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Western Kentucky University

Medicine and Health Sciences

Exercise Immunology

Publication Year

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Can A Dynamic Warm-Up Reduce The Magnitude Of Immune Perturbation Following Vigorous Aerobic Exercise, Mahmoud T. Elzayat, Emily C. Lavoy Feb 2019

Can A Dynamic Warm-Up Reduce The Magnitude Of Immune Perturbation Following Vigorous Aerobic Exercise, Mahmoud T. Elzayat, Emily C. Lavoy

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Exercise transiently increases several leukocyte populations in peripheral blood in an intensity-dependent manner, with numbers returning to baseline or lower during recovery. This mobilization of immune cells is explained in part by sympathetic activity and the release of stress hormones (catecholamines and cortisol). The literature examining immune responses to exercise has by and large failed to control for the presence of a warm-up prior to the experimental bout. Gradually increasing exercise intensity over a period of minutes may reduce the stress of the exercise bout and thus may influence the immune response to a given exercise protocol. PURPOSE: To compare ...


The Effect Of Repeated 40 Meter Sprint Trials On Salivary Cortisol In Elite Youth Female Soccer Players, Michael D. Oldham, Matthew Brisebois, Todd Castleberry, Ryan A. Gordon, Ola Kayed, Manisha Rao, Ada Simpson, Matt Sokoloski, Emily L. Zumbro, Vic Ben-Ezra, Kyle Biggerstaff Feb 2018

The Effect Of Repeated 40 Meter Sprint Trials On Salivary Cortisol In Elite Youth Female Soccer Players, Michael D. Oldham, Matthew Brisebois, Todd Castleberry, Ryan A. Gordon, Ola Kayed, Manisha Rao, Ada Simpson, Matt Sokoloski, Emily L. Zumbro, Vic Ben-Ezra, Kyle Biggerstaff

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The outcome of an intense exercise session is a stress response, potentially resulting in an increase in circulating cortisol. The acute cortisol response due to intense exercise may vary when comparing elite youth athletes and may not be noticeable in athletic performance. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare salivary cortisol responses between older (17-19 yo) and younger (11-13 yo) elite female soccer players after repeated 40m sprint trials. METHODS: All participants (n=8) were current United States Soccer Federation Development Academy players. Participants were placed into young (n=4, mean ± SD; age 12 ± 0 yrs; weight 48 ...


Irisin Treatment During Chronic Inflammatory Bowel Disease In An Rodent Model Improves Bone Formation Rate, Anne M. Anderson, Corinne Metzger, Susan Bloomfield Feb 2018

Irisin Treatment During Chronic Inflammatory Bowel Disease In An Rodent Model Improves Bone Formation Rate, Anne M. Anderson, Corinne Metzger, Susan Bloomfield

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Bone is a dynamic tissue that responds to many stressors including physical stress and certain disease states. Chronic systemic inflammatory conditions, like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), result in increased bone resorption and decreased bone formation leading to low bone mass and high fracture incidence. There currently are no effective, safe treatments for IBD. Irisin is a hormone that is released during exercise and has previously been shown to increase bone mass. PURPOSE: Determine if exogenous treatment with irisin can mitigate the inflammatory insult of chronic IBD on bone. We hypothesized that young male rats with induced IBD and treatment with ...


Acute Exercise-Induced Response Of Platelet-Monocyte Complexes In Obese, Postmenopausal Women, Michael M. Levitt, Maria A. Cardenas, Bryan Richie, Carmen A. Cook, Shaohan Lu, Kara L. Steck, Jay Haynes, Andreas Kreutzer, Joel B. Mitchell, Melody D. Phillips Feb 2018

Acute Exercise-Induced Response Of Platelet-Monocyte Complexes In Obese, Postmenopausal Women, Michael M. Levitt, Maria A. Cardenas, Bryan Richie, Carmen A. Cook, Shaohan Lu, Kara L. Steck, Jay Haynes, Andreas Kreutzer, Joel B. Mitchell, Melody D. Phillips

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Inactivity-related diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) are linked to chronic low-grade, systemic inflammation. Platelet-monocyte complexes (PMCs) are markers of in vivo platelet activation and atherosclerosis, and may be early indicators of subclinical inflammation. PURPOSE: To examine the effects of an exercise bout on PMCs in those at risk for CVD. METHODS: Twenty-five overweight-obese (BMI 32.7 ± 5.2 kg×m-2, 55-75 yr) women were randomly assigned to either the exercise (EX, n=13) or non-exercise control (CON, n=12) group. EX performed 2 sets of 8 resistance exercises and a 25-min treadmill walk at 70-80% HRR. Blood was ...


Exercise Training Improved Plasma Glucose And Lipid Profiles In Obese Hispanic Women, Yonghyeon Jo, Katie Martin, Kaylee Clyma, Kyung-Shin Park, Yunsuk Koh Feb 2018

Exercise Training Improved Plasma Glucose And Lipid Profiles In Obese Hispanic Women, Yonghyeon Jo, Katie Martin, Kaylee Clyma, Kyung-Shin Park, Yunsuk Koh

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Obesity is strongly associated with increased morbidity and mortality, notably among Hispanic women. Exercise may improve cardiovascular health by positively altering plasma lipids and lipoproteins; however, the effects of different intensities of exercise on plasma glucose and lipid profiles have not been extensively studied within Hispanic women. PURPOSE: The current study examined the effects of a 12-week aerobic exercise training at either high or low intensity on plasma glucose and lipid profiles in obese Hispanic females. METHODS: Thirty physically inactive, obese females (age= 26.07±4.4 years, height= 161.4±4.1 cm, weight= 89.8±8.1 kg ...


Exercise-Induced Th17 Lymphocyte Response And Their Relationship To Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors In Obese, Post-Menopausal Women, Maria A. Cardenas, Michael M. Levitt, Bryan Richie, Shaohan Lu, Elise Erickson, Carmen Cook, Jay Haynes, Andreas Kreutzer, Joel B. Mitchell, Melody D. Phillips Feb 2018

Exercise-Induced Th17 Lymphocyte Response And Their Relationship To Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors In Obese, Post-Menopausal Women, Maria A. Cardenas, Michael M. Levitt, Bryan Richie, Shaohan Lu, Elise Erickson, Carmen Cook, Jay Haynes, Andreas Kreutzer, Joel B. Mitchell, Melody D. Phillips

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Obesity-induced inflammation promotes type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). A causative link between adaptive immunity and pathogenesis of obesity-associated diseases has been established. PURPOSE: To examine the effects of exercise on circulating T-helper (Th) 17 lymphocytes in overweight/obese post-menopausal women. METHODS: Twenty-seven overweight/obese women (BMI 32.7 ± 5.1 kg×m-2, 55-75 yr) were randomly assigned to the exercise (EX, n=14) or education (ED, n=13) groups. EX performed a 25-min walk (75-80% HRR) and 2 sets of 8 resistance exercises (70-80% 1RM) with blood samples obtained at: pre-exercise, post-exercise, one-hour and two-hour post-exercise. Blood ...


Effects Of Submaximal Downhill Running On Cytokine Expression In Young, Endurance Trained Men And Women, J. Macko, R. Sapp, R. Landers-Ramos, J. Skelton, J. Hagberg May 2017

Effects Of Submaximal Downhill Running On Cytokine Expression In Young, Endurance Trained Men And Women, J. Macko, R. Sapp, R. Landers-Ramos, J. Skelton, J. Hagberg

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Please see the pdf version of the abstract.