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Full-Text Articles in Education

More Green, More 'Zzzzz'? Trees May Help Us Sleep, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng Jan 2020

More Green, More 'Zzzzz'? Trees May Help Us Sleep, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Not feeling sharp? Finding it hard to concentrate? About 12-19% of adults in Australia regularly don't get enough sleep, defined as less than 5.5-6 hours each night. But who'd have thought the amount of tree cover in their neighbourhood could be a factor? Our latest research has found people with ample nearby green space are much more likely to get enough sleep than people in areas with less greenery. There's plenty of helpful advice online on sleep, of course. Apart from personal routines, many other things can affect our sleep. Aircraft and traffic noise isn't ...


Prospective Associations With Physiological, Psychosocial And Educational Outcomes Of Meeting Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years, Trina Hinkley, Anna Timperio, Amanda Watson, Rachel Duckham, Anthony D. Okely, Dylan P. Cliff, Alison Carver, Kylie Hesketh Jan 2020

Prospective Associations With Physiological, Psychosocial And Educational Outcomes Of Meeting Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years, Trina Hinkley, Anna Timperio, Amanda Watson, Rachel Duckham, Anthony D. Okely, Dylan P. Cliff, Alison Carver, Kylie Hesketh

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

BACKGROUND: Several countries have released movement guidelines for children under 5 that incorporate guidelines for sleep, physical activity and sedentary behavior. This study examines prospective associations of preschool children's compliance with the 24-Hour Australian movement guidelines (sleep, physical activity, screen time) and physiological, psychosocial and educational outcomes during primary school. METHODS: Data were from the Healthy Active Preschool and Primary Years Study (Melbourne, Australia; n = 471; 3-5 years; 2008/9). Follow-ups occurred at 3 (2011/12; 6-8 years), 6 (2014/15; 9-11 years) and 7 (2016; 10-12 years) years post baseline. Multiple regression models assessed associations between compliance with ...


The Ethical, Legal And Social Implications Of Using Artificial Intelligence Systems In Breast Cancer Care, Stacy M. Carter, Wendy Rogers, Khin Than Win, Helen Frazer, Bernadette Richards, Nehmat Houssami Jan 2020

The Ethical, Legal And Social Implications Of Using Artificial Intelligence Systems In Breast Cancer Care, Stacy M. Carter, Wendy Rogers, Khin Than Win, Helen Frazer, Bernadette Richards, Nehmat Houssami

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Breast cancer care is a leading area for development of artificial intelligence (AI), with applications including screening and diagnosis, risk calculation, prognostication and clinical decision-support, management planning, and precision medicine. We review the ethical, legal and social implications of these developments. We consider the values encoded in algorithms, the need to evaluate outcomes, and issues of bias and transferability, data ownership, confidentiality and consent, and legal, moral and professional responsibility. We consider potential effects for patients, including on trust in healthcare, and provide some social science explanations for the apparent rush to implement AI solutions. We conclude by anticipating future ...


Risk Factors Associated With Suicidal Ideation And Suicide Attempts In Bhutan: An Analysis Of The 2014 Bhutan Steps Survey Data, Tashi Dendup, Yun Zhao, Tandin Dorji, Sonam Phuntsho Jan 2020

Risk Factors Associated With Suicidal Ideation And Suicide Attempts In Bhutan: An Analysis Of The 2014 Bhutan Steps Survey Data, Tashi Dendup, Yun Zhao, Tandin Dorji, Sonam Phuntsho

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Suicide is a major public health problem globally. Data on the factors influencing suicidal behaviours that can inform prevention policies are limited in Bhutan. This study used the dataset of the nationally-representative Bhutan STEPS Survey conducted in 2014 that assessed the non-communicable disease risk factors. Using a backward elimination approach, multiple logistic regression analysis accounting for the complex survey design was performed to identify the factors associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in adults separately. The prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt was 3.1% and 0.7%, respectively. We found female gender, being unemployed, low and middle ...


Learning To Dance, Skye Playsted Jan 2020

Learning To Dance, Skye Playsted

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

No abstract provided.


A Crisis Of Underinsurance Threatens To Scar Rural Australia Permanently, Chloe Lucas, Christine Eriksen, David M. J. S Bowman Jan 2020

A Crisis Of Underinsurance Threatens To Scar Rural Australia Permanently, Chloe Lucas, Christine Eriksen, David M. J. S Bowman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Australia is in the midst of a bushfire crisis that will affect local communities for years, if not permanently, due to a national crisis of underinsurance. Already more than 1,500 homes have been destroyed - with months still to go in the bushfire season. Compare this to 2009, when Victoria's "Black Saturday" fires claimed more than 2,000 homes in February, or 1983, when the "Ash Wednesday" fires destroyed about 2,400 homes in Victoria and South Australia, also in February. The 2020 fire season could end up surpassing these tragedies, despite the lessons learned and improvements in preparedness ...


'Jump Start' Childcare-Based Intervention To Promote Physical Activity In Pre-Schoolers: Six-Month Findings From A Cluster Randomised Trial, Anthony D. Okely, Rebecca M. Stanley, Rachel A. Jones, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart Trost, Donna Berthelsen, Jo Salmon, Marijka Batterham, Simon Eckermann, John Reilly, Ngiare J. Brown, Karen J. Mickle, Steven J. Howard, Trina Hinkley, Xanne Janssen, Paul A. Chandler, Penny L. Cross, Fay L. Gowers Jan 2020

'Jump Start' Childcare-Based Intervention To Promote Physical Activity In Pre-Schoolers: Six-Month Findings From A Cluster Randomised Trial, Anthony D. Okely, Rebecca M. Stanley, Rachel A. Jones, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart Trost, Donna Berthelsen, Jo Salmon, Marijka Batterham, Simon Eckermann, John Reilly, Ngiare J. Brown, Karen J. Mickle, Steven J. Howard, Trina Hinkley, Xanne Janssen, Paul A. Chandler, Penny L. Cross, Fay L. Gowers

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

BACKGROUND: Participation in adequate levels of physical activity during the early years is important for health and development. We report the 6-month effects of an 18-month multicomponent intervention on physical activity in early childhood education and care (ECEC) settings in low-income communities. METHODS: A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted in 43 ECEC settings in disadvantaged areas of New South Wales, Australia. Three-year-old children were recruited and assessed in the first half of 2015 with follow-up 6 months later. The intervention was guided by Social Cognitive Theory and included five components. The primary outcome was minutes per hour in total ...


Self-Regulation And Executive Function Longitudinally Predict Advanced Learning In Preschool, Steven J. Howard, Elena Vasseleu Jan 2020

Self-Regulation And Executive Function Longitudinally Predict Advanced Learning In Preschool, Steven J. Howard, Elena Vasseleu

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

While the early years are often regarded as a critical period for establishing and supporting the developmental trajectories of delayed and typically developing children, they also represent a critical time for advanced learners. Yet to support advanced learners, a better understanding of sources and mechanisms of precocious early learning is needed. While there is ample research separately indicating importance of executive functions (EFs) and self-regulation for learning more broadly, it remains unclear whether, which, and to what extent EFs and/or self-regulation might account for the incidence of advanced learning in the prior-to-school years. The current study sought to investigate ...


Guest Editorial. 2020 Special Issue: Enabling Excellence Through Equity, Pranit Anand, Jacinta M. Mcnamara, Liz Thomas Jan 2020

Guest Editorial. 2020 Special Issue: Enabling Excellence Through Equity, Pranit Anand, Jacinta M. Mcnamara, Liz Thomas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The Enabling Excellence through Equity Conference 2019 was held at the University of Wollongong, Australia from 24th to 27th November 2019. This was a combined biennial conference for the National Association of Enabling Educators of Australia (NAEEA) and the Equity Practitioners in Higher Education in Australasia (EPHEA). The Conference attracted higher education educators, practitioners and researchers from around the world involved in enabling education, widening participation and pathways to higher education, and equity initiatives that promote access to higher education. This special issue contains a selection of the papers as selected by the guest editors Dr Pranit Anand, Jacinta McNamara ...


Mezirow Moments: The Value Of Conferences For A Mother Returning To Study, Skye Playsted Jan 2020

Mezirow Moments: The Value Of Conferences For A Mother Returning To Study, Skye Playsted

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

It's not easy to change career paths, but it is something that teachers often consider after working in one field for many years. This can mean a return to study, but as Adult Education experts have noted, older learners usually face some specific barriers in returning to school that younger learners do not, and sometimes these barriers prevent them from trying. And if you are a mother, like I am, even going to a conference can be difficult. This is my story of the challenges I faced in returning to study, and of the people who helped me to ...


Shared And Distinct Resting Functional Connectivity In Children And Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Xiaojie Guo, Dongren Yao, Qingjiu Cao, Lu Liu, Qihua Zhao, Hui Li, Fang Huang, Yanfei Wang, Qiujin Qian, Yufeng Wang, Vince Calhoun, Stuart J. Johnstone, Jing Sui, Li Sun Jan 2020

Shared And Distinct Resting Functional Connectivity In Children And Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Xiaojie Guo, Dongren Yao, Qingjiu Cao, Lu Liu, Qihua Zhao, Hui Li, Fang Huang, Yanfei Wang, Qiujin Qian, Yufeng Wang, Vince Calhoun, Stuart J. Johnstone, Jing Sui, Li Sun

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2020, The Author(s). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often persists into adulthood, with a shift of symptoms including less hyperactivity/impulsivity and more co-morbidity of affective disorders in ADHDadult. Many studies have questioned the stability in diagnosing of ADHD from childhood to adulthood, and the shared and distinct aberrant functional connectivities (FCs) between ADHDchild and ADHDadult remain unidentified. We aim to explore shared and distinct FC patterns in ADHDchild and ADHDadult, and further investigated the cross-cohort predictability using the identified FCs. After investigating the ADHD-discriminative FCs from healthy controls (HCs) in both child (34 ADHDchild, 28 HCs) and adult (112 ...


The First 250 Ms Of Auditory Processing: No Evidence Of Early Processing Negativity In The Go/Nogo Task, Jack Fogarty, Robert J. Barry, Genevieve Steiner Jan 2020

The First 250 Ms Of Auditory Processing: No Evidence Of Early Processing Negativity In The Go/Nogo Task, Jack Fogarty, Robert J. Barry, Genevieve Steiner

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2020, The Author(s). Past evidence of an early Processing Negativity in auditory Go/NoGo event-related potential (ERP) data suggests that young adults proactively process sensory information in two-choice tasks. This study aimed to clarify the occurrence of Go/NoGo Processing Negativity and investigate the ERP component series related to the first 250 ms of auditory processing in two Go/NoGo tasks differing in target probability. ERP data related to each task were acquired from 60 healthy young adults (M = 20.4, SD = 3.1 years). Temporal principal components analyses were used to decompose ERP data in each task. Statistical ...


Sustainability Of Identification And Response To Domestic Violence In Antenatal Care: The Sustain Study, Kelsey Hegarty, Jo Spangaro, Jane Koziol-Mclain, Jeannette Walsh, Amelia Lee, Minerva Kyei-Onanjiri, Robyn Matthews, Jodie Valpied, Jenny Chapman, Leesa Hooker, Elizabeth Mclindon, Kitty Novy, Kim Spurway Jan 2020

Sustainability Of Identification And Response To Domestic Violence In Antenatal Care: The Sustain Study, Kelsey Hegarty, Jo Spangaro, Jane Koziol-Mclain, Jeannette Walsh, Amelia Lee, Minerva Kyei-Onanjiri, Robyn Matthews, Jodie Valpied, Jenny Chapman, Leesa Hooker, Elizabeth Mclindon, Kitty Novy, Kim Spurway

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This project set out to understand and support the integration of evidence-based, effective screening, risk assessment and first-line response to domestic violence (DV) into the complex system of antenatal care. It built on existing resources and research to focus on women assessed as currently in "lower risk" situations, who are often not in contact with DV services but attended health services for pregnancy.


Effects Of An Acute Physical Activity Break On Test Anxiety And Math Test Performance, Myrto Mavilidi, Kim Ouwehand, Nicholas Riley, Paul A. Chandler, Fred Paas Jan 2020

Effects Of An Acute Physical Activity Break On Test Anxiety And Math Test Performance, Myrto Mavilidi, Kim Ouwehand, Nicholas Riley, Paul A. Chandler, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Test anxiety has been found to negatively affect students' mental health and academic performance. A primary explanation for this is that anxiety‐related thoughts occupy working memory resources during testing that cannot be used for test‐related processes (such as information retrieval and problem‐solving). The present intervention study investigated whether physical activity could decrease anxiety levels and improve maths test performance in sixth‐grade children. Methods: Sixty‐eight children of 11-12 years from two primary schools in New South Wales, Australia were categorised as low or high anxious from their scores on a trait‐anxiety questionnaire. After this ...


Social Value And Its Impact Through Widening Participation: A Review Of Four Programs Working With Primary, Secondary & Higher Education Students, Jioji Ravulo, Shannon Said, Jim Micsko, Gayl Purchase Jan 2020

Social Value And Its Impact Through Widening Participation: A Review Of Four Programs Working With Primary, Secondary & Higher Education Students, Jioji Ravulo, Shannon Said, Jim Micsko, Gayl Purchase

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In 2017 the Office of Widening Participation conducted a program- wide analysis of the Social Return On Investment (SROI) to evaluate the impact of four Widening Participation programs at Western Sydney University (WSU). The programs evaluated were Fast Forward, Strive Towards Educational Participation and Success (STEPS), First Foot Forward, and Pasifika Achievement To Higher Education (PATHE). The overlapping aim amongst the four programs is to increase higher education participation rates, particularly for students coming from low socio-economic backgrounds. The SROI framework provided a holistic analysis by intertwining qualitative and quantitative data. The analysis showed that each program-albeit with differences-produced a ...


"A Big Influence On My Teaching Career And My Life": A Longitudinal Study Of Learning To Teach English Pronunciation, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker Jan 2020

"A Big Influence On My Teaching Career And My Life": A Longitudinal Study Of Learning To Teach English Pronunciation, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Inquiry into learning to teach pronunciation is a growing area within the second language teacher education research paradigm. To what extent this learning process extends into instructors' early years of teaching pronunciation has yet to be explored. This article is a response to this need by exploring the 3.5-year trajectory of five teachers learning to teach English pronunciation. The study was conducted in two phases. In Phase 1, pre- and post-course questionnaires, weekly observations of the lectures, focus groups interviews, final post-course interviews, and the participants' final assessment task were triangulated to examine the development of participants' cognitions during ...


International Federation Of Clinical Neurophysiology (Ifcn) - Eeg Research Workgroup: Recommendations On Frequency And Topographic Analysis Of Resting State Eeg Rhythms. Part 1: Applications In Clinical Research Studies, Claudio Babiloni, Robert J. Barry, Erol Basar, Katarzyna Blinowska, Andrzej Cichocki, Wilhelmus Drinkenburg, Wolfgang Klimesch, Robert T. Knight, Fernando Lopes Da Silva, Paul Nunez, Robert Oostenveld, Jaeseung Jeong, Roberto Pascual-Marqui, P Valdes-Sosa, Mark Hallett Jan 2020

International Federation Of Clinical Neurophysiology (Ifcn) - Eeg Research Workgroup: Recommendations On Frequency And Topographic Analysis Of Resting State Eeg Rhythms. Part 1: Applications In Clinical Research Studies, Claudio Babiloni, Robert J. Barry, Erol Basar, Katarzyna Blinowska, Andrzej Cichocki, Wilhelmus Drinkenburg, Wolfgang Klimesch, Robert T. Knight, Fernando Lopes Da Silva, Paul Nunez, Robert Oostenveld, Jaeseung Jeong, Roberto Pascual-Marqui, P Valdes-Sosa, Mark Hallett

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2019 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology In 1999, the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology (IFCN) published "IFCN Guidelines for topographic and frequency analysis of EEGs and EPs" (Nuwer et al., 1999). Here a Workgroup of IFCN experts presents unanimous recommendations on the following procedures relevant for the topographic and frequency analysis of resting state EEGs (rsEEGs) in clinical research defined as neurophysiological experimental studies carried out in neurological and psychiatric patients: (1) recording of rsEEGs (environmental conditions and instructions to participants; montage of the EEG electrodes; recording settings); (2) digital storage of rsEEG and control data; (3) computerized visualization of ...


Normal Variations In Personality Predict Eating Behavior, Oral Health, And Partial Syndrome Bulimia Nervosa In Adolescent Girls, Mark S. Allen, Davina A. Robson, Sylvain Laborde Jan 2020

Normal Variations In Personality Predict Eating Behavior, Oral Health, And Partial Syndrome Bulimia Nervosa In Adolescent Girls, Mark S. Allen, Davina A. Robson, Sylvain Laborde

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2020 The Authors. Food Science & Nutrition published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Eating disorders are among the most prevalent disorders in adolescence and can have negative consequences including poor quality of life, medical complications, and even death. This study addresses whether normal variations in personality relate to eating behavior and eating disorder symptomatology in adolescent girls. Participants were a near-representative sample of Australian adolescent girls (n = 1,676). Three personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness) were assessed at age 12 and again at age 14, and self-reported eating and weight management behaviors were assessed at age 14. After controlling for sociodemographic ...


Strength From Perpetual Grief: How Aboriginal People Experience The Bushfire Crisis, Bhiamie Williamson, Jessica Weir, Vanessa I. Cavanagh Jan 2020

Strength From Perpetual Grief: How Aboriginal People Experience The Bushfire Crisis, Bhiamie Williamson, Jessica Weir, Vanessa I. Cavanagh

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

How do you support people forever attached to a landscape after an inferno tears through their homelands: decimating native food sources, burning through ancient scarred trees and destroying ancestral and totemic plants and animals? The fact is, the experience of Aboriginal peoples in the fire crisis engulfing much of Australia is vastly different to non-Indigenous peoples. Colonial legacies of eradication, dispossession, assimilation and racism continue to impact the lived realities of Aboriginal peoples. Added to this is the widespread exclusion of our peoples from accessing and managing traditional homelands. These factors compound the trauma of these unprecedented fires. As Australia ...


Friday Essay: This Grandmother Tree Connects Me To Country. I Cried When I Saw Her Burned, Vanessa I. Cavanagh Jan 2020

Friday Essay: This Grandmother Tree Connects Me To Country. I Cried When I Saw Her Burned, Vanessa I. Cavanagh

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

I remember brushing my teeth over the green enamel sink. I would gaze out the window at a prominent grandmother and ponder her age. This grandmother had soft pink skin, smooth and dimpled, and incredible curves that burled in places. She stood at least 25 metres tall. She was one of the sentinel trees which stood strong on the property where I grew up in Colo Heights, northwest of Sydney, at the edge of Darkinjung Country. Belonging to the Angophora costata family, she, like me, is part of human and non-human kinship networks that connect us with Country. To begin ...


Persisting Students' Explanations Of And Emotional Responses To Academic Failure, Rola Ajjawi, Mary Dracup, Nadine Zacharias, Sue Bennett, David J. Boud Jan 2020

Persisting Students' Explanations Of And Emotional Responses To Academic Failure, Rola Ajjawi, Mary Dracup, Nadine Zacharias, Sue Bennett, David J. Boud

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Academic failure is an important and personal event in the lives of university students, and the ways they make sense of experiences of failure matters for their persistence and future success. Academic failure contributes to attrition, yet the extent of this contribution and precipitating factors of failure are not well understood. To illuminate this world-wide problem, we analysed institutional data at a large, comprehensive Australian university and surveyed 186 undergraduate students who had failed at least one unit of study in 2016, but were still enrolled in 2017. Academic failure increased the likelihood of course attrition by 4.2 times ...


Exploring Stakeholders' Perceptions Of The Acceptability, Usability, And Dissemination Of The Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years, Rebecca M. Stanley, Rachel A. Jones, Christian F. Swann, Hayley Christian, Julie Sherring, Trevor Shilton, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2020

Exploring Stakeholders' Perceptions Of The Acceptability, Usability, And Dissemination Of The Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years, Rebecca M. Stanley, Rachel A. Jones, Christian F. Swann, Hayley Christian, Julie Sherring, Trevor Shilton, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years were recently developed. To maximize the uptake of the guidelines, perceptions of key stakeholders were sought. Methods: Thirty-five stakeholders (11% Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent) participated in focus groups or key informant interviews. Stakeholders included parents of children aged 0-5 years, early childhood educators, and health and policy professionals, recruited using convenience and snowballing techniques. Focus groups and interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed inductively using thematic analysis. Results: There was general acceptance of the Movement Guidelines. The stakeholders suggested that the Guidelines were highly aspirational and ...


'Social Screens' And 'The Mainstream': Longitudinal Competitors Of Non-Organized Physical Activity In The Transition From Childhood To Adolescence, Byron Kemp, Anne-Maree Parrish, Dylan P. Cliff Jan 2020

'Social Screens' And 'The Mainstream': Longitudinal Competitors Of Non-Organized Physical Activity In The Transition From Childhood To Adolescence, Byron Kemp, Anne-Maree Parrish, Dylan P. Cliff

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) tends to decline during late childhood and adolescence. In Australia, this decline has been shown to occur particularly in non-organized PA (e.g. active play and informal sport). Using a social marketing approach, segments of youth may be identified and targeted based on their profile of alternative activities that compete with non-organized PA during the transition to adolescence. The objectives of this study were to identify and describe segments of youth whose participation in non-organized PA declined between 11 and 13 years, based on changes in other potential competing activities during this period. METHODS: Data were ...


Comparing And Assessing Physical Activity Guidelines For Children And Adolescents: A Systematic Literature Review And Analysis, Anne-Maree Parrish, Mark Tremblay, Stephanie Carson, Sanne Veldman, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart A. Vella, Kar Hau Chong, Maria Nacher, Borja Cruz, Yvonne Ellis, Salome Aubert, Billie Spaven, Mohd Sameeha, Zhuiguang Zhang, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2020

Comparing And Assessing Physical Activity Guidelines For Children And Adolescents: A Systematic Literature Review And Analysis, Anne-Maree Parrish, Mark Tremblay, Stephanie Carson, Sanne Veldman, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart A. Vella, Kar Hau Chong, Maria Nacher, Borja Cruz, Yvonne Ellis, Salome Aubert, Billie Spaven, Mohd Sameeha, Zhuiguang Zhang, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: The impact of declining physical activity and increased sedentary behaviour in children and adolescents globally prompted the development of national and international physical activity guidelines. This research aims to systematically identify and compare national and international physical activity guidelines for children and adolescents and appraise the quality of the guidelines to promote best practice in guideline development. Methods: This systematic review was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) and reported using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. Only national, or international physical activity and/or sedentary behaviour guidelines were included ...


Teaching Spelling In Context Can Also Be Explicit And Systematic, Tessa Daffern, Kathy Thompson, Luke Ryan Jan 2020

Teaching Spelling In Context Can Also Be Explicit And Systematic, Tessa Daffern, Kathy Thompson, Luke Ryan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This article shares a few practical insights from an intervention study that focussed on building teacher capacity for effective instruction in spelling. For the study, four schools in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) were selected to participate through a stratified random sampling process. In total, 572 students across 31 classes in Years 3 to 6 participated. Of the 31 classes, 14 were involved in a ten-week intervention while the remaining 17 classes formed a 'comparison' group whereby a 'business as usual' approach to teaching spelling was adopted.


Identification And Evaluation Of Risk Of Generalizability Biases In Pilot Versus Efficacy/Effectiveness Trials: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Michael Beets, Robert Weaver, John Ioannidis, Marco Geraci, Keith Brazendale, Lindsay Decker, Anthony D. Okely, David Lubans, Esther Van Sluijs, Russell Jago, Gabrielle Turner-Mcgrievy, James Thrasher, Xiaming Li, Andrew Milat Jan 2020

Identification And Evaluation Of Risk Of Generalizability Biases In Pilot Versus Efficacy/Effectiveness Trials: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Michael Beets, Robert Weaver, John Ioannidis, Marco Geraci, Keith Brazendale, Lindsay Decker, Anthony D. Okely, David Lubans, Esther Van Sluijs, Russell Jago, Gabrielle Turner-Mcgrievy, James Thrasher, Xiaming Li, Andrew Milat

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

BACKGROUND: Preliminary evaluations of behavioral interventions, referred to as pilot studies, predate the conduct of many large-scale efficacy/effectiveness trial. The ability of a pilot study to inform an efficacy/effectiveness trial relies on careful considerations in the design, delivery, and interpretation of the pilot results to avoid exaggerated early discoveries that may lead to subsequent failed efficacy/effectiveness trials. "Risk of generalizability biases (RGB)" in pilot studies may reduce the probability of replicating results in a larger efficacy/effectiveness trial. We aimed to generate an operational list of potential RGBs and to evaluate their impact in pairs of published ...


Everyday Practices And Activities To Improve Pre-School Self-Regulation: Cluster Rct Evaluation Of The Prsist Program, Steven J. Howard, Elena Vasseleu, Marijka Batterham, Cathrine Marguerite Neilsen-Hewett Jan 2020

Everyday Practices And Activities To Improve Pre-School Self-Regulation: Cluster Rct Evaluation Of The Prsist Program, Steven J. Howard, Elena Vasseleu, Marijka Batterham, Cathrine Marguerite Neilsen-Hewett

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The Preschool Situational Self-Regulation Toolkit (PRSIST) Program was developed as a low-cost and embedded approach for educators to foster pre-schoolers' self-regulation and related abilities (e.g., executive function, school readiness). This study reports on a cluster RCT study with 50 Australian pre-school services to evaluate the effectiveness of the PRSIST Program for improving children's self-regulation, executive function and school readiness, compared to current routine practice. Pre-school centers were recruited to reflect the breadth of geography, pedagogical quality, and socio-economic catchment areas across the early childhood education and care sector. All children identified as in their final year of pre-school ...


Beyond The Conference: Singing Our Ssong, Corinne Green, Michelle J. Eady, Marian Mccarthy, Ashley B. Akenson, Briony Supple, Jacinta C. Mckeon, James Cronin Jan 2020

Beyond The Conference: Singing Our Ssong, Corinne Green, Michelle J. Eady, Marian Mccarthy, Ashley B. Akenson, Briony Supple, Jacinta C. Mckeon, James Cronin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The International Society for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (ISSOTL) annual conference presents an exciting opportunity to meet with international colleagues from diverse backgrounds and situations to commune on our common interest in the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (SoTL). As with every ISSOTL conference, the enthusiasm for SoTL was palpable in Los Angeles in 2016. Rich discussions took place, networks were formed, and promises to keep in touch were made. Unfortunately, previous conference experiences have taught us that these good intentions often fall short once the conference bubble has burst and the reality of daily life sets in ...


Fight For Freedom: New Research To Map Violence In The Forgotten Conflict In West Papua, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon, Jaime Swift, Michael Westaway, Nathan Wright Jan 2020

Fight For Freedom: New Research To Map Violence In The Forgotten Conflict In West Papua, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon, Jaime Swift, Michael Westaway, Nathan Wright

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Indonesia has recently indicated it is considering investigating the killings of hundreds of thousands of people in the 1965 "anti-communist" purge under authoritarian leader Suharto. If the inquiry goes ahead, it would mark a shift in the government's long-standing failure to address past atrocities. It is unclear if they will include other acts of brutality alleged to have been committed by the Indonesian regime in the troubled region of West Papua.


A Stepped Wedge Trial Of Efficacy And Scalability Of A Virtual Clinical Pharmacy Service (Vcps) In Rural And Remote Nsw Health Facilities, Julaine M. Allan, Shannon Nott, Brett Chambers, Ged Hawthorn, Alice Munro, Chris Doran, Christopher Oldmeadow, Clare Coleman, Teesta Saksena Jan 2020

A Stepped Wedge Trial Of Efficacy And Scalability Of A Virtual Clinical Pharmacy Service (Vcps) In Rural And Remote Nsw Health Facilities, Julaine M. Allan, Shannon Nott, Brett Chambers, Ged Hawthorn, Alice Munro, Chris Doran, Christopher Oldmeadow, Clare Coleman, Teesta Saksena

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2020 The Author(s). Background: Medication errors are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity. Clinical pharmacy services provided in hospital can reduce medication errors and medication related harm. However, few rural or remote hospitals in Australia have a clinical pharmacy service. This study will evaluate a virtual clinical pharmacy service (VCPS) provided via telehealth to eight rural and remote hospitals in NSW, Australia. Methods: A stepped wedge cluster randomised trial design will use routinely collected data from patients' electronic medical records (n = 2080) to evaluate the VCPS at eight facilities. The sequence of steps is randomised, allowing for control ...