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University of Massachusetts Amherst

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2017

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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Open Hub: Six Years Of A Collaborative Oer Initiative, Jeremy Smith Nov 2017

The Open Hub: Six Years Of A Collaborative Oer Initiative, Jeremy Smith

University Librarians Presentations Series

Presentation at the 2017 New England Faculty Development Conference


Closing The Digital Divide: Sharing Oer With Libraries, Schools, And Public Health Facilities In Africa And The World, Jeremy Smith Oct 2017

Closing The Digital Divide: Sharing Oer With Libraries, Schools, And Public Health Facilities In Africa And The World, Jeremy Smith

University Librarians Presentations Series

Nearly 5 billion people around the world lack basic internet access, putting them at a severe disadvantage in terms of economic, educational, health, and social opportunity. While a number of providers are attempting to address this global digital divide, our panel will explore a collaborative effort to bridge this divide using several low-cost technological solutions, offering enormous potential for reaching the developing world. We will discuss our experiences using Outernet, Keepod, and RACHEL (Remote Area Community Hotspot for Education & Learning). These technologies allow our team to distribute open content to information-poor communities in a cost-effective and efficient way.In partnership ...


Case Study Report: Ret International Kenya, Kayla Boisvert Jan 2017

Case Study Report: Ret International Kenya, Kayla Boisvert

Education in Crisis and Conflict Network

The AEWG is a working group made up of education partners working in Accelerated Education (AE). The AEWG is currently led by UNHCR with representation from UNICEF, UNESCO, USAID, NRC, Plan, IRC, Save the Children, ECCN, and War Child Holland.

Based on the aim for a more standardised approach to AE provision globally, the AEWG has begun to develop guidance materials based on international standards and sound practice for AE. In 2016, the AEWG developed a set of 10 Principles for effective practice, as well as an accompanying Guide.

The purpose of this case study was to more fully understand ...


Case Study Report: Norwegian Refugee Council, Dadaab, Kenya, Jenn Flemming Jan 2017

Case Study Report: Norwegian Refugee Council, Dadaab, Kenya, Jenn Flemming

Education in Crisis and Conflict Network

The AEWG is a working group made up of education partners working in Accelerated Education (AE). The AEWG is currently led by UNHCR with representation from UNICEF, UNESCO, USAID, NRC, Plan, IRC, Save the Children, ECCN and War Child Holland.

Based on the aim for a more standardised approach to accelerated education provision globally, the AEWG has begun to develop guidance materials based on international standards and sound practice for AE. In 2016, the AEWG developed a set of 10 principles for effective practice (i.e. “the principles” or “AE principles”), and also accompanying guidance to these principles (known as ...


Problematizing Entrepreneurship (Education) In International Development: A Case Study Of A Youth Program In Burkina Faso, Nolizwe Mhlaba Jan 2017

Problematizing Entrepreneurship (Education) In International Development: A Case Study Of A Youth Program In Burkina Faso, Nolizwe Mhlaba

Master's Capstone Projects

Entrepreneurship education and training (EET) has become more prominent on the international development agenda as a strategy for inclusive growth and poverty alleviation. Proponents of EET argue that it has reached marginalized groups - such as unemployed youth - in non-formal education settings, equipping them with the skills, mindsets, and knowledge to secure better economic outcomes for themselves. However, critics assert that the human capital focus of EET reflects a neoliberal orientation that essentially glosses over structural problems and shifts the burden of development onto the target populations of such programs. This tension underlies the dilemma of development work, whereby the urgency ...


Branching In Nature, Jennifer Welborn, Wayne Kermenski Jan 2017

Branching In Nature, Jennifer Welborn, Wayne Kermenski

Patterns Around Us

No abstract provided.


Overview, Benjamin Davidovitch, Narayanan Menon, Jennifer Welborn, Wayne Kermenski Jan 2017

Overview, Benjamin Davidovitch, Narayanan Menon, Jennifer Welborn, Wayne Kermenski

Patterns Around Us

No abstract provided.


Wrinkling In Nature, Jennifer Welborn, Wayne Kermenski Jan 2017

Wrinkling In Nature, Jennifer Welborn, Wayne Kermenski

Patterns Around Us

This lab experience is separated into four investigative segments:

  1. Human saliva and enzymes

  2. Osmosis and Dialysis Tubing

  3. Analyzing dry and imbibed weights of wrinkled and smooth pea seeds

  4. Putting it All Together, What makes Wrinkled Peas?


Wrinkling Of A Floating Sheet, Narayanan Menon Jan 2017

Wrinkling Of A Floating Sheet, Narayanan Menon

Patterns Around Us

The objective of today’s work will be to generate wrinkle patterns on very thin polymer films using the forces generated by the surface tension of a water drop. You’ll do a few sizes of water drop and we’ll give you a couple of thicknesses of film. Digital images of the pattern will allow us to make observations of the number and size of the wrinkles generated. We will try to develop an understanding of the dependence of the pattern on the materials used and the forces applied


Investigating Patterns Using Analyzing Digital Images (Adi) Software, Jennifer Welborn, Wayne Kermenski Jan 2017

Investigating Patterns Using Analyzing Digital Images (Adi) Software, Jennifer Welborn, Wayne Kermenski

Patterns Around Us

The mean and variation of a population are easily seen by graphing the number of individuals that have a trait of a given value. In this experiment, we will investigate color variation found in a mealworm population using ADI.

In this investigation, we will use digital images and ADI to measure the increased surface area created by villi located in the small intestines.


A Brief Introduction To Stemtec, Morton Sternheim Jan 2017

A Brief Introduction To Stemtec, Morton Sternheim

STEMTEC

No abstract provided.


Mirror On The Field: Gender, Authorship, And Research Methods In Higher Education’S Leading Journals, Elizabeth A. Williams, Ethan A. Kolek, Daniel B. Saunders, Alicia Remaly, Ryan S. Wells Jan 2017

Mirror On The Field: Gender, Authorship, And Research Methods In Higher Education’S Leading Journals, Elizabeth A. Williams, Ethan A. Kolek, Daniel B. Saunders, Alicia Remaly, Ryan S. Wells

Published Work

Framed conceptually by gender equity, gender homophily, the contest regime of blind peer-review publishing, and the gendered nature of the quantitative–qualitative debate, this study investigated the intersection of authorship, gender, and methodological characteristics of 408 articles published from 2006 to 2010 in 3 major higher education journals. Nonbinary coding of author gender based on pronouns identified via Web searches virtually eliminated missing data and likely reduced error. Results suggest movement toward gender parity over time; however, women’s representation among authors does not appear commensurate with representation in the field. Findings revealed gendered use of research methods, with qualitative ...


Transformation Of Kabul Based Universities From Using Classic Content Management System To Web Content Management System: Key Issues And Challenges, Siddiqullah Barikzai Jan 2017

Transformation Of Kabul Based Universities From Using Classic Content Management System To Web Content Management System: Key Issues And Challenges, Siddiqullah Barikzai

Conference Proceedings & Collected Papers

The aim of this research is to find problems and challenges resulted from using classic content management system and replacing it with Web Content Management System in Kabul based universities. The study will find answer to the following questions:

Do stated universities have necessary facilities such as electricity, computers, projectors, LCD, and the Internet? Are deans of faculties, chairs of departments, directors of student affairs, and students of these universities ready to use WCMS? What are the main problems and challenges that classic content management system has resulted yet? Finally, which of these two stated systems are most cost-effective, quick ...


Aewg Guide To The Accelerated Education Principles, Kayla Boisvert, Jenn Flemming, Ritesh Shah Jan 2017

Aewg Guide To The Accelerated Education Principles, Kayla Boisvert, Jenn Flemming, Ritesh Shah

Education in Crisis and Conflict Network

A large number of donor agencies, non-governmental organizations and governments have set up AEPs to meet the needs of over-age, out-of-school children and youth. These programs vary widely and are of differing quality and effectiveness. While there is guidance on quality education and education in emergencies generally, prior to this Guide, no AEP-specific Principles have existed to support these stakeholders in designing, implementing and evaluating their AEPs.

With the goal of strengthening the quality of Accelerated Education (AE) programming

through a more harmonized, standardized approach, the Accelerated Education Working

Group, led by UNHCR and with representation from nine member organizations ...


Perceptions Of Quality In Higher Education In Afghanistan: A Case Study Of Shaheed Rabbani Education University, Homayoon Taheryar Jan 2017

Perceptions Of Quality In Higher Education In Afghanistan: A Case Study Of Shaheed Rabbani Education University, Homayoon Taheryar

Master's Capstone Projects

This study investigates how the concepts of quality and quality assurance (QA) standards are understood in the Afghan higher education system. First, I carried out a literature review of the available literature globally and then reviewed the available literature about Afghanistan’s higher education quality assurance system. Second, I conducted a case study at Shaheed Rabbani Education University (SREU), a public higher education institution in Afghanistan, to explore how academic staff at this university understand the concepts of quality and the QA standards. The study included qualitative interviews with seven key respondents at SREU. The findings from the case study ...


A Review Of The Literature On Civil Society Funding For Education: Models For Zimbabwe, Vongaishe Changamire Jan 2017

A Review Of The Literature On Civil Society Funding For Education: Models For Zimbabwe, Vongaishe Changamire

Master's Capstone Projects

Humanitarian aid, development assistance and government budget allocations to education continues to dwindle resulting in an increase of the number of children out of school especially for low resourced countries. (GMR, 2015). Due to this, Zimbabwean education has become expensive and thus inaccessible to children in low income communities and rural areas. In 2012, more than 500, 000 students were recorded to be out of school in Zimbabwe. This paper, a comparative literature review, sought to identify challenges in current education funding, document various indigenous alternative models of funding and attempt to develop a Zimbabwean education financing framework from lessons ...


Responding To Complexity: A Case Study On The Use Of "Developmental Evaluation For Managing Adaptively", Kayla Boisvert Jan 2017

Responding To Complexity: A Case Study On The Use Of "Developmental Evaluation For Managing Adaptively", Kayla Boisvert

Master's Capstone Projects

Over the past 15 years, the international development field has increasingly emphasized the need to improve aid effectiveness. While there have been many gains as a result of this emphasis, many critique the mechanisms that have emerged to enhance aid effectiveness, particularly claiming that they inappropriately force adherence to predefined plans and hold programs accountable for activities and outputs, not outcomes. However, with growing acceptance of the complexity of development challenges, different ways to design, manage, and evaluate projects are beginning to take hold that better reflect this reality.

Many development practitioners explain that Developmental Evaluation (DE) and Adaptive Management ...


Jordanian Teachers' Opinions Of Effective Peace Education With Syrian Refugees, Michael Acosta Jan 2017

Jordanian Teachers' Opinions Of Effective Peace Education With Syrian Refugees, Michael Acosta

Master's Capstone Projects

This research highlights Jordanian teachers' perspectives on good peace education practices with Syrian refugees in Jordanian public schools. Since the start of the Syrian conflict, many International organizations invest time and money into integrating Syrian refugees into the Jordanian community, including public schools. However, many challenges still exist. In order to understand this phenomenon, Jordanian public school teachers participated in qualitative surveys and in semi-structured group interviews, where they discussed challenges and best practices used in their classrooms. From the surveys and semi-structured interviews, teachers discussed six categories of issues they face daily: societal, physiological, political, religious, and the role ...


Engaging Disability: Trajectories Of Involvement For College Students With Disabilities, Ezekiel Kimball, Rachel Friedensen, Elton Silva Jan 2017

Engaging Disability: Trajectories Of Involvement For College Students With Disabilities, Ezekiel Kimball, Rachel Friedensen, Elton Silva

Published Work

This study draws on the narrative accounts of eight students with disabilities at a small liberal arts college in order to understand the connections between disability and student engagement. We found that disability plays a mediating role in the classroom; there are variations in access to institutional support; supportive peer networks are important’ and disability identity has a variable salience for these students. We also found that engagement for students with disabilities is multi-dimensional and multi-faceted. We include recommendations for supporting engagement for students with disabilities as well as suggestions for future research.


Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (Mbsr) In Reducing Stress In Nursing Students: An Integrative Review And Toolkit, Donna J. Petko Jan 2017

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (Mbsr) In Reducing Stress In Nursing Students: An Integrative Review And Toolkit, Donna J. Petko

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Background: Across the country, nursing students are experiencing alarming amounts of stress. While stress is a common phenomenon, it has been shown to negatively impact nursing student performance and general health. One solution to this issue is mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). Reported effects of MBSR include stress reduction; mindfulness; improvements in self-esteem; increase in general health; a decrease in anxiety; and an increase in empathy. Because MBSR is not widely included in nursing curricula, students are not learning stress reduction techniques needed to manage daily stress. Purpose: To address this gap, a DNP project was implemented at a university site ...


Environmental Implications Of Nanotechnology, Boris Lau, Joann Mariie Rodríguez Jan 2017

Environmental Implications Of Nanotechnology, Boris Lau, Joann Mariie Rodríguez

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

No abstract provided.


Discovering The Secrets Of Biology As Told By A Fruit Fly, Sonia Hall Jan 2017

Discovering The Secrets Of Biology As Told By A Fruit Fly, Sonia Hall

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

No abstract provided.


Superhero Robotics, Frank Sup, Brian Umberger, Nick Sawyer Jan 2017

Superhero Robotics, Frank Sup, Brian Umberger, Nick Sawyer

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

No abstract provided.


Wood Studio Workshop, Peggi Clouston, Rommel L Cordova‐Fiori Jan 2017

Wood Studio Workshop, Peggi Clouston, Rommel L Cordova‐Fiori

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

No abstract provided.


Financial Planning For College: Parental Preparation And Capital Conversion, Catherine A. Manly, Ryan S. Wells, Genia Bettencourt Jan 2017

Financial Planning For College: Parental Preparation And Capital Conversion, Catherine A. Manly, Ryan S. Wells, Genia Bettencourt

Published Work

This study explores the conversion of cultural capital into economic capital, and specifically financial capital in the form of parental financial planning for children’s college education, including reported financial preparations and savings. Using data from the Education Longitudinal Study (ELS:2002), logistic regression-based analyses of aspects of cultural capital indicated that parental involvement exhibited the most prevalent relationship with financial planning and the amount saved, and that parents’ expectations, but not their aspirations, corresponded to engagement in financial planning. Findings support the conclusion that some parents convert part of their cultural capital to financial capital in preparation for paying ...


Being Black (And) Immigrant Students: When Race, Ethnicity, And Nativity Collide, Chrystal A. George Mwangi, Shelvia English Jan 2017

Being Black (And) Immigrant Students: When Race, Ethnicity, And Nativity Collide, Chrystal A. George Mwangi, Shelvia English

Published Work

While Black immigrants share some of the racialized experiences of native-Black Americans, they also have distinctive experiences. U.S. education presents an important environment to investigate these experiences as immigrants have the fastest growing child population and these children are increasingly entering the education system. This paper engages a systematic review of the growing body of literature centering on Black immigrants across the U.S. P-20 pipeline (preschool through graduate school). Findings reveal that the presentation of Black immigrants is incomplete in terms of the frameworks and research designs used to examine their educational experiences, pointing to a larger issue ...


Role Of Student Affairs In International Student Transition And Success, Christina W. Yao, Chrystal A. George Mwangi Jan 2017

Role Of Student Affairs In International Student Transition And Success, Christina W. Yao, Chrystal A. George Mwangi

Published Work

International student mobility has grown significantly in recent years, with over 4.1 million students in 2013 who studied abroad around the world (Institute of International Education [IIE], 2016). With the changes in student demographics and increased mobility, student affairs professionals are in a unique role to support international student transition and success. Unfortunately, current research and practice in higher education tends to place a high level of responsibility on the international student to successfully transition to a new campus environment or places the responsibility on the international student affairs/student services office to solely work with these students. Given ...


Examining Scholar-Practitioner Identity In Peer-Led Research Communities In Higher Education Programs, Genia Bettencourt, Victoria K. Malaney, Caitlin J. Kidder, Chrystal A. George Mwangi Jan 2017

Examining Scholar-Practitioner Identity In Peer-Led Research Communities In Higher Education Programs, Genia Bettencourt, Victoria K. Malaney, Caitlin J. Kidder, Chrystal A. George Mwangi

Published Work

Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore how research skills and communities can be promoted in student affairs and/or higher education graduate preparation programs through a peer-led, team-based model.

Background: Numerous scholars emphasized a lack of empirical research being conducted by student affairs professionals, even though integration of scholarship with practice remains of critical importance to field of higher education.

Methodology: Though a descriptive case study of a graduate research course, we engage both quantitative and qualitative data points in a convergent parallel mixed methods design.

Contribution: This study provides an important contribution in understanding how ...


“I Want To Know About Everything That’S Happening In The World:” Enhancing Critical Awareness Through Youth Participatory Action Research With Latinx Youth, Daniel Morales Morales, Genia Bettencourt, Keisha Green, Chrystal A. George Mwangi Jan 2017

“I Want To Know About Everything That’S Happening In The World:” Enhancing Critical Awareness Through Youth Participatory Action Research With Latinx Youth, Daniel Morales Morales, Genia Bettencourt, Keisha Green, Chrystal A. George Mwangi

Published Work

Through a yearlong, qualitative ethnographic study that incorporated a youth participatory action research project, this research identifies and documents the learning outcomes achieved when core principles of critical pedagogy are brought into practice with urban Latinx youths to develop critical awareness. Analysis reveals three themes around how critical awareness was raised: attention to current events, an ethic of care, and challenging traditional curricula.


A Qualitative Toolkit For Institutional Research, Chrystal A. George Mwangi, Genia Bettencourt Jan 2017

A Qualitative Toolkit For Institutional Research, Chrystal A. George Mwangi, Genia Bettencourt

Published Work

This chapter provides tools, resources, and examples for engaging qualitative inquiry as a part of institutional research and assessment. It supports the development of individual ability and organizational intelligence in qualitative inquiry.