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University of Northern Iowa

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Mexican Elites And Language Policy In Tucson’S First Schools, Elise M. Dubord Jan 2003

Mexican Elites And Language Policy In Tucson’S First Schools, Elise M. Dubord

Faculty Publications

Educational institutions developed in Tucson, Arizona in the last quarter of the 19th Century during a critical time in cultural and political shifts of power between Anglo and Mexican elites in Southern Arizona. This paper examines unofficial language policies in both public and parochial schools in Tucson that reflect the accommodation of power between the two groups. The data used to reconstruct these de facto language policies comes from school documents, newspaper articles and advertisements, memoirs of teachers, politicians and others as well as historical accounts of the formation of Tucson’s first schools. Tollefson (1991) suggests that “language policy ...