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Full-Text Articles in Education

Covid-19 President Memo_Maine Memo - Giving Thanks For Our Communities, Joan Ferrini-Mundy Nov 2022

Covid-19 President Memo_Maine Memo - Giving Thanks For Our Communities, Joan Ferrini-Mundy

Office of the President

Message from Joan Ferrini-Mundy, University of Maine President to the University of Maine community regarding the Thanksgiving break and the increase in COVID-19 cases.


Early Childhood Supervision: Tensions In The Advancement Of Developmentally Appropriate And Social-Justice Oriented Practice, Sarah Jean Baker, Sascha C. Mowrey, Denise Cunningham Sep 2022

Early Childhood Supervision: Tensions In The Advancement Of Developmentally Appropriate And Social-Justice Oriented Practice, Sarah Jean Baker, Sascha C. Mowrey, Denise Cunningham

Journal of Educational Supervision

This case examines the complex interactions among university faculty, teacher candidates, and school-based mentor teachers during supervision. In early childhood, among other skills and dispositions, the use of developmentally appropriate practice and an equity focus are important to the overall advancement of teacher candidates’ practice. However, supervisors do not have oversight of the classrooms in which early childhood candidates are placed for field experiences. In some cases, teacher candidates may be expected to conform to or demonstrate practices themselves which are not developmentally appropriate, or which are inequitable. What is the role of the supervising faculty member in these cases ...


Tensions In The Student Teaching Triad: A Case Of Competing Views Of Responsive Instruction For Latinx Students, Juan M. Gerardo, Evthokia S. Saclarides Sep 2022

Tensions In The Student Teaching Triad: A Case Of Competing Views Of Responsive Instruction For Latinx Students, Juan M. Gerardo, Evthokia S. Saclarides

Journal of Educational Supervision

This case provides opportunities for students to think more deeply about tensions that arise in the pre-service teacher (PST)-mentor teacher-supervisor triad when there are competing views about responsive instruction for Latinx students. Furthermore, this case illustrates how shared social identities among triad members do not necessarily mean there is a shared stance of how to work with Latinx students that aligns with research-based recommendations. The accompanying teaching notes, discussion questions, and classroom activities expose students to relevant literature, introduce them to the concept of courageous conversations, and enable them to role play.


The Complexities And Discourse Of Supervision For Equity And Justice In Teaching And Teacher Education, Stefanie D. Livers, A. Minor Baker, Patricia Guerra, Melanie Acosta Sep 2022

The Complexities And Discourse Of Supervision For Equity And Justice In Teaching And Teacher Education, Stefanie D. Livers, A. Minor Baker, Patricia Guerra, Melanie Acosta

Journal of Educational Supervision

Supervision is essential to the preparation, support, and retention of teachers and other educational professionals. There are many models and responsibilities of supervisors at all levels. We discuss responsibilities of supervision during teacher preparation, within school contexts, and equity and freedom minded supervision. Additionally, we introduce this special issue. The special issue explores both the complexity and discourse found within situations and contexts pertaining to equity and social justice. Exploring cases of supervision allows for reflection, discussion, and problem solving. Each of these cases call for support and preparation for supervisors as they work within contexts and situations where equitable ...


Covid-19_Umaine News_Umaine Study Finds Connection Between Partisan Politics And Effective Face Mask Production During Pandemic, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications Aug 2022

Covid-19_Umaine News_Umaine Study Finds Connection Between Partisan Politics And Effective Face Mask Production During Pandemic, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications

Division of Marketing & Communications

Screenshot of UMaine in the News regarding a study published by new faculty Matthew and Natalia Magnani in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Maine found that specifics of homemade face mask production were different depending on a state’s political affiliation and changed throughout the country with increased political polarization.


School Principals And Instructional Coaches: An Examination Of Their Working Relationships In Maine Schools, Theresa J. Gillis Aug 2022

School Principals And Instructional Coaches: An Examination Of Their Working Relationships In Maine Schools, Theresa J. Gillis

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

SCHOOL PRINCIPALS AND INSTRUCTIONAL COACHES: AN EXAMINATION OF THEIR WORKING RELATIONSHIPS IN MAINE SCHOOLS

By Theresa J Gillis

Dissertation Advisor: Dr. Catharine Biddle

An Abstract of the Dissertation Proposal

Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the

Degree of Doctor of Philosophy

(in Education)

August 2022

School principals are charged with being instructional leaders and yet they are tasked with obligations and face daily challenges that often make this an unrealistic expectation. According to the Maine Department of Education, 225 instructional coaches work in 53 Maine school districts. Instructional coaches provide feedback and support for teachers geared towards professional ...


Intersections Of Environmentalism, Chemistry, And Racism: An Experimental Study Of Halobenzene Hydrogenolysis And Critical Communication Studies Of Equitable Learning Practices Rooted In Black Feminism, Lauren O. Babb Aug 2022

Intersections Of Environmentalism, Chemistry, And Racism: An Experimental Study Of Halobenzene Hydrogenolysis And Critical Communication Studies Of Equitable Learning Practices Rooted In Black Feminism, Lauren O. Babb

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Increasing concentrations of fluorinated aromatic compounds in surface water, groundwater, and soil pose threats to the environment. Fundamental studies that elucidate mechanisms of dehalogenation for C-X compounds (where X represents a halide) are required to develop effective remediation strategies. For halogenated benzenes, previously published research has suggested that the strength of the C-X bond is not rate-determining in the overall rate of dehalogenation. Instead, the rate-determining step has been hypothesized to be adsorption of the C-X compound onto the surface of a catalyst. Building on this hypothesis, in this work, we examine the reaction kinetics of fluorobenzene conversion to benzene ...


Investigating The Teaching And Assessment Experiences Of Maine Secondary Science Teachers During The Covid-19 Lockdown, Anupam Raj Aug 2022

Investigating The Teaching And Assessment Experiences Of Maine Secondary Science Teachers During The Covid-19 Lockdown, Anupam Raj

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In March 2020, an unexpected event changed the educational systems throughout the world. In the United States, the COVID-19 pandemic caused public places to close down, including schools. To continue education, schools in Maine went online. This study describes how Maine secondary science teachers taught and assessed their students while teaching remotely for the first time during the lockdown. It does so by investigating teachers’ perspectives about the impact on their students, how they handled the issue of equity, their new priorities and expectations, their teaching and assessment challenges, and their successful strategies during the initial phase of the lockdown ...


Botanically Inclined: Elementary Students' Knowledge Of Plant Structures And Their Functions Captured In Drawings, Emilie Oesterlin Aug 2022

Botanically Inclined: Elementary Students' Knowledge Of Plant Structures And Their Functions Captured In Drawings, Emilie Oesterlin

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

School gardens provide numerous educational opportunities and many elementary schools in Maine are supporting these nature-based learning experiences. However, there is a lack of information about how school gardens are associated with student learning of plants. This research investigated student knowledge of plant growth and reproduction at a school with a garden and explored how this knowledge is associated with how much time students spend in a garden.

An activity was designed, based on the Next Generation Science Standard performance expectation 4-LS1-1, asking students to draw a plant and label the different structures, including explanations of their functions. The activity ...


Ums_Community Guidance_Students_Covid-19 Fall 2022 Vaccination Requirements, University Of Maine System Jul 2022

Ums_Community Guidance_Students_Covid-19 Fall 2022 Vaccination Requirements, University Of Maine System

Community Guidance

Screenshot of webpage part of the "Together for Maine" University of Maine System providing information regarding vaccination requirements for the fall semester 2022.


Ums_Community Guidance_Employees_University Of Maine System Covid-19 Employee Vaccination Protocols, University Of Maine System Jul 2022

Ums_Community Guidance_Employees_University Of Maine System Covid-19 Employee Vaccination Protocols, University Of Maine System

Community Guidance

Screenshot of webpage part of the "Together for Maine" University of Maine System guidance regarding vaccination protocols for employees.


The Unofficial Guide Ums Guide To Benefits, Penobscot Financial Advisors Jul 2022

The Unofficial Guide Ums Guide To Benefits, Penobscot Financial Advisors

General University of Maine Publications

PFA's Unofficial Guide to UMS Employees' Benefits.


University Of Maine System Self Study, University Of Maine System Jul 2022

University Of Maine System Self Study, University Of Maine System

General University of Maine Publications

Upon granting unified accreditation to the University of Maine System in July 2020, the regional accreditor, the New England Commission of Higher Education (NECHE), asked the University of Maine System prepare a self-study in advance of a Fall 2022 visit by a NECHE-appointed evaluation team.


Ums_Community Guidance_Students_Quarantine, Isolation, And Support Services, University Of Maine System Jun 2022

Ums_Community Guidance_Students_Quarantine, Isolation, And Support Services, University Of Maine System

Community Guidance

Screenshot of webpage part of the "Together for Maine" University of Maine System with guidance on quarantine, isolation, and support services for students.


Ums_Community Guidance_Everyone_General Information Regarding Fall 2022 Programs, Visitor Access And Protocols, Visitor And Event Vaccination Requirements, Pandemic Protocols And Overall University Operations, University Of Maine System Jun 2022

Ums_Community Guidance_Everyone_General Information Regarding Fall 2022 Programs, Visitor Access And Protocols, Visitor And Event Vaccination Requirements, Pandemic Protocols And Overall University Operations, University Of Maine System

Community Guidance

Screenshot of webpage part of the "Together for Maine" University of Maine System general information regarding fall 2022 programs, visitor access and protocols, visitor and event vaccination requirements, pandemic protocols and overall University operations.


Hr_On-Campus Covid-19 Vaccination Clinic June 21–24 Email, University Of Maine Office Of Human Resources Jun 2022

Hr_On-Campus Covid-19 Vaccination Clinic June 21–24 Email, University Of Maine Office Of Human Resources

University of Maine Communications

Email from University of Maine Office of Human Resources regarding on-campus COVID-19 vaccination clinic being held on campus from 1:30–3 p.m., June 21–24, 2022.


Presidential Awards Recognition Ceremony, President’S Office, University Of Maine May 2022

Presidential Awards Recognition Ceremony, President’S Office, University Of Maine

General University of Maine Publications

Program for the 2022 Presidential Awards Recognition Ceremony.


Notice Of The Passing Of A Ums Employee, Loretta B. Shields May 2022

Notice Of The Passing Of A Ums Employee, Loretta B. Shields

General University of Maine Publications

Email from the University of Maine System Office of Human Resources announcing the passing of University of Maine System employee, Laurie Clark.


Covid-19_Umaine News_Mepri Releases Two Reports On Supports For Students And Teachers During Covid-19 Pandemic, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications May 2022

Covid-19_Umaine News_Mepri Releases Two Reports On Supports For Students And Teachers During Covid-19 Pandemic, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications

Division of Marketing & Communications

Screenshot of UMaine in the News regarding a University of Maine study that the Maine Educational Policy Research Institute (MEPRI) has published two new reports based on a study of the strategies and challenges involved in supporting preK–12 students and teachers during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Ums_Community Guidance_Everyone_Face Covering Requirements, University Of Maine System May 2022

Ums_Community Guidance_Everyone_Face Covering Requirements, University Of Maine System

Community Guidance

Screenshot of webpage part of the "Together for Maine" University of Maine System guidance regarding changes to face coverings requirements on UMS campuses.


Covid-19_Umaine News_On-Campus Covid-19 Testing Schedule Beginning May 9, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications May 2022

Covid-19_Umaine News_On-Campus Covid-19 Testing Schedule Beginning May 9, University Of Maine Division Of Marketing And Communications

Division of Marketing & Communications

Screenshot of UMaine News press release regarding UMaine COVID-19 symptomatic and asymptomatic self-administered tests being available.


The Role Of Internal And External Coaches In Supporting Implementation Of Proficiency Based Learning At The Secondary Level, Katie M. Thompson May 2022

The Role Of Internal And External Coaches In Supporting Implementation Of Proficiency Based Learning At The Secondary Level, Katie M. Thompson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this study was to investigate teacher perceptions of the role of internal and external coaching on implementation of proficiency-based education, a school-wide reform initiative. The conceptual framework for this qualitative multi-site comparative case study is a combination of the Double-Loop Learning Model (Argyris, 1976) and Vygotsky’s Space model (Gallucci, 2008). Data were collected and compared from four secondary schools in Maine for this study: two with internal coaches assisting in implementing proficiency-based education and two with external coaches assisting in implementing proficiency-based education. Seventeen teachers, four coaches, and four principals were interviewed as the primary source ...


Outdoor Pursuits And Outdoor Learning At Rural Maine Schools: A Positive Outlier Approach, Lauren E. Jacobs May 2022

Outdoor Pursuits And Outdoor Learning At Rural Maine Schools: A Positive Outlier Approach, Lauren E. Jacobs

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the barriers and facilitators to outdoor learning and outdoor pursuits (OPs) in some of the most rural isolated K-12 schools in Maine. The purpose was to understand why some of these schools incorporate a lot of OPs and outdoor learning into their curriculum while other schools do not. Outdoor pursuits and outdoor learning in school settings are worthy of study because they provide students with opportunities to increase physical activity, benefit from time in nature, and make important connections to local culture (Lim et al., 2017; Schafft, 2016; Trembley et al., 2015).

This study employed a comparative ...


The Value Of Peer Supervisory Practices, Josh Tripp May 2022

The Value Of Peer Supervisory Practices, Josh Tripp

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Across the country schools have continuously looked to find ways to increase student achievement. In response to state and federal policy, school districts have used evaluative processes and accountability measures to increase teacher effectiveness. Despite a significant body of research that supports the effect of supervisory practices on teacher effectiveness, this focus on formal evaluation has detracted from the time and resources allocated to instructional supervision. Due to COVID-19, schools across the nation have been forced to provide remote learning opportunities to students. Essentially, this new style of teaching has turned all educators, regardless of experience, into first-year teachers. The ...


Teacher Growth In Knowledge Of Conservation Of Energy And In Self-Efficacy, Paul H. Wilson May 2022

Teacher Growth In Knowledge Of Conservation Of Energy And In Self-Efficacy, Paul H. Wilson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study examines a conversation between a group of three in-service teachers during a professional development workshop. During the workshop, the teachers collaborated to answer a set of survey questions pertaining to energy concepts in physical science. The teachers began the survey expressing low self-efficacy in their knowledge of energy. Through this study, we were able to observe teachers as they learned new concepts. This study used a narrative analysis of their conversation. The analysis centers on changes in the teachers’ common content knowledge of conservation of energy and their expressed self-efficacy regarding that knowledge. Their knowledge was evaluated from ...


Implementation And Teacher Leadership Of Collaborative Efforts During The Challenges Surrounding The Covid-19 Pandemic, George R. Mayfield Iii May 2022

Implementation And Teacher Leadership Of Collaborative Efforts During The Challenges Surrounding The Covid-19 Pandemic, George R. Mayfield Iii

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the implementation and teacher leadership of collaborative work in the era of hybrid and online learning necessitated by the COVID-19 pandemic in a medium-sized suburban/rural high school in central Maine. In situations of intense challenge like this, collaborating with colleagues to produce new teaching and learning modalities can be a beneficial task. Structures like professional learning groups (PLG) provide a means to support and enhance opportunities for just such a task. The study elucidated the levels of implementation of our PLG efforts and sought to inform future use of PLG structures ...


The Effect Of Leadership Change On School Climate, Brian D. Bannen May 2022

The Effect Of Leadership Change On School Climate, Brian D. Bannen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

School climate affects student achievement, feelings of safety within the school, and teacher job satisfaction. Concurrently, the principal is often seen as someone with a direct influence on the climate of the school, and therefore someone who has a direct role in shaping these aspects of school climate. Recent data suggests that about one in five principals leaves the profession every year, which means that every year, one in every five schools experiences a change to its climate, and a change to its achievement, safety, and teacher satisfaction. If this trend continues, schools are going to continue to feel the ...


How School Counselors Promote Growth Mindset In Their Practice: Five Views Of Agency In The Motivation Of Elementary Students, Sheryl G. Baker-Hewey May 2022

How School Counselors Promote Growth Mindset In Their Practice: Five Views Of Agency In The Motivation Of Elementary Students, Sheryl G. Baker-Hewey

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The construct of growth mindset has become an increasing focus of educators as they seek ways to promote goal attainment among students. The growth mindset framework suggests that attributes such as high performance, skill development, and ability can be developed through motivation, sustained effort, and grit. Allowing for the possibility of continuing academic and personal growth, a positive mindset stresses the agency of perseverance and redirection in the face of challenge. Such an approach stands in contrast to a fixed or stagnant view of individual ability. Promoting a perspective of resilience and progress through growth mindset strategies is viewed as ...


Youth’S Expressions Of Personal Significance In An Informal Learning Setting That Bridged Stem And Experiential Learning, Gabrielle A. Brodek May 2022

Youth’S Expressions Of Personal Significance In An Informal Learning Setting That Bridged Stem And Experiential Learning, Gabrielle A. Brodek

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

When youth relate to environmental science on a deep, personal level they are more likely to retain information, as they make neural connections to significant lived experiences, and are more likely to be environmentally aware and engage in actions that benefit marine and freshwater ecosystems. In order to promote and encourage personally significant connections to environmental science ideas, tools, and practices, it’s important to design a curriculum or program that provides opportunities for reflection, discussion, and application. This thesis includes one practitioner manuscript that describes the development of a new design process for informal learning programs that incorporates evidence-based ...


Adaptive Leadership Practices: High School Leadership In Maine During The Covid-19 Crisis, Ryan B. Crane May 2022

Adaptive Leadership Practices: High School Leadership In Maine During The Covid-19 Crisis, Ryan B. Crane

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This research focuses on leadership decisions by high school administrators in Maine in response to school closures and subsequent reopening plans due the Covid-19 pandemic. The purpose of this study was to learn the degree to which adaptive leadership was used as a leadership approach in response to a unique, complex and dynamic set of challenges, and to discover how the theories of constructive development influenced administrators’ comfort with adaptive work. Adaptive leadership is identified as the focus for this study based on the unprecedented magnitude of adaptive challenges caused by the Covid-19 pandemic for school systems throughout the state ...