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Western Michigan University

1997

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Wmu Board Of Trustees Regular Meeting December 19, 1997, Wmu Board Of Trustees Dec 1997

Wmu Board Of Trustees Regular Meeting December 19, 1997, Wmu Board Of Trustees

WMU Board of Trustees Meetings

  • Remarks by the Chair
  • Acceptance of the Agenda
  • Approval of the Minutes of the October 31, 1997 Regular Meeting
  • Remarks by the President
  • Change of December 1998 Meeting Date
  • Grant Report
  • Personnel Report
  • Bachelor of Science Degree in Engineering (Chemical)
  • Master of Science Degree in Manufacturing Engineering
  • Gift Report
  • Personnel Report
  • Architect Selection
  • Remarks by the Provost
  • Public Comments
  • Executive Session
  • Lease of Kalamazoo Regional Psychiatric Hospital Property
  • Adjournment


Western News, Dec. 4, 1997, Western Michigan University Dec 1997

Western News, Dec. 4, 1997, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: WMU researchers help Portage company put scientific data behind their product, Des staffers working to wipe out 'millennium bug', Graduate internship established in honor of Beauregard.


Reading Horizons Vol. 38, No. 2 Dec 1997

Reading Horizons Vol. 38, No. 2

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Complete issue of Reading Horizons volume 38, issue 2.


25 Year Club: Sixteenth Annual Banquet, Western Michigan University Dec 1997

25 Year Club: Sixteenth Annual Banquet, Western Michigan University

25 Year Club

25 Year Club

Sixteenth Annual Banquet

December 2, 1997


Children, Storybooks And Computers, Susan Talley, David F. Lancy, Thomas R. Lee Dec 1997

Children, Storybooks And Computers, Susan Talley, David F. Lancy, Thomas R. Lee

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

This study was designed to test the use of CD-ROM storybook programs' effects on preschool aged children's emergent literacy. 73 four-year-old children, divided into three study groups (experimental, control and well-read-to control) all enrolled in a Head Start program were given the opportunity to use CD-ROM storybooks during their free-choice time for approximately eight weeks. At the end of the trial period, the experimental group was compared with the control group and with their well-read-to peers. Results indicated that CD-ROM storybook programs may have a significant effect on the emergent reading skills of those children who are not as ...


Teacher Perceptions Of Parent Involvement In Literacy Education, Wayne M. Linek, Timothy V. Rasinski, Donna M. Harkins Dec 1997

Teacher Perceptions Of Parent Involvement In Literacy Education, Wayne M. Linek, Timothy V. Rasinski, Donna M. Harkins

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Parent involvement appears to hold great potential for the improvement of literacy education. Without the coordination and support ofthe classroom teacher, however, the effects of such involvement may not be maximized. A question central to the development of parent involvement programs is, "Do teachers recognize and support parent involvement as a significant component of children's education?" The purpose of this informal study was to describe perceptions of parent involvement in literacy education. Over sixty teachers from a cross section of schools in a Midwestern metropolitan area were interviewed in depth about their attitudes toward parent involvement in reading. A ...


Literacy Lessons From The Childhoods Of Authors, Marcia Baghban Dec 1997

Literacy Lessons From The Childhoods Of Authors, Marcia Baghban

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

The retrospectives of authors' childhoods can provide courageous portraits for children. Their examples demonstrate how reading and writing helped these professionals not only survive illness, loneliness, and rejection, but also forge meaningful lives. Children need to hear their stories, and so do adults. This piece reviews the role that literacy played in the childhoods of Eudora Welty, Madeleine L'Engle, and Jack London, and contrasts aspects of their childhoods with aspects of contemporary childhoods. The contrast sounds a clarion call to today's adults to assume greater responsibility for how children spend their time.


"Daddy, Read To Me": Fathers Helping Their Young Children Learn To Read, Robert W. Ortiz, Laurie L. Mccarty Dec 1997

"Daddy, Read To Me": Fathers Helping Their Young Children Learn To Read, Robert W. Ortiz, Laurie L. Mccarty

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Parents' involvement in their young children's early reading development is reported to be an important prerequisite to school success. Much of the research on parents' contribution to early literacy development has focused on mother-child interaction. Less is known about the role of fathers. Fathers, however, report that they want to be involved with their children's literacy development when given opportunities to do things they feel are interesting and capable of doing. Studies indicate that fathers' involvement with early literacy activities range from reading recreation-related materials to assisting their children with school assignments. This paper provides background information concerning ...


Constructing Meaning From Literature: Examining Discourse In Departmentalized, Multidisciplinary, And Interdisciplinary Contexts, Joyce E. Many, Lisa Nicklow, Rebecca Hutchingson Dec 1997

Constructing Meaning From Literature: Examining Discourse In Departmentalized, Multidisciplinary, And Interdisciplinary Contexts, Joyce E. Many, Lisa Nicklow, Rebecca Hutchingson

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

This naturalistic study examines the literary discourse which occurred in a sixth-grade language arts classroom within a departmentalized, a multidisciplinary, and then an interdisciplinary context. Audio tapes and accompanying field notes of all literature discussions surrounding three novels served as the primary data source. Secondary data sources included informal and formal interviews with the participants. Using a constant-comparative approach we identified elements of discourse and organized these elements into the following broad themes: 1) the text and the story world; 2) the reader and the story world; and 3) discipline knowledge and the story world. The literary discussions within the ...


Children's Literature: What's On The Horizons, Lauren Freedman Dec 1997

Children's Literature: What's On The Horizons, Lauren Freedman

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Bailey, Linda. 1997. What a Daring Detective Like Me Doing in the Doghouse; Smith, Mark. 1997. Pay Attention, Slosh; Mastoon, Adam. 1997. The Shared Heart: Portraits and Stories Celebrating Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Young People; Stevens, Diane. 1997. Liza's Star Wish


Critical Thinking Attributes Of Undergraduate Nursing Faculty, Julie A. Coon Dec 1997

Critical Thinking Attributes Of Undergraduate Nursing Faculty, Julie A. Coon

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the critical thinking skills of undergraduate nursing faculty to determine how these skills compared with the established critical thinking skill norms for undergraduate nursing students and if the critical thinking skills of nursing faculty were related to the type of program they teach in, their years of experience in nursing education, their level of formal education, their preferred methods of instruction, and their level of formal training in critical thinking. Nursing faculty from 17 Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) programs and 11 Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) programs in the State of ...


The Effect Of Managers' Clarification Of Business Linkage Of Training On Trainees' Transfer Of Training, Elizabeth J. Benanzer Dec 1997

The Effect Of Managers' Clarification Of Business Linkage Of Training On Trainees' Transfer Of Training, Elizabeth J. Benanzer

Dissertations

This study investigated the hypotheses that if managers were engaged in specific activities aimed at increasing their understanding of the linkage of employee training to business goals, then they would in turn create a more positive transfer environment, resulting in greater transfer of training received by their employees. Some managers of trainees participated in a workshop in which they used an “impact mapping” procedure to clearly explain the relationship between training of their employees and strategic goals of the business; another group of managers did not receive this impact mapping training. Then, all managers’ employees participated in a supervisory training ...


A Portrait Of Assessment In Reformed Mathematics Classrooms, James R. Kett Dec 1997

A Portrait Of Assessment In Reformed Mathematics Classrooms, James R. Kett

Dissertations

During the past decade, the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics published three documents (1989, 1991, 1995) which propose changes in content, instruction, and assessment. These documents call for instructional and assessment goals that support students as they construct their own meaning to mathematics. A next step is to develop assessment models consistent with these goals which would guide and support classroom teachers.

As a result of mathematics reform, many curriculum development projects are underway. One such project is the Core-Plus Mathematics Project (CPMP) . This research documents the assessment practices of four CPMP teachers working in 9th and 10th grade ...


The Use Of Data In School-Based Decision Making, Walter J. Deboer Dec 1997

The Use Of Data In School-Based Decision Making, Walter J. Deboer

Dissertations

This study examined the extent to which various types of commonly available data were used by staff for school-based decision making at 24 elementary schools in the Grand Rapids Public School district. The level of data use w as correlated with measures of school effectiveness. Further correlational analyses examined: (a) whether principals' attitudes toward data influenced the level of data use, (b) whether staff at more effective schools made exemplary or effective use of data to a greater degree, and (c) whether staff at more effective schools were more likely to overcome traditional barriers to data use.

School effectiveness was ...


The Effects Of A Cooperative Learning Environment On Attitudes, Social Skills, And Processing Of Baccalaureate Nursing Students, Mary J. Cairy Dec 1997

The Effects Of A Cooperative Learning Environment On Attitudes, Social Skills, And Processing Of Baccalaureate Nursing Students, Mary J. Cairy

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a deliberate, planned cooperative learning environment on the attitudes, social skills, and processing of baccalaureate nursing students. A convenience sample of 43 students (Registered Nurses) randomly assigned to one of eight cooperative learning groups were the subjects for this study. Cooperative learning was used as a teaching methodology for the entire class of 15 weeks duration. The study sought to answer the following questions: (a) What effect does a deliberate, planned cooperative learning environment have on the attitudes of BSN (Baccalaureate of Science in Nursing) students toward group work ...


The Effect Of Remedial Education Programs On Academic Achievement And Persistence At The Two-Year Community College, Lyn Ann Batzer Dec 1997

The Effect Of Remedial Education Programs On Academic Achievement And Persistence At The Two-Year Community College, Lyn Ann Batzer

Dissertations

Community colleges are open door institutions that serve students who may lack the basic skills necessary to succeed in college. The number of academically underprepared students attending community colleges has been increasing over the years. Thus, there is a corresponding need for effective remedial programs to prepare the academically underprepared students for college-level work.

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of remedial education. More specifically, the study was designed to measure the performance of academically underprepared students who complete required remediation compared to academically underprepared students who do not complete remediation.

The study tested two hypotheses ...


An Assessment Of Generalization Across Settings Of A Parenting Strategies Program For Adhd Children, Barbara M. Todd-Nelson Dec 1997

An Assessment Of Generalization Across Settings Of A Parenting Strategies Program For Adhd Children, Barbara M. Todd-Nelson

Dissertations

When collapsed across gender and subject pools, Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects three to five percent of school-aged children (DSMIV, 1994). Intervening upon environmental contingencies for ADHD-diagnosed children is one of the least intrusive forms of treatment and is often very effective (Atkeson & Forehand, 1978; Forehand & King, 1977; Barkley, 1986; Webster-Stratton, 1993). As noted by many researchers (Allen, Tamowski, Simonian, Elliott & Drabman, 1991; Drabman, Hammer, & Rosenbaum,1979; Stokes & Osnes, 1989), it is necessary to assess generalization of treatment effects across the behavior therapy literature. Few have examined generalization from the home setting to the classroom. Since many referrals occur when problem behaviors are exhibited at school (Al-Issa, 1982 ...


Programmed Instruction: Within-Subject Analysis Of Four Types Of Instructional Material, Matthew L. Miller Dec 1997

Programmed Instruction: Within-Subject Analysis Of Four Types Of Instructional Material, Matthew L. Miller

Dissertations

Skinner (1958) expressed the need for an increase in the effectiveness and efficiency of education. In particular, he suggested that programmed instruction could provide such efficiency. The present study used a within-subject design to compare the effects of four types of instructional materials: those requiring overt construction responses, overt discrimination responses, covert reading of text with highlighted key words, and covert reading of standard text. The material requiring overt responding produced greater learning than did the covert reading materials, with or without highlighting. There was no difference found between the two types of overt responding; nor were there differences between ...


Western News, Nov. 13, 1997, Western Michigan University Nov 1997

Western News, Nov. 13, 1997, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: Funds targeted for engineering, student services facilities, Haenicke announces $1 million for professorships, WMU embarking upon year-long self-study as part of athletics certification program, University's agreement with Greeks is a first in the state, Nuclear physicist to address end of Cold War, President of Chinese university to be honored, Sky Broncos win regionals; earn national berth.


Geology Newsletter- 1997, Department Of Geology Nov 1997

Geology Newsletter- 1997, Department Of Geology

Geological and Environmental Sciences News

Vol. 1, No. 22

  • Dear Alumni and Friends
  • Faculty News
  • Awards and Scholarships
  • Alumni News
  • Geology Development and Scholarship Donations
  • Advisory Council News


Wmu Board Of Trustees Regular Meeting October 31, 1997, Wmu Board Of Trustees Oct 1997

Wmu Board Of Trustees Regular Meeting October 31, 1997, Wmu Board Of Trustees

WMU Board of Trustees Meetings

  • Remarks by the Vice Chair
  • Acceptance of the Agenda
  • Approval of the Minutes
  • Remarks by the President
  • Recommendation re Presidential Position Specification
  • Recommendation re Honorary Degree
  • Authorization to Confer Degrees
  • Grant Report
  • Personnel Report
  • Gift Report
  • Capital Outlay Request
  • Appointment of External Auditor
  • Science Facility Project Resolution
  • Remarks by the Provost
  • Public Comments
  • Executive Session
  • Sales of Real Estate
  • Approval of AFSCME Contract
  • Academic Calendar, Agreement Addendum
  • Adjournment


Western News, Oct. 30, 1997, Western Michigan University Oct 1997

Western News, Oct. 30, 1997, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: MBA goes global with agreement to offer complete degree program in Malaysia, Poetry series picks national winners; earns national acclaim, Collection expands with installation of two new sculptures, Afro-musicologist to present series of sessions.


Western News, Oct. 16, 1997, Western Michigan University Oct 1997

Western News, Oct. 16, 1997, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: Homecoming will highlight the wonders of Western, Phi Beta Kappa charter puts WMU among nation's elite, Light lays out academic agenda for 1997-98 year, Phi Beta Kappa charter puts WMU among nation's elite, Campus tools up for successful United Way campaign, Occupational therapy to mark 75th anniversary.


Western News, Oct. 2, 1997, Western Michigan University Oct 1997

Western News, Oct. 2, 1997, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: Seven more named to presidential search committee, Beauregard selected as athletic director, Board gives Haenicke 'outstanding evaluation' in its final annual review of his performance, WMU launches new 'twinning program' in India, Haenicke hopes to promote dialog with CARE.


The Influence Of Drawing On Third Graders' Writing Performance, Edith A. Norris, Carla Reichard, Kouider Mokhtari Oct 1997

The Influence Of Drawing On Third Graders' Writing Performance, Edith A. Norris, Carla Reichard, Kouider Mokhtari

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

This study compared the writing products of 60 third grade students who drew before writing a story on a self-selected topic (Experimental Group) with the writing products of 59 third grade students who simply wrote without drawing (Control Group). An analysis of the students' writing products revealed two important findings. First, students who drew be fore writing tended to produce more words, more sentences, and more idea units, and their overall writing performance was higher than the students who wrote without drawing. Second, these results were consistent for boys and girls regardless of group membership. The findings indicate that the ...


A Journey Within A Journey: The Journey Of Three Computer Learners On A Journey Down Under, Valerie G. Hall, Brenda P. Dixey, Susan L. Nierstheimer, David G. O'Brien Oct 1997

A Journey Within A Journey: The Journey Of Three Computer Learners On A Journey Down Under, Valerie G. Hall, Brenda P. Dixey, Susan L. Nierstheimer, David G. O'Brien

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

This is the story of the journey of three literacy teachers learning about classroom use of computers and developing a computer-driven unit on Australian animals. As frightened as we were of technology, we wanted our students to have positive experiences with computers. We also wanted the computer to be a useful tool for our students rather than a meaningless rote activity. We wanted our students to use a variety of literacy materials, participate in many reading and writing responses, and interact in groups as they used the computer as one medium for learning. In this article we describe our learning ...


Pds Collaboration In The Design And Delivery Of A Reading And Language Arts Methods Course, Mary Alice Barksdale-Ladd, Janet Isenhart, Anita Nedeff, Ruth Oaks, Sarah Steele Oct 1997

Pds Collaboration In The Design And Delivery Of A Reading And Language Arts Methods Course, Mary Alice Barksdale-Ladd, Janet Isenhart, Anita Nedeff, Ruth Oaks, Sarah Steele

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

This paper describes the study of a site-based, six-credit hour, integrated course in reading and language arts methods designed to tie theory and practice for university students in a Professional Development School. A multidimensional approach to data collection and analysis used both quantitative and qualitative methodologies. Findings demonstrate that the collaboratively taught course had a positive impact upon involved teachers, university students, children in the school, and members of the team who developed the course.


The Western Michigan University Magazine, Fall 1997, Western Michigan University Oct 1997

The Western Michigan University Magazine, Fall 1997, Western Michigan University

Western Michigan University Magazine (1997-present)

Features

  • Up in the Air and Under Control: Nowhere to go except up for career saavy aviation graduate
  • Following the Sun: Student racing team takes its solar car on the ultimate college road trip
  • Provost's Global View Lights Path to Future: Provost Timothy Light, up close and personal
  • Bronco Bash Is a Smash: A look at the biggest party of the season
  • It's a Whole New Ball Game
  • One-on-one with new football coach Gary Darnell

Sections

  • University News
  • College News
  • Alumni Relations
  • Classnotes
  • Obituaries
  • Essay


Self-Selected Journal Writing In The Kindergarten Classroom: Five Conditions That Foster Literacy Development, M. Jean Bouas, Pat Thompson, Nancy Farlow Oct 1997

Self-Selected Journal Writing In The Kindergarten Classroom: Five Conditions That Foster Literacy Development, M. Jean Bouas, Pat Thompson, Nancy Farlow

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

"What can kindergarten children write?" This question came from Doris, a middle school language arts teacher when she was told about Nancy's kindergarten classroom. Nancy had a regularly scheduled self selected journal writing time. The children were allowed to choose their messages and forms of writing. Children scribbled, drew, wrote nonphonetic letter strings, and demonstrated phonetic and conventional spelling. These are all forms of spelling exhibited by emerging writers according to Sulzby, Teale, and Kamberelis, 1989.


Making The Connection For Reading Teachers Between Authentic Assessment Practices And Qualitative Research Techniques., Beth Hurst, Cindy Wilson Oct 1997

Making The Connection For Reading Teachers Between Authentic Assessment Practices And Qualitative Research Techniques., Beth Hurst, Cindy Wilson

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

In the manuscript an attempt has been made to show a connection between many authentic assessment practices and qualitative research techniques in the hope that as reading teachers understand these connections, it may help them in their authentic assessment endeavors. Teachers may expand their usage of authentic assessment after discovering the similarities, or seek opportunities to learn more about qualitative research, thus capitalizing on the strengths of both. While we want to be careful not to betray the analytic complexity of qualitative research and confuse it with the practical complexity of teaching and authentic assessment, we believe that sometimes an ...