Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 34

Full-Text Articles in Education

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Ethnography Of Language Planning And Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger, Aldo A. Tapia, David H. Hanks, Frances K. Dueñas Mar 2018

Ethnography Of Language Planning And Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger, Aldo A. Tapia, David H. Hanks, Frances K. Dueñas

GSE Publications

A decade ago, Hornberger & Johnson proposed that the ethnography of language planning and policy (ELPP) offers a useful way to understand how people create, interpret, and at times resist language policy and planning (LPP). They envisioned ethnographic investigation of layered LPP ideological and implementational spaces, taking up Hornberger's plea five years earlier for language users, educators, and researchers to fill up and wedge open ideological and implementational spaces for multiple languages, literacies, identities, and practices to flourish and grow rather than dwindle and disappear. With roots going back to the 1980s and 1990s, ethnographic research in LPP had been ...


Portraits Of Three Language Activists In Indigenous Language Reclamation, Nancy H. Hornberger Sep 2017

Portraits Of Three Language Activists In Indigenous Language Reclamation, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

In an approach inspired by portraiture and ‘history in person,’ this paper portrays three women Indigenous language activists engaged in language reclamation, highlighting the mutually constitutive nature of language and the enduring struggles of Indigenous peoples that are crucibles for forging their identities. Neri Mamani breaks down longstanding language and identity compartmentalisations in Peru by assuming a personal language policy of using Quechua and engaging in Indigenous practices in public, urban, and literate spaces. Nobuhle Hlongwa teaches a university course on language planning through isiZulu medium and is a key figure in advocating for, negotiating, and implementing multilingual language policy ...


Joshua A. Fishman: A Scholar Of Unfathomable Influence, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2017

Joshua A. Fishman: A Scholar Of Unfathomable Influence, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

In personal tribute to Joshua A. Fishman, I tell a few stories about this remarkable scholar as I got to know him – a glimpse of the person behind the great ideas that have so powerfully shaped our thinking. My many vivid memories of things Fishman said or wrote in my personal encounters with him – often pithy one-liners – are testimony to the power of his mind and voice, his spirit and soul. From my first year of Ph.D. study when I took his course Sociology of Bilingual Education at the 1980 Linguistic Society of America Summer Institute at the University ...


Ambient Positional Instability Among Core Subject Arkansas Public School Teachers: Interim Report, Michael Frisone, Tom Hooks, Tianpeng Ye, Robert Boruch Aug 2016

Ambient Positional Instability Among Core Subject Arkansas Public School Teachers: Interim Report, Michael Frisone, Tom Hooks, Tianpeng Ye, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

Ambient positional instability (API) here refers to any type of shift teachers may experience in their assigned position, including changes in school, grade, or subject assignment. API is a factor which has major research design and educational implications. Research designs which do not consider the instability of teaching positions may fail to obtain representative samples due to attrition. Controlled experiments must be designed to account for these potential shifts in teacher positions. Some evidence suggests a notable correlation between teacher turnover and poorer academic achievement among students. Finally, districts, organizations, and DOEs that create teacher training programs will have less ...


2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: State Assessments, Joni E. Finney Jan 2016

2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: State Assessments, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Mindfulness Training: A Transdisciplinary Approach To Assessing Efficacy In Education, Elizabeth Mackenzie Jul 2015

Mindfulness Training: A Transdisciplinary Approach To Assessing Efficacy In Education, Elizabeth Mackenzie

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Ambient Positional Instability Among Ohio Math And Science Teachers: 2008 To 2014, John Baker, Robert Boruch Apr 2015

Ambient Positional Instability Among Ohio Math And Science Teachers: 2008 To 2014, John Baker, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

This briefing is on teacher retention and Ambient Positional Instability (API) rates from 2008-09 to 2013-14 for math and science teachers in the state of Ohio. API is investigated in two ways; first, the cohort of math and science teachers teaching in the 2008-09 school year are followed over five years and, second, the population of math and science teachers are tracked from one year to the next over the same time period. Data analyses are presented with key findings identified. Instability rates tend to be stable year-to-year. Teachers in non-charter public schools in the five largest cities in Ohio ...


Taken Out Of Context: Defending Civic Education From The Situationist Critique, Sigal R. Ben-Porath, Gideon Dishon Jan 2015

Taken Out Of Context: Defending Civic Education From The Situationist Critique, Sigal R. Ben-Porath, Gideon Dishon

GSE Publications

Situationists have suggested that educational efforts to improve character and instill virtues should be abandoned, as individuals’ behavior is predicted by contexts and situations rather than by character traits. More recently it has been suggested that civic education and especially the effort to cultivate civic virtues are ineffective for similar reasons and should be replaced by the introduction of desirable social norms and institutions. After surveying the debate on this topic in the first part of the essay, we suggest that in fact virtues should not be judged as existing within one person and absent from another based on their ...


Teacher Churn In Missouri’S Five Biggest Cities, 2005-2014: A Briefing, Jill Bowdon, Robert Boruch Sep 2014

Teacher Churn In Missouri’S Five Biggest Cities, 2005-2014: A Briefing, Jill Bowdon, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

This policy brief:

(1) contrasts the proportion of math and science teachers who leave STEM fields within one year, three years, five years, and ten years with the proportion of English or Social Studies teachers who turnover during these intervals

(2) examines stability of the year-to-year turnover from STEM fields

(3) describes how teachers who leave math or science teaching assignments move into other STEM assignments, to non-STEM assignments, or leave the public schools of Missouri entirely, and

(4) describes the rates at which teachers who are still teaching in STEM fields remain in the same school and district, shift ...


Roadmap For The Development Of Education In Kazakhstan: Higher Education Roadmap Recommendations, Mary Canning, Joni E. Finney, Dennis Jones, Aims Mcguinness Nov 2013

Roadmap For The Development Of Education In Kazakhstan: Higher Education Roadmap Recommendations, Mary Canning, Joni E. Finney, Dennis Jones, Aims Mcguinness

GSE Publications

This document presents a set of recommendations for the Roadmap Project of the Republic of Kazakhstan developed by the Higher Education Project Team (Mary Canning, Joni Finney, Dennis Jones and Aims McGuinness). It is based on the July 2013 report Development of Strategic Directions for Education Reforms in Kazakhstan for 2015-2020.and on the reports of the Steering Committee.


The Sophistication Of Human Resources: The Learning Leader’S Challenge, Annie Mckee, Stanton Wortham Jan 2013

The Sophistication Of Human Resources: The Learning Leader’S Challenge, Annie Mckee, Stanton Wortham

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


To Flop Is Human: Inventing Better Scientific Approaches To Anticipating Failure, Robert Boruch, Alan Ruby Jan 2013

To Flop Is Human: Inventing Better Scientific Approaches To Anticipating Failure, Robert Boruch, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

Postmortems and autopsies, at the individual and hospital unit levels, are disciplined approaches to learning from medical failures. “Safety factors” that engineers use in designing structures and systems are based on past failures or trials and experiments to find points of failure.

The applied social sciences, including education sciences, labor economics, and criminology, have less clarity about failure. While a bridge collapse is usually plain and spectacular, failures of education innovations or attempts at crime control are often quieter, not spectacular, and often occur for no transparent reasons.

The applied social sciences lack disciplined, well-developed, and explicit approaches to anticipating ...


Dell H. Hymes: His Scholarship And Legacy In Anthropology And Education, Nancy H. Hornberger Dec 2011

Dell H. Hymes: His Scholarship And Legacy In Anthropology And Education, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

Dell Hathaway Hymes, linguistic anthropologist and educational visionary extraordinaire, passed away in November 2009, leaving behind a voluminous scholarship and inspirational legacy in the study of language and inequality, ethnography, sociolinguistics, Native American ethnopoetics, and education. This essay provides a brief account of Hymes's life and scholarly contributions, especially his early and enduring influence in the anthropology of education; and goes on to comment briefly on this AEQ set of essays honoring Hymes.


What Does Philosophy Have To Offer Education, And Who Should Be Offering It?, Stanton Wortham Dec 2011

What Does Philosophy Have To Offer Education, And Who Should Be Offering It?, Stanton Wortham

GSE Publications

In this review essay Stanton Wortham explores how philosophy of education should both turn inward, engaging with concepts and arguments developed in academic philosophy, and outward, encouraging educational publics to apply philosophical approaches to educational policy and practice. He develops his account with reference to two recent ambitious projects: The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Education, edited by Harvey Siegel, and the two-volume yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education (NSSE), titled Why Do We Educate? edited by Gary Fenstermacher (series editor), David Coulter and John Wiens (volume 1), and Mark Smylie (volume 2). These two projects ...


Working The Crevices: Granting Students Authority In Authoritarian Schools, Joan F. Goodman, Jessica Hoagland, Nadel Pierre-Toussaint, Celeste Rodriguez, Christina Sanabria May 2011

Working The Crevices: Granting Students Authority In Authoritarian Schools, Joan F. Goodman, Jessica Hoagland, Nadel Pierre-Toussaint, Celeste Rodriguez, Christina Sanabria

GSE Publications

Schools are beset with a serious “alienation gap” between teachers and students that is no less a problem than the “achievement gap.” Increasing student voice is thought to be one means to fill the gap, for it activates agency and thereby decreases passivity. The extent of agency ranges from attentive adult listening to strong student leadership. Here we concentrate on distinguishing elements of freedom, power, and authority in the enactment of agency, particularly how these elements can be distributed to students in urban authoritarian schools. In this article, four second-year Teach for America graduate students describe and reflect on their ...


How I Became An Encyclopedia Editor—And Other Tales Of A Wayward Scholar, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2011

How I Became An Encyclopedia Editor—And Other Tales Of A Wayward Scholar, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Using Student Achievement Data To Support Instructional Decision Making, Laura Hamilton, Richard Halverson, Sharnell S. Jackson, Ellen Mandinach, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Jeffrey C. Wayman, Cassandra Pickens, Emma Sama Martin, Jennifer L. Steele Sep 2009

Using Student Achievement Data To Support Instructional Decision Making, Laura Hamilton, Richard Halverson, Sharnell S. Jackson, Ellen Mandinach, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Jeffrey C. Wayman, Cassandra Pickens, Emma Sama Martin, Jennifer L. Steele

GSE Publications

As educators face increasing pressure from federal, state, and local accountability policies to improve student achievement, the use of data has become more central to how many educators evaluate their practices and monitor students’ academic progress (Knapp et al., 2006). Despite this trend, questions about how educators should use data to make instructional decisions remain mostly unanswered. In response, this guide provides a framework for using student achievement data to support instructional decision making. These decisions include, but are not limited to, how to adapt lessons or assignments in response to students’ needs, alter classroom goals or objectives, or modify ...


The Objectification Of Identity Across Events, Stanton Wortham Jul 2008

The Objectification Of Identity Across Events, Stanton Wortham

GSE Publications

This paper describes one way in which students develop durable, classroom-specific identities. When students enter new groups 8 their identities are often fluid. Over time, however, students and teachers generally come to identify individuals in predictable ways. 9 Durable identities emerge across events, as signs of identity come to presuppose a consistent trajectory of identification for a given 10 individual. This paper traces the social identification of one student across the course of a two-month curriculum unit in a middle 11 school science class, showing how he developed a complex but robust identity across several weeks in a new lab ...


Improving Educational Opportunities For Students Who Work, Laura W. Perna, Michelle Asha Cooper, Chunyan Li Jan 2007

Improving Educational Opportunities For Students Who Work, Laura W. Perna, Michelle Asha Cooper, Chunyan Li

GSE Publications

College students who cannot pay the price of attendance from some combination of personal financial resources and grants typically have three options: do not attend college, borrow money using public and private loans, and/or work. Data show that increasing shares of students are utilizing both loans and work to pay for college-related expenses (Baum, 2005). Much attention has focused on growth in borrowing (e.g., Baum, 2005; Perna, 2001), as well as potential consequences of borrowing for various aspects of students’ educational experiences, including persistence and degree completion (DesJardins, Ahlburg, & McCall, 2002; St. John, 2003) and graduate school enrollment (Choy & Carroll, 2000; Ehrenberg ...


School Discipline In Moral Disarray, Joan F. Goodman Jun 2006

School Discipline In Moral Disarray, Joan F. Goodman

GSE Publications

It is argued that current school disciplinary policies are ineffective instruments for delivering moral messages: they are poorly justified; fail to distinguish moral violations – violence, vandalism, deception – from conventional school-limited violations – attendance, dress codes, eating venues – leaving the impression that dress code violations and forgery are equivalent; conflate sanctions, including presumed punishments (detentions and suspensions), with other forms of corrections (conferences, positive and negative reinforcement) and apply them without distinction to moral and non-moral wrong-doing.

To be morally instructive school disciplinary codes should separate three types of infractions – moral, derivatively moral, and conventional. The derivatively moral includes rules that while ...


Validity Of The Dynamic Indicators For Basic Early Literacy Skills As An Indicator Of Early Literacy For Urban Kindergarten Children, Heather L. Rouse, John Fantuzzo Jan 2006

Validity Of The Dynamic Indicators For Basic Early Literacy Skills As An Indicator Of Early Literacy For Urban Kindergarten Children, Heather L. Rouse, John Fantuzzo

GSE Publications

The validity of three subtests of the Dynamic Indicators for Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) was investigated for kindergarten children in a large urban school district. A stratified, random sample of 330 participants was drawn from an entire cohort of kindergarten children. Letter Naming Fluency, Phoneme Segmentation Fluency, and Nonsense Word Fluency evidenced significant concurrent and predictive validity when compared to general reading ability measured by teacher report, individual assessments, and group-administered nationally standardized tests. Evidence for convergent and discriminant validity was also found when comparing these subtests to measures of specific literacy, cognitive, and social-behavioral constructs.


Rethinking Parent Involvement: African American Mothers Construct Their Roles In The Mathematics Education Of Their Children, Kara Jackson, Janine Remillard Mar 2005

Rethinking Parent Involvement: African American Mothers Construct Their Roles In The Mathematics Education Of Their Children, Kara Jackson, Janine Remillard

GSE Publications

This article presents initial findings from a study that examined how African American mothers from a low-income neighborhood conceptualized their roles in their children’s mathematics learning. Based on interviews and observations focusing on ten mothers’ involvement in their children’s education, we offer a framework that expands typical characterizations of parent involvement. This framework privileges practices that are both traditionally visible and invisible to the school and highlights how parents act as “intellectual resources” in their children’s education (Civil, Guevara, & Allexsaht-Snider, 2002). Our findings offer evidence that traditional understandings of parent involvement may overlook ways that low-income parents ...


Early Childhood Experiences And Kindergarten Success: A Population-Based Study Of A Large Urban Setting, John Fantuzzo, Heather L. Rouse, Paul Mcdermott, Stephen Childs, Andrea Weiss Jan 2005

Early Childhood Experiences And Kindergarten Success: A Population-Based Study Of A Large Urban Setting, John Fantuzzo, Heather L. Rouse, Paul Mcdermott, Stephen Childs, Andrea Weiss

GSE Publications

This study examined the unique protective influence of center-based early care and education experiences on kindergarten outcomes for children entering public school kindergarten. The 3,969 participants were geographically and demographically representative of an entire kindergarten cohort in a large urban school district. Child age, gender, ethnicity, family poverty, low maternal education, and neighborhood were found to be risks for academic and behavioral adjustment upon kindergarten entry. Controlling for these risks, formal, center-based experiences were related significantly to higher levels of Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Knowledge, Motor Skills, and Work Habits performance assessments and attendance in kindergarten. Initial advantages associated ...


Multiple Dimensions Of Family Involvement And Their Relations To Behavioral And Learning Competencies For Urban, Low-Income Children, John Fantuzzo, Christine Michele Mcwayne, Marlo A Perry, Stephanie Childs Jan 2004

Multiple Dimensions Of Family Involvement And Their Relations To Behavioral And Learning Competencies For Urban, Low-Income Children, John Fantuzzo, Christine Michele Mcwayne, Marlo A Perry, Stephanie Childs

GSE Publications

Relations between multiple dimensions of family involvement in early childhood education and classroom outcomes were examined. Participants included 144 urban, Head Start children. Parental report of family involvement was gathered in late fall using a multidimensional assessment. Relations between family involvement dimensions and end of the year outcomes of approaches to learning, conduct problems, and receptive vocabulary were investigated. Results revealed that Home-Based family involvement emerged as the strongest predictor of child outcomes. This dimension associated significantly with children's motivation to learn, attention, task persistence, receptive vocabulary skills, and low conduct problems. The School-Based Involvement dimension was significantly related ...


Learning In Education, Stanton Wortham Jan 2003

Learning In Education, Stanton Wortham

GSE Publications

Learning takes place in many settings, but educational institutions foster both breadth and depth of learning. Different types of teaching make very different assumptions about what learning is.


Education And Policy In The New Latin Diaspora, Edmund T. Hamann, Stanton Wortham, Enrique J. Murillo Jr Jan 2002

Education And Policy In The New Latin Diaspora, Edmund T. Hamann, Stanton Wortham, Enrique J. Murillo Jr

GSE Publications

Increasing numbers of Latinos (many immigrant, and some from elsewhere in the US) are settling both temporarily and permanently in areas of the US that have not traditionally been home to Latinos—e.g., North Carolina, Maine, Georgia, Indiana, Arkansas, rural Illinois and near resort communities in Colorado. Enrique Murillo and Sofia Villenas have called this the New Latino Diaspora (Murillo and Villenas, 1995). Newcomer Latinos are confronted with novel challenges to their senses of identity, status, and community. Instead of arriving in settings, like the Southwest, where Latinos have lived for centuries, those in the New Latino Diaspora arrive ...


College Preparation In The Middle Grades: It's More Than Sats, Laura W. Perna Sep 2001

College Preparation In The Middle Grades: It's More Than Sats, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Despite more than 30 years of effort by the federal government to increase college enrollment rates for African Americans, Hispanics, and low-income students, these groups continue to be underrepresented in higher education. Although family income and financial resources continue to influence college enrollment decisions, educators now suggest that the traditional focus on reducing financial barriers for the underrepresented groups has been too narrow.


Navigating The Currents Of Change, Barbara Hill, Madeleine Green, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2001

Navigating The Currents Of Change, Barbara Hill, Madeleine Green, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Colleges and universities are constantly undergoing change of some sort. Each new academic year brings computer software upgrades, fresh scheduling issues, new courses, and an influx of faculty and staff members.

But some institutional change is more ambitious, penetrating into the fabric of the institution. Many call this change "transformational"—meaning that it affects culture, structures, policies, attitudes, and behaviors.


Interactional Positioning And Narrative Self-Construction, Stanton Wortham Jan 2000

Interactional Positioning And Narrative Self-Construction, Stanton Wortham

GSE Publications

Many have proposed that autobiographical stories do more than describe a pre-existing self. Sometimes narrators can change who they are, in part, by telling stories about themselves. But how does this narrative self-construction happen? Most explanations rely on the representational function of autobiographical discourse. These representational accounts of narrative self-construction are necessarily incomplete, because autobiographical narratives have interactional as well as representational functions. While telling their stories autobiographical narrators often enact a characteristic type of self, and through such performances they can become that type of self. A few others have proposed that interactional positioning is central to narrative self-construction ...