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Full-Text Articles in Education

Siwi In An Itinerant Teaching Setting: Contextual Factors Impacting Instruction, Rachel Machelle Saulsburry Dec 2016

Siwi In An Itinerant Teaching Setting: Contextual Factors Impacting Instruction, Rachel Machelle Saulsburry

Doctoral Dissertations

In the last 40 years, there has been a shift in where deaf and hard-of-hearing (d/hh) students have been educated (Foster & Cue, 2009), with a majority of d/hh students now spending at least part of their school day in the general education classroom instead of residential or day-schools for the deaf. Many of these students receive specialized support from an itinerant teacher. D/hh children have unique language needs due to their access (or lack thereof) to natural language for acquisition purposes. Insufficient access to language, ASL or English, may be due to: delays in identification and/or ...


Strategic And Interactive Writing Instruction: An Efficacy Study In Grades 3-5, Kimberly A. Wolbers, Hannah M. Dostal, Steve Graham, Lee Branum-Martin, Jennifer Kilpatrick, Rachel M. Saulsburry Aug 2016

Strategic And Interactive Writing Instruction: An Efficacy Study In Grades 3-5, Kimberly A. Wolbers, Hannah M. Dostal, Steve Graham, Lee Branum-Martin, Jennifer Kilpatrick, Rachel M. Saulsburry

Theory and Practice in Teacher Education Publications and Other Works

A quasi-experimental study was conducted to examine the impact of Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction on 3rd-5th grade deaf and hard of hearing students’ writing and language compared to a business-as-usual condition (N=63). A total of 18 hours of instruction was provided for each of two types of writing—personal narrative (known as recount) and persuasive. Writing samples, collected prior to instruction and after, were scored for writing traits, language accuracy and complexity. Data were analyzed using a two-level, mixed-effects regression. Results show the treatment to be effective for recount and persuasive writing traits, and recount language variables, with ...


Development Of Strategic And Interactive Writing Instruction (Siwi) For Deaf And Hard Of Hearing Students: Year 3 Pilot Study, Kimberly A. Wolbers, Hannah M. Dostal, Steve Graham Jul 2016

Development Of Strategic And Interactive Writing Instruction (Siwi) For Deaf And Hard Of Hearing Students: Year 3 Pilot Study, Kimberly A. Wolbers, Hannah M. Dostal, Steve Graham

Theory and Practice in Teacher Education Publications and Other Works

No abstract provided.


Examining Student Writing Proficiencies Across Genres: Results Of An Intervention Study, Hannah M. Dostal, Kimberly A. Wolbers Jan 2016

Examining Student Writing Proficiencies Across Genres: Results Of An Intervention Study, Hannah M. Dostal, Kimberly A. Wolbers

Theory and Practice in Teacher Education Publications and Other Works

This study examines the patterns of growth across both taught and untaught genres of writing for deaf and hard of hearing students in grades 4-6. 23 students were exposed to Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction (SIWI) for five weeks, during which time they received guided, interactive instruction focused on how writers address particular purposes and audiences with their writing. By examining student writing samples before and after both regular writing instruction and SIWI using genre-specific rubrics, we investigated whether students transfer and generalize writing strategies and processes learned in one genre to writing in a genre for which they did ...


Differentiating Writing Instruction For Students Who Are Deaf And Hard Of Hearing, Hannah M. Dostal, Kimberly A. Wolbers, Jennifer Kilpatrick Jan 2016

Differentiating Writing Instruction For Students Who Are Deaf And Hard Of Hearing, Hannah M. Dostal, Kimberly A. Wolbers, Jennifer Kilpatrick

Theory and Practice in Teacher Education Publications and Other Works

Researchers have long highlighted the need to apply evidence-based approaches to writing instruction for students who are 1d/Deaf and hard of hearing (d/Dhh). Yet, the majority of the research base for effective writing instruction and intervention is based on studies of hearing children, with or without disability labels. Therefore, existing interventions often fail to account for the unique language and literacy needs of d/Dhh students. In this article we describe an approach that enhances the power of Interactive Writing (IW) instruction, an evidence-based approach for typically developing students, that is specifically designed to engage and support d ...


Developing A Written Language Inventory For Deaf And Hard Of Hearing Students: A Systemic Functional Grammar Approach, Jennifer Renée Kilpatrick Aug 2015

Developing A Written Language Inventory For Deaf And Hard Of Hearing Students: A Systemic Functional Grammar Approach, Jennifer Renée Kilpatrick

Doctoral Dissertations

Deaf and hard of hearing (d/hh) students are extremely diverse in language development due to vast differences in residual hearing, response to hearing technologies, and exposure to American Sign Language. Writing is a struggle for these students who have delayed and limited access to English. Studies have found that d/hh students continue to lag behind their hearing peers in syntactic development. Unfortunately, current methods of writing assessment do not provide teachers with sufficient information regarding the syntactic development of d/hh students. This dissertation responds to the need for an assessment that is able to provide this information ...


Video Review And Reflection For Ongoing Inservice Teacher Professional Development, Hannah M. Dostal, Kimberly A. Wolbers Jan 2015

Video Review And Reflection For Ongoing Inservice Teacher Professional Development, Hannah M. Dostal, Kimberly A. Wolbers

Theory and Practice in Teacher Education Publications and Other Works

Purpose. In this chapter we describe how a rubric-style observation instrument for observing classroom writing instruction was used to focus and optimize collaborative video analysis sessions among teachers and researchers spread across six states. As part of a 3-year Institute of Education Sciences (IES) development grant, we used videos of classroom instruction both as data for researchers studying the nature and impact of a specific instructional approach, Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction (SIWI), and as a vehicle for collaborative teacher professional development-- for both teachers and teacher leaders.

Design. By tying video analysis to a shared observation instrument, we were ...


An Analysis Of Deaf Students’ Spelling Skills During A Year Long Instructional Writing Approach, Lisa M. Bowers, Hannah M. Dostal, Jillian H. Mccarthy, Ilsa Schwarz, Kimberly A. Wolbers Jan 2015

An Analysis Of Deaf Students’ Spelling Skills During A Year Long Instructional Writing Approach, Lisa M. Bowers, Hannah M. Dostal, Jillian H. Mccarthy, Ilsa Schwarz, Kimberly A. Wolbers

Theory and Practice in Teacher Education Publications and Other Works

Numerous studies have shown that spelling presents unique challenges for children who are deaf or hard of hearing (d/hh) and most do not develop age appropriate spelling skills. However, it is critical that these skills are acquired in order to use written language for academic or vocational purposes. Spelling errors from the writing samples of 29 middle school students in a state school for the Deaf were analyzed to examine changes over time. Samples were gathered before, during, and after a year-long writing intervention using Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction (SIWI). When using SIWI, students are exposed to proper ...


The Writing Performance Of Elementary Students Receiving Strategic And Interactive Writing Instruction, Kimberly Wolbers, Hannah M. Dostal, Steve Graham, David F. Cihak, Jennifer Kilpatrick, Rachel M. Saulsburry Jan 2015

The Writing Performance Of Elementary Students Receiving Strategic And Interactive Writing Instruction, Kimberly Wolbers, Hannah M. Dostal, Steve Graham, David F. Cihak, Jennifer Kilpatrick, Rachel M. Saulsburry

Theory and Practice in Teacher Education Publications and Other Works

Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction (SIWI) has led to improved writing and language outcomes among deaf and hard of hearing (d/hh) middle grades students. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of SIWI on the written expression of d/hh elementary students across recount/ personal narrative, information report, and persuasive genres. Five multiple-probe case studies demonstrate a relationship between implementation of SIWI and improvements in genre-related writing performance. The effect of instruction was most immediately demonstrated with information reports and persuasive writing, whereas several sessions of recount instruction were needed for students to satisfy performance criteria ...


Developing Language And Writing Skills Of Deaf And Hard Of Hearing Students: A Simultaneous Approach, Hannah M. Dostal, Kimberly Wolbers Jan 2014

Developing Language And Writing Skills Of Deaf And Hard Of Hearing Students: A Simultaneous Approach, Hannah M. Dostal, Kimberly Wolbers

Theory and Practice in Teacher Education Publications and Other Works

In school, deaf and hard of hearing students (d/hh) are often exposed to American Sign Language (ASL) while also developing literacy skills in English. ASL does not have a written form, but is a fully accessible language to the d/hh through which it is possible to mediate understanding, draw on prior experiences and engage critical thinking and reasoning (Allington & Johnston, 2002, Vygotsky, 1987; Wertch, 1991). This study investigates the impact of Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction (SIWI) on the development of signed expressive language (ASL) and written English. Our analysis demonstrates that a focus on ASL did not detract from students’ writing ...


Deaf Writers’ Application Of Asl Knowledge To English, Kimberly Wolbers, Lisa M. Bowers, Hannah M. Dostal, Shannon C. Graham Jan 2013

Deaf Writers’ Application Of Asl Knowledge To English, Kimberly Wolbers, Lisa M. Bowers, Hannah M. Dostal, Shannon C. Graham

Theory and Practice in Teacher Education Publications and Other Works

Language transfer theory elucidates how first language (L1) knowledge and grammatical features are applied in second language (L2) writing. Deaf and hard of hearing (d/hh) students who use or are developing American Sign Language (ASL) as their L1 may demonstrate use of ASL linguistic features in their writing of English. In this study, we investigated the extent to which 29 d/hh students in grades 6-8 (mean age = 13.2) with diverse ASL exposure incorporated ASL features in their English writing. We also investigated the impact of one year of Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction (SIWI) to increase students ...


“I Was Born Full Deaf.” Written Language Outcomes After One Year Of Strategic And Interactive Writing Instruction (Siwi), Kimberly Wolbers, Hannah M. Dostal, Lisa M. Bowers Jan 2012

“I Was Born Full Deaf.” Written Language Outcomes After One Year Of Strategic And Interactive Writing Instruction (Siwi), Kimberly Wolbers, Hannah M. Dostal, Lisa M. Bowers

Theory and Practice in Teacher Education Publications and Other Works

Nonstandard grammatical forms are often present in the writing of deaf students which are rarely, if ever, seen in the writing of hearing students. With the implementation of Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction (SIWI) in previous studies, students have demonstrated significant gains in high-level writing skills (e.g., text structure) but have also made gains with English grammar skills. This one-year study expands on prior research by longitudinally examining the written language growth (i.e., writing length, sentence complexity, sentence awareness and function words) of 29 deaf middle school students. A repeated-measures ANOVA with a between-subjects variable for literacy achievement ...


Using Asl And Print-Based Sign To Build Fluency And Greater Independence With Written English Among Deaf Students, Kimberly Wolbers Jan 2010

Using Asl And Print-Based Sign To Build Fluency And Greater Independence With Written English Among Deaf Students, Kimberly Wolbers

Theory and Practice in Teacher Education Publications and Other Works

This study investigated the use of ASL and print-based sign in the development of English writing fluency and writing independence among deaf, middle school students. ASL was the primary language through which students engaged in higher-level thinking, problem solving and meaning making. Print-based sign was used for rereading the collaboratively constructed English text. Mixed method approaches were utilized. First, a pretest-posttest control group design investigated whether students receiving the instruction made significantly greater gains compared to non-receivers with length of text—one indicator of writing fluency. There were a total of 33 students, 16 in the treatment group and 17 ...


Strategic And Interactive Writing Instruction (Siwi): Apprenticing Deaf Students In The Construction Of English Text, Kimberly Wolbers Jan 2008

Strategic And Interactive Writing Instruction (Siwi): Apprenticing Deaf Students In The Construction Of English Text, Kimberly Wolbers

Theory and Practice in Teacher Education Publications and Other Works

This study investigates the effects of using Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction (SIWI) with deaf, middle school students who use American Sign Language as their L1 and written English as L2. Using a pretest-posttest control group design, the research explores whether students receiving SIWI made significantly greater gains compared to those not receiving SIWI on a number of variables. There are 33 total students, 16 in the treatment group and 17 in the comparison group. The intervention lasted a total of 8 weeks, during which time the treatment group collaboratively constructed two report papers using SIWI components, and the comparison ...


Using Balanced And Interactive Writing Instruction To Improve The Higher Order And Lower Order Writing Skills Of Deaf Students, Kimberly Wolbers Jan 2008

Using Balanced And Interactive Writing Instruction To Improve The Higher Order And Lower Order Writing Skills Of Deaf Students, Kimberly Wolbers

Theory and Practice in Teacher Education Publications and Other Works

The current study reports the findings of balanced and interactive writing instruction used with 16 deaf and hard of hearing students. Although the instruction has been used previously, this was the first time it had been modified to suit the specific needs of deaf children and the first time it had been implemented with this subpopulation of students. The intervention took place in two elementary classrooms (N=8) and one middle school classroom (N=8) for a total of 21 days. A comparison of pre and posttest scores on both writing and reading measures evidenced that students made significant gains ...