Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 34

Full-Text Articles in Education

Experiences Of Religious Minorities In Public High Schools In The Pioneer Valley: The Case Of Jehovah's Witnesses, Foster Kamanga Jan 2016

Experiences Of Religious Minorities In Public High Schools In The Pioneer Valley: The Case Of Jehovah's Witnesses, Foster Kamanga

Master's Capstone Projects

This study was undertaken to explore the perceptions of adult Jehovah's Witnesses (JW) about the ways in which JWs balance the tension between their religious beliefs and public school activities in the Pioneer Valley.

The researcher collected data from seven in-depth interviews with one teacher, five witness former students and one adult, one focus group discussion with six mothers, participant observation and document reviews. Data collection (with interviews lasting from 50-70 minutes) took place during the summer of 2015 in Amherst.

Familial socialization, church-based dramas and speeches and bible studies prepare Witnesses children on how to behave or respond ...


Perceptions Of Health Educators And Supervisors About Their Preparation In Alexandria, Egypt (How Well They Believe Their Training And Preparation Prepared Them To Work As Health Educators), Elshaymaa Ahmed Jan 2014

Perceptions Of Health Educators And Supervisors About Their Preparation In Alexandria, Egypt (How Well They Believe Their Training And Preparation Prepared Them To Work As Health Educators), Elshaymaa Ahmed

Master's Capstone Projects

Health educators have many responsibilities, including community education, assessment program development, evaluation, research, health policy and grant writing. Health educators in Egypt do not participate in all these activities, but they mostly do participate in essential activities such as community education. The health educators in Egypt get training and preparation on topics such as addiction, women’s health, chronic diseases, and the skills needed for teaching.

This study investigated the perceptions of health educators and their supervisors about how well they believe their training and preparation has prepared them to work with health clients in Alexandria, Egypt. The study includes ...


A Comparative Analysis Of The Effectiveness Of Teacher Support Approaches In Afghanistan, Noorullah Noori Jan 2013

A Comparative Analysis Of The Effectiveness Of Teacher Support Approaches In Afghanistan, Noorullah Noori

Master's Capstone Projects

This research explores the effectiveness of three teacher professional development (TPD) approaches in the context of Afghanistan: 2-year in-service teacher education; short-term (ad-hoc) teacher training; and teacher learning circles (TLC). In this research, I compare these three models, their impact on improving teacher quality and subsequently student outcome. I applied the mix-methods approach by using three different research tools: classroom observations, self-administered questionnaires, and semi-structured interviews. I also reviewed student performance records over four semesters; from 2010 to 2011. Despite many challenges, the results show three core strengths of each of these models: the 2-year in-service teacher education improves teachers ...


Contemplative Education: How Contemplative Practices Can Support And Improve Education, Judith Johannes Jan 2012

Contemplative Education: How Contemplative Practices Can Support And Improve Education, Judith Johannes

Master's Capstone Projects

The purpose of this study is to explore how contemplative education can have a viable role in education. In the first part of this thesis I will share my own personal experience with contemplative practices and how they led to my personal growth and transformation.

The second part will give some brief insights about the benefits the ancient wisdom traditions Hinduism and Buddhism attributed to contemplative practices. They claim that those practices help to reach a state of expanded awareness and stillness of the mind. Contemplative practices such as mindfulness, which is a Buddhist meditation technique, were used to better ...


Recognizing Culture In Experiential Education: An Analysis And Framework For Practitioners, Valerie J. Kurka Jan 2012

Recognizing Culture In Experiential Education: An Analysis And Framework For Practitioners, Valerie J. Kurka

Master's Capstone Projects

Experiential education is an intentional educational process that relies on experiential learning theory. This paper categorizes common features of experiential education and analyzes them with a cultural framework. Common features of experiential education include individual development, student-centered teaching, individual challenge and learning, challenge-by-choice, “emotional safety”, and reflection/processing activities. The features of experiential education that I have analyzed have basic cultural assumptions of high individuality, low power distance, low uncertainty avoidance, high achievement, emphasis on internal control, and possible interaction with ascriptive dispositions and masculine characteristics. These assumptions may have implications for practitioners practicing cross-culturally. In an increasingly global world ...


“We Lost Our Culture With Civilization” – A Critical Analysis Of The Internalization Of The Development Discourse Vis-À-Vis Systems Of Knowledge In Senegal, Karla Giuliano Sarr Jan 2010

“We Lost Our Culture With Civilization” – A Critical Analysis Of The Internalization Of The Development Discourse Vis-À-Vis Systems Of Knowledge In Senegal, Karla Giuliano Sarr

Master's Capstone Projects

Critical analysis of the complex interplay between development ideals and local conceptualizations of knowledge forms and education methods are essential if we are to promote holistic, responsive, and culturally appropriate development efforts. Since the end of World War II, and the independence movements that greatly changed geopolitics in the 1960s and 1970s, development prevails as the dominant paradigm in current relations between countries of the North and South (Escobar, 1995; Rahnema & Bawtree, 1997). Development, intrinsically linked with neo-liberal policies and globalization (Peet, 1999), defines not only how Northerners perceive the South, but also, how Southerners perceive themselves, their ways of knowing, and their possibilities for the future. While development has undergone significant changes since 1945 to promote grassroots participation and encourage the insights and contributions of project beneficiaries, without a full understanding of the complexities of the intersection between indigenous and exogenous knowledge, and the impact of the development discourse on their worldview, we are doomed to reproduce a hegemonic Eurocentric model inappropriate to and irreverent of local realities, ways of knowing, and social arrangements. This paper presents an exploration of these complex realities as they exist in a rural area in southeastern Senegal.

In local communities, and indeed throughout the world, people simultaneously operate in multiple spheres of knowledge in both purposeful and unintentional ways. While the binary positioning of “traditional”/”indigenous”/”African” and “modern”/”exogenous”/”Western” help us to understand these concepts in a pure and intelligible form (Hall, 1997), these binaries are misleading in the concealment of the complex and ambivalent nature of people’s realities. Particularly in a developing context, the history of colonization and contemporary pressures of post-colonialism and globalization lead to interwoven realities and cultures. Cultural hybridization accurately reflects how people combine elements of both traditional and modern realities in Bhabha’s articulation of a “third space” (Kraidy, 2005; Garcia Canclini 1995; Rutherford, 1995). This notion of cultural hybridity functions as a key component of the theoretical framework for this study.

This small-scale research study in a rural ...


Civics And Citizenship Education In Schools In Afghanistan, Mohammad Tariq Habibyar Jan 2009

Civics And Citizenship Education In Schools In Afghanistan, Mohammad Tariq Habibyar

Master's Capstone Projects

This thesis focuses on the status of civics and citizenship education in schools in Afghanistan. My purpose for this study was (a) to understand what is taught about civics education in classrooms, (b) what concepts of civics education are addressed in the national curriculum and the text books, and (c) what role civics education plays in Afghan schools to produce productive citizens. My assumption is that schools have direct impact on civics understanding of the students and how they use their civics knowledge in everyday life. Civics education raises students’ political, governance, and social awareness and informs them about their ...


Research On Undergraduate Mathematics Education In Afghanistan: How Students Understand And Learn The Concept Of “Function”, Ahmad Khalid Mowahed Jan 2009

Research On Undergraduate Mathematics Education In Afghanistan: How Students Understand And Learn The Concept Of “Function”, Ahmad Khalid Mowahed

Master's Capstone Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore undergraduate students’ conception of the concept of function in the education faculty of Balkh University, Afghanistan. In particular, the focus was to see what difficulties they had in learning the concept and to determine those factors that impeded/facilitated the learning of the concept in the curriculum. The research methodology was an exploratory approach where both qualitative and quantitative methods were used to analyze the data. The theoretical basis for the study was David Tall’s theory which focuses on understanding one’s knowledge and learning. David Tall’s theory was used ...


The Effects Of English Teaching Methods Course Of The English Department Of Kabul Education University On Secondary School English Teachers, Ali Hikmat Jan 2009

The Effects Of English Teaching Methods Course Of The English Department Of Kabul Education University On Secondary School English Teachers, Ali Hikmat

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


Prospects And Challenges: Teaching An Introductory Course On International Education In U.S. Classroom, Manaslu Gurung Jan 2005

Prospects And Challenges: Teaching An Introductory Course On International Education In U.S. Classroom, Manaslu Gurung

Master's Capstone Projects

The purpose of this research is to explore the experiences of teaching an introductory course on International Education in a US classroom. The study focuses on some of the leading challenges of discussing links between international education and international development from a variety of global perspectives, particularly the Third World perspective. The underlying goal of this reflective research is to address the importance of International Education is today’s world where education continues to be political and where what we see, understand, and value in the First World impacts the Third World more directly and severely than ever before. Free ...


Celebrating Diversity God's Way! Increasing Multiculturalism In Christian Early Childhood Settings: A Practical Manual For Practitioners, Tamari Nduaguibe Jan 2004

Celebrating Diversity God's Way! Increasing Multiculturalism In Christian Early Childhood Settings: A Practical Manual For Practitioners, Tamari Nduaguibe

Master's Capstone Projects

This project combined an extensive literature review, the creation of a practitioners manual and teaching materials, as well as the presentation of the ideas at a regional conference for Christian early childhood educators. For the literature review, I chose writers who dealt with multicultural education in general (such as Nieto, Bennett, and Banks), with Christian multiculturalism (such as Wilkerson, and Breckenridge), and also with those that wrote about how to affirm diversity and promote tolerance in early childhood education (Derman-Sparks, Spodek, Brown, Vold). I brought these three areas together in the practitioners manual, a seventy-page practical resource targeted for Christian ...


Supporting The Language Agenda In Teacher Development: Preparing Teachers/Or Culturally And Linguistically Diverse Students At The New Teacher Professional Development Institute, Andrew Habana Hafner Jan 2003

Supporting The Language Agenda In Teacher Development: Preparing Teachers/Or Culturally And Linguistically Diverse Students At The New Teacher Professional Development Institute, Andrew Habana Hafner

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


Assessing The Impact Areas Of An International Study Tour For Teachers, Raymond Y. Young Jan 2001

Assessing The Impact Areas Of An International Study Tour For Teachers, Raymond Y. Young

Master's Capstone Projects

In the mid-1970’s, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts became federally designated refugee settlement location for many of the people displaced by violence and conflict in Southeast Asia. Since the, large numbers of individuals and families from Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos, often escaping horrific conditions, have found new homes in cities and towns across the commonwealth. Today, Massachusetts ranks seventh in the national for the number of Southeast Asian Immigrants and refugees that have resettled in the United States, and is home to the second largest Khmer American population outside of California.

Despite federal, state, and local assistance to the communities ...


Evaluating Attainment Of Global Education Goals, Silva Kurtisa Jan 2001

Evaluating Attainment Of Global Education Goals, Silva Kurtisa

Master's Capstone Projects

Movement that might be labeled "global education" has been existent in the United States for about 30 years. Global education content has been substantially expanding during evolution of the term. It may be drawn from all social sciences subjects but should not be limited to them. Recognizing that global education cannot be defined in terms of discipline, educators may infuse a global perspective in all subjects. A number of learning activities, resources, and teaching methodologies that contribute to a truly global curriculum have also been emerging and are described here. However, various descriptions and vague definitions of global education have ...


''A Tree Bears Many Fruit'' Undergraduate Service Learning­ A Redefinition, Shekhar K. Regmi Jan 1998

''A Tree Bears Many Fruit'' Undergraduate Service Learning­ A Redefinition, Shekhar K. Regmi

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


Using Distance Education To Improve Teaching In Namibia: Teachers' Views On An Inservice Training Program., Ndinovaameni Christian Shatona Jan 1996

Using Distance Education To Improve Teaching In Namibia: Teachers' Views On An Inservice Training Program., Ndinovaameni Christian Shatona

Master's Capstone Projects

Teacher education in Namibia is likely to involve more participants and more expenditure in the future. Analysis of the substance and character of teacher education programs as seen by the teachers are very important for the public. This study is a compilation of the thoughts of almost 70 teachers enrolled in a distance teacher education program. Their views are captured in conversations, observations, interviews and on questionnaires. Voice is an important aspect of the study, for both content and tone. The actual words of teachers have been quoted directly and at leng·�h, so that they may speak for themselves ...


"From Snails To Alpha Males", A. Michael Marzolla Jan 1996

"From Snails To Alpha Males", A. Michael Marzolla

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


Nonstandard Dialects And Writing Instruction In Adult Literacy Settings: Issues And Implications, Sherry Russell Jan 1995

Nonstandard Dialects And Writing Instruction In Adult Literacy Settings: Issues And Implications, Sherry Russell

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


A Curriculum Design For A Course In Gender Issues In Development, Sheryl L. Kane Jan 1995

A Curriculum Design For A Course In Gender Issues In Development, Sheryl L. Kane

Master's Capstone Projects

What follows is an attempt to document the Gender Issues in Development course in an effort to give those who wish to teach it a base from which to draw upon. The teaching of the course is an organic process, in which the roots remain similar (using a feminist analysis to look at development and education, looking at the interplay between theory and practice, including traditionally marginalized voices and knowledges, and acknowledging the wealth of knowledges about the development process available from class participants) while the branches are dependent upon facilitators expertise and interests.

Having taken the course in 1991 ...


The Potential For Critical Social Inquiry Through Environmental Education In The Philippines, Ken Byrne Jan 1995

The Potential For Critical Social Inquiry Through Environmental Education In The Philippines, Ken Byrne

Master's Capstone Projects

The rate and extent of deforestation in the Philippines is phenomenal. It has been estimated that in 1934, 17 million hectares of the Philippines' 30 million hectares were covered in forest (Asian Development Bank, pp. 13-14.) This figure had dropped to 10.5 million by 1969, and by 1993 it stood at 5.7 million. If one looks at old growth forests, where there is the greatest diversity of animal, plant, and insect life, then the figures are even more stark: In 1934, there were 11 million hectares of old growth forest; in 1969, 4.7 million; and by 1993 ...


Love, Life And Photographs: A Look At Creativity And Community In Adult Literacy, Michele M. Sedor Jan 1994

Love, Life And Photographs: A Look At Creativity And Community In Adult Literacy, Michele M. Sedor

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


More Than Meets The Eye: A Look At Sharing Writing And Peer Response In An Esl Context, Catherine Bachy Jan 1993

More Than Meets The Eye: A Look At Sharing Writing And Peer Response In An Esl Context, Catherine Bachy

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


Manual Of Teaching Activities For Pregnant And Parenting Adolescent Mothers In Preparation For The G.E.D. Exam, Lucia Nunez Jan 1990

Manual Of Teaching Activities For Pregnant And Parenting Adolescent Mothers In Preparation For The G.E.D. Exam, Lucia Nunez

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


Reducing The Odds: An Educational Board Game For The Repatriation Of Cambodian Refugees, Don L. Robishaw Jan 1990

Reducing The Odds: An Educational Board Game For The Repatriation Of Cambodian Refugees, Don L. Robishaw

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


A Curriculum: The Banfes 1990 Study Tour. "Innovations In Primary Education", Greta S. Shultz Jan 1990

A Curriculum: The Banfes 1990 Study Tour. "Innovations In Primary Education", Greta S. Shultz

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


How To Promote The Students’ Oral Proficiency In The Ivorian Context Of Large Classes With Special Emphasis On Collaborative Learning, Kone Walamitien Jan 1990

How To Promote The Students’ Oral Proficiency In The Ivorian Context Of Large Classes With Special Emphasis On Collaborative Learning, Kone Walamitien

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


A Situational Analysis And Recommendations For Educational Policy For Addressing The Problem Of Out-Of-School Youth In Cabo Verde, Ondina Ferreira Jan 1990

A Situational Analysis And Recommendations For Educational Policy For Addressing The Problem Of Out-Of-School Youth In Cabo Verde, Ondina Ferreira

Master's Capstone Projects

The objective of this project is to examine the negative effects of the current formal educational policy in Cape Verde and to recommend to the Ministry of Education some educational alternatives in order to deal with the out-of-school youth's problem in the country.

Problem: The Legal system places outside secondary school the young who are considered overage (16 years old and above) to get her/his first application.

actually and annually approximately one thousand young people leave middle school without possibility to pursue their secondary education. Generally, speaking, the out-of-school youths belong to the socially and economically disadvantaged population ...


Supplementary Reading Materials For Efl Secondary School Students In Cote D'Ivoire, Dagbassoue Cecile Jan 1989

Supplementary Reading Materials For Efl Secondary School Students In Cote D'Ivoire, Dagbassoue Cecile

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


Film And Development: An Annotated Bibliography Of Classroom Resources, Sue Thrasher Jan 1988

Film And Development: An Annotated Bibliography Of Classroom Resources, Sue Thrasher

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


Principals And Practices Of Outdoor Education, Eun Sok Han Jan 1987

Principals And Practices Of Outdoor Education, Eun Sok Han

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.