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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Gini Coefficient’S Magic Does Not Work On Standardized Test Scores, Selene Sunmin Lee Apr 2018

The Gini Coefficient’S Magic Does Not Work On Standardized Test Scores, Selene Sunmin Lee

GSE Graduate Student Research

The Gini coefficient, an indicator that is often used to measure the inequality in the distribution of income within countries, is meaningless when used on standardized test scores. This is because the value of the Gini coefficient depends on the scale’s mean and standard deviation which are arbitrarily selected by the test developers. Keeping the standard deviation of the scale constant, increasing the mean will decrease the Gini coefficient, while keeping the mean of the scale constant, increasing the standard deviation will increase the Gini coefficient. In addition, when Gini coefficients are estimated with scores on two different scales ...


Review Of Muslims Beyond The Arab World: The Odyssey Of ʿAjamī And The MurīDiyya By Fallou Ngom, Coleman Donaldson Jan 2017

Review Of Muslims Beyond The Arab World: The Odyssey Of ʿAjamī And The MurīDiyya By Fallou Ngom, Coleman Donaldson

GSE Graduate Student Research

No abstract provided.


Orthography, Standardization, And Register: The Case Of Manding, Coleman Donaldson Jan 2017

Orthography, Standardization, And Register: The Case Of Manding, Coleman Donaldson

GSE Graduate Student Research

Since at least the rise of nineteenth-century European nationalism, Westerners have in large part judged languages by whether they are written and standardized (Anderson 2006; Bauman and Briggs 2000; Blommaert 2006; Flores 2014). As the colonial era came to an end across much of the world in the 1960s, this tendency intermingled with the rising interest in development: what would be the place of the long minoritized indigenous languages of Africa, Asia and Latin America in the educational and political projects of postcolonial states? In Africa in particular, this led to a flourish-ing of orthographies for a large number of ...


Manding Reflexive Verb Constructions And Registers In Jula Of Burkina Faso, Coleman Donaldson Jan 2016

Manding Reflexive Verb Constructions And Registers In Jula Of Burkina Faso, Coleman Donaldson

GSE Graduate Student Research

This article explores one structural way in which Jula differs from other Manding varieties: the forgoing of formally reflexive constructions in favor of formally ambiguous intransitive constructions and more rarely innovative idiomatic transitive constructions. To do so, I draw on contextually elicited forms from 2012 fieldwork with 9 Jula speakers in Burkina Faso. Given the limitations of elicitation, I explore wider acceptability judgments and text artifacts to reveal that Jula speakers in Burkina frequently recognize and in fact use formally reflexive constructions typically attributed to other Manding varieties such as Bamanan. These findings suggest that these so-called Bamanan constructions are ...


Review Of Ethnography And Language Policy Edited By Teresa L. Mccarty, Coleman Donaldson Aug 2013

Review Of Ethnography And Language Policy Edited By Teresa L. Mccarty, Coleman Donaldson

GSE Graduate Student Research

No abstract provided.


A Policy Analysis Of The Federal Growth Model Pilot Program's Measures Of School Performance: The Florida Case, Michael J. Weiss, Henry May Jan 2012

A Policy Analysis Of The Federal Growth Model Pilot Program's Measures Of School Performance: The Florida Case, Michael J. Weiss, Henry May

GSE Graduate Student Research

As test-based educational accountability has moved to the forefront of national and state education policy, so has the desire for better measures of school performance. No Child Left Behind's (NCLB) status and safe harbor measures have been criticized for being unfair and unreliable, respectively. In response to such criticism, in 2005 the federal government announced the Growth Model Pilot Program, which permits states to use projection models (a type of growth model) in their accountability systems. This article uses historical longitudinal data from a large school district to empirically show the inaccuracy of one state's projection model, to ...