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Full-Text Articles in Education

Teachers' Work Practices In Kazakhstan: Some Comparative Insights From Timms 2011 To Guide Curriculum Implementation, Alan Ruby, Colleen Mclaughlin Mar 2018

Teachers' Work Practices In Kazakhstan: Some Comparative Insights From Timms 2011 To Guide Curriculum Implementation, Alan Ruby, Colleen Mclaughlin

GSE Publications

This paper looks at the different norms of practice between mathematics teachers in two countries, Kazakhstan and England. These differences pose challenges and opportunities for the implementation of a new secondary curriculum in Kazakhstan; a curriculum that has been shaped by and is grounded in prevailing practice in English educational system. The paper draws on survey data from the 2011 TIMSS exercise and relates it to our observations of classrooms in Kazakhstan over the last 5 years. The analy­sis draws on various cross­national studies of teachers’ work and studies of subject departments. The paper concludes with a discussion ...


Ethnography Of Language Planning And Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger, Aldo A. Tapia, David H. Hanks, Frances K. Dueñas Mar 2018

Ethnography Of Language Planning And Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger, Aldo A. Tapia, David H. Hanks, Frances K. Dueñas

GSE Publications

A decade ago, Hornberger & Johnson proposed that the ethnography of language planning and policy (ELPP) offers a useful way to understand how people create, interpret, and at times resist language policy and planning (LPP). They envisioned ethnographic investigation of layered LPP ideological and implementational spaces, taking up Hornberger's plea five years earlier for language users, educators, and researchers to fill up and wedge open ideological and implementational spaces for multiple languages, literacies, identities, and practices to flourish and grow rather than dwindle and disappear. With roots going back to the 1980s and 1990s, ethnographic research in LPP had been ...


Joshua A. Fishman: A Scholar Of Unfathomable Influence, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2017

Joshua A. Fishman: A Scholar Of Unfathomable Influence, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

In personal tribute to Joshua A. Fishman, I tell a few stories about this remarkable scholar as I got to know him – a glimpse of the person behind the great ideas that have so powerfully shaped our thinking. My many vivid memories of things Fishman said or wrote in my personal encounters with him – often pithy one-liners – are testimony to the power of his mind and voice, his spirit and soul. From my first year of Ph.D. study when I took his course Sociology of Bilingual Education at the 1980 Linguistic Society of America Summer Institute at the University ...


Revisiting Orientations In Language Planning: Problem, Right, And Resource As An Analytical Heuristic, Francis M. Hult, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2016

Revisiting Orientations In Language Planning: Problem, Right, And Resource As An Analytical Heuristic, Francis M. Hult, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

In 1984, Richard Ruiz set forth three orientations to language planning: language as problem, language as right, and language as resource. Since that time, the orientations have only become more powerful, rising to the level of paradigm in the field of language policy and planning (LPP). In this paper, we revisit Ruiz’s orientations. By drawing upon Ruiz’s own work as well as the work of other scholars who have been inspired by him, we unpack the ideas aligned with each orientation in order to reflect upon the application of the three orientations as a heuristic for LPP. In ...


Are There Metrics For Moocs From Social Media?, Alan Ruby, Laura W. Perna, Robert Boruch, Nicole Wang Dec 2015

Are There Metrics For Moocs From Social Media?, Alan Ruby, Laura W. Perna, Robert Boruch, Nicole Wang

GSE Publications

Since "the year of the MOOC" in 2012, the effectiveness of massive open online course (MOOCs) has been widely debated. Some argue that MOOCs are not an effective mode of instructional delivery because of low completion rates. In the interest of developing alternative indicators of performance this study draws from recent efforts to measure engagement in social media, as well as from research on indicators of student engagement in traditional college courses. Using data from 16 Coursera MOOCs offered by the University of Pennsylvania we calculate standardized access rates for lectures and assessments. While these indicators have clear limitations as ...


Review Of Kenneth Baker Et Al., 14-18: A New Vision For Secondary Education, Alan Ruby Apr 2015

Review Of Kenneth Baker Et Al., 14-18: A New Vision For Secondary Education, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


What Might We Learn From Research About Traditional Colleges And Universities, Laura W. Perna Mar 2014

What Might We Learn From Research About Traditional Colleges And Universities, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

This conference seeks to establish the foundations of a research agenda for determining the performance of tax-paying colleges and universities and the contributions of these institutions to societal goals. This paper advances this agenda by considering lessons learned from research on “traditional” (that is, public and private not-for-profit) colleges and universities. The paper first identifies the societal purposes of higher education and then considers what we know from research about how well traditional higher education institutions achieve these societal purposes. The paper concludes with recommendations drawn from research on traditional colleges and universities that may help guide the establishment of ...


Negotiating Methodological Rich Points In The Ethnography Of Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2013

Negotiating Methodological Rich Points In The Ethnography Of Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

Building on Agar’s (1996: 26) notion of rich points as those times in ethnographic research when something happens that the ethnographer doesn’t understand, methodological rich points are by extension those points where our assumptions about the way research works and the conceptual tools we have for doing research are inadequate to understand the worlds we are researching. When we pay attention to those points and adjust our research practices accordingly, they become key opportunities to advance our research and our under­ standings. Drawing for illustrative purposes on ethnographic research on bi­ lingual intercultural education policy and practice in ...


Writing About Race, Leadership, And African American History, Marybeth Gasman Feb 2012

Writing About Race, Leadership, And African American History, Marybeth Gasman

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Understanding The Role Of Research Universities In Improving College Preparation And Access At Local Urban High Schools, Laura W. Perna, Ira Harkavy, Cory Bowman Jan 2012

Understanding The Role Of Research Universities In Improving College Preparation And Access At Local Urban High Schools, Laura W. Perna, Ira Harkavy, Cory Bowman

GSE Publications

Urban colleges and universities not only have a responsibility to engage in activities designed to improve the educational attainment of local urban youth, but also have extensive financial, human, intellectual, and organizational resources that may be directed productively toward this purpose. This article describes the multipronged approach that the University of Pennsylvania is using to improve college opportunities for students attending Philadelphia high schools. We conclude by offering lessons that other institutions may draw from this example.


Do We Produce Enough Mathematics And Science Teachers?, Richard M. Ingersoll Jan 2011

Do We Produce Enough Mathematics And Science Teachers?, Richard M. Ingersoll

GSE Publications

For years, we've been told that we don't produce enough math and science teachers. Increasing teacher retirements and increasing student enrollments, we're told, have forced many school systems to lower standards to fill teaching openings, leading to high levels of underqualified teachers and, in turn, to lower student performance. Numerous high-profile reports have directly tied mathematics and science teacher shortages to a host of education and social problems, including the inability to meet student achievement goals, low U.S. performance compared to other nations, the minority achievement gap, poor national economic competitiveness, and even threats to national ...


Multilingual Language Policies And The Continua Of Biliteracy: An Ecological Approach, Nancy H. Hornberger Mar 2002

Multilingual Language Policies And The Continua Of Biliteracy: An Ecological Approach, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

The one language-one nation ideology of language policy and national identity is no longer the only available one worldwide (if it ever was). Multilingual language policies which recognize ethnic and linguistic pluralism as resources for nation-building are increasingly in evidence. These policies, many of which envision implementation through bilingual intercultural education, open up new worlds of possibility for oppressed indigenous and immigrant languages and their speakers, transforming former homogenizing and assimilationist policy discourses into discourses about diversity and emancipation. This paper uses the metaphor of ecology of language to explore the ideologies underlying multilingual language policies, and the continua of ...