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Educational Psychology

Cross-cultural

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Validation Of The Chinese Version Of The Sense Of Self (Sos) Scale, Ronnel B. King, Fraide A. Ganotice, David A. Watkins Jan 2011

Validation Of The Chinese Version Of The Sense Of Self (Sos) Scale, Ronnel B. King, Fraide A. Ganotice, David A. Watkins

Ronnel B King

This study explored the cross-cultural applicability of the Sense of Self (SOS) Scale in the Hong Kong Chinese cultural context. The SOS Scale is a 26-item questionnaire designed to measure students’ sense of purpose, self-reliance, and self-concept in school. Six hundred ninety-seven Hong Kong Chinese high school students participated in the study. Both within-network and between-network approaches to construct validation were adopted. Responses to this questionnaire are shown to have good internal consistency reliability, and support is provided for its construct validity in terms of its factorial structure and correlations with other educational outcomes such as learning strategies. In addition ...


Cross-Cultural Validity Of The Inventory Of School Motivation (Ism) In Chinese And Filipino Samples, Ronnel B. King, Ganotice A. Fraide Jr., David A. Watkins Jan 2011

Cross-Cultural Validity Of The Inventory Of School Motivation (Ism) In Chinese And Filipino Samples, Ronnel B. King, Ganotice A. Fraide Jr., David A. Watkins

Ronnel B King

Students’ achievement goals in school have received increasing research attention because they have been shown to be important in predicting important outcomes. As such, there has been a growing interest in measuring and comparing them across different cultural groups. However, these comparisons cannot be made until validity evidence has been attained to support the use of an instrument in the new cultural setting. In this study, we investigated the cross-cultural applicability of the Inventory of School Motivation (ISM, McInerney, Roche, McInerney, & Marsh, 1997) in the Hong Kong Chinese and Philippine contexts using both within-network and between-network approaches to construct validation ...


Competitiveness Is Not That Bad. . .At Least In The East: Testing The Hierarchical Model Of Achievement Motivation In The Asian Setting, Ronnel B. King, Dennis M. Mcinerney, David A. Watkins Jan 2011

Competitiveness Is Not That Bad. . .At Least In The East: Testing The Hierarchical Model Of Achievement Motivation In The Asian Setting, Ronnel B. King, Dennis M. Mcinerney, David A. Watkins

Ronnel B King

Competitiveness has usually been viewed as a negative trait as it leads to suboptimal outcomes. However, research in cross-cultural psychology has indicated that competitiveness may hold different meanings for people from individualist and collectivist cultures. The current study investigates the effects of competitiveness on different educational outcomes in the collectivistic Chinese cultural context. Utilizing the hierarchical model of achievement motivation, this study aims to examine the relationships among individual differences (trait mastery and trait competitiveness), achievement goals (mastery and performance goals), and learning strategies (deep and surface learning strategies). Six hundred ninety-seven secondary school students from Hong Kong answered questionnaires ...