Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Education

On Not Taking Language Inequality For Granted: Hymesian Traces In Ethnographic Monitoring Of South Africa’S Multilingual Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger Sep 2014

On Not Taking Language Inequality For Granted: Hymesian Traces In Ethnographic Monitoring Of South Africa’S Multilingual Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

South African higher education is at a critical juncture in the implementation of South Africa’s multilingual language policy promoting institutional status for nine African languages, English, and Afrikaans. South African scholars, not content merely to comment from the sidelines on the policy, its promise, and challenges, have also engaged in implementation efforts. This article explores two such initiatives, both focusing on the use of African languages in higher education institutions where English is already established as the medium of instruction, and both undertaken with explicit goals of righting South Africa’s longstanding social injustices. I collaborated with colleagues at ...


Immigrant Spanish As Liability Or Asset? Generational Diversity In Language Ideologies At School, Elaine Allard, Katherine Mortimer, Sarah Gallo, Holly Link, Stanton Wortham Jan 2014

Immigrant Spanish As Liability Or Asset? Generational Diversity In Language Ideologies At School, Elaine Allard, Katherine Mortimer, Sarah Gallo, Holly Link, Stanton Wortham

GSE Publications

Latino students’ educational success is central to America’s prosperity—in traditional immigrant destinations and in New Latino Diaspora locations, previously unfamiliar with Latinos. Implicated in this success is the reception young immigrants receive, especially the ways in which they are identified in schools. We describe findings from 6 years of ethnographic research in a high school and an elementary school in the New Latino Diaspora and describe divergent ideologies of Mexican-immigrant Spanish circulating in each context. We show how monoglossic language ideologies in the 2 schools frame teenage immigrants as deficient and younger immigrant children as proficient. These ideologies ...


Negotiating Methodological Rich Points In The Ethnography Of Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2013

Negotiating Methodological Rich Points In The Ethnography Of Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

Building on Agar’s (1996: 26) notion of rich points as those times in ethnographic research when something happens that the ethnographer doesn’t understand, methodological rich points are by extension those points where our assumptions about the way research works and the conceptual tools we have for doing research are inadequate to understand the worlds we are researching. When we pay attention to those points and adjust our research practices accordingly, they become key opportunities to advance our research and our under­ standings. Drawing for illustrative purposes on ethnographic research on bi­ lingual intercultural education policy and practice in ...


Life As A Chord: Heterogeneous Resources In The Social Identification Of One Migrant Girl, Stanton Wortham, Catherine R. Rhodes Jan 2013

Life As A Chord: Heterogeneous Resources In The Social Identification Of One Migrant Girl, Stanton Wortham, Catherine R. Rhodes

GSE Publications

The social and natural worlds provide heterogeneous resources that contribute both to instances of social identification and to life trajectories. One might claim or be assigned membership in various groups, which emerge at different spatial and temporal scales, and resources for social identification are often combined in novel ways to yield unexpected identities. To account for the trajectories of identification that any individual travels, analysts must determine which configurations of resources become relevant in a given case. Of the many resources that might be relevant to identifying an individual, event, or setting, a few generally become salient—somewhat like several ...


Bilingual Intercultural Education And Andean Hip Hop: Transnational Sites For Indigenous Language And Identity, Nancy H. Hornberger, Karl F. Swinehart Sep 2012

Bilingual Intercultural Education And Andean Hip Hop: Transnational Sites For Indigenous Language And Identity, Nancy H. Hornberger, Karl F. Swinehart

GSE Publications

Exploring contemporary Aymara and Quechua speakers' engagements with multilingualism, this article examines two transnational sites of Indigenous language use in Bolivia—a master's program in bilingual intercultural education in Cochabamba and a hip hop collective in El Alto. Responding to the call for a sociolinguistics of globalization that describes and interprets mobile linguistic resources, speakers, and markets, we draw on long-term ethnographic fieldwork to explore the transnational nature of these mobile and globalized sites, ideologies of Indigenous language and identity present there, and flexible language practices therein. From our analysis of selected narratives and interactions observed and recorded between ...


Dell H. Hymes: His Scholarship And Legacy In Anthropology And Education, Nancy H. Hornberger Dec 2011

Dell H. Hymes: His Scholarship And Legacy In Anthropology And Education, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

Dell Hathaway Hymes, linguistic anthropologist and educational visionary extraordinaire, passed away in November 2009, leaving behind a voluminous scholarship and inspirational legacy in the study of language and inequality, ethnography, sociolinguistics, Native American ethnopoetics, and education. This essay provides a brief account of Hymes's life and scholarly contributions, especially his early and enduring influence in the anthropology of education; and goes on to comment briefly on this AEQ set of essays honoring Hymes.


Voz Y Biliteracidad En La Revitalización De Lenguas Indígenas: Prácticas Contenciosas En Contextos Quechua, Guaraní, Y Maori, Nancy H. Hornberger Sep 2005

Voz Y Biliteracidad En La Revitalización De Lenguas Indígenas: Prácticas Contenciosas En Contextos Quechua, Guaraní, Y Maori, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

Portuguese:

Voz y Biliteracidad en la Revitalización de Lenguas Indígenas: Prácticas Contenciosas en Contextos Quechua, Guaraní, y Maori

Resumo: Este artigo examina instâncias de práticas educacionais de biletramento em contextos de revitalização de línguas indígenas envolvendo Quéchua nos Andes da América do Sul, Guarani no Paraguai e Maori em Aoteraroa, Nova Zelândia. Nesses contextos de opressão sociolingüística e sócio-histórica, a implementação de políticas de línguas multilíngües mediante educação multilíngüe acarreta escolhas, dilemas e até mesmo contradições em práticas educacionais. Examino exemplos de tais práticas educacionais contenciosas de um ponto de vista ecológico, empregando os contínuos de biletramento e a noção ...


Quechua Language Shift, Maintenance, And Revitalization In The Andes: The Case For Language Planning, Nancy H. Hornberger, Serafin M. Coronel-Molina Apr 2004

Quechua Language Shift, Maintenance, And Revitalization In The Andes: The Case For Language Planning, Nancy H. Hornberger, Serafin M. Coronel-Molina

GSE Publications

Although Quechua is spoken by eight to twelve million people across six South American countries, by most measures, Quechua is an endangered language. This article provides an overview of the current situation of Quechua language shift, maintenance, and revitalization, and makes a case for the importance of language planning for the survival and development of the language. We use Fishman’s notion of physical/demographic, social, and cultural dislocations as an organizing rubric for discussing Quechua’s current situation (Fishman 1991: 55–65), and the typology of status, corpus, and acquisition planning to discuss the role of language planning in ...


Authenticity And Unification In Quechua Language Planning, Nancy H. Hornberger, Kendall A. King Jan 1998

Authenticity And Unification In Quechua Language Planning, Nancy H. Hornberger, Kendall A. King

GSE Publications

With more than ten million speakers and numerous local and regional varieties, the unification and standardisation of Quechua/Quichua has been a complicated, politically charged, and lengthy process. In most Andean nations, great strides have been made towards unification of the language in recent decades. However, the process is far from complete, and multiple unresolved issues remain, at both national and local levels. A frequent sticking point in the process is the concern that the authenticity of the language will be lost in the move towards unification. This paper examines the potentially problematic tension between the goals of authenticity and ...


Bilingual Education Success, But Policy Failure, Nancy H. Hornberger Jun 1987

Bilingual Education Success, But Policy Failure, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

In 1977, a bilingual education project began in rural areas of Puno, Peru, as a direct result of Peru's 1972 Education Reform. This paper presents results of an ethnographic and sociolinguistic study comparing Quechua language use and maintenance between: 1) a bilingual education school and community, and 2) a nonbilingual education school and community. Classroom observation indicated a significant change in teacher–pupil language use and an improvement in pupil participation in the bilingual education school. Community observation and interviews indicated that community members both valued and used their language. Yet the project has had difficulties expanding or even ...