Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

University of Pennsylvania

2006

Discipline
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 24 of 24

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Motion Picture Industry: Critical Issues In Practice, Current Research, And New Research Directions, Jehoshua Eliashberg, Anita Elberse Nov 2006

The Motion Picture Industry: Critical Issues In Practice, Current Research, And New Research Directions, Jehoshua Eliashberg, Anita Elberse

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

The motion picture industry has provided a fruitful research domain for scholars in marketing and other disciplines. The industry has high economic importance and is appealing to researchers because it offers both rich data that cover the entire product lifecycle for many new products and because it provides many unsolved “puzzles.” Although the amount of scholarly research in this area is rapidly growing, its impact on practice has not been as significant as in other industries (e.g., consumer packaged goods). In this article, we discuss critical practical issues for the motion picture industry, review existing knowledge on those issues ...


Postrace 101: Teaching And Unteaching Race In America's High Schools, John L. Jackson Jr Sep 2006

Postrace 101: Teaching And Unteaching Race In America's High Schools, John L. Jackson Jr

Departmental Papers (ASC)

There are some telltale signs that we might really be living in the kind of moment that academic provocateurs have labeled “postracial” (i.e., indifferent to historically self-evident expectations about race relations and race-based identifications): Duke lacrosse players, all of them White, who taunt a Black collegian-cum-stripper with carefully crafted quips better suited for a comedy club than a Klan rally (“Thank your grandpa for my cotton shirt”); a Black Ivy League professor testifying under oath that a baseball bat-wielding White vigilante who begins pummeling a Black man in Brooklyn by calling his victim a “nigger” does not necessarily harbor ...


A Framework For Reducing The College Success Gap And Promoting Success For All, Laura W. Perna, Scott L. Thomas Jul 2006

A Framework For Reducing The College Success Gap And Promoting Success For All, Laura W. Perna, Scott L. Thomas

GSE Publications

Policymakers, practitioners, and scholars have directed tremendous attention to the goal of improving “student success.” Based on a review of largely discrete existing bodies of literature, this report proposes an overarching framework that policymakers, practitioners, and researchers can use to develop, implement, and evaluate policies and practices for addressing persistent racial/ethnic and socioeconomic gaps in student success. The framework brings order to the wide array of theoretical and methodological approaches that, when considered together, provide a comprehensive understanding of the ways policymakers and practitioners can intervene more effectively to promote student success. The framework was intended to describe avenues ...


Achieving Breakthrough Service Delivery Through Dynamic Asset Deployment Strategies, Morris. A. Cohen, Narendra Agrawal, Vipul Agrawal Jun 2006

Achieving Breakthrough Service Delivery Through Dynamic Asset Deployment Strategies, Morris. A. Cohen, Narendra Agrawal, Vipul Agrawal

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

Many firms have shifted their focus from their products to their customers and the value derived from owning and using the products. They see after-sales service as an important source of revenue and profit, customer acquisition and retention, and competitive differentiation. However, they also find it challenging to manage their service-supply chain. Service organizations must position and manage service-supply-chain resources optimally to support the delivery of after-sales service. They must also develop capabilities to respond rapidly to the demand for service in a cost-effective manner. To succeed in implementing a service-centric strategy, firms must determine what items in their products ...


School Discipline In Moral Disarray, Joan F. Goodman Jun 2006

School Discipline In Moral Disarray, Joan F. Goodman

GSE Publications

It is argued that current school disciplinary policies are ineffective instruments for delivering moral messages: they are poorly justified; fail to distinguish moral violations – violence, vandalism, deception – from conventional school-limited violations – attendance, dress codes, eating venues – leaving the impression that dress code violations and forgery are equivalent; conflate sanctions, including presumed punishments (detentions and suspensions), with other forms of corrections (conferences, positive and negative reinforcement) and apply them without distinction to moral and non-moral wrong-doing.

To be morally instructive school disciplinary codes should separate three types of infractions – moral, derivatively moral, and conventional. The derivatively moral includes rules that while ...


Mission Statements: A Thematic Analysis Of Rhetoric Across International Type, Christopher C. Morphew, Matthew Hartley May 2006

Mission Statements: A Thematic Analysis Of Rhetoric Across International Type, Christopher C. Morphew, Matthew Hartley

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Standards-Based Teacher Evaluation As A Foundation For Knowledge- And Skill-Based Pay, Herbert G. Heneman Iii, Anthony Milanowski, Steven Kimball, Allan Odden May 2006

Standards-Based Teacher Evaluation As A Foundation For Knowledge- And Skill-Based Pay, Herbert G. Heneman Iii, Anthony Milanowski, Steven Kimball, Allan Odden

CPRE Policy Briefs

State accountability systems and the federal No Child Left Behind Act have put additional demands on schools and teachers to improve teacher quality and improve student achievement. Many researchers (e.g., Cohen, 1996; Corcoran & Goertz, 1995; Floden, 1997; Newman, King, & Rigdon, 1997) have argued that such improvements will require a substantial increase in the instructional capacity of schools and teachers. One strategy for capacity building is to provide teachers with incentives to improve their performance, knowledge, or skills. The incentive strategy requires the design and implementation of alternative teacher compensation systems that depart from the single salary schedule (Odden, 2000; Odden & Kelley, 2002). Though slow to take hold, the incentive strategy is currently being pursued by several states (Peterson, 2006). Most of these new or proposed plans link pay to combinations of assessments of teacher performance, acquisition of new knowledge and skills, and student test score gains. Denver's widely followed Pro Comp plan also contains these components.

The Teacher Compensation Group of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE) has been studying the design and effectiveness of such systems for nearly a decade. We initially focused on school-based performance award programs, in which each teacher in a school receives a bonus for meeting or exceeding schoolwide student achievement goals (Heneman, 1998; Heneman & Milanowski, 1999; Kelley, Heneman, & Milanowski, 2002; Kelly, Odden, Milanowski, & Heneman, 2000). We then shifted our attention to knowledge- and skill-based pay (KSBP) plans, an approach that provides teachers with base pay increases for the acquisition and demonstration of specific knowledge and skills thought to be necessary for improving student achievement.

Our initial research described a variety of experiments with KSBP plans (see Odden, Kelley ...


Information Gap Tasks: Their Multiple Roles And Contributions To Interaction Research Methodology, Teresa Pica, Hyun-Sook Kang, Shannon Sauro Apr 2006

Information Gap Tasks: Their Multiple Roles And Contributions To Interaction Research Methodology, Teresa Pica, Hyun-Sook Kang, Shannon Sauro

GSE Publications

This article describes how information gap tasks can be designed as instruments for data collection and analysis and as treatments in interaction research. The development of such tasks is illustrated and data are presented on their role in drawing learners' attention to second language (L2) forms that are difficult to notice through classroom discussion alone. Because the tasks presented here are closed-ended and precision oriented and require the exchange of uniquely held information, they promote modified interaction among participants and orient their attention to form, function, and meaning. These processes can be observed by the researcher during task implementation. Thus ...


A Whole Different Story: The Discursive (Re)Construction Of Student Ability In Teacher-Generated Assessment Narratives, Maren Aukerman Apr 2006

A Whole Different Story: The Discursive (Re)Construction Of Student Ability In Teacher-Generated Assessment Narratives, Maren Aukerman

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

No abstract provided.


Guaraní Académico Or Jopará? Educator Perspectives And Ideological Debate In Paraguayan Bilingual Education, Katherine Mortimer Apr 2006

Guaraní Académico Or Jopará? Educator Perspectives And Ideological Debate In Paraguayan Bilingual Education, Katherine Mortimer

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

No abstract provided.


Attitudes Of Preservice Teachers Toward Issues In Multicultural Education, Anita R. Mysore, Felicia Lincoln, Michael J. Wavering Apr 2006

Attitudes Of Preservice Teachers Toward Issues In Multicultural Education, Anita R. Mysore, Felicia Lincoln, Michael J. Wavering

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

No abstract provided.


How Do You Like Your Cereal? A Linguistic Analysis Of A Service Encounter, Caroline K. Isaacs Apr 2006

How Do You Like Your Cereal? A Linguistic Analysis Of A Service Encounter, Caroline K. Isaacs

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

No abstract provided.


Scaling Up Instructional Improvement Through Teacher Professional Development: Insights From The Local Systemic Change Initiative, Iris R. Weiss, Joan D. Pasley Mar 2006

Scaling Up Instructional Improvement Through Teacher Professional Development: Insights From The Local Systemic Change Initiative, Iris R. Weiss, Joan D. Pasley

CPRE Policy Briefs

There is a widespread view in the research and policy communities that the quality of mathematics and science instruction offered to students in the United States is low. The widely discussed results of the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) suggested that the reasons for American students’ poor performance in mathematics and science are complex, but at least partly due to weaknesses in the knowledge and skills of those teaching the subjects. In order to enhance teaching in these content areas, states and school districts need to act on what research has discovered about professional development (PD) and ...


When Online Reviews Meet Hyperdifferentiation: A Study Of The Craft Beer Industry, Eric K. Clemons, Guodong G. Gao, Lorin M. Hitt Jan 2006

When Online Reviews Meet Hyperdifferentiation: A Study Of The Craft Beer Industry, Eric K. Clemons, Guodong G. Gao, Lorin M. Hitt

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

We analyze how online reviews are used to evaluate the effectiveness of product differentiation strategies based on the theories of hyperdifferentiation and resonance marketing. Hyperdifferentiation says that firms can now produce almost anything that appeals to consumers and they can manage the complexity of the increasingly diverse product portfolios that result. Resonance marketing says that informed consumers will purchase products that they actually truly want. When consumers become more informed, firms that provide highly differentiated products should experience higher growth rates than firms with less differentiated offerings. We construct measures of product positioning based on online ratings and find supportive ...


Managing Patient Service In A Diagnostic Medical Facility, Linda V. Green, Sergei Savin, Ben Wang Jan 2006

Managing Patient Service In A Diagnostic Medical Facility, Linda V. Green, Sergei Savin, Ben Wang

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

Hospital diagnostic facilities, such as magnetic resonance imaging centers, typically provide service to several diverse patient groups: outpatients, who are scheduled in advance; inpatients, whose demands are generated randomly during the day; and emergency patients, who must be served as soon as possible. Our analysis focuses on two interrelated tasks: designing the outpatient appointment schedule, and establishing dynamic priority rules for admitting patients into service.

We formulate the problem of managing patient demand for diagnostic service as a finite-horizon dynamic program and identify properties of the optimal policies. Using empirical data from a major urban hospital, we conduct numerical studies ...


Introduction To Ict And Learning: Supporting Out-Of-School Youth And Adults, Daniel A. Wagner, Richard Sweet Jan 2006

Introduction To Ict And Learning: Supporting Out-Of-School Youth And Adults, Daniel A. Wagner, Richard Sweet

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

In attempting to raise levels of educational achievement and attainment, countries will obtain the greatest increase in overall national performance if they raise the performance of the lowest achievers and of those with the lowest level of qualifications. These are the groups whose improvement will make the greatest difference to the national average. Policies that specifically target low achievers and those with few formal qualifications have a special relevance to two groups outside the education system: youth who have dropped out of school without having completed a secondary education qualification, and low-skilled adults. The pressures for public policy to focus ...


Poverty, Health And Schooling In China, Shengchao Yu, Emily C. Hannum Jan 2006

Poverty, Health And Schooling In China, Shengchao Yu, Emily C. Hannum

Emily C. Hannum

No abstract provided.


¿Hacemos Una Peli? Negrablanca Y Los Entornos De Un Cine Hecho En Comunidad., Helena Fernandez De Llanos Jan 2006

¿Hacemos Una Peli? Negrablanca Y Los Entornos De Un Cine Hecho En Comunidad., Helena Fernandez De Llanos

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

¿Hacemos una peli? es un proyecto de cine comunitario que desarrollé en un área rural del sur de España durante nueve meses. Para realizarlo invité a compañeros profesionales del sector audiovisual y a cualquier persona del pueblo que quisiera participar. Su resultado fílmico es NegraBlanca, un largometraje de 90 minutos que experimenta con las formas de contar a partir del ensamblaje de diversas historias inventadas o recordadas por los participantes en el proyecto. Mi disertación investiga las posibilidades de un modelo de producción cinematográfica con base en la participación de las personas no profesionales, elaborada por Cine Sin Autor, un ...


Nyu And Jetblue: Partnerships That Work, Douglas E. Lynch, Michael Barger Jan 2006

Nyu And Jetblue: Partnerships That Work, Douglas E. Lynch, Michael Barger

GSE Publications

In a knowledge economy, every organization must place a priority on developing talent: finding and keeping the right employees and helping them succeed in life and work is the fulcrum strategy for productivity at all levels. Implementing that strategy is an almost overwhelming proposition that requires enormous resources, particularly in a highly competitive environment. Higher education and employers can benefit from working with each other to maximize human capital, but it is a collaboration that requires flexibility and goodwill on everyone’s part. This article, while introducing some of the literature on partnerships between higher education and corporations, also provides ...


Citizenship In Wartime, Sigal R. Ben-Porath Jan 2006

Citizenship In Wartime, Sigal R. Ben-Porath

GSE Publications

When a democracy enters a period of war or overt security threats, its citizens' lives are affected in many ways. Their feel­ings about their country can be transformed; public and political distinctions between "us" and "them" shift; citizens' expecta­tions from the government can be revised in light of what they perceive as their most urgent interests. The public agenda often becomes preoccupied with security issues; the public sphere is rearranged around these newly defined focal points. Many is­sues, including immigration, criminal law, demography, free speech, and artistic expression, to name but a few, become part of the ...


Validity Of The Dynamic Indicators For Basic Early Literacy Skills As An Indicator Of Early Literacy For Urban Kindergarten Children, Heather L. Rouse, John Fantuzzo Jan 2006

Validity Of The Dynamic Indicators For Basic Early Literacy Skills As An Indicator Of Early Literacy For Urban Kindergarten Children, Heather L. Rouse, John Fantuzzo

GSE Publications

The validity of three subtests of the Dynamic Indicators for Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) was investigated for kindergarten children in a large urban school district. A stratified, random sample of 330 participants was drawn from an entire cohort of kindergarten children. Letter Naming Fluency, Phoneme Segmentation Fluency, and Nonsense Word Fluency evidenced significant concurrent and predictive validity when compared to general reading ability measured by teacher report, individual assessments, and group-administered nationally standardized tests. Evidence for convergent and discriminant validity was also found when comparing these subtests to measures of specific literacy, cognitive, and social-behavioral constructs.


Building A Foundation For Positive Psychology In Schools, Sherri W. Fisher, David N. Shearon Jan 2006

Building A Foundation For Positive Psychology In Schools, Sherri W. Fisher, David N. Shearon

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Abstract

Teachers in a large, non-urban school system completed one or more positive psychology questionnaires assessing strengths of character; happiness; orientation toward pleasure, engagement, and meaning as three different paths to happiness; explanatory style; orientation toward teaching as a job, a career, or a calling; and job satisfaction. These results of these 170 participants are compared with those obtained from an Internet sample of 2,538 teachers on four of the same instruments. Correlations between the results for each of the two samples are examined. The resulting profiles of the two samples are compared, and suggestions are made as to ...


Discursive Approaches To Understanding Teacher Collaboration: Policy Into Practice, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2006

Discursive Approaches To Understanding Teacher Collaboration: Policy Into Practice, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Voice And Biliteracy In Indigenous Language Revitalization: Contentious Educational Practices In Quechua, Guarani, And Maori Contexts, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2006

Voice And Biliteracy In Indigenous Language Revitalization: Contentious Educational Practices In Quechua, Guarani, And Maori Contexts, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

This article considers instances of biliterate educational practice in contexts of indigenous language revitalization involving Quechua in the South American Andes, Guarani in Paraguay, and Maori in Aotearoa/NewZealand. In these indigenous contexts of sociohistorical and sociolinguistic oppression, the implementation of multilingual language policies through multilingual education brings with it choices, dilemmas, and even contradictions in educational practice. I consider examples of such contentious educational practices from an ecological perspective, using the continua of biliteracy and the notion of voice as analytical heuristics. I suggest that the biliterate use of indigenous children's own or heritage language as medium of ...