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Full-Text Articles in Education

Model Misspecification And Assumption Violations With The Linear Mixed Model: A Meta-Analysis, Brandon Lebeau, Yoon Ah Song, Wei Cheng Liu Dec 2018

Model Misspecification And Assumption Violations With The Linear Mixed Model: A Meta-Analysis, Brandon Lebeau, Yoon Ah Song, Wei Cheng Liu

Department of Psychological and Quantitative Foundations Publications

This meta analysis attempts to synthesize the Monte Carlo literature for the linear mixed model under a longitudinal framework. The empirical type I error rate will serve as the effect size and Monte Carlo simulation conditions will be coded to serve as moderator variables. The type I error rate for the fixed and random effects will be explored as the primary dependent variable. Effect sizes were coded from 13 studies, resulting in a total of 4,002 and 621 effect sizes for fixed and random effects. Meta-regression and proportional odds models were used to explore variation in the empirical type ...


Using Video Modeling To Improve The Social Communication Of An Adolescent With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Rebecca Marie Hawbaker Dec 2018

Using Video Modeling To Improve The Social Communication Of An Adolescent With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Rebecca Marie Hawbaker

Theses and Dissertations

Difficulty with many aspects of social interactions is a defining characteristic of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Video modeling (VM) has successfully improved a range of social skills for individuals with ASD in previous studies, but most often with simple social skills with young children. The current study used VMs scripted and recorded by peers to improve complex conversation and social gestures by a young adult with ASD. A multiple-probe, across-behaviors design found mixed evidence of experimental control of VM on the social behaviors of the individual with ASD, although all behaviors increased from baseline and generalized to other settings and ...


Evaluating Mode Comparability In Early Elementary Grades, Ye Lin Dec 2018

Evaluating Mode Comparability In Early Elementary Grades, Ye Lin

Theses and Dissertations

With the widespread use of technology in the assessment field, many testing programs use both computer-based tests (CBTs) and paper-and-pencil tests (PPTs). Both the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (AERA, APA, & NCME, 2014) and the International Guidelines on Computer-Based and Internet Delivered Testing (International Test Commission, 2005) have called for studies on the equivalence of scores from different modes to support the uses and interpretations of scores across modes. Studies of administration mode effects, however, are quite limited and have found mixed results in the early childhood literature. In addition, little research has focused on both construct comparability and ...


Learning On The Open Road: Examining The Effect Of Non-Sequential User Choice On Learning From Oers, Ethan Philip Valentine Dec 2018

Learning On The Open Road: Examining The Effect Of Non-Sequential User Choice On Learning From Oers, Ethan Philip Valentine

Theses and Dissertations

In recent decades, open, online learning environments have become progressively more popular and well-funded. An integral aspect of this open learning movement is the transition of a substantial amount of control of the learning process from designers and instructors to the users engaging with the environment. With heavy investments coming from both the public and private sectors, and an ever-growing market of online learners, it is crucial that we better understand how the provision of user control over the learning process affects the quality of that learning process.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of one ...


Mentor's Introduction For Allison Rowe, Tyler Denmead Nov 2018

Mentor's Introduction For Allison Rowe, Tyler Denmead

Marilyn Zurmuehlen Working Papers in Art Education

No abstract provided.


Mentor's Introduction For Kimberly Baker, Rita L. Irwin Nov 2018

Mentor's Introduction For Kimberly Baker, Rita L. Irwin

Marilyn Zurmuehlen Working Papers in Art Education

No abstract provided.


Mentor's Introduction For Sohee Koo, Mary Hafeli Nov 2018

Mentor's Introduction For Sohee Koo, Mary Hafeli

Marilyn Zurmuehlen Working Papers in Art Education

No abstract provided.


Socially Engaged Art At The Reimagined 21st Century Museum: An Emerging Conceptual Framework, Allison Rowe Nov 2018

Socially Engaged Art At The Reimagined 21st Century Museum: An Emerging Conceptual Framework, Allison Rowe

Marilyn Zurmuehlen Working Papers in Art Education

Socially engaged art is a broad term used to describe contemporary visual art practices that are concerned with the creation of experiences and, as such, often involve participation as an integral component of a work. Art galleries and museums across the United States have embraced socially engaged art with increasing frequency over the past twenty-five-years, mirroring its uptake by artists throughout the country. Despite its prevalence, little scholarship has addressed why art institutions have embraced socially engaged art, nor what benefits they gain from supporting it. In this paper, I attend to this absence with an emergent conceptual framework that ...


Wayfinding Peace: Museums In Conflict Zones, Kimberly A. Baker Nov 2018

Wayfinding Peace: Museums In Conflict Zones, Kimberly A. Baker

Marilyn Zurmuehlen Working Papers in Art Education

The Ph.D. study Wayfinding Peace: Museums in conflict zones explores the Community Peace Museums Heritage Foundation (CPMHF) in Kenya a collective of 15 rural community peace museums. In 1994, Sultan Somjee a Kenyan ethnographer founded the CPMHF. The goal was to strengthen the cultural foundations that commemorate memories of living in peace even at times of ethnic conflicts. What makes the CPMHF peace museums unique is that they focus on a grassroots approach to “recall collective memories of reconciliation during contemporary conflicts” (Somjee, 2014, p. 8). The museums utilize cultural heritage and historical knowledge as a resource for ...


Manual Transformation: Exploring Adult Transformative Learning Through Hands-On Artmaking, Sohee Koo Nov 2018

Manual Transformation: Exploring Adult Transformative Learning Through Hands-On Artmaking, Sohee Koo

Marilyn Zurmuehlen Working Papers in Art Education

Transformative learning seeks to encourage learners to critically reflect on their assumptions and preconceptions, thereby transforming their existing frameworks and perspectives (Cranton, 1992; Mezirow, 1975). This qualitative study investigates what transformative learning looks like among a diverse group of adult learners at a graduate school of education, who all attended sculpture classes intentionally designed to enable such change. In order to study transformative learning, I will present the abbreviated journeys of five participants. When transformative learning is part of the teacher’s intention, how, if at all, does learning through hands-on artmaking in mixed media sculpture classes transform these adults ...


The University Of Iowa Office Of The Registrar Fall 2018 Census Counts By Curricular College, University Of Iowa Oct 2018

The University Of Iowa Office Of The Registrar Fall 2018 Census Counts By Curricular College, University Of Iowa

University of Iowa Census Counts

No abstract provided.


The University Of Iowa 3 Week Class Counts Fall Session 2018 (20183), University Of Iowa Oct 2018

The University Of Iowa 3 Week Class Counts Fall Session 2018 (20183), University Of Iowa

University of Iowa Class Count

No abstract provided.


A Profile Of Students Enrolled, University Of Iowa, Fall 2018, University Of Iowa Oct 2018

A Profile Of Students Enrolled, University Of Iowa, Fall 2018, University Of Iowa

Profile of Students Enrolled at the University of Iowa

No abstract provided.


The University Of Iowa 2018-19 General Catalog, University Of Iowa Oct 2018

The University Of Iowa 2018-19 General Catalog, University Of Iowa

University of Iowa General Catalogs

No abstract provided.


The University Of Iowa End Of Session Class Counts Summer Session 2018 (20181), University Of Iowa Aug 2018

The University Of Iowa End Of Session Class Counts Summer Session 2018 (20181), University Of Iowa

University of Iowa Class Count

No abstract provided.


Psychopathy: Correlates Of The Mmpi-2-Rf And The Three-Factor Model Of Psychopathy, Katherine Achsah Lisa Hall Aug 2018

Psychopathy: Correlates Of The Mmpi-2-Rf And The Three-Factor Model Of Psychopathy, Katherine Achsah Lisa Hall

Theses and Dissertations

Psychopathy is a personality disorder characterized by antisocial deviance in the context of interpersonal and emotional detachment. The study of psychopathy in non-forensic samples is an area of growing interest, but one that is limited by the fact that most large-scale epidemiological studies, which collect a wealth of data that could further elucidate the phenotypic correlates, constructs, assessments, and etiologic mechanisms in psychopathy, typically do not include direct assessment of psychopathy construct or measurements. However, if facets of psychopathy could be predicted from other measures, such as broadband inventories of normal personality that are often administered in large-scale investigations, data ...


Asian American Students’ Academic Achievement: Reassessing Early Childhood And College, Sanga Kim Aug 2018

Asian American Students’ Academic Achievement: Reassessing Early Childhood And College, Sanga Kim

Theses and Dissertations

Between 2000 and 2010, the Asian population within the U.S. increased more than four times faster than the total U.S. population. Accordingly, school-aged immigrant children from Asia constitute a sizeable portion of the U.S.’s student population. The percentage of students enrolled in elementary and secondary public schools who are Asian/Pacific Islander is projected to increase from 2.6 to 3.1 million between 2014 and 2025, and will account for 6 percent of total enrollment by 2025. Asian American youth have shown distinct characteristics among other racial minority groups in the U.S. Compared to ...


Ethical Considerations For The Information Age: A Qualitative Study Of Doctoral Psychology Trainees' Preparation And Decision Making For Technology Use, Samuel David Lustgarten Aug 2018

Ethical Considerations For The Information Age: A Qualitative Study Of Doctoral Psychology Trainees' Preparation And Decision Making For Technology Use, Samuel David Lustgarten

Theses and Dissertations

Psychologists now use and interact with a mélange of technology for client care, including (but not limited to) email (Delsignore et al., 2016; Eysenbach, 2000), text messaging (Bradley & Hendricks, 2009; Elhai & Frueh, 2016), electronic medical records (Harrison & Palacio, 2006; Steinfeld & Keyes, 2011), telemental health/televideo (Richardson, Frueh, Grubaugh, Egede, & Elhai, 2012), and digital assessments (Jellins, 2015; Pearson Education Inc., 2015b). Amidst this technological revolution, threats to ethical obligations and regulations exist that might hinder effective client care (Elhai & Hall, 2016b; Lustgarten, 2015; Lustgarten & Colbow, 2017). Literature suggests that individuals, organizations, companies, and government actors have targeted individuals and nations for their data (Elhai & Hall, 2016b; Greenwald, 2014; Lustgarten, 2015). Despite concerns for protecting client information, little is known about the education and training opportunities present in APA-accredited clinical and/or counseling psychology doctoral programs around technology competence. Researchers have recommended trainees receive technology training for use within psychotherapy (Colbow, 2013 ...


Writing From Sources And Avoiding Plagiarism At A Us University: The Perspectives And Experiences Of Undergraduate Second Language Writers, Warren David Merkel Iii Aug 2018

Writing From Sources And Avoiding Plagiarism At A Us University: The Perspectives And Experiences Of Undergraduate Second Language Writers, Warren David Merkel Iii

Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study was designed to explore undergraduate second language writers’ perceptions of and experiences with source-based writing and plagiarism. Grounded Theory (GT) was employed to systematically collect and analyze data throughout the study. By adopting Activity Theory (AT) as a theoretical framework, I was able to identify and analyze points of contradiction and tension that arose within the activity systems of my participants. The findings that emerged from GT showed that my participants were concerned with adapting to their new academic communities, and the L1 communities from whence they came played little to no role in hindering that adaptation ...


Examining The Effectiveness Of An Online Suicide Prevention Gatekeeper Training, Kevin Joseph Yeates Aug 2018

Examining The Effectiveness Of An Online Suicide Prevention Gatekeeper Training, Kevin Joseph Yeates

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to identify the effectiveness of an online suicide prevention gatekeeper training at the University of Iowa compared to previous research, other gatekeeper trainings, and to assess differences between faculty and staff trainees. Participants were faculty, staff, and students at the University of Iowa that completed the Kognito College Students or the Kognito Faculty and Staff module. To determine the effectiveness, participants completed program evaluation surveys at pre-training, immediate post-training, and six-months after completion of the training. The surveys assessed four gatekeeper appraisal scales: Gatekeeper Knowledge and Beliefs, Gatekeeper Reluctance, Gatekeeper Self-Efficacy, and Gatekeeper Experiences ...


The Effects Of Error Correction With And Without Reinforcement On Skill Acquisition And Preferences Of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Chengan Yuan Aug 2018

The Effects Of Error Correction With And Without Reinforcement On Skill Acquisition And Preferences Of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Chengan Yuan

Theses and Dissertations

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often require early intensive behavioral interventions (EIBI) to improve their skills in a variety of domains. Error correction is a common instructional component in EIBI programs because children with ASD tend to make persistent errors. Ineffective error correction can result in a lack of learning or undesirable behavior. To date, research has not systematically investigated the use of reinforcement during error correction for children with ASD.

This study compared the effects of correcting errors with and without reinforcement and their impact on preferences of young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Four boys with ...


Investigating Friendship Qualities In High Ability Or Achieving, Typically-Developing, Adhd, And Twice-Exceptional Youth, Staci Fosenburg Aug 2018

Investigating Friendship Qualities In High Ability Or Achieving, Typically-Developing, Adhd, And Twice-Exceptional Youth, Staci Fosenburg

Theses and Dissertations

Current gaps in knowledge about twice-exceptional youth relative to those with only one exceptionality (e.g., high ability or ADHD) include how twice-exceptional students perceive their friendships (Foley Nicpon et al., 2010). Some researchers have found friendship qualities to be less positive for youth with ADHD (Humphrey et al., 2007), yet others have found friendships to be rated more positively by gifted youth (Field et al., 1998). The current investigation sought to determine how friendships are perceived by twice-exceptional youth compared to peers with ADHD or high ability or achievement, and those with average ability or achievement and no diagnosis ...


The University Of Iowa Office Of The Registrar Summer 2018 Census Counts By Curricular College College Summer 2018, University Of Iowa Jun 2018

The University Of Iowa Office Of The Registrar Summer 2018 Census Counts By Curricular College College Summer 2018, University Of Iowa

University of Iowa Census Counts

No abstract provided.


A Profile Of Students Enrolled At The University Of Iowa, Summer 2018, University Of Iowa Jun 2018

A Profile Of Students Enrolled At The University Of Iowa, Summer 2018, University Of Iowa

Profile of Students Enrolled at the University of Iowa

No abstract provided.


The University Of Iowa 3 Week Class Counts Summer Session 2018 (20181), University Of Iowa Jun 2018

The University Of Iowa 3 Week Class Counts Summer Session 2018 (20181), University Of Iowa

University of Iowa Class Count

No abstract provided.


The University Of Iowa End Of Session Class Counts Spring Session 2018 (20178), University Of Iowa May 2018

The University Of Iowa End Of Session Class Counts Spring Session 2018 (20178), University Of Iowa

University of Iowa Class Count

No abstract provided.


Commencement Program, May 2018, Iowa City, Iowa, University Of Iowa May 2018

Commencement Program, May 2018, Iowa City, Iowa, University Of Iowa

University of Iowa Commencement Programs

No abstract provided.


Misspecification Of The Random Effect Structure: Implications For The Linear Mixed Model, Brandon Lebeau May 2018

Misspecification Of The Random Effect Structure: Implications For The Linear Mixed Model, Brandon Lebeau

Department of Psychological and Quantitative Foundations Publications

The linear mixed model is a commonly used model for longitudinal or nested data due to its ability to account for the dependency of nested data. Researchers typically rely on the random effects to adequately account for the dependency due to correlated data, however serial correlation can also be used. If the random effect structure is misspecified (perhaps due to convergence problems), can the addition of serial correlation overcome this misspecification and allow for unbiased estimation and accurate inferences? This study explored this question with a simulation. Simulation results show that the fixed effects are unbiased, however inflation of the ...


The Transition From School To Jobs: The Stage Of Mismatch And Inequality, Dong Hoon Shin May 2018

The Transition From School To Jobs: The Stage Of Mismatch And Inequality, Dong Hoon Shin

Theses and Dissertations

Workers whose credentials and skills do not meet or exceed the required competencies for their jobs have been of interest to scholars investigating the transition from school to jobs. To understand how such mismatch arises in the transitional period, some scholars emphasize that the labor market cannot keep up with the pace of educational expansion. Thus, many highly educated workers do not find jobs that fit their schooling and skill level. Others locate the source of mismatch in the inability of education to produce enough workers with the desired skill levels in the labor market.

By focusing on this mismatch ...


The Secondary Mathematics Experiences Of English Language Learners, Cristina Runnalls May 2018

The Secondary Mathematics Experiences Of English Language Learners, Cristina Runnalls

Theses and Dissertations

In recent decades, the landscape of the U.S. classroom has been drastically changing. Schools at every level are enrolling increasingly higher numbers of culturally and linguistically diverse learners, many in the process of learning English. These students, frequently called English language learners (ELLs), present new and unique challenges to educators. Many of these challenges concern language and the many ways it affects the educational experience. One concern of great interest involves better understanding the ways language and academic content interact. Language is a pivotal component of the learning experience, and likely to affect students’ perceptions of the classroom environment ...