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Improvement Of Lipids And Reduction Of Oxidative Stress With Octacosanol After Taekwondo Training, Sang-Ho Lee, Steven D. Scott, Elizabeth J. Pekas, Jeong-Gi Lee, Song-Young Park Jan 2019

Improvement Of Lipids And Reduction Of Oxidative Stress With Octacosanol After Taekwondo Training, Sang-Ho Lee, Steven D. Scott, Elizabeth J. Pekas, Jeong-Gi Lee, Song-Young Park

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Athletes in combat sports undergo rapid changes in body weight prior to competition in order to gain a size advantage over their opponent. However, these large weight changes with concomitant high-intensity exercise training create poor lipid profiles and high levels of oxidative stress, which can be detrimental to health and sport performance. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of the nutritional supplement octacosanol to combat the physiological detriments that occur in taekwondo players during rapid weight loss with high-intensity exercise training. Methods: A total of 26 male taekwondo players were randomly divided into 2 groups ...


The Relationship Between Acute Pain And Dynamic Postural Stability Indices In Individuals With Patellar Tendinopathy, Adam B. Rosen, Jupil Ko, Cathleen N. Brown Sep 2018

The Relationship Between Acute Pain And Dynamic Postural Stability Indices In Individuals With Patellar Tendinopathy, Adam B. Rosen, Jupil Ko, Cathleen N. Brown

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Background

Patellar tendinopathy is a common condition resulting in persistent pain, frequently reported during physical activity. The relationship between dynamic postural stability and pain in these individuals is unclear and how it may affect postural stability.

Research Question

Is there a relationship between acute pain and dynamic postural stability indices in individuals with patellar tendinopathy?

Methods

Twenty-two recreationally active individuals with patellar tendinopathy participated. Participants performed a two-legged jump and landed on a single test-limb on a force platform. They completed 100 mm visual analogue scales (VAS) before and after landing trials. Anterior-posterior (APSI), medial-lateral (MLSI), vertical (VSI), and composite ...


Functional Performance Deficits In Adolescent Athletes With A History Of Lateral Ankle Sprain(S), Jupil Ko, Adam B. Rosen, Cathleen N. Brown Jul 2018

Functional Performance Deficits In Adolescent Athletes With A History Of Lateral Ankle Sprain(S), Jupil Ko, Adam B. Rosen, Cathleen N. Brown

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Objective

To determine if adolescent athletes with a history of lateral ankle sprain(s) (LAS) displayed deficits on functional performance tests (FPTs) and if deficits on FPT were related to the number of previous LAS.

Design

Cross-sectional study.

Setting

Biomechanics Laboratory.

Participants

The injured group (n = 24) had a history of ≥1 moderate-severe LAS. The uninjured group (n = 34) had no history of LAS.

Main outcome measure(s)

The average reach distance of three trials in each direction of the star excursion balance test (SEBT) was normalized to leg length (%). The average of two trials of single-leg-hop test (SLHT) was ...


The Effect Of Telehealth Interventions On Quality Of Life Of Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Jamie L. Larson, Adam B. Rosen, Fernando A. Wilson Jun 2018

The Effect Of Telehealth Interventions On Quality Of Life Of Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Jamie L. Larson, Adam B. Rosen, Fernando A. Wilson

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Introduction:In 2016, ∼1.7 million new cases of cancer were diagnosed. Cancer patients can have physical, functional, and psychosocial issues when dealing with cancer treatment. Telehealth has been effectively introduced to help deliver treatment to patients suffering from chronic disease; however, there is little consensus on its effectiveness in administering sociobehavioral cancer treatments. Thus, this study determines the benefits of telehealth-based interventions providing emotional and symptom support in improving quality of life (QOL) among cancer patients.

Methods:Two researchers conducted comprehensive searches on PubMed, SCOPUS, Medline, PsycINFO, ERIC, Psychology and Behavioral Collection, and Medline Complete. Key search terms included ...


Ability Of Functional Performance Tests To Identify Individuals With Chronic Ankle Instability: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analysis, Adam B. Rosen, Alan R. Needle, Jupil Ko Dec 2017

Ability Of Functional Performance Tests To Identify Individuals With Chronic Ankle Instability: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analysis, Adam B. Rosen, Alan R. Needle, Jupil Ko

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Objective:

The purpose of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to determine the effectiveness of functional performance tests (FPTs) in differentiating between individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) and healthy controls.

Data Sources:

The National Library of Medicine Catalog (PubMed), the Cumulative Index for Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and the SPORTDiscus, from inception to June 2017 were searched. Search terms consisted of: “Functional Performance Test*” OR “Dynamic Balance Test*” OR “Postural Stability Test*” OR “Star Excursion Balance Test*” OR “Hop Test*” AND “Ankle Instability” OR “Ankle Sprain.” Included articles assessed differences in FPTs in patients with CAI compared ...


Healthy Families: A Family-Based Community Intervention To Address Childhood Obesity, Danae Dinkel, Melissa Tibbits, Emily Hanigan, Kelly Nielsen, Leah Jorgensen, Kay Grant Oct 2017

Healthy Families: A Family-Based Community Intervention To Address Childhood Obesity, Danae Dinkel, Melissa Tibbits, Emily Hanigan, Kelly Nielsen, Leah Jorgensen, Kay Grant

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Healthy Families, a family-based community intervention, in improving the knowledge, self-efficacy, and health behaviors of overweight/obese children and their families as well as to explore the lessons learned. Results showed families who completed the program had significant improvements for children and parents in areas such as nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy in making healthy eating choices as well as participating in physical activity. Additionally, families reported decreasing their intake of sugar-sweetened beverages. Participating families and community partners provided valuable lessons for other communities seeking to implement a similar program.


Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Reliability, And Validation Of The Korean Version Of The Identification Functional Ankle Instability (Idfai), Jupil Ko, Adam B. Rosen, Cathleen N. Brown Sep 2017

Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Reliability, And Validation Of The Korean Version Of The Identification Functional Ankle Instability (Idfai), Jupil Ko, Adam B. Rosen, Cathleen N. Brown

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Purpose: To cross-culturally adapt the Identification Functional Ankle Instability for use with Korean-speaking participants.

Methods: The English version of the IdFAI was cross-culturally adapted into Korean based on the guidelines. The psychometric properties in the Korean version of the IdFAI were measured for test-retest reliability, internal consistency, criterion-related validity, discriminative validity, and measurement error 181 native Korean-speakers.

Results: Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC2,1) between the English and Korean versions of the IdFAI for test–retest reliability was 0.98 (standard error of measurement = 1.41). The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.89 for the Korean versions of IdFAI. The ...


Diagnosis Of A Chiari Malformation After A Concussion In A Junior College Football Player With A History Of Chronic Headaches: A Case Report, Takeaki Ando, Shannon Gehr, Melanie L. Mcgrath, Adam B. Rosen Sep 2017

Diagnosis Of A Chiari Malformation After A Concussion In A Junior College Football Player With A History Of Chronic Headaches: A Case Report, Takeaki Ando, Shannon Gehr, Melanie L. Mcgrath, Adam B. Rosen

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

The purpose of this report is to present the case of a National Junior Collegiate Athletic Association football player diagnosed with Chiari malformation postconcussion. A Chiari malformation is characterized by the cerebellum presenting below the level of the foramen. The uniqueness of this case stems from the patient’s health history, length of symptoms, and diagnosis. The effectiveness of treatment options, and the primary means to reduce the risk of catastrophic head injury in those with Chiari malformations are debatable. Clinicians should be familiar with the potential for the presence of a Chiari malformation with persistent symptoms postconcussion.


Single-Limb Landing Biomechanics Are Altered And Patellar Tendinopathy Related Pain Is Reduced With Acute Infrapatellar Strap Application, Adam B. Rosen, Jupil Ko, Cathleen N. Brown Aug 2017

Single-Limb Landing Biomechanics Are Altered And Patellar Tendinopathy Related Pain Is Reduced With Acute Infrapatellar Strap Application, Adam B. Rosen, Jupil Ko, Cathleen N. Brown

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Background

Patellar tendinopathy, a common condition of the knee, is often treated with patellar tendon straps to control pain during dynamic activity. Little is known regarding their effect on pain, landing kinematics and kinetics with their application. The purpose of this study was to determine if patellar tendon straps influenced pain, kinematics at landing and ground reaction forces in individuals with patellar tendinopathy versus healthy controls.

Methods

Thirty participants with patellar tendinopathy and 30 controls participated. They completed single-limb landings with and without patellar tendon straps while pain, three-dimensional kinematics and vertical ground reaction forces were measured. A multivariate analysis ...


Patellar Tendon Straps Decrease Pain And May Alter Lower Extremity Kinetics In Those With Patellar Tendinopathy During Jump Landing, Adam B. Rosen, Jupil Ko, Kathy J. Simpson, Cathleen N. Brown Jul 2017

Patellar Tendon Straps Decrease Pain And May Alter Lower Extremity Kinetics In Those With Patellar Tendinopathy During Jump Landing, Adam B. Rosen, Jupil Ko, Kathy J. Simpson, Cathleen N. Brown

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Patellar tendinopathy is often managed with a patellar tendon strap, however, their effectiveness is unsubstantiated. The purpose of this study was to determine if straps altered pain or lower extremity kinetics of individuals with patellar tendinopathy during landing. Thirty participants with patellar tendinopathy and 30 controls completed drop jumps with and without patellar tendon straps. Wearing the strap, tendinopathy participants demonstrated significantly decreased pain and reduced knee adductor moment; all participants displayed significantly decreased anterior ground reaction force while wearing a strap. Patellar tendon strapping may reduce pain due to alterations in direction and magnitude of loading.


Comparison Between Single And Combined Clinical Postural Stability Tests In Individuals With And Without Chronic Ankle Instability, Jupil Ko, Adam B. Rosen, Cathleen N. Brown Jul 2017

Comparison Between Single And Combined Clinical Postural Stability Tests In Individuals With And Without Chronic Ankle Instability, Jupil Ko, Adam B. Rosen, Cathleen N. Brown

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Objective: To determine if a single or/and combined clinical tests match group membership based on self-reported ankle function.

Design: Cross-sectional.

Setting: Biomechanics Laboratory.

Participants: From participants, 58 meeting inclusion/exclusion criteria were divided into a chronic ankle instability (CAI) group (n = 25) who reported ≤25 on the Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT) and a history of moderate–severe ankle sprain(s) and a control group (n = 33) who reported ≥29 on the CAIT and no history of ankle sprain(s).

Interventions: Participants completed the following clinical tests: Foot Lift Test (FLT), the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), the Single-Leg ...


Affordances In The Home Environment For Motor Development-Infant Scale, Spanish Translation, Danae Dinkel, Kailey Snyder, Priscila Cacola Jun 2017

Affordances In The Home Environment For Motor Development-Infant Scale, Spanish Translation, Danae Dinkel, Kailey Snyder, Priscila Cacola

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

The home environment has a critical influence on an infant’s development and well-being. The Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development-Infant Scale (AHEMD-IS) is an instrument that has been developed to assess the home environment. This article illustrates the translation, validation, and cultural adaptation process of the AHEMD-IS from English to Spanish. The AHEMD-IS underwent a comprehensive process involving a four-phase translation process: (1) Forward translation, (2) Semantic equivalence, (3) Content equivalence testing, and (4) Final version development. Steps 1 and 2 resulted in linguistic alterations from the initial translation to enhance clarity for general public understanding. In ...


He’S Just Content To Sit: A Qualitative Study Of Mothers’ Perceptions Of Infant Obesity And Physical Activity, Danae Dinkel, Kailey Snyder, Anastasia Kyvelidou, Victoria Molfese Jun 2017

He’S Just Content To Sit: A Qualitative Study Of Mothers’ Perceptions Of Infant Obesity And Physical Activity, Danae Dinkel, Kailey Snyder, Anastasia Kyvelidou, Victoria Molfese

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Background: Rates of obesity among children ages zero to five are rapidly increasing. Greater efforts are needed to promote healthy behaviors of young children. Mothers are especially important targets for promoting health as mothers’ views play a vital role in helping their children foster healthy habits from an early age. Research has found parents’ views of infants’ weight may influence their feeding practices; however, limited research has explored mothers’ view of infants’ weight in relation to the promotion of physical activity. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of mothers of normal weight infants and overweight ...


Postural Control Strategies Differ In Normal Weight And Overweight Infants, Danae Dinkel, Kailey Snyder, Victoria Molfese, Anastasia Kyvelidou Jun 2017

Postural Control Strategies Differ In Normal Weight And Overweight Infants, Danae Dinkel, Kailey Snyder, Victoria Molfese, Anastasia Kyvelidou

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Background

Evidence suggests obesity can have a negative influence on a child’s motor development and postural control behavior. Little research has examined the impact of infant weight on gross motor behavior, particularly postural control at the onset of sitting.

Objective

The purpose of this study was to determine whether normal weight and overweight infants differed in their postural control strategies at the onset of sitting and one-month post onset of sitting.

Methods

29 infants (n = 19 normal weight, n = 10 overweight) were recruited to participate in this study. Infant’s length and weight were measured at 3 months of ...


Attention Is Associated With Postural Control In Those With Chronic Ankle Instability, Adam B. Rosen, Nicholas T. Than, William Z. Smith, Jennifer M. Yentes, Melanie L. Mcgrath, Mukul Mukherjee, Sara A. Myers, Arthur C. Maerlender May 2017

Attention Is Associated With Postural Control In Those With Chronic Ankle Instability, Adam B. Rosen, Nicholas T. Than, William Z. Smith, Jennifer M. Yentes, Melanie L. Mcgrath, Mukul Mukherjee, Sara A. Myers, Arthur C. Maerlender

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is often debilitating and may be affected by a number of intrinsic and environmental factors. Alterations in neurocognitive function and attention may contribute to repetitive injury in those with CAI and influence postural control strategies. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine if there was a difference in attentional functioning and static postural control among groups of Comparison, Coper and CAI participants and assess the relationship between them within each of the groups. Recruited participants performed single-limb balance trials and completed the CNS Vital Signs (CNSVS) computer-based assessment to assess their attentional function. Center ...


They Just Need To Move: Teachers' Perception Of Classroom Physical Activity Breaks, Danae Dinkel, Connie Schaffer, Kailey Snyder, Jung Min Lee Apr 2017

They Just Need To Move: Teachers' Perception Of Classroom Physical Activity Breaks, Danae Dinkel, Connie Schaffer, Kailey Snyder, Jung Min Lee

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study was to explore 1) perceptions of preschool-8th grade teachers' in regard to classroom physical activity (PA) and 2) multiple levels of factors impacting preschool-8th grade teachers' ability to implement PA into the classroom. Sixty preschool-8th grade teachers from five school districts participated in semi-structured interviews following a guide developed from constructs of the social ecological model. All teachers implemented classroom PA but had varied levels of confidence for implementation. Teachers identified barriers to implementation and requested additional classroom PA resources. Furthermore, they identified collaboration with other teachers as an underutilized resource for promotion of classroom ...


Patellar Tendon Straps Decrease Pre-Landing Quadriceps Activation In Males With Patellar Tendinopathy, Adam B. Rosen, Jupil Ko, Kathy J. Simpson, Cathleen N. Brown Mar 2017

Patellar Tendon Straps Decrease Pre-Landing Quadriceps Activation In Males With Patellar Tendinopathy, Adam B. Rosen, Jupil Ko, Kathy J. Simpson, Cathleen N. Brown

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Objective: To determine if patellar tendon straps altered quadriceps’ muscle activity during a drop-jump landing in males with and without patellar tendinopathy.

Design: Case-control.

Settings: Biomechanics Research Laboratory.

Participants: Twenty recreationally-active males participated: ten (age=21.3±2.4 years, height=182.8±5.3cm, mass=81.7±8.6kg) with patellar tendinopathy; ten (age=22.0±1.6 years, height=185.7±4.5 cm, mass=82.2±9.8kg) were healthy with no history of tendinopathy.

Main Outcome Measures: Electromyography (EMG) data for the vastus medialis (VM), rectus femoris (RF), and vastus lateralis (VL) muscles were collected. Five ...


Purposeful Movement: The Integration Of Physical Activity Into A Mathematics Unit, Kailey Snyder, Danae M. Dinkel, Connie Schaffer, Seth Hively, Amanda Colpitts Jan 2017

Purposeful Movement: The Integration Of Physical Activity Into A Mathematics Unit, Kailey Snyder, Danae M. Dinkel, Connie Schaffer, Seth Hively, Amanda Colpitts

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Classroom physical activity (PA) has been linked to a multitude of health andacademic benefits. However, due to barriers such as lack of time and resourcesmany teachers are not implementing classroom PA to the degree they would liketo. One innovative solution is to integrate classroom PA into academic concepts.Based on self-determination theory, this pilot study evaluated the effectivenessof a teacher-developed purposeful movement teaching strategy on PA, on-taskbehavior and academic achievement. Two third grade classrooms participated inthis pilot study, one acting as the comparison and the other working with theschool Physical Education teacher to develop the active lessons. The evaluationconsisted of ...


How Accurate Are The Wrist-Based Heart Rate Monitors During Walking And Running Activities? Are They Accurate Enough?, Sarah E. Stahl, Hyun-Sung An, Danae M. Dinkel, John M. Noble, Jung-Min Lee Apr 2016

How Accurate Are The Wrist-Based Heart Rate Monitors During Walking And Running Activities? Are They Accurate Enough?, Sarah E. Stahl, Hyun-Sung An, Danae M. Dinkel, John M. Noble, Jung-Min Lee

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Background Heart rate (HR) monitors are valuable devices for fitness-orientated individuals. There has been a vast influx of optical sensing blood flow monitors claiming to provide accurate HR during physical activities. These monitors are worn on the arm and wrist to detect HR with photoplethysmography (PPG) techniques. Little is known about the validity of these wearable activity trackers.

Aim Validate the Scosche Rhythm (SR), Mio Alpha (MA), Fitbit Charge HR (FH), Basis Peak (BP), Microsoft Band (MB), and TomTom Runner Cardio (TT) wireless HR monitors.

Methods 50 volunteers (males: n=32, age 19–43 years; females: n=18, age 19 ...


Validity Of Physical Activity Monitors For Assessing Lower Intensity Activity In Adults, M. Andrés Calabró, Jung-Min Lee, Pedro F. Saint-Maurice, Hyelim Yoo, Gregory J. Welk Sep 2014

Validity Of Physical Activity Monitors For Assessing Lower Intensity Activity In Adults, M. Andrés Calabró, Jung-Min Lee, Pedro F. Saint-Maurice, Hyelim Yoo, Gregory J. Welk

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Background: Accelerometers can provide accurate estimates of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA).However, one of the limitations of these instruments is the inability to capture light activity within an acceptablerange of error. The purpose of the present study was to determine the validity of different activity monitors forestimating energy expenditure (EE) of light intensity, semi-structured activities.
Methods: Forty healthy participants wore a SenseWear Pro3 Armband (SWA, v.6.1), the SenseWear Mini, theActiheart, ActiGraph, and ActivPAL monitors, while being monitored with a portable indirect calorimetry (IC).Participants engaged in a variety of low intensity activities but no formalized scripts or protocols ...


Examination Of Different Accelerometer Cut-Points For Assessing Sedentary Behaviors In Children, Youngwon Kim, Jung-Min Lee, Bradley P. Peters, Glenn A. Gaesser, Gregory J. Welk Apr 2014

Examination Of Different Accelerometer Cut-Points For Assessing Sedentary Behaviors In Children, Youngwon Kim, Jung-Min Lee, Bradley P. Peters, Glenn A. Gaesser, Gregory J. Welk

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Background: Public health research on sedentary behavior (SB) in youth has heavily relied on accelerometers. However, ithas been limited by the lack of consensus on the most accurate accelerometer cut-points as well as by unknown effectscaused by accelerometer position (wrist vs. hip) and output (single axis vs. multiple axes). The present study systematicallyevaluates classification accuracy of different Actigraph cut-points for classifying SB using hip and wrist-worn monitors andestablishes new cut-points to enable use of the 3-dimensional vector magnitude data (for both hip and wrist placement).
Methods: A total of 125 children ages 7–13 yrs performed 12 randomly selected activities ...


Non-Overweight And Overweight Children’S Physical Activity During School Recess, Nicola D. Ridgers, Pedro F. Saint-Maurice, Gregory J. Welk, Mohammed Siahpush, Jennifer L. Huberty Mar 2014

Non-Overweight And Overweight Children’S Physical Activity During School Recess, Nicola D. Ridgers, Pedro F. Saint-Maurice, Gregory J. Welk, Mohammed Siahpush, Jennifer L. Huberty

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Objective: Little research has investigated children’s physical activity levels during school recess and the contribution of recess to school day physical activity levels by weight status. The aims of this study were to examine non-overweight and overweight children’s physical activity levels during school recess, and examine the contribution of recess to school day physical activity.

Design: Cross-sectional.

Setting: Four elementary schools located in Nebraska, United States of America (USA).

Methods: Two hundred and seventeen children (99 boys, 118 girls; 47.9% overweight) wore a uni-axial accelerometer for five consecutive school days during autumn 2009. The proportion of time ...


Accuracy Of Neck Circumference In Classifying Overweight And Obese Us Children, Youngwon Kim, Jung-Min Lee, Kelly Laursen, Yang Bai, Glenn A. Gaesser, Gregory J. Welk Jan 2014

Accuracy Of Neck Circumference In Classifying Overweight And Obese Us Children, Youngwon Kim, Jung-Min Lee, Kelly Laursen, Yang Bai, Glenn A. Gaesser, Gregory J. Welk

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Objective. To evaluate classification accuracy of NC and compare it with body mass index (BMI) in identifying overweight/obese US children. Methods. Data were collected from 92 children (boys: 61) aged 7 to 13 over a 2-year period. NC, BMI, and percent of body fat (BF%) were measured in each child and their corresponding cut-off values were applied to classify the children as being overweight/obese. Classification accuracy of NC and BMI was systematically investigated for boys and girls in relation to true overweight/obesity categorization as assessed with a criterion measure of BF% (i.e., Bod Pod). Results. For ...


Evaluation Of Gogirlgo!; A Practitioner Based Program To Improve Physical Activity, Jennifer L. Huberty, Danae M. Dinkel, Michael W. Beets Jan 2014

Evaluation Of Gogirlgo!; A Practitioner Based Program To Improve Physical Activity, Jennifer L. Huberty, Danae M. Dinkel, Michael W. Beets

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Background:
GoGirlGo! (GGG) is designed to increase girls’ physical activity (PA) using a health behavior and PA-based curriculum and is widely available for free to afterschool programs across the nation. However, GGG has not been formally evaluated. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the GGG curricula to improve PA, and self-efficacy for and enjoyment of PA in elementary aged girls (i.e., 5-13 years).

Methods:
Nine afterschool programs were recruited to participate in the pilot (within subjects repeated measures design). GGG is a 12-week program, with a once a week, one-hour lesson with 30 ...


Physical Activity Barriers And Facilitators Among Working Mothers And Fathers, Emily L. Mailey, Jennifer Huberty, Danae M. Dinkel, Edward Mcauley Jan 2014

Physical Activity Barriers And Facilitators Among Working Mothers And Fathers, Emily L. Mailey, Jennifer Huberty, Danae M. Dinkel, Edward Mcauley

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Background: The transition to parenthood is consistently associated with declines in physical activity. In particular, working parents are at risk for inactivity, but research exploring physical activity barriers and facilitators in this population has been scarce. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively examine perceptions of physical activity among working parents.

Methods: Working mothers (n = 13) and fathers (n = 12) were recruited to participate in one of four focus group sessions and discuss physical activity barriers and facilitators. Data were analyzed using immersion/crystallization in NVivo 10.

Results: Major themes for barriers included family responsibilities, guilt, lack of support ...


Using Sensewear Armband And Diet Journal To Promote Adolescents’ Energy Balance Knowledge And Motivation, Senlin Chen, Xihe Zhu, Gregory J. Welk, Youngwon Kim, Jung-Min Lee, Nathan Meier Jan 2014

Using Sensewear Armband And Diet Journal To Promote Adolescents’ Energy Balance Knowledge And Motivation, Senlin Chen, Xihe Zhu, Gregory J. Welk, Youngwon Kim, Jung-Min Lee, Nathan Meier

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Purpose: Educating adolescents about energy balance (EB) is essential for effective weight control. This study utilized the Sensewear (SWA) armband and a diet journal to promote adolescents’ EB knowledge and motivation.

Methods: Ninety sixth graders were randomly assigned into the experimental group (n ¼ 46) who utilized SWA and diet journal for 7 consecutive days or the control group (n ¼ 44) who did not. Both groups were pre- and post-measured on EB knowledge, situational interest, and weight. The experimental group was tracked on motivation effort, energy expenditure (EE), and energy intake (EI).

Results: EB knowledge significantly increased and situational ...


Children's Attitudes Toward Play: An Investigation Of Their Context Specificity And Relationship To Organized Sport Experiences, Donald L. Greer, Michael J. Stewart Sep 1989

Children's Attitudes Toward Play: An Investigation Of Their Context Specificity And Relationship To Organized Sport Experiences, Donald L. Greer, Michael J. Stewart

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Beginning with the work of Webb (1969), a line of research has developed attempting to explain how the socialization experiences of children and adolescents help transform their attitudes toward play. In Webb's view, the transformation to a state of being "professionalized" has occurred when an emphasis on equity and fairness, which are pronounced at earlier stages of development, has been replaced by a focus on winning. The body of research that hasdeveloped from this original formulation has consistently identified age and gender differences (Loy , Birrell, & Rose, 1976; Maloney & Petrie, 1972; Mantel & VanderVelden, 1971) in play attitudes, with males being more highly professionalized than ...