure when and how to implement it into their already demanding curriculum. But reading comprehension is not a skill that necessarily needs to be taught, it’s one that has to be practiced independently by ...


Reflective Peace In The At-Risk Classroom, Aaron C. Lawrick Aug 2015

Reflective Peace In The At-Risk Classroom, Aaron C. Lawrick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The intent of this project was to design a system to encourage self-reflection in the At-risk classroom. As teachers and staff working with these students, we must first learn and then model the success of self-reflection. We must know ways to properly look within ourselves through reflection and introspection, enabling our pedagogies to grow and evolve, to be at the ready to inspire whichever population of students we work with. The data from this project represents proof that classroom intervention strategies that focus on peace through self-understanding are vital for the overall success of ED students and the dedicated staff ...


Co-Teaching Using The Common Core State Standards In A Secondary Mathematics Classroom, Stacy M. Adams Apr 2015

Co-Teaching Using The Common Core State Standards In A Secondary Mathematics Classroom, Stacy M. Adams

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In schools today, mathematics teachers are faced with the challenge to educate all students. Additionally, teachers are also being asked to implement the new Common Core State Standards (CCSS) that were adopted by New York State in 2010. With the recent adoption of the CCSS and the rising number of students with disabilities, collaboration between mathematics and special education teachers is essential to meet the diverse academic needs of all students. Many schools are now implementing co-teaching so that teachers can share their expertise and work collaboratively towards the success of all students in the general education classroom. This research ...


Barriers To Parental Involvement In Schools: Developing Diverse Programs To Include Unique Demographics, Kristy L. O'Donoghue Aug 2014

Barriers To Parental Involvement In Schools: Developing Diverse Programs To Include Unique Demographics, Kristy L. O'Donoghue

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

There is little debate that parental involvement in education is paramount to the success of students in their academic lives. As a result, public schools across our country are developing programs aimed at reaching out to parents in hopes of improving the relationship that exists between the schools and the families of their students. These programs are developed through the analysis of vast amounts of research based on the general issues commonly affecting parental involvement in our public schools. While the data gathered from this type of broad research is useful and necessary in the process, many urban schools don ...


Implementing Whole Class Discussions In A Seventh Grade Unit On Ratios, Lauren Cannon Jul 2014

Implementing Whole Class Discussions In A Seventh Grade Unit On Ratios, Lauren Cannon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) (2004) stated that in order to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of mathematics, students must be able to communicate about it. As a teacher-researcher, I have identified several of the reasons that there has been increased emphasis placed on communication in the mathematics classroom. Additionally, I explored the theoretical background of and research based effects of implementation of discussion into the secondary mathematics classroom in order to support my claim that discussion is an effective way to meet NCTM’s requirements while also aiding in implementation of the Common Core State Standards ...


Talk Within Literature Circles In An 8th Grade Ela Classroom, Samantha S. Brown May 2014

Talk Within Literature Circles In An 8th Grade Ela Classroom, Samantha S. Brown

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigates what kinds of talk students engage in during a Literature Circle with assigned roles. Participants were asked in an interview which type of discussion they preferred (Literature Circles or Whole Group) and why they preferred one type of discussion to the other. Data were collected through the use of semi-structured interviews, audio recordings, and observations. These data were collected and analyzed using a constant comparison method. Results of the study showed that students preferred Literature Circles rather than whole group discussion and that student talk varies in a Literature Circle discussions ranging from content-based talk and off ...


Sport As A Political Tool, Todd J. Reichlmayr Aug 2013

Sport As A Political Tool, Todd J. Reichlmayr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Since the modern Olympic movement in the late 19th century sport has grown and continues to play a prominent role in our globalized community. From the FIFA World Cup to the World Cup of Rugby, nations continually embrace the importance of sport as an effective means to demonstrate the superiority of their culture. The growth of sport as an academic subject has an incredible amount of importance and relevance in the classroom. As teachers we are constantly looking to engage our students in new and exciting ways while still sticking to curriculum and state standards. Sport is yet another ...


Through Grace And Grit: Northern Women's Contributions To The American Civil War, Amelia Luel Morgan May 2012

Through Grace And Grit: Northern Women's Contributions To The American Civil War, Amelia Luel Morgan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Women’s accomplishments have often been an undervalued if not forgotten part of the American Civil War. This research project discusses the role of Northern women in the war; not only the expected but also the unexpected roles they performed, some as diverse as nurse, spy, musician, and soldier. Women served on and near the battlefield, at home, in the city and countryside, dedicated to the war effort. This paper gives testament to their commitment and sacrifice. The first section of the project offers a historiography of several women as they crossed traditional gender boundaries and served alongside their male ...


Integrating Social Emotional Learning With English Language Arts: Creating Relevancy To Reading And Writing, Claire E. Bateman May 2012

Integrating Social Emotional Learning With English Language Arts: Creating Relevancy To Reading And Writing, Claire E. Bateman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In an era of ever-increasing demand for student achievement, with regard to standardized test scores and the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, and research conducted over the past two decades which has shown a direct correlation between the impact of social and emotional learning and academic performance, consideration of intentional approaches to curriculum development and implementation which incorporate aspects of social and emotional learning is warranted. Since literature offers an opportunity to discuss characters' pro- or anti-social behaviors and skills, as well as the way in which their feelings motivate their actions, the study of literature, and the ...


Females In Mathematics: Creating An Environment That Aims To Lessen Anxiety And Promote Participation, Susan Rose Smalter May 2011

Females In Mathematics: Creating An Environment That Aims To Lessen Anxiety And Promote Participation, Susan Rose Smalter

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Self-worth theory of achievement motivation asserts that in a situation where poor performance is expected to show shortcomings in aptitude, students will withdraw in order to avoid the possibility of damaging their self-worth. It is in these settings where female students’ self-perception impacts their ability to participate and learn. Therefore, it is of utmost importance that we create classrooms, particularly within the mathematics and science arenas, where female students do not feel inferior to their male counterparts nor feel uncomfortable expressing their ideas – a place where they can respond and learn without consequence or damage to self-esteem. Quite simply, the ...


Analyzing The Impact Of The Interactive White Board On Reading Comprehension, Amanda Martin May 2010

Analyzing The Impact Of The Interactive White Board On Reading Comprehension, Amanda Martin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading is both an academic necessity and cross curricular activity. Students who struggle with reading and comprehension experience frustration – not just while in reading group, but also in math trying to decipher their word problems, in language arts when they are reading the shared story, in social studies when they are studying the textbook, and in science when they are reviewing the experiment workbook pages. This thesis project explores the use of an interactive whiteboard to instruct and enhance reading comprehension. A literature review of current best practices, as well as historical modes, of teaching vocabulary, reading, and comprehension, examines ...


What Students And Adults Are Allowed To Know About Christopher Columbus, Kimberly Ann Crawford Dec 2009

What Students And Adults Are Allowed To Know About Christopher Columbus, Kimberly Ann Crawford

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Often students and adults are told of the great accomplishments of Christopher Columbus. Columbus was an important explorer who discovered the New World. This account of history ignores many facts of Columbus. Many people do not know of the enslaving and murder of countless natives, and other atrocities that Columbus committed. The objective of this study was to see what information is provided to students, and what is omitted, and what message this sends to students.

This master thesis begins with a detailed historical account of the events preceding Columbus’ first voyage, up to and concluding with his death and ...


Developing Strategies For Regaining Focus Based On Student Needs, Barbara Anna Gardner Messmer Jun 2009

Developing Strategies For Regaining Focus Based On Student Needs, Barbara Anna Gardner Messmer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis explores the connection between visual cues and a students' ability to maintain focus in the classroom. Specifically, it focuses on whether a teacher moving around a classroom can offer visual cues for students exhibiting off-task behavior. Two seventh grade boys, an eighth grade girl, and their parents agreed to participate in the study. The students and their parents answered a pre-investigation questionnaire and a post­ investigation questionnaire in order to determine whether any changes occurred due to the intervention provided. Intervention took place in the classroom where the researcher provided a visual cue when the student appeared off-task ...


Native Americans Past And Present, Tiffany Ann Diduro Aug 2008

Native Americans Past And Present, Tiffany Ann Diduro

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

For many years, the minority group of Native Americans and their changing role in our society throughout national history has been overlooked in Social Studies classrooms. This thesis project examines Native American history in the United States-its revisionist aspects as well as exemption from many instructional sources. Through an historical lens, the literature research examines the current information available to teachers and students with regard to Native Americans as they are positioned throughout the United States national timeline. Taking into consideration the roles of Native Americans in the Revolutionary War and early American period through present day, the discussion encompasses ...


How Effective Is Guided Reading At Accelerating Reading Abilities Of Sixth Grade Struggling Readers?, Kathryn E. Franks Aug 2008

How Effective Is Guided Reading At Accelerating Reading Abilities Of Sixth Grade Struggling Readers?, Kathryn E. Franks

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Acknowledging that reading deficits can cause challenges with all core subjects, this thesis project stresses the importance of additional helps for the struggling reader. Guided reading is an instructional strategy utilized by teachers to increase the reading competencies of students performing below grade level. The research focuses specifically on how effective guided reading groups are for accelerating and improving the reading abilities of sixth grade students. Literature review, as it bears on this study, distills three main topics of import: literacy programs, reading interventions, and specific strategy instruction.

The research study was conducted in a small, rural school district throughout ...


Identifying False Intuitions In Probability And Laying A Foundation For Teaching It, Gregory G. Schwind Aug 2008

Identifying False Intuitions In Probability And Laying A Foundation For Teaching It, Gregory G. Schwind

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Intuition is something we rely on in our daily lives as pure, untaught truths that guide and direct us. Simple statements like “the shortest distance between two points is a straight line” are common and self-explanatory. While this simple statement can be proved mathematically, it is instinctive to easily understand this notion and accept its entrance into one's cognitive intuition. However, there are other parts of mathematics that are not intuitive and require thought and proofs to explain their existence. The question then is: how does the mind distinguish between what is intuitive and what is in need of ...


Making Percents Make Sense, Melissa Leigh Abbott Aug 2008

Making Percents Make Sense, Melissa Leigh Abbott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Since our culture relies upon technology, calculators, cash registers, and other devices, to complete math calculations, the conceptual idea of figuring out percentages has been devalued. In a sense, technology has allowed our culture to disengage common mathematical knowledge without any major concerns. The usefulness of mathematics skills is often questioned by students who believe they only need basic math procedures such as simple addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division in their daily lives. Educators bear the added challenge of not only teaching these concepts and their significance in daily application but in assisting students to understand the importance of doing ...


Reading Comprehension Achievement And Peer Vs. Teacher-Directed Tutoring, Patrick James Pastore Aug 2008

Reading Comprehension Achievement And Peer Vs. Teacher-Directed Tutoring, Patrick James Pastore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Literacy is an important life skill which must be mastered in order to actively participate in today’s society. The ability to read is arguably the most important aspect of literacy skills and as such it transcends subject areas. In consequence of this, literacy has become a major focal point of today's educational system. In classrooms throughout America, tutoring is implemented as a form of supplemental instruction. This is done under the assumption that tutoring truly is an effective means of increasing student achievement in the core curricular areas. As current research suggests that tutoring is an effective means ...


A Comprehensive Study Of Mathematics Anxiety, Connie E. Shannon Aug 2008

A Comprehensive Study Of Mathematics Anxiety, Connie E. Shannon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project addresses math anxiety from both the student’s and the educator’s perspective. It explores topics on math anxiety that include racial and gender differences, evaluating pre-service teachers, and the potential causes and solutions for this all too common challenge. The study was conducted via questionnaire with ten teachers ranging from elementary grade through high school. The teachers responded to a 12 question survey that covered their own potential math anxiety, the anxiety, if any, observed in their classrooms, and questions that asked about teaching strategies they have employed to correct or avoid math anxiety in their ...


Technology : The Positive And Negative Effects On Student Achievement, Jennifer Lyn Flanagan Aug 2008

Technology : The Positive And Negative Effects On Student Achievement, Jennifer Lyn Flanagan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Technology is the technical means people use to improve their surroundings. People use technology to improve their ability to do work. Classrooms around the world have implemented many forms of technology to enhance student interest and achievement. One form of technology that is common to math classrooms is the graphing calculator. One eighth grade math class of nineteen students from an urban middle school was taught a unit on Solving Systems of Equations by Graphing. The unit was implemented with and without the use of the graphing calculator. Students were first introduced to the unit through the use of pencils ...


Homework And Student Motivation, Kara L. Kitchen Aug 2008

Homework And Student Motivation, Kara L. Kitchen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Homework and the motivation of students’ to complete it is a continuing challenge for educators and parents everywhere. Frustration by educator and student alike begs the question, why assign homework? What is its purpose or academic goal? Some experts argue homework is a means to assess students understanding of content, others that it allows students to exercise self-motivation to successfully complete assignments as they review skills and knowledge taught in the classroom. Still others believe homework to be a necessary building block to independent study skills and the work ethic required for future education and vocational arenas. This thesis project ...


Reducing Gender Stereotypes In Mathematics, Mark W. Frenzel May 2008

Reducing Gender Stereotypes In Mathematics, Mark W. Frenzel

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Research into academic gaps between male and female students in math and science areas show male students outperform females. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of gender stereotypes as they relate to male and female academic achievement levels in mathematics and science. The two-fold objectives for the project include: determining how gender biases and stereotypes affect female performance in the class setting and on standardized testing; implementing strategies that increase female academic achievement in typically male dominated subject areas. This thesis project examines the trends for male and female success rates on standardized and teacher generated ...


Teaching Middle School Science Lessons Using Inquiry-Based Methods, Jane M. Bentley Jan 2008

Teaching Middle School Science Lessons Using Inquiry-Based Methods, Jane M. Bentley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Educators as a whole are challenged to reach ever changing learning standards for their students while struggling with a limited amount of time to do so. Many teachers know that using a traditional approach when teaching is not always the most engaging, but they use it because they can move through the curriculum at a faster pace. This thesis project examines the perceived differences between and benefits of inquiry-based lessons versus traditional lessons and teaching styles in a science classroom. Using Gardner’s stated learning styles, it also discusses if the inquiry-based method or traditional teaching method caters to more ...