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Articles 1 - 30 of 2013

Full-Text Articles in Education

Shedding Light On The Phenomenon Of Supervision Traveling Incognito: A Field’S Struggles For Visibility, Jeffrey Glanz, Helen M. Hazi Feb 2019

Shedding Light On The Phenomenon Of Supervision Traveling Incognito: A Field’S Struggles For Visibility, Jeffrey Glanz, Helen M. Hazi

Journal of Educational Supervision

As a field of study, supervision has gone through a tumultuous history and continues to struggle for visibility. Its principles related to teaching and learning are often discussed, yet the term supervision has been controversial more than once. For a variety of reasons, historically and conceptually, supervision has traveled incognito under several guises. In this article, the history of supervision is explored as it relates to its ties with educational administration, curriculum, and more recently instructional leadership to explain its absence from the research literature, and to present implications for supervision as a field of study. An understanding of this ...


Archaeology In The Classroom At A New England Prep School, Ryan Wheeler Feb 2019

Archaeology In The Classroom At A New England Prep School, Ryan Wheeler

Journal of Archaeology and Education

In 1901 Robert S. Peabody lamented the lack of instruction in archaeology at his high school alma mater Phillips Academy, a prestigious New England boarding school. To rectify the situation, he used family funds and artifacts amassed by his personal curator Warren K. Moorehead to establish a Department of Archaeology at the school. A building was constructed and Moorehead and Peabody’s son, Charles, set about teaching classes. The pattern established by Moorehead and Peabody, however, was disrupted in 1914 when the school refocused the program exclusively on research. Classes were offered periodically over the next decades, and some students ...


Whiteness As A Barrier To Becoming A Culturally Relevant Teacher: Clinical Experiences And The Role Of Supervision, Craig Willey, Paula A. Magee Jan 2019

Whiteness As A Barrier To Becoming A Culturally Relevant Teacher: Clinical Experiences And The Role Of Supervision, Craig Willey, Paula A. Magee

Journal of Educational Supervision

Clinical experiences are crucial to the development of prospective teachers (PTs), especially the student teaching practicum. While the dynamics of schools are beginning to change in response to documented inequities for students, particularly students of color, the student teaching practicum remains largely unchanged and unchallenged with regard to addressing racism, oppression and white dominance. In this study, we explore PTs’ experiences and discourse in the context of student teaching in urban schools and the corresponding supervision of student teachers. Specifically, we examine the ways in which whiteness and racism obstruct the development of culturally relevant teachers. The data illuminate key ...


Supervision’S New Challenge: Facilitating A Multidimensional Curriculum, Stephen P. Gordon Jan 2019

Supervision’S New Challenge: Facilitating A Multidimensional Curriculum, Stephen P. Gordon

Journal of Educational Supervision

In this article I propose that curriculum and instruction are inextricably intertwined, curriculum development should be an important function of educational supervision, and supervision should foster a multidimensional curriculum developed by teachers. The proposed curriculum framework includes cognitive, social-emotional, moral, cultural, democratic, creative-artistic, and health and physical dimensions. I provide a rationale for including each of the seven dimensions, and recommend integrating the seven dimensions within a holistic curriculum. I contend that each dimension of the proposed curriculum will promote learning in the other dimensions. The suggested curriculum development process involves the supervisor facilitating professional development for teachers and curriculum ...


Mengers (Marie Christiansen) Papers, 1930-1962, Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, University Of Maine Jan 2019

Mengers (Marie Christiansen) Papers, 1930-1962, Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, University Of Maine

Finding Aids

Marie Christiansen Mengers was born in 1905 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and died in Orono, Maine. She was a professor of French at the University of Maine from 1947 until her death in 1965. Mengers was educated at the University of Nebraska, Wellesley College, Columbia University, and the University of Toulouse, France. She attended summer sessions at Harvard and Chicago Universities. Her doctoral dissertation was on the life of French symbolist poet Henri de Régnier. Before coming to UMaine, she taught at the University of Nebraska, the University of Wisconsin, and Queens College in Flushing, N.Y.

The collection includes correspondence ...


Employment Agreements (University Of Maine System), 1981-1999, Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, University Of Maine Jan 2019

Employment Agreements (University Of Maine System), 1981-1999, Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, University Of Maine

Finding Aids

The first UMPSA and C.O.L.T. agreements were negotiated with the University of Maine system in 1979 following the enacting of Sec. 31. 26 MRSA § 1024-A.

Collective bargaining in the University of Maine System is organized into units with the the Associated Faculties of the Universities of Maine (AFUM) representing faculty; Universities of Maine Professional Staff Association (UMPSA) represents professional staff; Universities of Maine Professional Staff Association (UMPSA) representing professional staff and the Associated C.O.L.T. Staff of the Universities of Maine representing clerical, office, laboratory and technical unit. These groupings are defined in the University ...


What College Students Learn From Teaching Others, Larkin N. Hood Dec 2018

What College Students Learn From Teaching Others, Larkin N. Hood

Journal of Archaeology and Education

This article describes what undergraduate students learned from participating in a museum docent program at a large, public university on the West Coast of the United States. The majority (93%) of students report an increase in their ability to effectively communicate specialized knowledge to museum visitors in one or more of the following ways: 1) identifying what visitors know and adjusting their explanations accordingly; 2) translating technical information to visitors; 3); communicating information in an active, hands-on manner; 4) confidently communicating their knowledge to others. Students reported personal and professional benefits as well. In addition to this focused observation approach ...


Learning Ideas - Understanding Accessible Educational Materials (Aem) And Their Use: Tips For K-12 Educators, University Of Maine Center For Community Inclusion And Disability Studies Dec 2018

Learning Ideas - Understanding Accessible Educational Materials (Aem) And Their Use: Tips For K-12 Educators, University Of Maine Center For Community Inclusion And Disability Studies

Professional Development

Students arrive in classrooms with a variety of skills, interests and needs. For many learners, the typical curriculum—including instructional methods, classroom materials, and assessments of knowledge—may contain barriers to educational participation and achievement. Students who are unable to access print materials face particular challenges. Accessible educational materials reduce barriers and provide rich supports for learning. By using accessible educational materials, educators enable all learners to gain knowledge, skills and enthusiasm for learning.


A Study Of Teacher Growth, Supervision, And Evaluation In Alberta: Policy And Perception In A Collective Case Study, Pamela Adams, Carmen Mombourquette, Jim Brandon, Darryl Hunter, Sharon Friesen, Kim Koh, Dennis Parsons, Bonnie Stelmach Nov 2018

A Study Of Teacher Growth, Supervision, And Evaluation In Alberta: Policy And Perception In A Collective Case Study, Pamela Adams, Carmen Mombourquette, Jim Brandon, Darryl Hunter, Sharon Friesen, Kim Koh, Dennis Parsons, Bonnie Stelmach

Journal of Educational Supervision

Teacher effectiveness has long been identified as critical to student success and, more recently, supporting students attaining the skills and dispositions required to be successful in the early 21st century. To do so requires that teachers engage in professional learning characterized as a shift away from conventional models of evaluation and judgment. Accordingly, school and system leaders must create “policies and environments designed to actively support teacher professional growth” (Bakkenes, Vermunt, & Webbels, 2010). This paper reports on the Alberta Teacher Growth, Supervision, and Evaluation (TGSE) Policy (Government of Alberta, 1998) through the eyes of teachers, school leaders, and superintendents. The ...


Educational Videos About Restraint And Seclusion, Jodie Hall Nov 2018

Educational Videos About Restraint And Seclusion, Jodie Hall

Poster Presentations

The Coalition Against Restraint and Seclusion (C.A.R.S.) is a group of stakeholders whose mission is to prevent the overuse of restraint and seclusion within the educational setting. As part of Jodie Hall’s training with the New Hampshire-Maine LEND Program, she worked with C.A.R.S. to update their resources and parent education materials. This poster presentation reports on the outcome of her work and the development of a series of short informational videos which may be accessed via the internet.


Coaching Lend Faculty In Implementing Team-Based Learning Across Two States: Lessons Learned Over Four Years, Alan Kurtz, Rae Sonnenmeier, Betsy P. Humphreys, Susan Russell Nov 2018

Coaching Lend Faculty In Implementing Team-Based Learning Across Two States: Lessons Learned Over Four Years, Alan Kurtz, Rae Sonnenmeier, Betsy P. Humphreys, Susan Russell

Poster Presentations

This poster describes the implementation of team-based learning (TBL) in the didactic seminar component of the NH-ME LEND program over four years. TBL has been found to be an effective instructional method, fostering communication, collaboration, and conflict negotiation among interdisciplinary teams. The process of coaching a large faculty across two states to implement TBL, faculty perceptions with TBL, lessons learned, and quality improvement strategies is described.


The Hidden Nature Of Whiteness In Education: Creating Active Allies In White Teachers, Megan E. Lynch Oct 2018

The Hidden Nature Of Whiteness In Education: Creating Active Allies In White Teachers, Megan E. Lynch

Journal of Educational Supervision

Norms of whiteness are pervasive throughout schooling in the United States (Tanner, 2017). Critical whiteness studies (Kincheloe, 1998) and second-wave White teacher identity studies (Jupp & Lensmire, 2016) provides relevant insight into the thoughts and experiences of White preservice and in-service teachers. This paper draws on the literature to explain the author’s varied personal experiences with whiteness in education. It is the author’s hope that the experiences shared will resonate with readers and complicate and/or support racialized experiences in education. The goal of this paper is also to put forth the argument that in order for teacher supervisors ...


A Granular Account Of Student's Understanding Reasoning Within An Everyday And Scientific Contexts, Grace M. Gonnella Aug 2018

A Granular Account Of Student's Understanding Reasoning Within An Everyday And Scientific Contexts, Grace M. Gonnella

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Teachers and educational researchers in the Maine Physical Sciences Partnership (Maine PSP) at the University of Maine identified making quality scientific arguments as a struggle for students. Not only is argumentation hard, but reasoning is the hardest component of an argument. Many frameworks have been developed to target teaching about argumentation but do not address how to teach one component of an argument in isolation. Educational practitioners encourage using everyday context to learn about arguments in the scientific context, but there is limited support in what is the best method. The first purpose of this research was to understand a ...


Understanding Student Development Of Science Literacy Skills In An Undergraduate Environmental Science Course, Molly Picillo Aug 2018

Understanding Student Development Of Science Literacy Skills In An Undergraduate Environmental Science Course, Molly Picillo

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Educators are expected to instill a variety of skills in their students that are necessary to be competent citizens of society. One such set of skills, science literacy skills, broadly encompass the ability of an individual to evaluate reliability of data and information and critically analyze and interpret them (Gormally Brickman, Hallar, & Armstrong, 2009). These skills are utilized in everyday decision-making and given their pertinence, there is a need for citizens to be scientifically literate. Thus, educators need tools and assessments to help students develop these skills and analyze their science literacy. The aim of this study was to develop science literacy interventions that could be easily incorporated into college curricula, providing instructors with exemplars of classroom interventions with the intent to improve students’ science literacy skills. Therefore, the broad research question for this investigation was: How do science literacy interventions impact student proficiency in science literacy skills in college general education courses? I measured effectiveness of the interventions using the Test of Science Literacy Skills (TOSLS, Gormally Brickman, & Lutz, 2012) pre- and post-survey scores, as well as student feedback from pre- and post-survey, follow-up interviews. The TOSLS surveys were given as part of a participation grade to students in a general education undergraduate college course (n = 148). A subset of students volunteered to be interviewed regarding specific questions from the TOSLS survey, after both the pre-survey (n = 12) and the post-survey (n = 5), to further investigate student understanding and interpretation. Interventions were designed by modifying previous assignments from earlier years’ offerings of the class and were conducted both during class and outside of class as homework extensions. These interventions were created by evaluating scores and interviews on the TOSLS survey deployed as a pilot study in a previous semester of the undergraduate course. Based on these pilot data, four survey questions encompassing different science literacy skills of particular difficulty were targeted for intervention. The interventions were: (1) An interactive clicker-based lesson involving graph selection methods; (2) Data summits involving graph interpretation and source evaluation; and (3) A role-play after which students discussed sources of bias.

Although the results indicated no statistically significant changes in the average scores between the pre-survey and post-survey (t test, p = 0.82, α = 0.05), interviewed students recalled ...


Chronicling Perspectives About The State Of Instructional Supervision By Eight Prominent Scholars Of Supervision, Jeffrey Glanz Jun 2018

Chronicling Perspectives About The State Of Instructional Supervision By Eight Prominent Scholars Of Supervision, Jeffrey Glanz

Journal of Educational Supervision

The purpose of this article is to chronicle the views of eight prominent professors of supervision regarding the state of instructional supervision. A confluence of factors has influenced the evolution of supervision as a practice and incipient field. Issues involving its very definition, its scope and methods, its status as a field, and its future have been varied, and at times have been controversial. Surveying several developments in the field of supervision, this qualitative study, based on oral testimonies of eight prominent figures including four senior scholars and four more recent scholars, raises questions for supervisory practices and the future ...


Investigating Student Understanding Of Vector Calculus In Upper-Division Electricity And Magnetism: Construction And Determination Of Differential Element In Non-Cartesian Coordinate Systems, Benjamin Schermerhorn May 2018

Investigating Student Understanding Of Vector Calculus In Upper-Division Electricity And Magnetism: Construction And Determination Of Differential Element In Non-Cartesian Coordinate Systems, Benjamin Schermerhorn

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Differential length, area, and volume elements appear ubiquitously over the course of upper-division electricity and magnetism (E&M), used to sum the effects of or determine expressions for electric or magnetic fields. Given the plethora of tasks with spherical and cylindrical symmetry, non-Cartesian coordinates are commonly used, which include scaling factors as coefficients for the differential terms to account for the curvature of space. Furthermore, the application to vector fields means differential lengths and areas are vector quantities. So far, little of the education research in E&M has explored student understanding and construction of the non-Cartesian differential elements used in applications of vector calculus. This study contributes to the research base on the learning and teaching of these quantities.

Following course observations of junior-level E&M, targeted investigations were conducted to categorize student understanding of the properties of these differentials as they are constructed in a coordinate system without a physics context and as they are determined within common physics tasks. In general, students did not have a strong understanding of the geometry of non-Cartesian coordinate systems. However, students who were able to construct differential area and volume elements as a product of differential lengths within a given coordinate system were more successful when applying vector calculus. The results of this study were used to develop preliminary instructional resources to aid in the teaching of this material.

Lastly, this dissertation presents a theoretical model developed within the context of this study to describe students’ construction and interpretation of equations. The model joins existing theoretical frameworks: symbolic forms, used to describe students’ representational understanding of the structure of the constructed equation; and conceptual blending, which has been used to describe the ways in which students combine mathematics and physics knowledge when problem solving. In addition to providing a coherent picture for how the students in this study connect contextual information to symbolic representations, this model is broadly applicable as an analytical lens and allows for a detailed reinterpretation of similar analyses using these frameworks.


A Multiple Case Study Of Secondary School Teachers' Understanding Of Learning Relationships In Virtual Schools: Implications For Teacher Identity, Linda M. Fuller May 2018

A Multiple Case Study Of Secondary School Teachers' Understanding Of Learning Relationships In Virtual Schools: Implications For Teacher Identity, Linda M. Fuller

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

There is now a strong presence of virtual schools in the United States serving K-12 students, along with increased opportunities for brick-and-mortar students to take virtual courses (Ash, 2011; Luo, Hibbard, Franklin, & Moore, 2017). Research into the human impact of virtual education is not keeping pace (Gulosino & Miron, 2017; Rice et al., 2014). This study focused on the experiences and insights of virtual teachers in terms of their relationships with learners as well as on potential changes in their sense of professional identity as they moved from one setting to the other. During a series of three individual, semi-structured interviews, five teachers described their teaching first as brick-and-mortar high school teachers and then as teachers in virtual ...


Examining The Relationship Between The Use Of Simulation In Nursing Education Andsafety With Medication Adminstration In The Clinical Setting, Deborah A. Eremita May 2018

Examining The Relationship Between The Use Of Simulation In Nursing Education Andsafety With Medication Adminstration In The Clinical Setting, Deborah A. Eremita

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

EXAMINING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE USE OF SIMULATION IN

NURSING EDUCATION AND SAFETY WITH

MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION

IN THE CLINICAL SETTING

Deborah A. Eremita

Thesis Advisors: Dr. Ann Sossong and Dr. Patricia Poirier

An Abstract of the Dissertation Presented

in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the

Degree Interdisciplinary Doctor of Philosophy

In Nursing and Education

May 2018

Medication errors represent a significant threat to patient safety. Administration of medications is a primary role of nursing practice and a critical component of nursing education curricula. Safe medication is a challenging process to teach nursing students. Simulation may provide students with a ...


Teacher Performance Evaluation And Professional Growth In The Era Of "Educator Effectiveness" In Maine, Jonathan E. Doty May 2018

Teacher Performance Evaluation And Professional Growth In The Era Of "Educator Effectiveness" In Maine, Jonathan E. Doty

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Maine is one of many states that undertook reform to teacher supervision and evaluation in the wake of public attention (e.g., Waiting for Superman) and federal pressure (e.g., NCLB Flexibility Waivers). The Maine Legislature passed An Act to Ensure Effective Teaching and School Leadership (2012), shifting from local discretion to greater state influence on the functions of formative supervision and summative evaluation. As school districts created systems to meet the state’s mandates, they combined growth and employment functions and navigated persistent challenges described in the literature on evaluation and supervision.

The purpose of this study was to ...


Looking At Innovation Dialogically: Teaching Communication And (Social) Change In The Innovation Engineering Program At The University Of Maine, Mark J. Congdon Jr. May 2018

Looking At Innovation Dialogically: Teaching Communication And (Social) Change In The Innovation Engineering Program At The University Of Maine, Mark J. Congdon Jr.

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Higher education institutions face two concurrent demands: preparing students for the job-market, while also developing informed and engaged citizens (Frey & Palmer, 2014; Gould, 2003). How universities reconcile these demands varies. The Innovation Engineering program (IE) at the University of Maine strives to both, “change the world by enabling innovation” (concern for social issues) and educate entrepreneurs (students) whose innovations reach markets quicker and at a decreased risk (capitalist orientation) (Hall, 2013; Kelly, 2014). The program uses a systems approach to innovation by teaching tools and methods for creating, communicating, and commercializing meaningfully unique ideas. Processes and contexts are important parts of a ...


Community Readiness: A Case Study Of University Communities Engaging In Hazing Prevention, Stephanie A. Swan May 2018

Community Readiness: A Case Study Of University Communities Engaging In Hazing Prevention, Stephanie A. Swan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The case study is an examination of “community readiness” for a cohort of U.S. universities participating in a three-year research initiative to develop evidence-based hazing prevention strategies. Drawing on the Community Readiness Model (CRM), this study assessed community readiness, the relative level of acceptance of a program, action, or other form of decision-making that is locality-based (Donnermeyer et al., 1997). More specifically, this research examined and measured the institutional readiness of universities involved in a comprehensive approach to hazing prevention in higher education and deepened understanding about the role of institutional readiness in broadening engagement and ensuring commitment for ...


Muslim International Student And Higher Education: A Qualitative Study Of Students' Experiences Against A Backdrop Of Islamophobia, Donna M. Seppy May 2018

Muslim International Student And Higher Education: A Qualitative Study Of Students' Experiences Against A Backdrop Of Islamophobia, Donna M. Seppy

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

International student enrollment at institutions of higher education in the United States continues to rise. Despite political and social tensions, students from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) nations continue to enroll in record numbers, yet there is minimal literature focused on the experiences of this sub-group of international students.

This qualitative study sought to understand the lived-experiences and perceived needs of Muslim International students from Middle East and North Africa nations enrolled in an institution of higher education in the northeast United States. This study employed a phenomenological approach to discovery aimed to develop new understandings of their ...


Echoes Of The Past: The Effect Of Background Experience On Far Transfer, Graham H. Hummel-Hall May 2018

Echoes Of The Past: The Effect Of Background Experience On Far Transfer, Graham H. Hummel-Hall

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Far transfer is the application of knowledge learned in one setting to a problem in a very different setting. This multi-method study looked at far transfer in humans and whether it could be facilitated, inhibited, or remain unaffected by the number of courses or years a student at a university spent learning about the subject matter of the knowledge being transferred. Through quantitative and qualitative analysis of pretest and post-test data from an introductory undergraduate earth science course, I found that students with more physical science background experience more frequently engaged in successful and accurate transfer of physics information to ...


Assessing Student Understanding Of Reasoning Using Argument-Based Contrast Matrices, Ethan Geheb Apr 2018

Assessing Student Understanding Of Reasoning Using Argument-Based Contrast Matrices, Ethan Geheb

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

There is strong national interest in increasing student proficiency in STEM, which includes the learning and practice of scientific argumentation. The codevelopment of scientific knowledge and argumentation has shown to positively influence student general understanding of argument construction, scientific knowledge and principles. Research indicates students continue to struggle with constructing complete arguments, with specific difficulty in correctly incorporating reasoning. Numerous frameworks have been developed to support student learning about argumentation. These frameworks contain common teaching strategies for introducing and teaching reasoning within the context of a science classroom. However, these strategies do not specifically target student struggle with using reasoning ...


Roundabout_Project_Map, University Of Maine Apr 2018

Roundabout_Project_Map, University Of Maine

General University of Maine Publications

Beginning May 13th, the Rangeley Road entrance to campus will be closed for construction of a new roundabout by the Maine Department of Transportation. Work will take place throughout the summer with Rangeley Road scheduled to reopen on August 30th. During this time, travelers to UMaine will need to access campus from our College Ave entrances located at Long Road, Munson Road and Sebec Road. Access to Facilities Management and UMPD will be from campus via Belgrade Road. For clarity, please click on the Roundabout Project Map link below.


Enhancing A Disability Advocacy Organization's Online Capacity To Provide Families With Essential Information About Secondary Transition, Taylor Harris Apr 2018

Enhancing A Disability Advocacy Organization's Online Capacity To Provide Families With Essential Information About Secondary Transition, Taylor Harris

Poster Presentations

This poster describes my work assisting the Maine Coalition for Housing and Quality Supports conducted as part of my NH-ME LEND Leadership Project. The purpose of the project was to enhance an existing online timeline designed to help family members of individuals with developmental disabilities in Maine. In particular, I searched for essential resources, materials, and data related to effective secondary transition. The outcome was to provide a better resource for families as they identify services and supports that will help their children to have a smooth transition to adult life. Throughout this project, I collaborated with my leadership mentor ...


Rangeley Rd Detour On The Old Town Route-Final, Universtiy Of Maine Apr 2018

Rangeley Rd Detour On The Old Town Route-Final, Universtiy Of Maine

General University of Maine Publications

Map of Rangeley Road detour as a result of Department of Transportation work that began on May 13th, 2018 on the Rangeley Road entrance to the University of Maine campus. Also, includes revised bus schedules.


Preliminary Roundabout Map, University Of Maine Apr 2018

Preliminary Roundabout Map, University Of Maine

General University of Maine Publications

Preliminary roadabout map of Maine Department of Transportation work that began on May 13th, 2018 on the Rangeley Road entrance to the University of Maine campus.


Developing The State Interagency Coordinating Council For Maine Child Developmental Services, Olivia Shaw Apr 2018

Developing The State Interagency Coordinating Council For Maine Child Developmental Services, Olivia Shaw

Poster Presentations

Each state is required by the federal Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), 20 U.S.C. 1441 to have a State Interagency Coordination Council to act as an advising council for their state Early Intervention Program. My leadership project mentor, Roy Fowler, the state director for Maine’s Early Intervention Program, Child Developmental Services (CDS), tasked me with helping him to develop a new and effective SICC for CDS. Doing this required extensive research into the federal requirements for an SICC including, participant requirements, responsibilities of the SICC, and the overall process for applying to be a member. Once the ...


Educational Videos About Restraint And Seclusion, Jodie Hall Apr 2018

Educational Videos About Restraint And Seclusion, Jodie Hall

Poster Presentations

The Coalition for Restraint and Seclusion (C.A.R.S.) is a group of stakeholders whose mission is to prevent the overuse of restraints and seclusion within the educational setting. As part of my training with the New Hampshire-Maine Leadership in Education in Neurodevelopmental Related Disabilities Program (LEND), I have been working with C.A.R.S. to update their resources and parent education materials. We created a series of short informational videos which will be accessed via the internet, in order to provide materials which are easily digestible and accessible for parents. My poster will provide descriptions of the ...