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Western Kentucky University

Medicine and Health Sciences

Clinical Exercise Physiology

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Patient Perceptions Of A Cancer Rehabilitation Program Which Provides 12 Weeks Of Individualized Exercise Prescription, T. Yahner, K. Wonders, S. Lorusso May 2019

Patient Perceptions Of A Cancer Rehabilitation Program Which Provides 12 Weeks Of Individualized Exercise Prescription, T. Yahner, K. Wonders, S. Lorusso

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Can Alexa Influence Physical Activity In The Office Setting?, E. Kuperavage, S. Drayer, M. Rhudy, P. Veerabhadrappa May 2019

Can Alexa Influence Physical Activity In The Office Setting?, E. Kuperavage, S. Drayer, M. Rhudy, P. Veerabhadrappa

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Taxane Based Chemotherapies Impact On Balance And Vo2 In Female Cancer Survivors., M. Jegerski, K. Wonders, S. Lorusso May 2019

Taxane Based Chemotherapies Impact On Balance And Vo2 In Female Cancer Survivors., M. Jegerski, K. Wonders, S. Lorusso

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Obesity And Functional Status Predict Liver Transplant Waiting-List Death, B. Hummer, G. Rivas, A. Baragona, I. Schreibman, K. Schmitz, J. Stine May 2019

Obesity And Functional Status Predict Liver Transplant Waiting-List Death, B. Hummer, G. Rivas, A. Baragona, I. Schreibman, K. Schmitz, J. Stine

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Anterior Vs. Posterior Approach Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Critically Appraised Topic, E. Hauck, D. Stapleton May 2019

Anterior Vs. Posterior Approach Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Critically Appraised Topic, E. Hauck, D. Stapleton

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Cardiorespiratory Responses During Body Weight Supported Treadmill Exercise, Shana John, Callie Sun, Kyle D. Biggerstaff Feb 2019

Cardiorespiratory Responses During Body Weight Supported Treadmill Exercise, Shana John, Callie Sun, Kyle D. Biggerstaff

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Treadmills which partially support body weight (BWST) are increasingly used to allow weight bearing treadmill exercise to be performed during rehabilitation. PURPOSE: This investigation determined cardiorespiratory responses during BWST exercise. METHODS: Participants (n=15; age=22.1±2.1yrs; BMI=27.4±5.9kg/m2) volunteered to perform two bouts of treadmill walking on a standard treadmill (ST) and a BWST with 25% of body weight supported by the BWST. Each trial consisted of three 6 minute stages at 2.8mph and 2%, 5%, and 8% grade with a two minute warm-up and cool-down at 2.0 mph and ...


Case Presentation For Metastatic Prostate Cancer, Aditi N. Gupte, Vered Arbel, Mehran Sorouri, Tal Amasay Feb 2019

Case Presentation For Metastatic Prostate Cancer, Aditi N. Gupte, Vered Arbel, Mehran Sorouri, Tal Amasay

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

CASE HISTORY: Patient is a 55 years old male that has been suffering from pain in the right side of the lumbosacral region that radiates to the buttock, posterior thigh, and lateral calf. There was no history of trauma, but he experienced initial painful symptoms three months ago, while he was sitting with cell phone in his back pocket. The patient describes pain as an occasional sharp shooting pain, which worsened progressively in intensity and frequency. No changes in the bowel and bladder were reported. However, due to the symptoms, his appetite and sleep were disturbed. The condition also restricted ...


Effects Of High Concentration Vivissential Amino Acids Sports Drink Ingestion On Performance In Trained Athletes, Klaudia Szych, Ariel Gomez, Jerene Yazzie, Sarah A. Massey, Lorenzo Juarez, Andi Johnson, Shannon Jackson, Matthew A. Barlow Phd Feb 2019

Effects Of High Concentration Vivissential Amino Acids Sports Drink Ingestion On Performance In Trained Athletes, Klaudia Szych, Ariel Gomez, Jerene Yazzie, Sarah A. Massey, Lorenzo Juarez, Andi Johnson, Shannon Jackson, Matthew A. Barlow Phd

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Essential amino acids are necessary for protein nutrition and muscle sustainability. Previous studies looking at the effects of BCAAs did not result in measurable reductions in muscle damage and enhanced recovery of muscle function. PURPOSE: The Calwood Nutritionals Company manufactures a balanced nutritional formula of amino acids with the addition of a higher concentration of arginine and methionine, which during an acute 3-day study in our lab decreased muscle degradation in a young sedentary population. The purpose of this study is to examine the changes in performance following the chronic consumption of the essential amino acids in collegiate athletes while ...


Tibial Stress Fractures, Rowdy S. Teaff Feb 2019

Tibial Stress Fractures, Rowdy S. Teaff

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

CLINICAL PRESENTATION & EXAM: Distance runners are prone to stress fractures, in particular, tibial stress fractures appear to be more common due to their rear foot striking pattern (RFS). A tibial stress fracture is a bone stress injury (BSI) that usually occurs on the diaphysis of the tibia as a result of overuse. Local and radiating pain along the anterior surface of the tibia is one of the primary symptoms that patients with tibial stress fractures exhibit. An inability to bear weight on it may also occur in more serious cases. ANATOMY & PATHOLOGY: Bone stress is a microstrain that occurs from ...


Accelerated Rehabilitation Protocol On Plantar Fasciitis, Alissa Bello, Zacharias Papadakis Feb 2019

Accelerated Rehabilitation Protocol On Plantar Fasciitis, Alissa Bello, Zacharias Papadakis

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

CASE HISTORY:The patient is a 21-year-old collegiate soccer player who suffered from acute mild to severe plantar fasciitis on the left foot for 12 months. Early onset symptoms began with pain in the morning and after training sessions in the medial and calcaneal region. PHYSICAL EXAM:The plantar fasciitis examination identified pain in the medial plantar calcaneal region with palpation, hyper-pronation of the left foot, slightly abnormal gait, numbness radiating on the peroneal nerve to outer left knee, and discomfort in the proximal plantar fascia with passive ankle dorsiflexion. She had poor range of motion (ROM) in dorsiflexion with ...


The Effects Of A Single Bout Of Endurance Exercise On Glucose Transporter-4 (Glut-4) Content, Manuel Gomez, Sudip Bajpeyi Feb 2019

The Effects Of A Single Bout Of Endurance Exercise On Glucose Transporter-4 (Glut-4) Content, Manuel Gomez, Sudip Bajpeyi

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Glucose Transporter protein-4 (GLUT-4) is considered the predominant glucose transporter in skeletal muscle. Exercise has been shown to increase glucose uptake and GLUT-4 protein content in skeletal muscle following muscle contraction. PURPOSE: To determine the acute effects of a single bout of moderate intensity endurance exercise on skeletal muscle GLUT-4 content. METHODS: 10 healthy male volunteers (age: 24.4 ± 1.3 years; BMI 23.16 ± 0.60 kg/m²) participated in a single bout of endurance exercise on a cycle ergometer at 65% maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max) for 1.5 – 2.0 hours (650kcal). Muscle biopsies were obtained from ...


Persistent Neurovascular Coupling Dysregulation During Subacute Recovery Phase Following Concussion, Sydney H. Lyng, Emma-Kate Brown, Tonia Sabo, Kathleen R. Bell, Sushmita Purkayastha Feb 2019

Persistent Neurovascular Coupling Dysregulation During Subacute Recovery Phase Following Concussion, Sydney H. Lyng, Emma-Kate Brown, Tonia Sabo, Kathleen R. Bell, Sushmita Purkayastha

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Concussion diagnosis is characterized by a lack of objective markers, as there is a paucity of better understanding of the pathophysiology. Neurovascular coupling (NVC), an important factor in cerebral blood flow (CBF) regulation, is a tight temporal relationship between neuronal activity and CBF in order to meet cerebral metabolism. PURPOSE: To examine NVC on Day-3, Day-21, and Day-90 following a concussion in comparison to the non-injured healthy controls. METHODS: Twenty-nine male and female collegiate athletes (20±1years) sustaining a sports-related concussion were enrolled in a longitudinal study. For the concussed athletes, data were obtained on Day-3 (N=29), Day-21 (N ...


The Effects Of Pre- And Post-Rehabilitation Physical Training Protocol On Anterior Cruciate Ligament (Acl) Progress, Peter Beitia, Ashley Schneider, Marvin Sublett, Zacharias Papadakis Feb 2019

The Effects Of Pre- And Post-Rehabilitation Physical Training Protocol On Anterior Cruciate Ligament (Acl) Progress, Peter Beitia, Ashley Schneider, Marvin Sublett, Zacharias Papadakis

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

CASE HISTORY: A 32-year old male presented a left anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear. Past history revealed a right ACL reconstruction which happened ten years earlier. The left ACL injury occurred during soccer while pivoting under normal climate conditions and was a non-contact injury. He reported a lack of stability and localized lateral knee pain. The patient was advised and agreed on participating in 6 weeks of pre-surgical rehabilitation. The patient used cryotherapy modalities for pain and inflammation control; there was no use of medication. The patient underwent ACL reconstruction with a hamstring tendon graft in Brazil followed by post-operative ...


Case Presentation For Supraspinatus Tendinitis And Lateral Epicondylitis, Moussa Maatouk, Vered Arbel, Mehran Sorouri, Tal Amasay Feb 2019

Case Presentation For Supraspinatus Tendinitis And Lateral Epicondylitis, Moussa Maatouk, Vered Arbel, Mehran Sorouri, Tal Amasay

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

CASE HISTORY: The patient is a 48-year-old female who is a full-time mother and enjoys horseback riding and walking her dog. She recently sought treatment for pain accompanied with limited mobility in her right shoulder. These acute conditions came about after the subject experienced an accidental fall while getting onto a horse, in which she had to suddenly fully extend her right arm behind her against a wall to catch herself from falling. Prior to the event, the subject had sought treatment for pain in her right elbow. An orthopedic surgeon diagnosed her with right lateral epicondylitis and prescribed a ...


Case Presentation For Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis (Pvns), Maria G. Zamora, Tal Amasay, Matthew L. Santos-Vitorino Feb 2019

Case Presentation For Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis (Pvns), Maria G. Zamora, Tal Amasay, Matthew L. Santos-Vitorino

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

CASE HISTORY: The patient is a 21 years old male collegiate baseball player who suffered an acute pain in his right knee during practice. The athlete began to experience pain while decelerating following running to first base. Immediately after the occurrence, the athlete’s knee was “locked” and the athlete was unable to perform active knee flexion or extension. Passively, he was unable to flex or extend due to pain. Following the event, there was an immediate swelling of the knee. The athlete had not complained of pain in his knee prior to this date, but mentioned his knee would ...


Case Presentation For Suprascapular Neuropathy, Samantha N. Day, Tal Amasay, Scott Freer Feb 2019

Case Presentation For Suprascapular Neuropathy, Samantha N. Day, Tal Amasay, Scott Freer

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

CASE HISTORY: The patient is an 18-year-old female collegiate volleyball player who has suffered progressive shoulder pain in her right shoulder. She states that the pain has progressively gotten worse over the past 3-4 years. The sharp pain began when she would raise her right arm above 90 degrees when hitting an overhand serve. Over time, the pain progressed and became noticeable in additional movements. The patient had noted significant weakness in both her right arm and right shoulder. The patient states when she sleeps on her right arm/shoulder she wakes up in severe pain. She has tried sleeping ...


Circulating Inflammatory And Oxidative Stress Responses To Steady-State Moderate-Intensity And High-Intensity Interval Exercise In Mid-Spectrum Chronic Kidney Disease, Matthew Peterson, Jeffrey S. Forsse, James K. Taylor, Zach Papadakis, Nick Schwedock, Burritt Hess, Jackson O. Griggs Md, Crawford Allison, Ron Wilson Md, Kathleen Adair, Mitch Cholewinski, Peter Grandjean Feb 2019

Circulating Inflammatory And Oxidative Stress Responses To Steady-State Moderate-Intensity And High-Intensity Interval Exercise In Mid-Spectrum Chronic Kidney Disease, Matthew Peterson, Jeffrey S. Forsse, James K. Taylor, Zach Papadakis, Nick Schwedock, Burritt Hess, Jackson O. Griggs Md, Crawford Allison, Ron Wilson Md, Kathleen Adair, Mitch Cholewinski, Peter Grandjean

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Inflammation and oxidative stress can be potent modulators of vascular function. These factors may transiently respond to moderate-intensity steady state exercise (SSE) in a manner that improves post-exercise vascular function in healthy adults. Whether exercise imparts similar effects in adults with Stage 3 or 4 chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains understudied. Moreover, a comparison of SSE and high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) may add to clinically-relevant findings for improving vascular function in mid-spectrum CKD. PURPOSE: To determine the influence of SSE and a comparable amount of HIIE on post-exercise inflammation and oxidative stress in patients diagnosed with secondary Stage 3 or ...


Renal Function Responses To Steady-State Moderate-Intensity And High-Intensity Interval Exercise In Mid-Spectrum Chronic Kidney Disease, Kathleen E. Adair, Jeffrey S. Forsse 4681817, Matthew Peterson, Zacharias Papadakis, Mitch Cholewinski, Peter Grandjean Feb 2019

Renal Function Responses To Steady-State Moderate-Intensity And High-Intensity Interval Exercise In Mid-Spectrum Chronic Kidney Disease, Kathleen E. Adair, Jeffrey S. Forsse 4681817, Matthew Peterson, Zacharias Papadakis, Mitch Cholewinski, Peter Grandjean

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Efficacy of exercise to improve renal function remains understudied in adults with mid-spectrum chronic kidney disease (CKD). In addition, a comparison of steady-state exercise (SSE) and high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) may contribute clinically-relevant information for exercise-related augmentation of renal function in mid-spectrum CKD. PURPOSE: To determine the influence of SSE and a comparable amount of HIIE on indicators of post-exercise renal function in patients diagnosed with secondary Stage 3 or 4 CKD. METHODS: Twenty participants (n = 6 men; n = 14 women; age 62.0 + 9.9 yr; weight 80.9 + 16.2 kg; body fat 37.3 + 8.5% of ...


The Effects Of Pedometers On Body Weight And Metabolic Factors In Patients With Prediabetes, J. Pinola, P. Davidson, M. Reed May 2018

The Effects Of Pedometers On Body Weight And Metabolic Factors In Patients With Prediabetes, J. Pinola, P. Davidson, M. Reed

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Simple Assessment Of Lower Extremity Soft Tissue Pain In Obesity, G. Moore, D. King, J. Veigel May 2018

Simple Assessment Of Lower Extremity Soft Tissue Pain In Obesity, G. Moore, D. King, J. Veigel

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Effects Of Sodium Bicarbonate Dosage On Blood Lactate Levels In Trained And Recreational Athletes, T. Cover, C. Moss, A. Rosenberry, A. Millner, W. Braun, J. Sanders May 2018

Effects Of Sodium Bicarbonate Dosage On Blood Lactate Levels In Trained And Recreational Athletes, T. Cover, C. Moss, A. Rosenberry, A. Millner, W. Braun, J. Sanders

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Exercise Duration Augments Inter-Arm Systolic Blood Pressure Difference, M. Clarke, S. Allen, M. Walsh, L. Kerecman, R. Cannizzaro, M. Holmstrup, B. Jensen May 2018

Exercise Duration Augments Inter-Arm Systolic Blood Pressure Difference, M. Clarke, S. Allen, M. Walsh, L. Kerecman, R. Cannizzaro, M. Holmstrup, B. Jensen

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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The Effectiveness Of Individualized Exercise Programs On The Physical Fitness Of Rural Cancer Survivors, G. Brennan, H. Piascik, S. Dieterich, M. Jegerski, B. Vainshelboim, K. Wisniewski May 2018

The Effectiveness Of Individualized Exercise Programs On The Physical Fitness Of Rural Cancer Survivors, G. Brennan, H. Piascik, S. Dieterich, M. Jegerski, B. Vainshelboim, K. Wisniewski

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Psychological And Physical Response To Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation, Jennifer A. Jasso M.S., Joni A. Mettler Ph.D, Lindsay E. Kipp Ph.D Feb 2018

Psychological And Physical Response To Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation, Jennifer A. Jasso M.S., Joni A. Mettler Ph.D, Lindsay E. Kipp Ph.D

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is commonly used to improve muscle function in physical rehabilitation settings. However, reasons for limited use as an alternative to voluntary exercise may be due to lack of familiarity and perceived discomfort during treatment. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine attitude toward NMES exercise and perceived pain and muscle soreness experienced from NMES exercise with increasing stimulation intensity. METHODS: Thirty healthy adults (age: 23.6 ± 0.5 years) who had not experienced electrical stimulation within the last year completed the study. Repetitive, intermittent stimulation of 10 seconds on and 15 seconds off was ...


Baseline And Post-Concussive Neurocognitive And Physiological Assessments In Minor Student Athletes, Sarah A. Massey, Sierra Duran, Klaudia Szych, Andi Johnson, Ariel Gomez, Lorenzo Juarez, Annajita A. Rubio, Matthew A. Barlow Phd Feb 2018

Baseline And Post-Concussive Neurocognitive And Physiological Assessments In Minor Student Athletes, Sarah A. Massey, Sierra Duran, Klaudia Szych, Andi Johnson, Ariel Gomez, Lorenzo Juarez, Annajita A. Rubio, Matthew A. Barlow Phd

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

BACKGROUND: There is a higher risk of post-concussion syndrome among minor athletes. This has resulted in The Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT), which is currently the primary test for collegiate and high school athletes for concussion assessment and return to play. Previous work from our lab has indicated a significant detection of cognitive deficit with a battery of cognitive testing including the Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA) and dual task testing incorporating balance testing along with the Stroop and number recall. In the previous findings these tests identified cognitive decline including reaction time and fine motor deficiencies ...


Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness Attenuation By Acute Consumption Of Essential Amino Acids, Andi Johnson, Klaudia Szych, Ariel Gomez, Shannon Jackson, Annajita A. Rubio, Sarah A. Massey, Abraham Gomez, Lorenzo Juarez, Matthew A. Barlow 5622543 Feb 2018

Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness Attenuation By Acute Consumption Of Essential Amino Acids, Andi Johnson, Klaudia Szych, Ariel Gomez, Shannon Jackson, Annajita A. Rubio, Sarah A. Massey, Abraham Gomez, Lorenzo Juarez, Matthew A. Barlow 5622543

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

BACKGROUND: Essential amino acids have been known to be necessary for protein nutrition whether they are obtained by eating proteins or by a formula of the essential amino acids. Studies have consistently demonstrated the acute benefits of protein supplementation on post-exercise muscle anabolism, which may facilitate the recovery of muscle function and performance. However, when protein supplements have been provided in research studies, acute changes in post-exercise protein synthesis and anabolic intracellular signaling have not resulted in measureable reductions in muscle damage and enhanced recovery of muscle function. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to implement a specific content ...


Assessment Of Multiple Concussive Athletes With Dual Task Triple Stroop And Aerobic Exercise, Sierra Duran, Sarah A. Massey, Ariel Gomez, Matthew A. Barlow 5622543 Feb 2018

Assessment Of Multiple Concussive Athletes With Dual Task Triple Stroop And Aerobic Exercise, Sierra Duran, Sarah A. Massey, Ariel Gomez, Matthew A. Barlow 5622543

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

BACKGROUND: Athletic concussion testing has mostly recently relied on a sedentary computer neurocognitive test battery called the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT). Previous tests directly compare baseline with post-concussion analysis of patient in regards to different cognitive aspects including; working memory, processing speed, and response time. No physical tests are included in the ImPACT analysis for return-to-play action. PURPOSE: In previous studies from our lab in these populations we concluded that the combination of a physical neural impediment with cognitive tests (dual-task with balance impairment) created a greater degree of impairment not observed in the sedentary ImPACT test ...


Plantar Fasciitis, Ashley Brown, Chuck Ruot Feb 2018

Plantar Fasciitis, Ashley Brown, Chuck Ruot

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

CLINICAL PRESENTATION & EXAM: During the initial meeting with the patient, they will describe an intense pain they have been experiencing in their calcaneal region. This type of pain is prevalent as an overload injury, excessive foot pronation during walking or exercise, or obesity. Other risks for plantar fasciitis would be prolonged running periods, high arch, leg length discrepancy, or tightness of the Achilles tendon. Usually the patient states experience of a sharp pain in the mornings when they first get up, after standing for a long time, or after sitting down and resting for a period of time. Upon hearing ...


Influence Of Age And Gender On Indoor Rowing Performance, Briana N. Dawkins, Stephen J. Roy, Hirofumi Tanaka Feb 2018

Influence Of Age And Gender On Indoor Rowing Performance, Briana N. Dawkins, Stephen J. Roy, Hirofumi Tanaka

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Physiological functional capacity is important in determining one’s ability to perform functional tasks and can be determined by studying peak exercise performance. Rowing is a unique sport requiring substantial muscle strength as well as high endurance capacity. Since it is a non-weight bearing activity, a number of older adults in general and older women in particular engage in this activity as they age. PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between aging, gender, and exercise task duration using indoor rowing performance records. METHODS: World records from indoor rowing events were analyzed and plotted against age (17-99 years of age) in both ...


The Effects Of Blood Flow Restriction Training On Measures Of Strength And Body Composition In College Age Females, Alecia Ann Hicks, Garrett Brandon, Deborah Chandler, Riley Ripley, Austin Torisk, Alison Warnecke, Peggie Williamson, Stacie Urbina, Lem Taylor, Colin Wilborn Feb 2018

The Effects Of Blood Flow Restriction Training On Measures Of Strength And Body Composition In College Age Females, Alecia Ann Hicks, Garrett Brandon, Deborah Chandler, Riley Ripley, Austin Torisk, Alison Warnecke, Peggie Williamson, Stacie Urbina, Lem Taylor, Colin Wilborn

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Blood flow restriction (BFR) training is a non-invasive technique that uses wraps, bands, or inflated blood pressure cuffs to alter blood flow within targeted muscles. BFR has been seen as a means to potentially help people build muscle mass and strength faster while they are exercising. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the body composition and strength changes resulting from traditional resistance training without BFR to the changes resulting from resistance training combined with BFR. METHODS: 21 females with at least one year of resistance training experience were recruited to participate in the study. Participants were randomly ...