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Full-Text Articles in Education

After-School Tutoring, Household Substitution And Student Achievement: Experimental Evidence From Rural China, Jere R. Behrman, C. Simon Fan, Xiangdong Wei, Hongliang Zhang, Junsen Zhang Jan 2020

After-School Tutoring, Household Substitution And Student Achievement: Experimental Evidence From Rural China, Jere R. Behrman, C. Simon Fan, Xiangdong Wei, Hongliang Zhang, Junsen Zhang

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Worldwide children’s access to after-school learning activities is highly dependent on family backgrounds. Concern over the implications of such activities for child development and educational inequality has led to a global rise of public provision of after-school learning support. However little is known about interactions of public after-school activities and household investments in children’s learning. This paper contributes to the literature on the effects of public inputs on household inputs and student achievement in after-school settings. We build a model that integrates public and private inputs to produce student achievement through two competing mechanisms – diminishing returns to total ...


Does Sorting Matter For Learning Inequality? Evidence From East Africa, Paul Anand, Jere R. Behrman, Hai-Anh H. Dang, Sam Jones Dec 2019

Does Sorting Matter For Learning Inequality? Evidence From East Africa, Paul Anand, Jere R. Behrman, Hai-Anh H. Dang, Sam Jones

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Inequalities in children’s learning are widely recognized to arise from variations in both household and school-related factors. While few studies have considered the role of sorting between schools and households, even fewer have quantified how much sorting contributes to educational inequalities in low- and middle-income countries. We fill this gap using data on over 1 million children from three East African countries. Applying a novel variance decomposition procedure, our results indicate that sorting of pupils across schools accounts for at least 8 percent of the total test-score variance, equivalent to half a year of schooling or more. This contribution ...


What Does It Mean To Become An Adult?: When Everyone Else Goes To College: The Work-Bound Youth In Korea, Hyejeong Jo Oct 2017

What Does It Mean To Become An Adult?: When Everyone Else Goes To College: The Work-Bound Youth In Korea, Hyejeong Jo

Korean Millennials Research Briefs

No abstract provided.


The Development Of Coping Skills For Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics Students: Transitioning From Minority To Majority Environments, Ebony O. Mcgee, Margaret Beale Spencer Jan 2013

The Development Of Coping Skills For Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics Students: Transitioning From Minority To Majority Environments, Ebony O. Mcgee, Margaret Beale Spencer

GSE Publications

Urban Ills: Twenty First Century Complexities of Urban Living in Global Contexts is a collection of original research focused on critical challenges and dilemmas to living in cities. Volume 1 examines both the economic impact of urban life and the social realities of urban living. The editors define the ecology of urban living as the relationship and adjustment of humans to a highly dense, diverse, and complex environment. This approach examines the nexus between the distribution of human groups with reference to material resources and the consequential social, political, economic, and cultural patterns which evolve as a result of the ...


Causal Effects Of Single-Sex Schools On College Entrance Exams And College Attendance: Random Assignment In Seoul High Schools, Hyunjoon Park, Jere R. Behrman, Jaesung Choi Jan 2012

Causal Effects Of Single-Sex Schools On College Entrance Exams And College Attendance: Random Assignment In Seoul High Schools, Hyunjoon Park, Jere R. Behrman, Jaesung Choi

PSC Working Paper Series

Despite the voluminous literature on the potentials of single-sex schools, there is no consensus on the effects of single-sex schools because of student selection of school types. We exploit a unique feature of schooling in Seoul, the random assignment of students into single-sex versus coeducational high schools, to assess causal effects of single-sex schools on college entrance exam scores and college attendance. Our validation of the random assignment shows comparable socioeconomic backgrounds and prior academic achievement of students attending single-sex schools and coeducational schools, which increases the credibility of our causal estimates of single-sex school effects. Attending all-boys schools or ...


Interpreting The Economic Growth And Development Policies Of Post-Apartheid South Africa: Its Influence On Higher Education And Prospects For Women, Diane E. Eynon Jan 2010

Interpreting The Economic Growth And Development Policies Of Post-Apartheid South Africa: Its Influence On Higher Education And Prospects For Women, Diane E. Eynon

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation is structured as a critical policy analysis employing historical methods. It examines how the post apartheid government's economic growth and development polices have informed the higher education system and how this has changed women's financial, occupational, political, social, and educational prospects in South Africa. Through the telling of this history, the paper provides understanding of the relationship between economic growth and development, higher education, and women within the social, cultural, and political context of the country from 1994 to the present.

This is also a story about the lives of South African women. It examines how ...


Postrace 101: Teaching And Unteaching Race In America's High Schools, John L. Jackson Jr Sep 2006

Postrace 101: Teaching And Unteaching Race In America's High Schools, John L. Jackson Jr

Departmental Papers (ASC)

There are some telltale signs that we might really be living in the kind of moment that academic provocateurs have labeled “postracial” (i.e., indifferent to historically self-evident expectations about race relations and race-based identifications): Duke lacrosse players, all of them White, who taunt a Black collegian-cum-stripper with carefully crafted quips better suited for a comedy club than a Klan rally (“Thank your grandpa for my cotton shirt”); a Black Ivy League professor testifying under oath that a baseball bat-wielding White vigilante who begins pummeling a Black man in Brooklyn by calling his victim a “nigger” does not necessarily harbor ...


The Relationship Between Family Responsibilities And Career Outcomes For Women And Men Faculty, Laura W. Perna Dec 2004

The Relationship Between Family Responsibilities And Career Outcomes For Women And Men Faculty, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Sex And Race Differences In Faculty Salaries, Tenure, Rank, And Productivity: Why, On Average, Do Women, African Americans, And Hispanics Have Lower Salaries, Tenure, And Rank?, Michael T. Nettles, Laura W. Perna Nov 1995

Sex And Race Differences In Faculty Salaries, Tenure, Rank, And Productivity: Why, On Average, Do Women, African Americans, And Hispanics Have Lower Salaries, Tenure, And Rank?, Michael T. Nettles, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

This study examined the status and conditions of salaries, tenure, rank attainment, and productivity of men and women college faculty and faculty of each of five racial groups. It is based on a subset of data on 8,114 faculty members drawn from the 1992-93 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty. The results, based on descriptive and multivariate analyses, indicate that, even after controlling for experience, education, productivity, and institutional characteristics, women received 11.3 percent lower salaries than men, had lower probabilities than men of being tenured, and were less likely than men to be full professors. While Hispanic and ...