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University of Massachusetts Amherst

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2013

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Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Education

José Martí Pedagogo: Educación Y Modernidad, William P. Kearney Jan 2013

José Martí Pedagogo: Educación Y Modernidad, William P. Kearney

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

El objeto de estudio de este trabajo de investigación es la visión de la educación del autor cubano José Martí presente en los escritos de los últimos años de su vida, efectivamente de 1882 a su muerte en 1895. El punto de partida del estudio es la afirmación del crítico uruguayo Ángel Rama (1926-1983) de que la preocupación principal de Martí durante esa época era la incorporación de la modernidad en América Latina. La hipótesis que se intenta probar en este trabajo es que esa mirada hacia la modernidad asume inflexiones particulares aplicadas a la visión educativa del autor. Para ...


Policy Alternatives To Increase Access To Early Childhood Education And Care In Massachusetts, Meghan Lemay Jan 2013

Policy Alternatives To Increase Access To Early Childhood Education And Care In Massachusetts, Meghan Lemay

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Access to early childhood education not only leads to improved social, academic, and health outcomes for children, but can also carry the same benefits into adulthood. Early education and care programs can work against some of the negative effects of social factors such as socioeconomic status, discrimination, social support, and work demands which have been linked to physical and mental health outcomes. Early education programs could intervene not only in the life of a child, but also impact parents, families, and populations. This thesis will review the research showing early childhood education leads to better social and health outcomes and ...


The Use Of Multimedia Material In Teaching Chinese As A Second Language And Pedagogical Implications, Zhongyuan Williams Jan 2013

The Use Of Multimedia Material In Teaching Chinese As A Second Language And Pedagogical Implications, Zhongyuan Williams

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The use of Multimedia materials has been widely accepted as an useful and effective tool in the field of second language acquisition (SLA). Many studies and researchers have examined multimedia material’s effectiveness from a number of aspects, including four skills of language learning: listening, speaking, reading (including vocabulary comprehension) and writing. However, the effectiveness of multimedia material from the aspect of L2 grammar comprehension hasn’t been well explored.

This study examines the effectiveness of multimedia material in teaching second language grammar comprehension among beginning and intermediate-level Chinese learners. In particular, it investigates the relative efficacy of three different ...


Implementation Of Aquaponics In Education: An Assessment Of Challenges, Solutions And Success, Emily Rose Hart Jan 2013

Implementation Of Aquaponics In Education: An Assessment Of Challenges, Solutions And Success, Emily Rose Hart

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Aquaponics is the combination of aquaculture and hydroponic technology to grow both fish and plants together in a closed-loop system. While aquaponics can play a role in increasing food security, it may also be a potential educational tool because of its interdisciplinary nature and required technological skill set. With aquaponics, students could conduct hands-on activities involving chemistry, physics and biology to solidify their understanding of a range of theories. Beyond standard science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) principles, aquaponics may be related to projects on sustainability, environmental science, agriculture, the food system, health, economics, business and marketing. The interdisciplinary nature ...


Learning Circles Face-To-Face Template, Center For International Education Jan 2013

Learning Circles Face-To-Face Template, Center For International Education

Leadership and Teacher Development (LTD)

This is a template for a group learning activity. It includes

Welcome, Objectives, Agenda

Reflection (Ordered Sharing)

Learning (Reflective Study)

Regrouping

Planning (Commitment to Action Research / AR)

Consolidation & Action


Teacher Educator Enhancement Orientation - Workshop 1 Facilitator's Guide, Center For International Education Jan 2013

Teacher Educator Enhancement Orientation - Workshop 1 Facilitator's Guide, Center For International Education

Leadership and Teacher Development (LTD)

These notes outline the goal and objectives of each workshop, the necessary materials, the preparation needed, and learning activities conducted during the trainings for the five disciplines (Arabic, English, Math, Science, and Technology). The notes model the principles of “Learning Circle” development, “Action Research”, and “Portfolio of Professional Practice” use. The agenda describes a participatory enhancement design where participants practice the essential techniques. The agenda details how to introduce and work with the tools mentioned above.

Teacher educators participate in LCs that involve four workshop sessions, action research projects, and on-going intersession meetings in order to master LC development, action ...


Teacher Educator Enhancement Workshop 1 Agenda, Center For International Education Jan 2013

Teacher Educator Enhancement Workshop 1 Agenda, Center For International Education

Leadership and Teacher Development (LTD)

GOAL: To present and practice the overall principles and tools of the TEEP program (Learning Circle development, Action Research Inquiry, and Portfolio development)

OBJECTIVES: At the end of the workshop, participants will be able to:

  • Recognize multiple ways of knowing, learning, teaching, and approaching problems of practice
  • State sources of information about problems of practice
  • State approaches to address problems of practice
  • Define and describe the Action Research Inquiry Cycle
  • Use the Action Research Package to practice AR between workshop days
  • Define and describe the use of the Portfolio of Professional Practice
  • Explain what are useful data that constitute credible ...


Action Research Package (Arp) For Teacher Educators Ltd Program, Center For International Education Jan 2013

Action Research Package (Arp) For Teacher Educators Ltd Program, Center For International Education

Leadership and Teacher Development (LTD)

No abstract provided.


Portfolio Of Professional Practice (Popp) For Teacher Educators, Center For International Education Jan 2013

Portfolio Of Professional Practice (Popp) For Teacher Educators, Center For International Education

Leadership and Teacher Development (LTD)

A PoPP is a collection of work that highlights and demonstrates my knowledge and skills of professional practice as a teacher educator. The rationale for creating my PoPP is to:

  • Provide opportunities to set concrete goals for my practice as a teacher educator;
  • Plan and articulate specific strategies to attain my goals of becoming an effective teacher educator;
  • Serve as a learning instrument and provide structure by which to gather data;
  • Reflect upon data and guide improvements in my professional practice as a teacher educator;
  • Offer the opportunity to critique my work and evaluate the effectiveness of my practice as ...


Case Study Of Post-Literacy Program In Indonesia, Ryke Pribudhiana Jan 2013

Case Study Of Post-Literacy Program In Indonesia, Ryke Pribudhiana

Master's Capstone Projects

This study aims at analyzing a post-literacy program run by the Ministry of Education and Culture in Indonesia. This program, operating since 2009, provides public resources in the form of grant money to educational institutions and community learning centers (CLCs), not only to preserve literacy but also to help poor and illiterate people achieve economic independence. This study examined students’ achievements in literacy and life skills, and explored the program’s economic impact on communities. The interviewees who participated in the study included adult students, tutors, heads of CLCs, and senior education officers at the district, provincial, and Ministerial level ...


Students’ Perceptions Of Factors Influencing Choice Of Science Streams In Tanzania Secondary Schools, Mjege Kinyota Jan 2013

Students’ Perceptions Of Factors Influencing Choice Of Science Streams In Tanzania Secondary Schools, Mjege Kinyota

Master's Capstone Projects

This study explored students’ perceptions of the factors influencing their decision to choose between the Science and Arts streams for ordinary level secondary schools. The study also examined the kind and level of support, guidance and information students receive before making stream choices. Using both qualitative and quantitative approaches, data was gathered through questionnaires, document review, focus group discussions and semi-structured interviews from 101 students, 13 science teachers, 4 heads of schools and (1) District Educational Officer in Morogoro region. The literature review and research questions guided the analysis of data by organizing the analysis section into several themes.

The ...


Tips On Facilitation For Teacher Educators, Center For International Education Jan 2013

Tips On Facilitation For Teacher Educators, Center For International Education

Leadership and Teacher Development (LTD)

23-item list of tips on facilitation, in both English and Arabic. For example

1. Implement a system that encourages every person to participate in discussions and activities. Provide a structure for participation.

2. Come to the workshops/training well prepared. Have all the materials and handouts you will need.

3. Make yourself approachable to participants by greeting them, learning their names, having informal conversations with them.


The Problem With Problem Identification In The Process Of Educational Reforms In The Kyrgyz Republic, Gulzat Kochorova Jan 2013

The Problem With Problem Identification In The Process Of Educational Reforms In The Kyrgyz Republic, Gulzat Kochorova

Master's Capstone Projects

The purpose of this paper is to expose issues that are being identified as ‘problems’ or ‘challenges’ of the Kyrgyz education in general, and of higher education in particular. Drawing on the specifics of the identified problems, this paper will also analyze theoretical assumptions upon which they are based. This is important because identified problems and their projected solutions are going to constitute further reform attempts, and ultimately shape the future of the educational system of the Kyrgyz Republic.


A Comparative Analysis Of The Effectiveness Of Teacher Support Approaches In Afghanistan, Noorullah Noori Jan 2013

A Comparative Analysis Of The Effectiveness Of Teacher Support Approaches In Afghanistan, Noorullah Noori

Master's Capstone Projects

This research explores the effectiveness of three teacher professional development (TPD) approaches in the context of Afghanistan: 2-year in-service teacher education; short-term (ad-hoc) teacher training; and teacher learning circles (TLC). In this research, I compare these three models, their impact on improving teacher quality and subsequently student outcome. I applied the mix-methods approach by using three different research tools: classroom observations, self-administered questionnaires, and semi-structured interviews. I also reviewed student performance records over four semesters; from 2010 to 2011. Despite many challenges, the results show three core strengths of each of these models: the 2-year in-service teacher education improves teachers ...


The Effects Of Incentive Initiatives On Teacher Retention In Tanzania: A Case Of The Rukwa Region, Anna Every Swai Jan 2013

The Effects Of Incentive Initiatives On Teacher Retention In Tanzania: A Case Of The Rukwa Region, Anna Every Swai

Master's Capstone Projects

Availability of teachers at Secondary schools is one of the major factors that enhance students and general school performance. Despite this fact, there is high teacher reluctance in taking teaching position in remote areas. Different policy initiatives have dramatically improved the state of education in Tanzania, particularly in terms of classroom infrastructure and student enrollment. The increased students’ enrollment has increased the national demand for secondary school teachers and training of teachers has not mirrored this growth. There is a very high teacher shortage in secondary schools particularly those located in remote areas.

In 2004, in the National Strategy for ...


Resilience In School, Milka Ndura Jan 2013

Resilience In School, Milka Ndura

Master's Capstone Projects

This study explores the factors that motivate students to perform well in the national examination at their basic primary education level despite the unlikely environment to support this success in Kibera slums, Kenya. In the current situation in Kenya, national examinations are used as a basis of distributing the fewer than students slots in secondary school, despite the different circumstances facing each candidate, passing of the Kenya Certificate of Primary Education is still an important factor that determines a child’s eligibility to attend secondary school. Students enrolled in Kenyan primary school system take the same national exams regardless of ...


Teacher Educator Enhancement Strategy (Tees), Center For International Education Jan 2013

Teacher Educator Enhancement Strategy (Tees), Center For International Education

Leadership and Teacher Development (LTD)

This teacher educator enhancement strategy (TEES) aims to create a comprehensive and holistic enhancement system that meets the needs of Ministry of Education personnel and teacher educators. This document lays out the preliminary enhancement design in order to solicit feedback and insights from Leadership and Teacher Development (LTD) program stakeholders. The strategy includes: 1) the enhancement program goal and objectives; 2) the principles and rationale that drive the enhancement program; 3) the necessary tools to be created; and 4) the detailed operational enhancement methodology and design.


Feeding Students? Examining Views Of Parents, Students And Teachers On The World Food Program’S School Feeding Initiatives In Chamwino District In Tanzania, Benjamin Ngaji Oganga Jan 2013

Feeding Students? Examining Views Of Parents, Students And Teachers On The World Food Program’S School Feeding Initiatives In Chamwino District In Tanzania, Benjamin Ngaji Oganga

Master's Capstone Projects

School feeding programs have become a worldwide phenomenon and an agenda pushed by the International Development Agencies such as the World Food Program (WFP) with the assumption that it may contribute towards addressing barriers to poor students’ enrollment and retention in primary schools in developing countries. The assumption is that, because of hunger and low income, parents are mostly likely not motivated to send their children to school; and on the other hand, children too may not effectively concentrate in learning and therefore are likely to drop out of schools. Different studies have shown the effectiveness of the school-feeding program ...


Portfolio Of Professional Practice (Popp) For Teachers, Center For International Education Jan 2013

Portfolio Of Professional Practice (Popp) For Teachers, Center For International Education

Leadership and Teacher Development (LTD)

A PoPP is a collection of work that highlights and demonstrates my knowledge and skills of professional practice as a teacher educator. The rationale for creating my PoPP is to:

  • Provide opportunities to set concrete goals for my practice as a teacher educator;
  • Plan and articulate specific strategies to attain my goals of becoming an effective teacher educator;
  • Serve as a learning instrument and provide structure by which to gather data;
  • Reflect upon data and guide improvements in my professional practice as a teacher educator;
  • Offer the opportunity to critique my work and evaluate the effectiveness of my practice as ...


Teacher Attrition: Why Secondary School Teachers Leave The Profession In Afghanistan, Hassan Aslami Jan 2013

Teacher Attrition: Why Secondary School Teachers Leave The Profession In Afghanistan, Hassan Aslami

Master's Capstone Projects

This study examines factors influencing teacher attrition in public secondary schools in Kabul, Afghanistan. Substantial increments in the school-age population, the Education for All (EFA) mandate, and a “seven-fold” growth in number of students during the last decade have collectively increased the demand for teachers in Afghanistan; whereas, teachers from the public schools are leaving the teaching profession in large numbers. The lack of teachers poses serious challenges for the education system especially for Ministry of Education.

This exploratory study focuses on the reasons for the departure of both current and former teachers. It also explores and suggests some strategies ...


Pollen Biology, Alice Cheung, Hen-Ming Wu Jan 2013

Pollen Biology, Alice Cheung, Hen-Ming Wu

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

No abstract provided.


Everyday Particle Physics, Andrea Pocar Jan 2013

Everyday Particle Physics, Andrea Pocar

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

No abstract provided.