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Full-Text Articles in Education

Background Classical Music In A First Grade Writer's Workshop, Ann Marie Koukides Aug 2009

Background Classical Music In A First Grade Writer's Workshop, Ann Marie Koukides

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Diverse disciplines claim music as inspiration and muse for great discovery and creativity. From Albert Einstein to Charles Schultz, they praise music for its ability to stir imaginative thought. The impetus for this research project was the desire for a better balanced literacy program. The study sought a greater understanding of the relationship between classical music played in the background of learning settings and successful writing and learning-focused behavior. The purpose then was to examine the impact of music on three components of a first grade writing workshop learning environment – engagement, motivation, and behavior. For the purposes of this study ...


Scaffolding The Writing Process, Hulda Yau Dec 2007

Scaffolding The Writing Process, Hulda Yau

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Writing is a multiple step process that requires the integration of pre-writing, drafting, revising, and editing that later culminates in a written piece. Writing, for the Limited English Proficient student, can be a demanding task. They must balance their native language skills with English literacy and competencies in knowledge and content areas. The task is complicated by the fact that each content area has its own set of terminology/vocabulary, writing conventions, and critical thinking skills. Additionally, many refugee students fall under this category and have significant gaps in their educational backgrounds, lack knowledge in specific subject areas, and often ...


Incorporating Self-Directed Learning Practices Into An Elementary Classroom, Charles E. Conway Iii Aug 2007

Incorporating Self-Directed Learning Practices Into An Elementary Classroom, Charles E. Conway Iii

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The current focus of many school districts has been to teach students the skills and abilities that will be necessary to become successful individuals in a constantly changing, global environment. As many districts recognize the importance of incorporating more than content and knowledge in their curriculum, they are actively pursuing the intersection of creating life-long learners with current educational requirements and reforms. This means districts are attempting to create adults that are prepared with the ability to learn beyond the settings of the classroom. The goal of every educator, from teacher to superintendent to school board member, is the development ...


Constructivism In A Primary Math Setting, Sarah Connors Apr 2007

Constructivism In A Primary Math Setting, Sarah Connors

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Children learn by exploring and discovering. Constructivism, while not a teaching practice, is considered a theory about learning and knowledge that finds its roots in part from Piaget’s developmental stages theory and Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development concept. This qualitative research project explores what happens when constructivist principles form the basis for mathematics instruction in a primary classroom. Additional questions that were considered included: How do first grade math journals guide students to deeper understandings of math concepts? What teaching strategies are useful in scaffolding students' meaning-making as they use math journals? In what ways might teaching practices ...


The Effect Of Teacher Support On Students From Divorced Families, Jamie Kraemer Anderson Dec 2006

The Effect Of Teacher Support On Students From Divorced Families, Jamie Kraemer Anderson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Statistics reveal divorce as a pervasive and real aspect of modern American society. As a result of the steady divorce rates, the implications for the classroom are far-reaching. While educators cannot resolve the challenge of divorce for students within a given classroom, a concerted effort to assist and understand the educator’s role and influence will better equip teacher’s to best meet the interests of their students. This research project addresses the potential effect of divorce on students. In order for teachers to best serve in a supportive role for their students experiencing the social, emotional, and academic impact ...


Using Formative Assessment To Increase Learning Of Biochemistry In High School Biology, Sheri P. Backus Aug 2006

Using Formative Assessment To Increase Learning Of Biochemistry In High School Biology, Sheri P. Backus

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper reports the outcome of a research project in regards to a biochemistry unit performed in a high school biology cooperative teaching classroom. As a result of difficulties with this topic in previous semesters, the author decided to use a variety of formative assessment teaching strategies with the intent of seeing if student learning, through active participation, would be enhanced. Along with increasing understanding, it was hoped these different assessment tools would improve the success rate of lower achieving students on the unit exam. The findings show that the use of graphic organizers, reflective journals, cooperative groups and open-book ...


Morning Meetings Used As A Strategy For Maintaining A Positive Learning Environment In An Urban Fifth Grade Classroom, Deanne M. Sittler Aug 2006

Morning Meetings Used As A Strategy For Maintaining A Positive Learning Environment In An Urban Fifth Grade Classroom, Deanne M. Sittler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted in an attempt to answer the question: Are Morning Meetings an effective strategy for maintaining a positive learning environment in an urban fifth grade class room? The researcher collected baseline data from 20 students in an urban fifth grade class room in Rochester, New York to find out whether the implementation of Morning Meetings decreased negative actions and behaviors and improved the overall learning environment for fifth grade students. Research was conducted to monitor the influence of Morning Meetings on the actions and behaviors often students with the highest frequency of targeted negative actions and behaviors ...


Bridging The Gap In Physics Education, Aaron Harrington Aug 2006

Bridging The Gap In Physics Education, Aaron Harrington

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Over the past few years there has been a growing interest in the possible benefits of computer simulations in physics education. However, very little research has been conducted on how computer simulations can actually be integrated into a physics program (Zacharia & Anderson, 2003). This research investigated the effects of computer simulations on the development of accurate mental models when used in conjunction with traditional laboratory-based experiments. Since laboratory experiments can often have results that are very difficult to observe, these results only become evident to the trained eye of an expert. Computer simulations are able to present phenomena free of ...


Brain Gym, Elizabeth Anne Ramsperger Aug 2006

Brain Gym, Elizabeth Anne Ramsperger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study sought to determine the potential impact a program of exercises known as Brain Gym has on students' attention and ability to focus and retain information. Brain Gym consists of a serious of physical activities that could possibly enhance learning ability. The research was conducted in an urban elementary school before math time. An entire first grade classroom was introduced to Brain Gym and the entire class participated in Brain Gym activities before math began. Specifically, six students' behaviors and achievements were observed and recorded to help determine if Brain Gym had an impact. Various research methods were utilized ...


The Impact Of Student Attitudes About Reading On Reading Progress, Nadine Rose Avallone Jul 2005

The Impact Of Student Attitudes About Reading On Reading Progress, Nadine Rose Avallone

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study looked to examine the impact of students' attitudes toward reading and their reading progress. The study targeted fourth grade students in an urban elementary school in Western New York. The research examined the impact of students' attitudes toward reading and their ability to read, characteristics of good and struggling readers and the impact of parental involvement on student attitudes toward reading. Data was collected through analysis of surveys, weekly quizzes, homework assignments, and book logs given to students and surveys given to parents. As children grow and develop throughout elementary school, they may encounter some barriers that alter ...


The Effectiveness Of Teaching Romeo And Juliet To Ninth Graders First From An Aesthetic Stance And Then From An Efferent Stance, Kevin P. Delehanty May 2003

The Effectiveness Of Teaching Romeo And Juliet To Ninth Graders First From An Aesthetic Stance And Then From An Efferent Stance, Kevin P. Delehanty

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teaching William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet first from a predominately aesthetic stance and then from a predominately efferent stance. The subjects were eighteen ninth-grade students from a co-ed, heterogenous, rural high school. Two assessments for each stance were given and analyzed, as well as post-talk interviews completed by fifteen of the subjects. The results proved to me what the research emphasized, namely, with fiction, approach the piece first from an aesthetic stance, and then go back and analyze it in an efferent manner if needed. Such a method ...


Using Music Therapy To Enhance Social, Speech And Language Skills In One Five Year Old Child With Autism: A Case Study, Donna G. Head May 2002

Using Music Therapy To Enhance Social, Speech And Language Skills In One Five Year Old Child With Autism: A Case Study, Donna G. Head

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This descriptive case study examined the effects of using music therapy to enhance engagement, social, and early literacy skills in one 5-year-old boy diagnosed with autism. Video and audiotapes of music therapy sessions, progress notes and reports, and interviews with the boy's parents, special education teacher, and music therapist were qualitatively analyzed for this study. Instructional implications of this study include the recommendation that music therapy services, when used in conjunction with the educational program of autistic children, can be beneficial in helping to facilitate engagement and early literacy goals and objectives. Recommendations for future research in this area ...


Developmental Spelling Analysis And Word Study: An Alternative To Traditional Spelling Programs, Stephanie Clearwater-Harney Mar 2002

Developmental Spelling Analysis And Word Study: An Alternative To Traditional Spelling Programs, Stephanie Clearwater-Harney

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the benefits of a developmental spelling program utilizing word study as the primary mode of spelling instruction versus a homogeneously based traditional spelling program. Twenty-eight first grade students were administered a developmental spelling inventory to determine their stage of orthographic development. The stages were Preliterate Stage, Early Letter Name stage, Letter Name stage, or Within Word Pattern Stage. Fourteen students in the control group received spelling instruction in a whole group setting from their classroom teacher. A traditional spelling program including weekly spelling lists was utilized. A word study based program ...


A Study Of The Public School Problem: “Where Does Policy Making End And Administration Begin?”, John G. Lindberg May 1962

A Study Of The Public School Problem: “Where Does Policy Making End And Administration Begin?”, John G. Lindberg

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Local school board members and administrators are the people who have the greatest impact on their local school programs, yet few citizens understand the responsibilities and boundaries of these positions. In this paper, the author asserts that a school’s future is not determined by state/federal educational policy as much as it is by the attitudes its board members have toward one another, as well as toward their administrators. The author attempts to understand the divide between Brockport Central School board members and school administrators during the formulation and execution of existing school policy. The researcher obtained initial data ...


The Development, Analysis And Appraisal Of Procedures Employed At The Various Stages Of Budget Formation In The Area Of Instructional Materials In The Penn Yan Central School System, Lawrence D. Paul Jun 1959

The Development, Analysis And Appraisal Of Procedures Employed At The Various Stages Of Budget Formation In The Area Of Instructional Materials In The Penn Yan Central School System, Lawrence D. Paul

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

A solid education is the foundation of a successful society. Because of this, it is vital that the various components of the educational system undergo continuous analysis, in order to ensure their effectiveness and constant improvement. In this paper, the author examines and analyzes the process used to form the Penn Yan Central School system budget. First he examines the major areas of expense incurred by the school, including textbook materials, supplies, and other expenses of instruction. Then he describes the responsibilities/functions of the chief administrator in this process, and compares Penn Yan’s procedures to that of other ...


An Inquiry Into Fundamental Qualifications For School Administration And A Survey Of The Male Graduates Class Of 1949 Brockport State Teachers College, Archie E. Freitas Jun 1959

An Inquiry Into Fundamental Qualifications For School Administration And A Survey Of The Male Graduates Class Of 1949 Brockport State Teachers College, Archie E. Freitas

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The author discusses the importance of qualified administration in the public school system given the impact of the public school system on American life and culture. First, the author explores the role of elementary school administrators, as well as the core competencies administrators need to effectively perform critical tasks. Then, the author discusses personal qualifications that allow administrators to maximize their managerial impact, as well as the positive impact of job-specific training/education/professional preparation on administrative performance. The paper concludes with the results from a survey of male teaching graduates investigating their career paths since graduation, including graduate education ...


Teacher Recruitment, Carol M. Collins Apr 1958

Teacher Recruitment, Carol M. Collins

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigates the historical and contemporary factors contributing to a teacher shortage. The researcher surveyed 150 administrators from city, village, and supervisory district schools in New York State. Despite many inconsistent/incomplete responses, the researcher was able to determine that high teacher turnover was related, in part, to gender and location factors. Female teachers left the profession in higher numbers than male teachers for family reasons, while teachers of both genders left to find better paying employment in industry. The researcher reports administrators’ proposed solutions for dealing with the teacher shortage, including: higher salaries, recruiting young people to the ...