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Full-Text Articles in Education

Absolute Ground-State Nitrogen Atom Density In A N2/Ch4 Late Afterglow: Talif Experiments And Modelling Studies, Et. Es-Sebbar, M.-C. Gazeau, Y. Benilan, A. Jolly, C D. Pintassilgo Aug 2010

Absolute Ground-State Nitrogen Atom Density In A N2/Ch4 Late Afterglow: Talif Experiments And Modelling Studies, Et. Es-Sebbar, M.-C. Gazeau, Y. Benilan, A. Jolly, C D. Pintassilgo

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

Following a first study on a late afterglow in flowing pure nitrogen post discharge, we report new two-photon absorption laser-induced fluorescence (TALIF) measurements of the absolute ground-state atomic nitrogen density N(4S) and investigate the influence of methane introduced downstream from the discharge by varying the CH4 mixing ratio from 0% up to 50%. The N (4S) maximum density is about 2.2 × 1015 cm−3 in pure N2 for a residence time of 22 ms and does not change significantly for methane mixing ratio up to ~15%, while above, a drastic decrease is observed. The influence of the residence ...


Experimental And Theoretical Studies On Nitrogen Plasma And Methane Photolysis: Implications For Laboratory Simulations Of Titan’S Atmosphere, M-C. Gazeau, Y. Benilan, E. Arzoumanian, Et. Es-Sebbar, A. Jolly Jul 2010

Experimental And Theoretical Studies On Nitrogen Plasma And Methane Photolysis: Implications For Laboratory Simulations Of Titan’S Atmosphere, M-C. Gazeau, Y. Benilan, E. Arzoumanian, Et. Es-Sebbar, A. Jolly

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

No abstract provided.


Spectroscopic Studies Applied To Uvis Observations Of Titan, Y. Benilan, F. Capalbo, Et. Es-Sebbar, N. Fray, A. Jolly, M-C. Gazeau, J-C. Guillemin, M. Schwell Jul 2010

Spectroscopic Studies Applied To Uvis Observations Of Titan, Y. Benilan, F. Capalbo, Et. Es-Sebbar, N. Fray, A. Jolly, M-C. Gazeau, J-C. Guillemin, M. Schwell

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

No abstract provided.


Talif Investigation And Modelling Of The Absolute N(4s) Density In A N2-Ch4 Late Afterglow, C.D. Pintassilgo, Et. Es-Sebbar, Y. Benilan, M-C. Gazeau, A. Jolly Jul 2010

Talif Investigation And Modelling Of The Absolute N(4s) Density In A N2-Ch4 Late Afterglow, C.D. Pintassilgo, Et. Es-Sebbar, Y. Benilan, M-C. Gazeau, A. Jolly

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

The purpose of the present work is the experimental and numerical study of the absolute ground-state nitrogen atoms density N(4S) in the late afterglow of a pure N2 flowing microwave discharge in which different amounts of CH4 have been injected at 25 cm downstream from the nitrogen discharge. The absolute N(4S) concentrations have been measured using Two-photon Absorption Laser-Induced Fluorescence (TALIF), while a detailed kinetic model has been developed to simulate both the discharge and the post-discharge regions. Theoretical predictions are then compared to experimental measurements.


Combined Experimental And Theoretical Studies On Methane Photolysis At 121.6 Nm And 248 Nm- Implications On A Program Of Laboratory Simulations Of Titan’S Atmosphere, C. Romanzin, E. Arzoumanian, Et. Es-Sebbar, A. Jolly, S. Perrier, M.-C. Gazeau, Y. Bénilan Jul 2010

Combined Experimental And Theoretical Studies On Methane Photolysis At 121.6 Nm And 248 Nm- Implications On A Program Of Laboratory Simulations Of Titan’S Atmosphere, C. Romanzin, E. Arzoumanian, Et. Es-Sebbar, A. Jolly, S. Perrier, M.-C. Gazeau, Y. Bénilan

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

Methane is, together with N2, the main precursor of Titan’s atmospheric chemistry. In our laboratory, we are currently developing a program of laboratory simulations of Titan’s atmosphere, where methane is intended to be dissociated by multiphotonic photolysis at 248 nm. A preliminary study has shown that multiphotonic absorption of methane at 248 nm is efficient and leads to the production of hydrocarbons such as C2H2 (Romanzin et al., 2008). Yet, at this wavelength, little is known about the branching ratios of the hydrocarbon radicals (CH3, CH2 and CH) and their following photochemistry. This paper thus aims at investigating ...


Temperature-Dependent Photoabsorption Cross-Section Of Cyano-Diacetylene In The Vacuum Uv, N. Fray, Y. Bénilan, M.-C. Gazeau, A. Jolly, M. Schwell, E. Arzoumanian, Et. Es-Sebbar, T. Ferradaz, J.- C. Guillemin Jun 2010

Temperature-Dependent Photoabsorption Cross-Section Of Cyano-Diacetylene In The Vacuum Uv, N. Fray, Y. Bénilan, M.-C. Gazeau, A. Jolly, M. Schwell, E. Arzoumanian, Et. Es-Sebbar, T. Ferradaz, J.- C. Guillemin

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

Using synchrotron radiation as a tunable VUV light source, we have measured, for the first time, the absolute photoabsorption cross sections of HC5N with a spectral resolution of 0.05 nm in the region between 80 and 205 nm from 233 to 298 K. The measured cross sections are used to predict the HC5N photodestruction rate in the solar system and to model a transmission spectrum in Titan's atmosphere. Comparing the latter with that acquired by the Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph on board the Cassini spacecraft, we have determined an upper limit of 2.7 × 10−5 on the HC5N ...