Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 26 of 26

Full-Text Articles in Education

Inner Dialogue Reading Behaviors And Student Comprehension Of Texts, Antonio Madau Dec 2017

Inner Dialogue Reading Behaviors And Student Comprehension Of Texts, Antonio Madau

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examines the use of inner dialogue reading behaviors by third grade students who achieve high scores on commercial reading assessments. The study looks at one class of third grade students in Western New York, and comparatively analyzes their self-reported use of reading behaviors in relation to their achieved scores on the Next Step in Guided Reading (GRA) commercial reading assessment. The researcher collected qualitative data from the participants using results from the administered GRA assessment, structured verbal interviews, and participants’ written responses in their weekly Independent Reading Logs. Conclusions for participants who scored highly on commercial reading assessments ...


Engaging Assessment In English Language Arts, Joseph L. Dugan, Jr. May 2017

Engaging Assessment In English Language Arts, Joseph L. Dugan, Jr.

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Assessment is key to effective instruction. In the English classroom, engaging assessment can appear difficult because of the emphasis on the development of core reading skills. However, learning how students decipher information reveals that each individual learns according to their own unique connections. Examining and understanding the impact of Dr. Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory is the key to engaging assessments. This thesis dissects Dr. Gardner’s M.I. Theory and provides insight on how students learn. Furthermore, the research focuses on how Gardner’s Theory can be used to develop strategies and assessments in order to accurately and ...


The Impact Of Student Completion Requirements Using An Lms (Learning Management System) On Student Achievement And Differentiated Instruction In The Classroom., Laura Burgstrom Feb 2017

The Impact Of Student Completion Requirements Using An Lms (Learning Management System) On Student Achievement And Differentiated Instruction In The Classroom., Laura Burgstrom

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

School classrooms today are immersed with technology and learning management systems that provide teachers with tools to organize their classroom. However, many teachers do not know the capabilities of these LMS programs to differentiate instruction and tailor learning to meet the needs of every student in the classroom. This mixed methods study investigated the impact on student achievement of a Learning Management System called Schoology. The study also examined the Learning Management System’s ability to effectively differentiate instruction to meet the needs of all learners as a means to increase student achievement. Culminating assessment scores were compared from a ...


Strategies To Support Student Argument And Argumentative Writing In A Secondary Stem Classroom, Laura Arnold Dec 2016

Strategies To Support Student Argument And Argumentative Writing In A Secondary Stem Classroom, Laura Arnold

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Argumentation is a critical goal of today’s schools as a way to develop rational citizens who can critique the validity claims about phenomenon in society and the natural world. This work reviews current educational research about the best practices when it comes to teaching and using argumentation in STEM disciplines. As a result of this literature review, three strategies are identified and implemented in a secondary STEM classroom to determine their impact. The specific strategies used to support argumentation were a clear argument structure, collaborative discourse, and engaging, inquiry based tasks. While the sample size is small, the literature ...


How Is Response To Intervention Doing? A Self-Study Approach, Mary K. Daloia Nov 2015

How Is Response To Intervention Doing? A Self-Study Approach, Mary K. Daloia

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Response to Intervention is a multi-tiered intervention system being used in schools throughout the entire nation to help support struggling students. With educators obtaining jobs as academic intervention system providers and a large number of students receiving specific interventions, it is imperative that RTI is being checked for its effectiveness. This self-study was conducted to see how the personal efforts of an AIS provider were working. Over a six-week period, the researcher used the daily instruction and observations to search for three items: key components of RTI, which methods work during instruction and what needs to be improved. Although this ...


Technology In The Classroom, Samantha M. Seaman Oct 2015

Technology In The Classroom, Samantha M. Seaman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to discover how I, a kindergarten teacher, used technology within the classroom. The authors of the articles and case studies in the literature review discuss the various technological tools available in school districts and how teachers utilize them effectively. This was a qualitative, self-study where I looked at my practices concerning technology in the classroom. The data were collected during a six-week period using journaling, factual information, and lesson plans. The results of the study showed that I used 10 different forms of technology in the classroom during lessons created. Results also showed the ...


Exploring The Effects Of Using The Words Their Way Program With Teenage Boys With Autism, Emily A. Gutknecht Jan 2015

Exploring The Effects Of Using The Words Their Way Program With Teenage Boys With Autism, Emily A. Gutknecht

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project is an initial investigation into effective methods of literacy instruction for teenage boys with autism. This study specifically focused on the Words Their WayTM Program incorporating Word Study for Spelling Instruction. The program focuses on developmental levels, differentiated based on ability, and uses a variety of multi-modal activities. Through a mixed-methods approach, both qualitative and quantitative data is collected and significant themes are developed (improvement in handwriting, characteristics of autism becoming academic obstacles, issues with the program, and ways motivation and engagement have influenced student performance). It was concluded that the program does improve spelling ability though ...


Barriers To Parental Involvement In Schools: Developing Diverse Programs To Include Unique Demographics, Kristy L. O'Donoghue Aug 2014

Barriers To Parental Involvement In Schools: Developing Diverse Programs To Include Unique Demographics, Kristy L. O'Donoghue

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

There is little debate that parental involvement in education is paramount to the success of students in their academic lives. As a result, public schools across our country are developing programs aimed at reaching out to parents in hopes of improving the relationship that exists between the schools and the families of their students. These programs are developed through the analysis of vast amounts of research based on the general issues commonly affecting parental involvement in our public schools. While the data gathered from this type of broad research is useful and necessary in the process, many urban schools don ...


How I Used Lucy Calkins’ Units Of Study Writing Program To Support My First Grade Students’ Writing Development: A Self Study, Kelly Schimpf Jul 2014

How I Used Lucy Calkins’ Units Of Study Writing Program To Support My First Grade Students’ Writing Development: A Self Study, Kelly Schimpf

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In this self study, I examine how I used Lucy Calkins Units of Study Writing Program (2006) to support my first grade students’ writing development. In order to reflect on my own teaching using the first two books in Calkins’ series, Launching the Writer’s Workshop and Small Moments-Personal Narrative Writing, I collected different types of qualitative data: audio tapes, research journals, student responses and examples, and reflections. The findings indicate that while I used Calkins’ Units of Study Writing Program, I supported my students’ literacy development by following the framework she provides, my using language and differentiating my writing ...


Writing Rubrics As Formative Assessments In An Elementary Classroom, Debra M. Taylor Jul 2013

Writing Rubrics As Formative Assessments In An Elementary Classroom, Debra M. Taylor

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study with second and third grade students investigated what happens during the co-construction of a writing rubric between students and teacher for persuasive writing, based on mentor texts. It also sought to explore what happens when elementary students use a student-generated writing rubric during the writing process and how a student-generated writing rubric might influence students’ writing. Video-recordings, observations of the lessons and interviews with students about co-constructing the rubric captured the process used to co-construct the rubric. Observations of the students using the rubric, interviews after using the rubric, and a survey about using the rubric were ...


Creating High Quality Assessments For A Bilingual Population, Leigh Sanna Jan 2013

Creating High Quality Assessments For A Bilingual Population, Leigh Sanna

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Lack of teacher training in test writing in both colleges and professional development programs has resulted in poorly designed assessments, particularly for culturally diverse and bilingual populations, that do not align with the high standards expected of standardized tests. Weak teacher-made assessments can result in improper student placement, ill-fitting lessons and interventions, and unnecessary frustration and confusion among test takers. These low quality tests can also serve as false predictors for student performance on standardized tests. The danger caused by skewed scores is such that if teachers do not have a reliable means by which to predict students’ future success ...


Use Of Computer Technologies In Supporting 3rd Graders' Literacy Development, Nicole M. Pensgen Dec 2012

Use Of Computer Technologies In Supporting 3rd Graders' Literacy Development, Nicole M. Pensgen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Over the past decade school districts across the country have been trying to find ways to incorporate technology into the classroom. With the new initiatives of state and federal lawmakers, the push for this integration is greater now more than ever. As teachers across the nation try to fulfill this requirement, they are looking for ways to do this throughout the school day. Some of the ways educators are incorporating technology into their instruction is through the use of Internet websites and program software. While websites and programs seem like a wonderful idea to engage students in daily learning, there ...


Electronic Books And Emergent Literacy Development, Joseph G. Juzwiak Dec 2012

Electronic Books And Emergent Literacy Development, Joseph G. Juzwiak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As we move further into the 21st century and beyond, the push to integrate technology into classrooms is becoming ever more apparent. Government is now moving towards making this integration a requirement through state and nationwide initiatives. As teachers scramble to become familiar with new and improved technological resources, many are turning to electronic books (e-Books) to meet their needs. While e-Books seem to be a logical source as they are essentially electronic versions of the paperback texts we already know and love, there seems to be a growing concern amongst researchers in the field as to their effectiveness ...


How Fifth-Grade Inclusion Teachers Within A Suburban School District, Use Assessments To Guide The Literacy Needs Of Their Students, Christine Erne Jun 2012

How Fifth-Grade Inclusion Teachers Within A Suburban School District, Use Assessments To Guide The Literacy Needs Of Their Students, Christine Erne

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Much research has been conducted on inclusion classrooms as well as on assessments. However, little research exists on how teachers within inclusion classrooms use assessments to provide literacy instruction. I conducted a six-week study in two fifth-grade inclusion classrooms within a suburban school district, in order to determine how teachers use assessments to guide the literacy needs of their students. I interviewed two general education teachers and two special education teachers, and observed them during their ELA blocks. I explored formal and informal assessments the teachers used throughout the study. The participating teachers used more informal assessments than formal assessments ...


An Exploration Of The Leisure Reading Habits And Attitudes Of Eighth-Grade Students, Karissa Alice Covert Aug 2009

An Exploration Of The Leisure Reading Habits And Attitudes Of Eighth-Grade Students, Karissa Alice Covert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of my study was to explore common factors that may have contributed to young adolescents developing or not developing a love for reading. In order to do this, I developed three research questions.

1) How many eighth grade students in my study identify themselves as readers or non-readers?

2) For those who identify themselves as readers or non-readers, what are some common factors reported including friends, family, reading habits, and leisure activities?

3) Are there any differences between the social environment of readers and non-readers?

Through a primarily qualitative study (which also includes some quantitative measures) I questioned ...


Do Biases And Experiences Of Elementary Teachers Affect The Referral Process?, Kerriann Callen May 2004

Do Biases And Experiences Of Elementary Teachers Affect The Referral Process?, Kerriann Callen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers could be referring students based on where the student lives or what background he or she comes from rather than on educational needs. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the biases and experiences of elementary teachers affect whom they refer or whom they do not refer for special education. All of the subjects in this study are teachers from a small suburban school district in Western New York. According to the findings of this study, teachers tended to refer the male student with behavior problems more often than the students with severe academic needs. Teachers in ...


The Effects Of Preschool On Phonemic Awareness In First Grade, Debbie Godsen Aug 2002

The Effects Of Preschool On Phonemic Awareness In First Grade, Debbie Godsen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examined whether there was a statistically significant difference between the reading readiness skills in first grade of students who attended preschool and students who did not attend preschool. The researcher compiled a list of students in first grade who attended preschool. Another group of students in first grade was randomly selected. The Emergent Literacy Survey (ELS) was administered to all students within the first two weeks of their first grade year. The average score for each group was compared using a t test. The results of the t test show there is no statistically significant difference in mean ...


Reading Achievement Comparison Of Special Education Students Instructed Through The Sra Corrective Reading Program, Nancy L. Novak Aug 1997

Reading Achievement Comparison Of Special Education Students Instructed Through The Sra Corrective Reading Program, Nancy L. Novak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The objective of this study was to evaluate the reading progress of middle school special education students after being administered the SRA Corrective Reading Program for the school year 1997. The students were placed in homogeneous reading groups within the program after being given a placement test.

In April of 1996, these students were given the Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests (Form H) which were used as a baseline. These same students were again tested in April of 1997 using the Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests (Form G) to determine if any significant growth in reading scores occurred. The testing in 1996 ...


Comparing Reading Achievement Scores Of Fifth Grade Female Students In Lutheran Schools To Those In A National Norming Group, Sharon L. Cole May 1997

Comparing Reading Achievement Scores Of Fifth Grade Female Students In Lutheran Schools To Those In A National Norming Group, Sharon L. Cole

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a statistically significant difference between Reading Achievement scores of fifth grade Lutheran school female students compared to national norms.

Fifth grade female students (n = 20) from eight New York Lutheran elementary schools who took the Spring 1996 Stanford Achievement Reading Test were the subjects of this study. The scores were collected from eight Lutheran elementary schools and separated by gender. These scores were compared to the national Stanford

Achievement Reading scores for fifth grade level. A t test was used to analyze the data. It was determined that there ...


Case Study: The Combined Effects Of The Neurological Impress Method And The Educational Therapy Approach Upon An Adult Disabled Reader, Paula A. Mosman Jul 1996

Case Study: The Combined Effects Of The Neurological Impress Method And The Educational Therapy Approach Upon An Adult Disabled Reader, Paula A. Mosman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The adult remedial reader often exhibits diverse needs which are necessary to be taken into consideration amid remediation efforts. Low self-esteem, sense of failure, and dependency upon trusted teachers, family, and friends briefly describe the obstacles which the adult learner must contend with. This is a case study of a 38 year old woman attending Adult Basic Education classes in an urban community. Despite having progressed through the twelfth grade, her educational experiences were generally inconsistent and academically unsuccessful. The subject read at a second grade independent reading level and exhibited great need in phonological awareness at the initial stages ...


A Longitudinal Study Investigating The Brain Spurts Theory, Deborah B. Westcott Apr 1991

A Longitudinal Study Investigating The Brain Spurts Theory, Deborah B. Westcott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This longitudinal study investigates brain growth periodization, also known as the brain spurts theory. The theory calls for maximum brain growth between the ages 2-4 years, 6-8 years, 10-12 years, and 14-16 years. For several decades researchers have observed fluctuations in the rate of growth for various areas of student achievement. These fluctuations occur in an extreme form from ages 8 - 14. The brain spurts theory asserts that there is also variation during this period in the rate of brain cell development. This researcher utilized a random sample of 50 students in a western New York school district where data ...


Analysis Of Suc Brockport Student's Performance On The Nte Core Battery, Joseph J. Zuniga Apr 1990

Analysis Of Suc Brockport Student's Performance On The Nte Core Battery, Joseph J. Zuniga

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

American schools have been outperformed when compared to schools of other nations. Key components posited include a shorter academic year, societal issues, and educators themselves. This thesis project examines performance on the National Teacher Exam (NTE) core battery for students of State University College (SUC) Brockport and compares them to the New York State average. The study includes data from 504 students graduating from Brockport between August, 1987; December, 1987; June, 1988; August, 1988; December, 1988, and June, 1989. The students were separated into groups including those who are four-year undergraduates of Brockport, students with less than 30 hours of ...


Predicting First Grade Reading And Math Achievement: The Boehm Test Of Basic Concepts And Other Kindergarten Screening Measures, Marjorie Voth May 1987

Predicting First Grade Reading And Math Achievement: The Boehm Test Of Basic Concepts And Other Kindergarten Screening Measures, Marjorie Voth

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the predictive validity of the Boehm Test of Basic Concepts for reading and math achievement at mid-first grade. A secondary purpose was to examine certain other variables in a kindergarten screening program to determine the most significant predictive measures.

The subjects for the study were 177 first graders and seven repeating kindergartners in a suburban school district. Prior to kindergarten entrance all 184 subjects were screened with the Boehm Test of Basic Concepts-form A and the Kindergarten Language-Screening Test. During January of their kindergarten year the Boehm Test of Basic Concepts-form ...


An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Mobility And Reading Comprehension Of Junior High Pupils, Joan Ring Markis May 1985

An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Mobility And Reading Comprehension Of Junior High Pupils, Joan Ring Markis

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the relationship between mobility and achievement in reading comprehension. The cumulative records of 78 junior high students were reviewed to obtain the data needed.

Intelligence test scores for the Otis-Lennon School Ability Test and the achievement subtest score in reading comprehension for the Stanford Achievement Test were obtained from those student records. The cumulative records yielded additional information regarding the types of schools attended (parochial versus public), the grade level at which the transfer occurred (grades 1-3 versus grades 4-8), and sex.

A significant difference was found between the reading comprehension scores of mobile and non-mobile students ...


The Effects Of Revised Language On The Performance Of Nine To Fourteen Year Old Deaf Students On The Stanford Achievement Test, Rhonda L. Parrish May 1980

The Effects Of Revised Language On The Performance Of Nine To Fourteen Year Old Deaf Students On The Stanford Achievement Test, Rhonda L. Parrish

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects which language revisions had on the performance of 9 to 14 year old deaf students with regard to specific subtests of the Stanford Achievement Test. An experimental design was used for the study. The sample consisted of 31 severely or profoundly deaf students, ranging in age from 9 to 14 years, who were enrolled at a residential school for the deaf. The subjects varied in grade level, intelligence, socioeconomic background, cause of hearing loss, receptive and expressive language capability and age at which formal education began. For the purposes of ...


A Study To Determine How Much Correlation Exists Between I.Q. And Academic Success In Mathematics, Science, English, And Social Studies, Angelo J. Isgro Jun 1963

A Study To Determine How Much Correlation Exists Between I.Q. And Academic Success In Mathematics, Science, English, And Social Studies, Angelo J. Isgro

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explores the usefulness of I.Q. designations by examining correlations between I.Q. and academic success. The researcher examines the academic grades/scores of 100 seventh grade students, grouped by I.Q. (as determined by the SRA Verbal Form) to determine correlation. Correlation between I.Q. and grades was both positive and low, indicating that while I.Q. may predict success, it does not determine it. The researcher found a stronger correlation between humanities grades and I.Q. than mathematics grades and I.Q., though there was insufficient data to determine a trend. However, the researcher notes that ...