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Rape Myth Acceptance: A Comparison Of Military Service Academy And Civilian Fraternity And Sorority Students, Marjorie H. Carroll, Judith Rosenstein, John D. Foubert, M. Diane Clark, Lisa Korenman Mar 2016

Rape Myth Acceptance: A Comparison Of Military Service Academy And Civilian Fraternity And Sorority Students, Marjorie H. Carroll, Judith Rosenstein, John D. Foubert, M. Diane Clark, Lisa Korenman

John D. Foubert

Although both the military and fraternities have been theorized to be characterized by
norms and attitudes that serve to legitimize violence against women, no previous work has
examined the potential similarity and differences in rape-supportive beliefs of these 2
environments or the people drawn to them. Further, the belief systems of women within
these organizations have received little attention. As such, the current study sought to serve
as an initial exploration of the rape-supportive belief systems of people drawn to these
groups. Participants were recruited from students entering 2 military service academies
(U.S. Military Academy, n 1,169, 1 ...


Predictors Of Professional Identity Development For Student Affairs Professionals., Edward C. Pittman, John D. Foubert Feb 2016

Predictors Of Professional Identity Development For Student Affairs Professionals., Edward C. Pittman, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

This study examined whether professional involvement, supervision style, and mentoring predicted the professional identity of graduate students and new professionals in student affairs. Results of the study show that all three independent variables predicted the professional identity development of graduate students. Supervision style of a supervisor, but not mentoring or professional involvement, significantly predicted the professional identity development of new professionals. Implications and recommendations for future research and student affairs practice are provided.


Understanding The Meaning-Making Processes Of Hispanic College Students In Their Spiritual And Religious Development., Roland Nunez, John D. Foubert Dec 2015

Understanding The Meaning-Making Processes Of Hispanic College Students In Their Spiritual And Religious Development., Roland Nunez, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

This study used narrative inquiry to understand what spirituality
and religiosity meant to Hispanic students attending a large,
Midwestern university in the United States. The study consisted
of interviews with 10 Hispanic students who discussed their
spiritual and religious beliefs from childhood through college.
Findings supported current literature that spirituality increases
and religiosity decreases during college. However, after an
initial decline in religiosity during the first year of college,
participants reported a noteworthy increase shortly after
college began. Secondly, students’ spiritual and religious beliefs
were closely tied to their family, supporting research on familial
centrality in Hispanic culture.


What Is The Attraction? Pornography Use Motives In Relation To Bystander Intervention, John D. Foubert, Ana J. Bridges Dec 2014

What Is The Attraction? Pornography Use Motives In Relation To Bystander Intervention, John D. Foubert, Ana J. Bridges

John D. Foubert

Use of pornography is common among adolescents and young adults, with most men and a growing number of women viewing regularly. A vast body of research suggests pornography use is associated with multiple attitudinal and behavioral variables. One of those associations, for both men and women, is higher pornography use is correlated with a lower likelihood of intervening to prevent sexual assault. The present study explored how motives for viewing pornography related to male (n = 139) and female (n = 290) college students’ willingness and efficacy to intervene to help prevent a sexual assault from occurring. We found that several motivations ...


Precursors To And Pathways Through Conversion: Catalytic Experiences Of Born Again Christian College Students, John D. Foubert, Matthew W. Brosi, Angela Watson, Dale R. Fuqua Dec 2014

Precursors To And Pathways Through Conversion: Catalytic Experiences Of Born Again Christian College Students, John D. Foubert, Matthew W. Brosi, Angela Watson, Dale R. Fuqua

John D. Foubert

Born again Christians are a significant religious population in the United States, and throughout the world. The process by in which a born again identity is assumed is not clearly described in the research literature. Therefore, we asked 18 born again Christian college students a series of questions designed to uncover what led to their identity of being born again. Responses fell into three overarching themes. First, participants described exposure within relationships to God’s principles. Second, participants noted the influence of introspection and reflection on their lives apart from the influence of God. Third, participants had an active response ...


Student Engagement In Extracurricular Activities And Academic Performance: Exploring Gender Differences, Avi Zacherman, John D. Foubert Dec 2013

Student Engagement In Extracurricular Activities And Academic Performance: Exploring Gender Differences, Avi Zacherman, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

The effects of time spent in extracurricular activities on academic performance was tested. A curvilinear relationship between hours per week spent involved in extracurricular activities and grade point average was discovered such that a low amount of extracurricular involvement was beneficial to grades, while a high amount can potentially hurt academic performance in college students. Important gender differences were present such that very high involvement was particularly detrimental to men’s academic performance.


Effects Of Gender And Facebook Use On The Development Of Mature Interpersonal Relationships, John D. Foubert, Ryan C. Masin Dec 2013

Effects Of Gender And Facebook Use On The Development Of Mature Interpersonal Relationships, John D. Foubert, Ryan C. Masin

John D. Foubert

This study analyzed the effects of gender and the intensity of Facebook use on college students’ development of mature interpersonal relationships at a large Midwestern University. Small, significant negative relationships between the development of mature interpersonal relationships and Facebook use intensity existed, with slightly more negative correlations found when only peer relationships were considered. A two-way ANOVA revealed significant effects of both gender and Facebook use intensity on the development of mature interpersonal relationships. A significant difference was found between heavy and light Facebook users, with students who use Facebook more intensely having less developed mature interpersonal relationships than those ...


Sorority Women’S And Fraternity Men’S Rape Myth Acceptance And Bystander Intervention Attitudes, R Sean Bannon, Matt W. Brosi, John D. Foubert Dec 2012

Sorority Women’S And Fraternity Men’S Rape Myth Acceptance And Bystander Intervention Attitudes, R Sean Bannon, Matt W. Brosi, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

Sorority women and fraternity men are more likely than other students to be survivors and perpetrators of sexual assault, respectively. The present study examined sorority and fraternity members’ rape myth acceptance, bystander efficacy, and bystander willingness to help in potential sexual assault situations. Sorority women were more rejecting of rape myths and were more willing to intervene than fraternity men. However, no difference in bystander efficacy was found. Implications of this contrast are discussed.


College Training And Consulting Information, John D. Foubert Dec 2012

College Training And Consulting Information, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

This document describes the speaking and consulting topics that John Foubert can cover for colleges and universities.


The Relationship Between College Men’S Religious Preference And Their Level Of Moral Development., Jerry L. Tatum, John D. Foubert, Dale R. Fuqua, Christopher Ray Dec 2012

The Relationship Between College Men’S Religious Preference And Their Level Of Moral Development., Jerry L. Tatum, John D. Foubert, Dale R. Fuqua, Christopher Ray

John D. Foubert

The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between first year college men's religious preference (Catholic, Protest.ant, or none) and their level of moral development as measured by the Defining Issues TestShort Form (Rest, 1986). Data analyses were conducted based upon results for 161 in-coming college men. Results of an analysis of variance indicated that those with no stated religious preference had significantly higher P scores (M = 45.2, SD= 16.8) than respondents who identified as Roman Catholic (M = 36.1, SD= J 6.7) or as Protestant (M= 38.6, SD= 17.3). Implications ...


Effects Of The Men’S Program On U.S. Army Soldiers’ Intentions To Commit And Willingness To Intervene To Prevent Rape: A Pretest Posttest Study., John D. Foubert, Ryan C. Masin Nov 2012

Effects Of The Men’S Program On U.S. Army Soldiers’ Intentions To Commit And Willingness To Intervene To Prevent Rape: A Pretest Posttest Study., John D. Foubert, Ryan C. Masin

John D. Foubert

Non-commissioned male officers in the U.S. Army stationed in Germany were trained to present a one-hour rape prevention workshop, The Men’s Program, to 237 enlisted male soldiers. A comparison group of 244 male soldiers received a briefing focused on reducing the individual’s risk for experiencing sexual assault, discussion of myths and facts about sexual assault, and how to avoid being accused of sexual assault. Participants in The Men’s Program experienced significant change in the predicted direction for bystander willingness to help, bystander efficacy, rape myth acceptance, likelihood of raping, and likelihood of committing sexual assault with ...


Explaining The Wind: How Self-Identified Born Again Christians Define What “Born Again” Means To Them, John D. Foubert, Angela Watson, Matt W. Brosi, Dale R. Fuqua Dec 2011

Explaining The Wind: How Self-Identified Born Again Christians Define What “Born Again” Means To Them, John D. Foubert, Angela Watson, Matt W. Brosi, Dale R. Fuqua

John D. Foubert

Christian students on college campuses form a large proportion of the student body on many campuses, and consequently, they are an important influence, collectively, on the existential dialogue occurring on university campuses. However it is understood, regeneration is a fundamental and central element of the life and belief system of Christian students. Some college students who identify as Christian also define themselves as born again, yet a multiplicity of understandings of this concept appears to exist. The present study sought to investigate how self-identified, born again Christian students define the term “born again,” how they come to know that they ...


The Men’S Program: Does It Impact College Men’S Bystander Efficacy And Willingness To Intervene?, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, John D. Foubert, Brent Hill, Hope Brasfield, Shannon Shelley-Tremblay Dec 2010

The Men’S Program: Does It Impact College Men’S Bystander Efficacy And Willingness To Intervene?, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, John D. Foubert, Brent Hill, Hope Brasfield, Shannon Shelley-Tremblay

John D. Foubert

This study considered whether a rape prevention program could reduce men’s rape myth acceptance, enhance the perceived effectiveness of college men’s bystander behavior, and increase men’s willingness to intervene as bystanders in potentially dangerous situations. As predicted, college men who experienced The Men’s Program significantly increased their self-reported willingness to help as a bystander and their perceived bystander efficacy in comparison to college men who experienced the comparison condition. Men’s Program participants also significantly decreased their self-reported rape myth acceptance in comparison with comparison condition participants. The college policy and rape prevention program planning implications ...


Effects Of Women’S Pornography Use On Bystander Intervention In A Sexual Assault Situation And Rape Myth Acceptance, Matt W. Brosi, John D. Foubert, R Sean Bannon, Gabriel Yandell Dec 2010

Effects Of Women’S Pornography Use On Bystander Intervention In A Sexual Assault Situation And Rape Myth Acceptance, Matt W. Brosi, John D. Foubert, R Sean Bannon, Gabriel Yandell

John D. Foubert

College women’s exposure to pornography is growing nationwide. A limited amount of research exists documenting the negative effects of pornography on women’s attitudes and behavior related to sexual assault. The present study surveyed sorority members at a Midwestern public university on their pornography use, rape myth acceptance, bystander efficacy, and bystander willingness to help in potential sexual assault situations. Results showed that women who view pornography are significantly less likely to intervene as a bystander and are more likely to believe rape myths. Implications for women’s personal safety and for the advisability of consuming pornography are discussed.


Answering The Questions Of Rape Prevention Research: A Response To Tharp Et Al. (2011), John D. Foubert Dec 2010

Answering The Questions Of Rape Prevention Research: A Response To Tharp Et Al. (2011), John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

Rape prevention programmers and researchers have long struggled to select the most appropriate theoretical models to frame their work. Questions abound regarding appropriate standards of evidence for success of program interventions. The present article provides an alternative point of view to the one put forward by seven staff members from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Tharp et al., 2011). Questions are posed for readers to consider regarding the appropriateness of the medical model for rape prevention programs, whether randomized control trials are the one and only gold standard, whether programs presented to groups should be evaluated ...


Integrating Religious And Professional Identities: Christian Faculty At Public Institutions Of Higher Education, Christy M. Craft, John D. Foubert, Jessica J. Lane Dec 2010

Integrating Religious And Professional Identities: Christian Faculty At Public Institutions Of Higher Education, Christy M. Craft, John D. Foubert, Jessica J. Lane

John D. Foubert

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to investigate how Christian faculty members integrate their religious identity with their professional identity within public colleges and universities. Semi-structured interviews with 12 Christian faculty members shed light on their perceived "calling" to public higher education, as well as revealed insights as to how they overtly and covertly attempt to express their religious identity within the workplace.


Pornography Viewing Among Fraternity Men: Effects On Bystander Intervention, Rape Myth Acceptance And Behavioral Intent To Commit Sexual Assault., John D. Foubert, Matt W. Brosi, R Sean Bannon Dec 2010

Pornography Viewing Among Fraternity Men: Effects On Bystander Intervention, Rape Myth Acceptance And Behavioral Intent To Commit Sexual Assault., John D. Foubert, Matt W. Brosi, R Sean Bannon

John D. Foubert

College men’s exposure to pornography is nearly universal, with growing viewing rates nationwide. Substantial research documents the harmful effects of mainstream, sadomasochistic, and rape pornography on men’s attitudes and behavior related to sexual assault. The present study surveyed 62% of the fraternity population at a Midwestern public university on their pornography viewing habits, bystander efficacy, and bystander willingness to help in potential rape situations. Results showed that men who view pornography are significantly less likely to intervene as a bystander, report an increased behavioral intent to rape, and are more likely to believe rape myths.


White Paper: Effects Of The Men’S Program On Male Soldiers’ Bystander Intervention, Likelihood Of Raping, And Attitudes Toward Rape: A Pretest/Posttest Controlled Study, Final Report, United States Army - Europe, John D. Foubert Sep 2010

White Paper: Effects Of The Men’S Program On Male Soldiers’ Bystander Intervention, Likelihood Of Raping, And Attitudes Toward Rape: A Pretest/Posttest Controlled Study, Final Report, United States Army - Europe, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

Non-commissioned officers were trained to present a one-hour rape prevention workshop, The Men’s Program, to approximately 250 soldiers in the U.S. Army stationed in Germany. Another group of approximately 250 soldiers saw a Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program unit brief presented by a Sexual Assault Response Coordinator/Family Advocacy Program Manager. Participants were administered pretests and posttests to determine the effectiveness of these two programs. This report details the findings of the pretest and posttest assessment. An unsuccessful attempt was made to collect data 6 months after programs were presented. Valuable lessons were learned that will be ...


In Their Own Words: Sophomore College Men Describe Attitude And Behavior Changes Resulting From A Rape Prevention Program Two Years After Their Participation., John D. Foubert, Eric Godin, Jerry Tatum Dec 2009

In Their Own Words: Sophomore College Men Describe Attitude And Behavior Changes Resulting From A Rape Prevention Program Two Years After Their Participation., John D. Foubert, Eric Godin, Jerry Tatum

John D. Foubert

The study conducted involved assessing students from a Southeastern public university during two academic years, after their participation in an all-male sexual assault peer education program. The study findings revealed that 79% of 184 college men reported attitude change, behavior change, or both. Furthermore, a multistage inductive analysis revealed that after seeing The Men’s Program, men intervened to prevent rapes from happening. Participants also modified their behavior to avoid committing sexual assault when they or a potential partner were under the influence of alcohol. Implications for future research were discussed.


Effects Of A Rape Awareness Program On College Women: Increasing Bystander Efficacy And Willingness To Intervene., John D. Foubert, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling Dec 2009

Effects Of A Rape Awareness Program On College Women: Increasing Bystander Efficacy And Willingness To Intervene., John D. Foubert, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling

John D. Foubert

An experimental study evaluated the efficacy of a sexual assault riskr eduction program on 279 college women that focused on learning characteristics of male perpetrators and teaching bystander intervention techniques. After seeing The Women’s Program, participants reported significantly greater bystander efficacy and significantly greater willingness to help than before seeing the program. Participants outperformed a control group. Rape myth acceptance also declined among program participants. Implications for rape awareness programming are discussed.


First-Year Male Students’ Perceptions Of A Rape Prevention Program Seven Months After Their Participation: Attitude And Behavior Changes., John D. Foubert, Jerry Tatum, Eric Godin Dec 2009

First-Year Male Students’ Perceptions Of A Rape Prevention Program Seven Months After Their Participation: Attitude And Behavior Changes., John D. Foubert, Jerry Tatum, Eric Godin

John D. Foubert

Seven months after seeing The Men’s Program, a commonly used rape prevention program, 248 first-year college men responded to four openended questions concerning whether or not the program impacted their attitudes or behavior, particularly regarding alcohol related sexual assault. Two thirds of participants reported either attitude or behavior change during the preceding academic year due to the program’s effects or that the program reinforced their current beliefs, with many describing specific incidents of either intervening to prevent a rape, or stopping themselves from engaging in risky behavior.


White Paper: Sexual Harassment And Assault Prevention Education Manual For Faculty And Staff Leaders, John D. Foubert, Christopher Kilmarting, Gail Stern Jul 2009

White Paper: Sexual Harassment And Assault Prevention Education Manual For Faculty And Staff Leaders, John D. Foubert, Christopher Kilmarting, Gail Stern

John D. Foubert

The curriculum for the SHAPE program at the United States Naval Academy was written and in accordance with the contractual terms made with and will be copyrighted by three independent consultants hired by the United States Naval Academy: Gail Stern, Christopher Kilmartin, and John Foubert. This manual was written with the intention of providing a document for USNA faculty and staff who were hired to take over the consultant’s responsibilities for program development and training. We will discuss philosophical issues undergirding the choices we made in writing the program sessions and in conducting the training for peer educators. By ...


Keeping (Or Losing) The Faith: Reflections On Spiritual Struggles And Resolution By College Seniors., Jodi Fisler, Holly Agati, Shannon Chance, Amie Donahue, Greg Donahue, Erik Eickhoff, Sara Gastler, Joseph Lowder, John D. Foubert Dec 2008

Keeping (Or Losing) The Faith: Reflections On Spiritual Struggles And Resolution By College Seniors., Jodi Fisler, Holly Agati, Shannon Chance, Amie Donahue, Greg Donahue, Erik Eickhoff, Sara Gastler, Joseph Lowder, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

In this qualitative study, researchers examined how college seniors experienced and resolved spiritual struggles in college. Results indicated that academic activities provided opportunities to question, learn, and grow spiritually. Although a variety of external factors influenced students’ explorations of their spirituality, participants looked inward to resolve their struggles in deeply personal ways. Spiritual struggle was often manifested as a reexamination of students’ pre-college values, an ongoing process for many students. Researchers identified four ways of describing students’ state of resolution: (1) recommitting to an existing faith, (2) slightly readjusting their spiritual or religious values, (3) blending spiritual traditions, or (4 ...


Rape Myth Acceptance, Hypermasculinity, And Sat Scores As Correlates Of Moral Development: Understanding Sexually Aggressive Attitudes In First Year College Men., Jerry L. Tatum, John D. Foubert Dec 2008

Rape Myth Acceptance, Hypermasculinity, And Sat Scores As Correlates Of Moral Development: Understanding Sexually Aggressive Attitudes In First Year College Men., Jerry L. Tatum, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

Male perpetrated sexual aggression has long been recognized as a serious problem on college campuses. The purpose of this multiple regression correlation study was to assess the relationship between levels of moral development (measured by the Defining Issues Test) and the degree to which first-year college men (N = 161) ascribed to rape supportive attitudes, as measured by the Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale and the Hypermasculinity Inventory. Respondents completed these instruments and a demographic questionnaire prior to the beginning of the fall semester. Pearson correlations indicated that there was a significant (p < .01) relationship between rape myth acceptance and moral ...


Reactions Of Men Of Color To A Commonly Used Rape Prevention Program: Attitude And Predicted Behavior Changes, John D. Foubert, Brandynne J. Cremedy Dec 2006

Reactions Of Men Of Color To A Commonly Used Rape Prevention Program: Attitude And Predicted Behavior Changes, John D. Foubert, Brandynne J. Cremedy

John D. Foubert

African American, Latino, and Asian first-year college men (36) saw The Men’s Program, an all-male rape prevention workshop, and wrote answers to four open ended questions to determine how men from non-white groups react to a commonly used rape prevention program. Using a multi-stage inductive analysis, participant responses fell into five main themes including reinforced current beliefs and/or no changes, increased awareness of rape and its effects on survivors, increased understanding of consent, plans to intervene if a rape might occur, and plans to change behavior in their own intimate situations. Participants mentioned specific ways in which they ...


Sexual Assault Survivors’ Perceptions Of Campus Judicial Systems., John D. Foubert, Dallas Durant Dec 2006

Sexual Assault Survivors’ Perceptions Of Campus Judicial Systems., John D. Foubert, Dallas Durant

John D. Foubert

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate the experiences and perceptions of college sexual assault survivors who seek formal, on-campus action against their perpetrators. The authors interviewed seven female survivors from various institutions across the country and compiled themes and suggestions relating to their experiences. Participants reported substantial dissatisfaction with both the on-campus judicial process and the outcome of that process. They also noted several key positive aspects of the on-campus judicial system. Implications for counselors and other professionals who support rape survivors are discussed.


Creating Lasting Attitude And Behavior Change In Fraternity Members And Male Student Athletes: The Qualitative Impact Of An Empathy-Based Rape Prevention Program., John D. Foubert, Brad C. Perry Dec 2006

Creating Lasting Attitude And Behavior Change In Fraternity Members And Male Student Athletes: The Qualitative Impact Of An Empathy-Based Rape Prevention Program., John D. Foubert, Brad C. Perry

John D. Foubert

Fraternity members and male student athletes responded to open-ended questions assessing the impact of an empathy-based rape prevention program. All participants reported either lasting attitude or behavior changes; most reported both. Participants reported increased understanding of how rape might feel and attributed this change to seeing a videotape describing a male-on-male rape situation. Participants refrained from telling jokes about rape and reported feeling more effective when helping survivors seeking assistance. These behavior changes were attributed to the videotape and to a section of the program encouraging participants to confront rape jokes and challenge sexist behaviors.


Behavior Differences Seven Months Later: Effects Of A Rape Prevention Program, John D. Foubert Ph.D., Johnathan T. Newberry, Jerry Tatum Dec 2006

Behavior Differences Seven Months Later: Effects Of A Rape Prevention Program, John D. Foubert Ph.D., Johnathan T. Newberry, Jerry Tatum

John D. Foubert

First-year men at a midsized public university either saw a rape prevention program or were in a control group and were asked to complete attitude and behavior surveys at the beginning and end of an academic year. Participants were also asked whether they joined fraternities during that year. With 90% of first-year men participating throughout the duration of the study, results showed that men who joined fraternities during the year and had seen a rape prevention program at the beginning of the academic year were significantly less likely to commit a sexually coercive act during the year than control group ...


White Paper: Developing A Comprehensive Sexual Assault Policy: Suggestions For Colleges And Universities Dr. John D. Foubert, Llc, John D. Foubert Oct 2006

White Paper: Developing A Comprehensive Sexual Assault Policy: Suggestions For Colleges And Universities Dr. John D. Foubert, Llc, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

The following recommendations are offered as a starting point for a discussion at your college or university as you examine your sexual assault policy and procedures. Each recommendation is detailed separately in this report along with suggested policy wording and where appropriate, a rationale for its inclusion. The present list is provided to offer the reader a general overview of the content of this discussion draft.


An Exploration Of Fraternity Culture: Implications For Programs To Address Alcohol-Related Sexual Assault., John D. Foubert, Dallas Garner, Peter J. Thaxter Dec 2005

An Exploration Of Fraternity Culture: Implications For Programs To Address Alcohol-Related Sexual Assault., John D. Foubert, Dallas Garner, Peter J. Thaxter

John D. Foubert

Focus groups with fraternity men were conducted to assess the aspects of fraternity culture that intersect with alcohol related sexual assault.