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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Contribution Of Teacher Talk To The Production And Reproduction Of Gendered Subjectivity In Physical Education Lessons, Janice E. Wright May 2011

The Contribution Of Teacher Talk To The Production And Reproduction Of Gendered Subjectivity In Physical Education Lessons, Janice E. Wright

Jan Wright

It is widely accepted that girls and women are less likely to participate in physical activity, have on average lower cardiovascular fitness and are more obese than boys and men. The response to this by the government and by those espousing a liberal femininist position has been to argue that such differences are the consequence of inequality of opportunity in regard to access to resources, skills and teaching time. This position takes for granted the value of sport and physical education as it is practised in western societies. It does not pose as problematic the contribution that such practices make ...


Young People, Physical Activity And Transitions, Jan Wright, Judith Laverty May 2011

Young People, Physical Activity And Transitions, Jan Wright, Judith Laverty

Jan Wright

In the literature on young people’s health and its relation to participation in physical activity, there are recurring narratives that lament the decline in participation during the senior years of schooling and beyond (e.g. Sallis, Prochaska and Taylor 2000). This apparent decline has been interpreted as a significant problem and one that must be addressed by strategies to engage young people in more physical activity; most of which target young people with a view to changing their attitudes and behaviours (Gyurcsik, Bray and Brittain 2004; Leslie, Fotheringham, Owen and Bauman 2001). This concern about young people’s participation ...


Anxieties And Aspirations: The Making Of Active, Informed Citizens, Doune Macdonald, Jan Wright, R. Abbott May 2011

Anxieties And Aspirations: The Making Of Active, Informed Citizens, Doune Macdonald, Jan Wright, R. Abbott

Jan Wright

In writing The Code of Health and Longevity in 1818, Sir John Sinclair hoped that with the provision: of the facts and observations, which are most essential for the preservation of health, .... that it will now be in the power of every considerable person, to ascertain what rules are suited to his particular situation, and to adopt those which are likely to be most efficacious. (Sinclair 1818: 13) Motivating Sir John’s tome nearly two hundred years ago was his concern that ‘people seldom attend to their health till it be too late’ (p.12) and that ‘the attainment of ...


What Does A ‘Sociocultural Perspective’ Mean In Health And Physical Education?, Kenneth P. Cliff, Jan Wright, D. Clarke Mar 2010

What Does A ‘Sociocultural Perspective’ Mean In Health And Physical Education?, Kenneth P. Cliff, Jan Wright, D. Clarke

Jan Wright

Chapter Intention: • To explore the discourse of ‘sociocultural perspective’ and its representations in Health and Physical Education curriculum; • To explore sociocultural perspective alongside the emphasis of critical pedagogies and critical inquiry; • To consider possibilities and limitations to embedding a ‘sociocultural perspective’ in teaching practices.


Reframing Quality And Impact: The Place Of Theory In Education Research, Jan Wright Jan 2010

Reframing Quality And Impact: The Place Of Theory In Education Research, Jan Wright

Jan Wright

The various research assessment exercises in UK, New Zealand and now Australia have motivated discussions around the nature of ‘quality’ and the purpose of educational research. To a certain extent this is also a discussion about theory, although the word is unlikely to be mentioned, in that terms such as ‘value free’, ‘neutral’, ‘critical’, ‘practical’, ‘transformational’, ‘evidence-based’ all invoke particular ontological and/or epistemological positions, that are and can be contested. One of the questions educational researchers face in the context of such exercises, though again implicit, is what value is attributed to robust theoretically informed research and which theoretical ...


Re-Conceiving Ability In Physical Education: A Social Analysis, Jan Wright, L. Burrows Jan 2010

Re-Conceiving Ability In Physical Education: A Social Analysis, Jan Wright, L. Burrows

Jan Wright

In this paper we explore how ‘ability’ is currently conceptualised in physical education and with what effects for different groups of young people. We interrogate approaches to theorizing ability in physical education that draw on sociological and phenomenological ‘foundations’ together with notions of ability as ‘physical’ and ‘cultural capital’ drawn from the work of Bourdieu. We also look to data we and others have collected across a number of empirical projects to ask: where do we find talk about what we might identify as ‘ability’ in the context of physical education and sport; how is it talked about? and in ...


A Social Semiotic Analysis Of Knowledge Construction And Games Centred Approaches To Teaching, Jan Wright, G. Forrest Jan 2010

A Social Semiotic Analysis Of Knowledge Construction And Games Centred Approaches To Teaching, Jan Wright, G. Forrest

Jan Wright

Games centred approaches (GCA) such as TGfU, Game Sense, Tactical Games are widely promoted as alternatives to traditional forms of teaching games within physical education. Despite a growing body of empirical research and a considerable theoretical literature, there are no analyses in the GCA literature, of interactions in actual lessons. In this paper we argue that social semiotics provides the tools for such an analysis. We give an example of how such an approach might be used by analysing questioning, as exemplified in the GCA literature and teacher resources, for the ways it constructs knowledge and interpersonal relations. We argue ...


Analysing Sportsmedia Texts: Developing Resistant Reading Positions, Jan Wright Jan 2010

Analysing Sportsmedia Texts: Developing Resistant Reading Positions, Jan Wright

Jan Wright

[Extract] The American educator Darryl Siedentop includes in his definition of a physically educated person the capacity to be 'involved critically in the sport, fitness and leisure cultures of their nations' (in Tinning 2002: 338). David Kirk uses the term physical culture to refer to the meanings, values and social practices concerned with the maintenance, representation and regulation of the body through institutionalised forms of physical activity such as sport, physical recreation, and exercise (Kirk 1997). He argues that in the process of their engagements with physical culture, young people do not merely 'participate' in physical activities, they are also ...


"Measure Your Belly": New Zealand Children's Constructions Of Health And Fitness, L. Burrows, Jan Wright, J. Jungersen-Smith Jan 2010

"Measure Your Belly": New Zealand Children's Constructions Of Health And Fitness, L. Burrows, Jan Wright, J. Jungersen-Smith

Jan Wright

The expansion of health as a concept, repeated expressions of nation-wide concerns about young people’s health and the accompanying information explosion about health and fitness have worked together to support versions of physical education that explicitly address health issues. The conflation of health with physical education is not however unproblematic. In this paper we explore some of the consequences of the relationship between health, fitness and physical activity through an examination of the students’ responses to questions relating to health and fitness in the New Zealand National Education Monitoring Project. We demonstrate that the children responding to the NEMP ...


Critical Inquiry And Problem-Solving In Physical Education, Jan Wright Jan 2010

Critical Inquiry And Problem-Solving In Physical Education, Jan Wright

Jan Wright

[Extract] Whether they agree that we are now in a period of postmodernity, late modernity or high modernity (Kirk 1997), social commentators do agree that we live in times characterised by profound social and cultural changes which are recognisable globally but reach into the everyday lives of individual. The nature of these changes is in large part attributed to enormous advances in technology which have allowed for the rapid processing and transmission of information within and across countries and cultures. On one hand, the greater accessibility of information from a larger range of sources has exposed different points of view ...


Prescribing Practices: Shaping Healthy Children In Schools, L. Burrows, Jan Wright Jan 2010

Prescribing Practices: Shaping Healthy Children In Schools, L. Burrows, Jan Wright

Jan Wright

Current concerns in New Zealand and abroad about the health and well-being of young people have generated a raft of government-sponsored and educational policies and practices geared towards the production of trim, taut and fit subjects who choose wisely from the range of risky ‘options’ available to them in avowedly new and changing times. These initiatives yield consequences for children and young people who are increasingly being urged, in Foucault’s terms, to conduct “…a certain number of operations on their own bodies and souls, thoughts, conduct, and way of being…”(1997, p. 225) in an effort to ‘become’ the ...


Social Class, Femininity And School Sport, Jan Wright, Gabrielle O'Flynn Jan 2010

Social Class, Femininity And School Sport, Jan Wright, Gabrielle O'Flynn

Jan Wright

This paper examines the relationship between the discursive and material practices associated with school sport and physical education and the formation of particular classed and gendered subjectivities; and how these, in turn, impact on young women’s potential life chances. In so doing, the paper will attempt to go beyond an understanding of ‘subjectivity’ as formed in relation to cultural and institutional discourses, to engage with the notion of ability or ‘embodied capacity’ as a form of physical capital (Shilling 1993) which has particular salience in a consumerist ‘performance’ motivated market economy and which is differentially made available in schools ...


Physical Activity In The Lives Of Young Women And Men: Embodied Identies, Jan Wright, Gabrielle O'Flynn, David C. Macdonald Jan 2010

Physical Activity In The Lives Of Young Women And Men: Embodied Identies, Jan Wright, Gabrielle O'Flynn, David C. Macdonald

Jan Wright

The purpose of this paper is to explore the complex and diverse positions particular young women and men take up in relation to the moral imperatives of the healthism discourse. We do this through a discussion of the ways in which they talk about their own and others’ bodies, in the context of a number of in-depth interviews conducted with them over the course of a year. These interviews were conducted as the major component of a longitudinal qualitative study, funded by the Australian Research Council, which investigates the place and meaning of physical activity and physical culture in young ...


Disciplining The Body: Power, Knowledge And Subjectivity In A Physical Education Lesson, Jan Wright Jan 2010

Disciplining The Body: Power, Knowledge And Subjectivity In A Physical Education Lesson, Jan Wright

Jan Wright

Extract: In recent years there has been a move in feminist and social theory towards an interest tin the body as a social and cultural site. The dominant discourses in Western society have traditionally, emphasized the body as a physical and biological given, to be understood like other 'natural' phenomena, through empirical investigation. Philosophical, feminist and poststructuralist discussions around the body (Foucault 1979, Foucault 1981, Bartky 1988, Bordo 1990, Grosz 1994) have demonstrated how our knowledge of the body and the body itself is constituted in specific cultural and historical circumstances and in the context of particular relations of power ...


The Construction Of Gendered Contects In Single Sex And Coeducational Education Lessons, Jan Wright Jan 2010

The Construction Of Gendered Contects In Single Sex And Coeducational Education Lessons, Jan Wright

Jan Wright

With the 'linguistic turn' in contemporary social theory there has been an increased interest in looking more closely at pedagogical practices in physical education as they construct social relations. Initially, and within a rather different theoretical framework this took the form of counting the number and kind of interactions teachers had with boys as compared to girls. More recently researchers have begun to look closely at how language choices construct relations of power between teacher and students and produce contexts for learning. This paper examines how these contexts may be very different for girls as compared to boys in single ...