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Rooted In Resilience: A Framework For The Integration Of Well-Being In Teacher Education Programs, Jessica Spurgeon, Lauren Thompson Aug 2018

Rooted In Resilience: A Framework For The Integration Of Well-Being In Teacher Education Programs, Jessica Spurgeon, Lauren Thompson

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

The process of teaching students is incredibly difficult. Oftentimes, the adversities of the profession sway highly effective teachers into social and emotional deficits, and eventually lead to burnout (Spilt, Koomen, & Thijs, 2011; Wisniewski & Gargiulo, 1997). Emotional depletion, burnout, and high attrition in the profession may be costly for the educational system – both financially and academically (Klusmann, Richter, & Lüdtke, 2016). We suggest that the key to preventing burnout, and cultivating flourishing students, is through the educators themselves. Educators who are taught, practice, and implement the skills of well-being at the onset of their careers are more likely to positively adapt and endure the ...


Working Off-Track: Adjunct Labor In Higher Education, Chad Gregory Evans Jan 2018

Working Off-Track: Adjunct Labor In Higher Education, Chad Gregory Evans

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The proportion of non-tenure track faculty has grown over the last decade and adjuncts now constitute two-thirds of the academic workforce. Despite this growth, there remain important limitations to our understanding of this new faculty majority. For one, typologies for conceptualizing adjunct diversity are often poorly aligned and make limited use of information valuable for classification. This study addresses these issues by employing the multivariate typological method of cluster analysis. The analysis implied a “natural typology” for adjunct faculty and suggested important nuances for fully recognizing adjunct diversity in higher education. This dissertation also addresses limitations with regard to adjunct ...


Saving The World The Right Way: Altruistic Education, Supakorn Laohasongkram Aug 2017

Saving The World The Right Way: Altruistic Education, Supakorn Laohasongkram

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Intelligence and passion are not enough for humans to become all that they can be. Hitler and the Nazis too had a lot of intelligence and passion. But what they did not have is the wisdom of how to use their intelligence and passion for the good of mankind. Nevertheless, the question of developing how we, humans, ought to use our intelligence and passion is often neglected in modernity when compared with the obsession we have of increasing our grit and wit. This obsession reflects the current state of education whereby the function of education today is often cheapened to ...


The Elusive Equalizer: How Racial, Class, And Gender Inequality Persists Among College Educated Millennials, Charlene Erika Cruz-Cerdas Jan 2017

The Elusive Equalizer: How Racial, Class, And Gender Inequality Persists Among College Educated Millennials, Charlene Erika Cruz-Cerdas

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation investigates the financial well-being of college educated millennials. A four-year college degree has long been considered the great equalizer, helping young people achieve middle class status despite their own family background. However, there remain troubling racial, class, and gender disparities among millennials, a group of young people who entered the labor market just as the Great Recession of 2008 hit. The Great Recession is often understood as the greatest economic downturn since the Great Depression. Because of this, this dissertation assesses college educated millennials’ financial well-being by focusing on three outcomes of interest: student debt, earnings, and financial ...


College In Mind: A Mixed-Methods Study Of How Emerging Adults With Psychiatric Disabilities Prepare For And Transition To And Through Higher Education, Laura Carolyn Murray Jan 2017

College In Mind: A Mixed-Methods Study Of How Emerging Adults With Psychiatric Disabilities Prepare For And Transition To And Through Higher Education, Laura Carolyn Murray

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation study employs an exploratory sequential mixed methods design to investigate how emerging adults with psychiatric disabilities plan for and transition to and through college. Special attention is paid to how disclosure of disability status in educational contexts can influence both educational and recovery outcomes. Though more students with psychiatric disabilities attend American colleges and universities than ever before (Gallagher, 2014), little is known about their educational experiences prior to arrival in higher education or the strategies they employ to navigate college once there. Taking a strengths-based approach grounded in disability theory, the study conceives of college as a ...


Becoming A Stem Teacher: A Study Of Interest In Education Careers Among First-Year Stem Majors, Seher Ahmad Aug 2016

Becoming A Stem Teacher: A Study Of Interest In Education Careers Among First-Year Stem Majors, Seher Ahmad

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Despite considerable public attention to STEM teacher shortage, little research has been done on the STEM teacher pipeline. This dissertation compares STEM majors with an interest in secondary school teaching (hereafter referred to as STEM teachers), STEM majors without an intention to enter secondary school teaching (hereafter referred to as STEM majors), and students with an interest in secondary school teaching (hereafter referred to as secondary school teachers). In this dissertation, I investigate individual, family, and institutional variables associated with students’ plans to enter STEM majors and pursue a career in education. I utilize Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) framework ...


A Study On Mobility: Pakistani-Origin Muslim Youth In Higher Education, Mariam Durrani Jan 2016

A Study On Mobility: Pakistani-Origin Muslim Youth In Higher Education, Mariam Durrani

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

My dissertation is a multi-sited ethnography that investigates the gendered lifeworlds of transnational Pakistani-origin, Muslim college students in New York City and in Lahore, Pakistan. My ethnographic approach follows the multiple and overlapping mobility trajectories of transnational youth as marked by particular, semiotic practices and narratives. During the 16 months of fieldwork, my focal fieldsites—the hallways, dorms, student club- rooms, cafeterias, and libraries at two comparable college campuses—provided the interactional spaces where I could observe students developing their social and cultural selves. In my research, I found that the rural to urban migration pattern and concomitant imaginaries remained ...


Revealing The Role Of Higher Education In A Diverse Democracy: A Theory Of College Student Political Identity Development, Demetri Lloyd Morgan Jan 2016

Revealing The Role Of Higher Education In A Diverse Democracy: A Theory Of College Student Political Identity Development, Demetri Lloyd Morgan

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

ABSTRACT

REVEALING THE ROLE OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN A DIVERSE DEMOCRACY: A THEORY OF COLLEGE STUDENT

POLITICAL IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT

Demetri L. Morgan

J. Matthew Hartley

This dissertation sought to investigate how students make meaning of their curricular and cocurricular educational experiences while in college to better theorize how and why these experiences influence the development of their political identity. To date, research has shown that people who attend college are more likely to be civically and politically engaged compared to those who do not attend college. Yet few studies have sought to ascertain what about the totality of a person ...


Common Ground: Discursive Practices And The Building Of Trust Among Participants Of Executive Training Program, Christopher Thomas Jan 2016

Common Ground: Discursive Practices And The Building Of Trust Among Participants Of Executive Training Program, Christopher Thomas

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

In traditional academic instruction, the classroom may be viewed as a kind of speech community composed of an expert (the teacher) and those who are at various stages of socializing into the cultural models and norms of that community (students), although this is an overly simplistic and unilinear view. In executive development programs, students are already socialized into a professional community of importance to them, and many are pursuing learning to further develop skills to be applied in the organizational contexts in which they are already embedded and deeply invested. This dissertation begins with the conceptualization that a classroom is ...


Essays On Residential Segregation, The Economics Of Prestige At The Elite Colleges, And Property Rights, Peter Blair Jan 2015

Essays On Residential Segregation, The Economics Of Prestige At The Elite Colleges, And Property Rights, Peter Blair

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation consists of three chapters. In the first chapter of the dissertation, I propose a new method for estimating the racial tipping points of US neighborhoods. Applying this method to US census data, I find that the average neighborhood tipping point has increased from 15% in 1970 to 42% in 2010. Moreover, I find that from 1970-2010 that differences in racial preferences play a diminishing role in explaining cross city differences in tipping points. Differences in the outside options of white householdâ??s, on the other hand, play an increasingly important role in explaining cross city differences in tipping ...


"Democracy's Colleges" Under Pressure: Examining The Effects Of Neoliberal Public Policy On Regional Comprehensive Universities, Cecilia Marie Orphan Jan 2015

"Democracy's Colleges" Under Pressure: Examining The Effects Of Neoliberal Public Policy On Regional Comprehensive Universities, Cecilia Marie Orphan

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Four million undergraduate students enroll in regional comprehensive universities each year. Numbering close to 420, these universities have been called “democracy’s colleges” in recognition of their role in facilitating educational opportunity through requiring low barriers for admission, emphasizing teaching as opposed to research, and engaging in the civic and economic life of their regions. These activities have given rise to the three elements of their public purpose; specifically, they are often student-centered, regionally engaged and open access. Despite the important function regional comprehensive universities serve, they are facing unprecedented challenges created by a neoliberal public policy context that narrows ...


The Tie That Binds: Trusteeship, Values, And The Presidential Selection Process At Ame Affiliated Hbcus, Felecia Elana Commodore Jan 2015

The Tie That Binds: Trusteeship, Values, And The Presidential Selection Process At Ame Affiliated Hbcus, Felecia Elana Commodore

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Trust is necessary to legitimize good relationships and good relationships are necessary for good governance (Kezar, 2004). Literature also suggests that social capital and networks create and establish trust (Fukuyama, 1995, Leana & Van Buren III, 1999; Orr, 1999; Beaudoin, 2011). In short, trust comes from relationships, networks, and shared connections that create comfort or familiarity with a person. This study aims to discover how trust is established during the decision making processes of boards of trustees at HBCUs. This study also aims to understand more about the role and effect of individual board members on the work of the board. The question central to ...


Game Not Over: Understanding How Low-Income Students Use Financial Aid And Other Resources To Persist Toward Bachelor's Degree Completion, Jamey Rorison Jan 2014

Game Not Over: Understanding How Low-Income Students Use Financial Aid And Other Resources To Persist Toward Bachelor's Degree Completion, Jamey Rorison

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Students from low-income families are not as likely as their more affluent peers to complete a baccalaureate degree. While other forces - including, but not limited to, prior academic preparation, academic integration, social integration, and engagement on campus - may influence a student's decision to persist or drop out of college, some students simply are not able to afford to pay tuition, fees, and living expenses. Over the past thirty years, the cost of college tuition and fees have increased over 500 percent, while available federal, state, and institutional financial aid programs have failed to grow at a comparable pace. Notwithstanding ...


The Four-Year College Pipeline And Factors Related To Bachelor's Degree Completion For High School Graduates, Michael Armijo Jan 2014

The Four-Year College Pipeline And Factors Related To Bachelor's Degree Completion For High School Graduates, Michael Armijo

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This study examines students' progress from high school graduation through college enrollment and completion. Much of the existing research frames high school dropout, college access, and college completion as separate phenomena; few studies examine individuals' transitions across these points. Thinking about these events as related pieces of a pathway to educational attainment is called an education pipeline perspective. This perspective is particularly useful today, given recent reforms aimed at improving high school academic achievement, preparing students for college and careers, and increasing educational attainment.

Using two nationally representative, longitudinal data sets (ELS:2002 and NELS:88) I examined changes in ...


The Stories We Tell: Narratives Of Spiritual Development Of Black Undergraduates, Keon Monte Mcguire Jan 2014

The Stories We Tell: Narratives Of Spiritual Development Of Black Undergraduates, Keon Monte Mcguire

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

THE STORIES WE TELL: NARRATIVES OF SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT AMONG BLACK UNDERGRADUATES

Keon M. McGuire

Shaun R. Harper

John L. Jackson, Jr.

Discourse surrounding religion in the American public sphere, especially as it relates to young adults, primarily exists within church decline narratives; or the declining significance of faith traditions and institutions. Yet, when a framework that dismisses the role of religion and spirituality is utilized for interpreting and making sense of young adults' spirituality, interesting, revitalizing, and innovative ways in which young adults are doing spirituality and religion remain obscured. Thus, scholars must employ a different set of theories and ...


Establishing Peace And Conflict Studies Programs In Iraqi Universities: Necessary Conditions And Short-Term Implications, Thomas Eugene Hill Jan 2014

Establishing Peace And Conflict Studies Programs In Iraqi Universities: Necessary Conditions And Short-Term Implications, Thomas Eugene Hill

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Establishing Peace and Conflict Studies Programs in Iraqi Universities:

Necessary Conditions and Short-Term Implications

Peace and Conflict Studies was unknown as a field of academic inquiry in Iraq when the 21st century began. Just over a decade later, formal institutional entities had been established to explore the subject at three Iraqi universities. Using a participatory action research methodology, this dissertation explores two questions: 1. What are the conditions that promote or impede establishment of a university-based program in peace and conflict studies in Iraq?, and; 2. Once established, what are possible outputs and outcomes of these programs over the ...


Not All Types Of Delay Are Equal: Postsecondary Delay In The U.S. And Taking A Gap Year, Nina Depena Hoe Jan 2014

Not All Types Of Delay Are Equal: Postsecondary Delay In The U.S. And Taking A Gap Year, Nina Depena Hoe

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Postsecondary delay in the U.S. is a topic that has generated interest in the field of higher education in recent decades. Seventeen percent of U.S. students under the age of 24 who began their postsecondary education in 2004 delayed their entrance for some period of time. At the national level, studies have indicated that students who delay are not only at a disadvantage in terms of their pre-college experiences, including lower socioeconomic status and lower levels of academic preparation and achievement, but also are less likely to enroll in a baccalaureate granting institution and complete a bachelor's ...


When Do Faculty Inputs Matter? A Panel Study Of Racial/Ethnic Differences In Engineering Bachelor's Degree Production, Tafaya S. Ransom Jan 2013

When Do Faculty Inputs Matter? A Panel Study Of Racial/Ethnic Differences In Engineering Bachelor's Degree Production, Tafaya S. Ransom

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields are widely credited as the primary drivers of economic growth through innovation, with engineering universally identified as especially critical. Yet as other nations have strengthened their engineering talent pools, the United States has struggled to cultivate an engineering workforce that reflects its diversity and takes full advantage of its human capital. Reflecting this dilemma, African Americans have consistently posted the weakest persistence and bachelor's degree completion rates of all racial/ethnic groups in engineering, and by some indications, their postsecondary outcomes are worsening.

The purpose of this study was to develop understanding ...


Unpacking The Black Box: Estimating The High School-Level Effects Of Undermatching Among Underrepresented Students, Awilda Rodriguez Jan 2013

Unpacking The Black Box: Estimating The High School-Level Effects Of Undermatching Among Underrepresented Students, Awilda Rodriguez

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Recent studies have revealed how large shares of college-ready students undermatch, or enroll in colleges with less competitive admissions processes than they are eligible to attend. Undermatch sits at the nexus of both college access and completion agendas, as undermatching to a less selective institution results in a decreased likelihood of graduating from college. Latino, low-income, and potential first generation college graduates are more likely to undermatch than their nonunderrepresented peers. Many underrepresented students rely on their high schools to help navigate the college choice process, yet we have a limited understanding of how high school characteristics can inhibit or ...


Who Stole The Soul: Black Student Sociopolitical Solidarity In The Twenty-First Century, Brian F. Peterson Jan 2013

Who Stole The Soul: Black Student Sociopolitical Solidarity In The Twenty-First Century, Brian F. Peterson

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The 1960s and `70s marked the most historic transformational period of Black college student enrollments and sociopolitical presence at predominantly White institutions in the United States. Research on Black student solidarity and social movements typically refers back to this era, with very little attention given to the ways that today's Black college students - the beneficiaries of the previous Black campus activist efforts - continue this work. This study explores contemporary Black student sociopolitical solidarity and the role that the institution plays in shaping it.

The following questions guided this study: How has Black students' sense of activism evolved from the ...


Dell H. Hymes: His Scholarship And Legacy In Anthropology And Education, Nancy H. Hornberger Dec 2011

Dell H. Hymes: His Scholarship And Legacy In Anthropology And Education, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

Dell Hathaway Hymes, linguistic anthropologist and educational visionary extraordinaire, passed away in November 2009, leaving behind a voluminous scholarship and inspirational legacy in the study of language and inequality, ethnography, sociolinguistics, Native American ethnopoetics, and education. This essay provides a brief account of Hymes's life and scholarly contributions, especially his early and enduring influence in the anthropology of education; and goes on to comment briefly on this AEQ set of essays honoring Hymes.


Making Youtube And Facebook Videos: Gender Differences In Online Video Creation Among First-Year Undergraduate Students Attending A Highly Selective Research University, Anu Vedantham Jan 2011

Making Youtube And Facebook Videos: Gender Differences In Online Video Creation Among First-Year Undergraduate Students Attending A Highly Selective Research University, Anu Vedantham

Scholarship at Penn Libraries

Online video creation for YouTube and Facebook is a newly popular activity for college students. Women have explored social networking technologies at about the same level as men, but have expressed less interest in computer programming and multimedia design. Online video creation includes aspects of both social networking and programming / multimedia design and provides an interesting forum for examining gender-related differences. This mixed methods study uses questionnaire data from 31% of the population of first year students attending a highly selective research university. The study explores how online video creation varies by gender after incorporating theoretical concepts of confidence, self-efficacy ...


Making Youtube And Facebook Videos: Gender Differences In Online Video Creation Among First-Year Undergraduate Students Attending A Highly Selective Research University, Anu Vedantham Jan 2011

Making Youtube And Facebook Videos: Gender Differences In Online Video Creation Among First-Year Undergraduate Students Attending A Highly Selective Research University, Anu Vedantham

Scholarship at Penn Libraries

Online video creation for YouTube and Facebook is a newly popular activity for college students. Women have explored social networking technologies at about the same level as men, but have expressed less interest in computer programming and multimedia design. Online video creation includes aspects of both social networking and programming / multimedia design and provides an interesting forum for examining gender-related differences. This mixed methods study uses questionnaire data from 31% of the population of first year students attending a highly selective research university. The study explores how online video creation varies by gender after incorporating theoretical concepts of confidence, self-efficacy ...


Envisioning A Regional Role: Comprehensive Universities And Conceptions Of Their Regional Contributions, David Soo Jan 2011

Envisioning A Regional Role: Comprehensive Universities And Conceptions Of Their Regional Contributions, David Soo

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This study examines the ways in which comprehensive universities seek to contribute to and engage with their cities and regions. By studying three regional comprehensive universities, it uncovers the ways in which leaders and others on campus envision the role of the university in contributing to the community and the strategies put in place to animate this vision. The general regional contributions of these comprehensive universities can be delineated into four overlapping areas: the education of students in line with regional needs; engaging the intellectual resources of the university with the community; regional development; and outreach, volunteering, and fixed spending ...