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Social and Philosophical Foundations of Education

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Representação Da Raça Negra Na Literatura Escolar E Juvenil Norteamericana Do Seculo Xix, Karl M. Lorenz Oct 2019

Representação Da Raça Negra Na Literatura Escolar E Juvenil Norteamericana Do Seculo Xix, Karl M. Lorenz

Karl M. Lorenz

Esta trabalho tem como objeto de estudo o conceito de “raça” e a representação do negro na literatura escolar e juvenil norteamericana no século XIX.. Trata-se de um estudo documental e bibliográfico que se insere na vertente da História Cultural. As principais fontes analisadas consiste de uma amostra de libros didaticos de geografía e história e de livros de leitura publicados nos Estados Unidos e adotados nas escolas primárias entre os anos de 1790 e 1890. Também foram analisadas revistas infantis e juvenis e publicações para adultos. A informação contidas nestes fontes revelam que os textos abordavam temas tais como ...


La Historia De La Educación Y La Enseñanza Postsecundaria En Los Estados Unidos, 1840-1910, Karl M. Lorenz Oct 2019

La Historia De La Educación Y La Enseñanza Postsecundaria En Los Estados Unidos, 1840-1910, Karl M. Lorenz

Karl M. Lorenz

No abstract provided.


Faculty Development Considerations In Video-Based Lectures, Joyce Nutta, Melanie Gonzalez, Timothy Brown Oct 2019

Faculty Development Considerations In Video-Based Lectures, Joyce Nutta, Melanie Gonzalez, Timothy Brown

Melanie González

With the current trend of moving courses online, universities and colleges are seeking ways in which to provide authentic lectures online. One delivery method that has become popular is to use lecture capture systems (LCS). This presentation reports on an ongoing faculty development project at the University of Central Florida aimed to help faculty in all disciplines develop better video presence using LCS to inject a sense of connectivity between students and their instructor. An expert in broadcasting and an expert in instructional technology pedagogy collaborated to lead the faculty development sessions. As a follow-up, the facilitators also conducted several ...


A Critical Conceptual Dialogue On E. G. White's Admonition: "Not Mere Reflectors", Jay Brand, Randy J. Siebold Sep 2019

A Critical Conceptual Dialogue On E. G. White's Admonition: "Not Mere Reflectors", Jay Brand, Randy J. Siebold

Jay Brand

White's challenge, that 'Youth should be … thinkers, and not mere reflectors of other men's thoughts' can be misinterpreted. Often, individuals criticize education’s focus on scholarly sources instead of personal creativity. However, to avoid reflecting other men’s thoughts, students must be aware of what those men – and women – have said. In fact, in my understanding, it is impossible to contribute original, fresh ideas and insights WITHOUT awareness of what others have already said. To think originally, one must be familiar with previous ideas; otherwise, s/he will be in danger of merely reflecting the ideas of others ...


The Walking Dead Genealogy: Unsubstantiated Criticisms Of Qualitative Data Analysis Software (Qdas) And The Failure To Put Them To Rest, Kristi Jackson, Trena Paulus, Nicholas H. Woolf Sep 2019

The Walking Dead Genealogy: Unsubstantiated Criticisms Of Qualitative Data Analysis Software (Qdas) And The Failure To Put Them To Rest, Kristi Jackson, Trena Paulus, Nicholas H. Woolf

Trena M. Paulus

The authors conduct an exposé on the deterministic denunciations of Qualitative Data Analysis Software (QDAS) and how citation errors keep these criticisms alive. They use a zombie metaphor to describe more than two decades of battling these seemingly mindless assessments of QDAS that keep coming –despite their decay – and simply will not die. Focusing exclusively on the criticism of separation/distancing, which alleges that the computer and the software interfere with the researcher’s familiarity with the data, the authors trace one current strand of this criticism through a literature genealogy. Three citation errors (half-truth, proxy, and hearsay) are identified ...


In-Service Teachers’ Understanding And Teaching Of Humane Education Before And After A Standards-Based Intervention, Stephanie Itle-Clark Aug 2019

In-Service Teachers’ Understanding And Teaching Of Humane Education Before And After A Standards-Based Intervention, Stephanie Itle-Clark

Stephanie Itle-Clark, EdD, CHES

The purpose of this study was to examine the ways in which credentialed educators conceptualized, understood, and perceived humane education, as well as their intent to include humane education in personal practice and their knowledge of strategies for integrating humane education concepts into their classroom work. The group of 25 educators participated in an online eight-week professional development course and completed pre- and post-surveys. The participants consisted of educators from the United States, British Columbia, and Vietnam. Participants were 11 secondary educators, 10 primary educators, 2 substitute teachers, 1 administrator, and 1 librarian. Results indicate that after an eight-week professional ...


A Critical Conceptual Dialogue On E. G. White's Admonition: "Not Mere Reflectors", Jay Brand, Randy J. Siebold Aug 2019

A Critical Conceptual Dialogue On E. G. White's Admonition: "Not Mere Reflectors", Jay Brand, Randy J. Siebold

Randy J. Siebold

White's challenge, that 'Youth should be … thinkers, and not mere reflectors of other men's thoughts' can be misinterpreted. Often, individuals criticize education’s focus on scholarly sources instead of personal creativity. However, to avoid reflecting other men’s thoughts, students must be aware of what those men – and women – have said. In fact, in my understanding, it is impossible to contribute original, fresh ideas and insights WITHOUT awareness of what others have already said. To think originally, one must be familiar with previous ideas; otherwise, s/he will be in danger of merely reflecting the ideas of others ...


In The Shadow Of Tolerance: The Discursive Context Of Dutch-Born Muslim Youth, Mayida Zaal Aug 2019

In The Shadow Of Tolerance: The Discursive Context Of Dutch-Born Muslim Youth, Mayida Zaal

Mayida Zaal

No abstract provided.


Introduction To The Content And Context Of The Ratio Studiorum: Notes, Quotes And Commentaries On The Jesuit Educational Ideal, Karl M. Lorenz Jul 2019

Introduction To The Content And Context Of The Ratio Studiorum: Notes, Quotes And Commentaries On The Jesuit Educational Ideal, Karl M. Lorenz

Karl M. Lorenz

Explanatory Notes:

The topic I chose for my project was Jesuit Education in Colonial Brazil as outlined in the Ratio Studiorum of 1599. The Ratio atque Institutio Studiorum Societatis lesu {Method and System of the Studies of the Society of Jesus) defined the organization, operation and teaching methodology of Jesuit secondary and higher education institutions during the greater part of the colonial period, which extended from April 1500 when the first Portuguese explorers set foot on the Brazilian shore to July 1822 when Brazil declared its independence from Portugal. The Jesuitic Period encompassed the years between 1549 when the Brazilian ...


Facilitating Advanced Thinking Skills Through Problem-Based Learning, Charles T. Wynn Sr., Richard S. Mosholder Jul 2019

Facilitating Advanced Thinking Skills Through Problem-Based Learning, Charles T. Wynn Sr., Richard S. Mosholder

Charles Wynn

We will present a problem-based learning model (PBL) designed to promote postformal problem-solving skills among college students in a U.S. history survey course/first-year learning community and we will review results from two studies in which the outcomes of the PBL model were compared to the outcomes of the same course taught with traditional lecture/discussion. The PBL model was more effective in scaffolding students to recognize and practice postformal thinking dynamics and in facilitating self-reported student perceptions of increased course engagement and content relevance. A procedural overview of one of the PBL activities and the metacognitive reflection guide ...


Reclaiming Our Assumptions At The Intersection Of Technology, Learning And Equity, Matthew J. Kruger-Ross Jun 2019

Reclaiming Our Assumptions At The Intersection Of Technology, Learning And Equity, Matthew J. Kruger-Ross

Matthew Kruger-Ross

No abstract provided.


Raising The Question Of Being In Education By Way Of Heidegger's Phenomenological Ontology, Matthew J. Kruger-Ross Jun 2019

Raising The Question Of Being In Education By Way Of Heidegger's Phenomenological Ontology, Matthew J. Kruger-Ross

Matthew Kruger-Ross

The aim of this essay is to explore how to raise the question of Being in education by way of Heidegger’s phenomenological ontology. Phenomenological ontology is a way of approaching and conducting philosophy exemplified in Heidegger’s Being and Time. To prepare the way for raising the question of Being in education, a nuanced understanding of Heidegger’s phenomenological analyses on truth and language is summarized. Thereafter, the manner in which Being is referenced is analyzed before considering the way of Heidegger’s phenomenological ontology. In conclusion, existing attempts and continuing efforts to explore the question of Being in ...


On The Lived Experience Of Truth In An Era Of Educational Reform: Co-Responding To Anti-Intellectualism, Matthew J. Kruger-Ross Jun 2019

On The Lived Experience Of Truth In An Era Of Educational Reform: Co-Responding To Anti-Intellectualism, Matthew J. Kruger-Ross

Matthew Kruger-Ross

The severity of the challenges made to traditionally and historically accepted understandings of truth, what is true, what is false and “fake,” and even what is real, continues unabated in American public discourse. Nevertheless, the primary argument in this paper does not aim to identify the causes of the breakdown of representation (i.e. in the Trump administration, within the education reform movement) and the correspondence-based conceptions of truth. Instead, the focus is on discussing the hermeneutic phenomenology of Martin Heidegger and offering a conceptualization of truth as lived and experienced. Challenges to truth are to be understood not as ...


Adulting In The Age Of Neoliberalism Helping Students Explore Their Purpose Post-Graduation By Matthew Dalmeida.Docx, Matthew D'Almeida May 2019

Adulting In The Age Of Neoliberalism Helping Students Explore Their Purpose Post-Graduation By Matthew Dalmeida.Docx, Matthew D'Almeida

Matthew D'Almeida

Ideally, higher education is a realm in which students can freely explore themselves and discover what it is they choose to focus on for the remainder of their lives. As such, higher education functions as a setting that not only promotes this but readily provides opportunities to confront and reevaluate one’s long held ideals. As students progress in their education they become closer to graduation and becoming a fully-realized member of society. This act of growing up is commonly referred to as “adulting,” a phenomenon in which individuals begin to take on the tasks associated with being an adult ...


Alexa?: Possibilities Of Voice Assistant Technology And Artificial Intelligence In The Classroom, Patrick D. Hales, Melissa Anderson, Tonya Christianson, Amber Gaspar, Billi Jo Meyer, Beth Nelson, Krista Shilvock, Mary Steinmetz, Makenzi Timmons, Michelle Vande Weerd Apr 2019

Alexa?: Possibilities Of Voice Assistant Technology And Artificial Intelligence In The Classroom, Patrick D. Hales, Melissa Anderson, Tonya Christianson, Amber Gaspar, Billi Jo Meyer, Beth Nelson, Krista Shilvock, Mary Steinmetz, Makenzi Timmons, Michelle Vande Weerd

Patrick Hales

The following paper represents the combined effort of 10 educators exploring the experience and use of voice assistant technology in classrooms. This reflection and study of our classrooms looks to better understand both our use of technology and students’ use of technology in very specific ways. Is there a place for voice assistant technology in our classrooms? What benefits are there? What obstacles exist? We tell our stories and experiences here with the intent to provide context and continue the discussion among more of our colleagues.


Educational Reformer & Christian Soldier: General Oliver Otis Howard, Samuel J. Smith Dec 2018

Educational Reformer & Christian Soldier: General Oliver Otis Howard, Samuel J. Smith

Samuel James Smith

Contemporaries of Oliver Otis Howard and historians alike have disagreed on the degree of his success as a Civil War general and as commissioner of the Freedmen’s Bureau.  Some describe his performance as inept and others as skillful.  Some laud his Christian example while others believe that he allowed his religious and political beliefs to diminish his efforts.  Whatever one’s perspective, evidence indicates that Howard’s political and religious beliefs influenced his actions as Civil War general and as Freedmen’s Bureau commissioner, and—although he experienced some failure in both arenas—his leadership is exemplified by what ...


World War Ii And Its Impact On Education, Samuel J. Smith Dec 2018

World War Ii And Its Impact On Education, Samuel J. Smith

Samuel James Smith

A cost rarely considered in the study of war is its impact on education.  Government budgets shift funding from schools to armies.  Parents and teachers go off to war or modify their own activities to support the cause.  Older students prepare to fight while younger ones are evacuated or kept safe at home.  Educational experiences are certainly different for students in war-torn countries than for those in countries far from battle.  Nevertheless, war impacts education in a number of ways, and there are many examples of how World War II certainly did this.       


History Of American Indian Education: A Journey Toward Autonomy And Reciprocity, Samuel J. Smith Dec 2018

History Of American Indian Education: A Journey Toward Autonomy And Reciprocity, Samuel J. Smith

Samuel James Smith

As the 500th anniversary approached of Christopher Columbus’s arrival to the New World, hundreds of Native Americans, representing 120 Indian nations, gathered in Quito, Ecuador, to write a joint declaration entitled “500 Years of Indian Resistance.”  Reflecting on their struggles and identity as a people, they rejected the planned celebrations for 1992.  They reaffirmed their commitment to self-determination, demanded respect for their culture, and defended their ability to educate autonomously. Since the arrival of Europeans in the New World, Native Americans have indeed struggled to educate future generations autonomously.  At times, indigenous peoples have willingly embraced the ways of ...


Balancing Direction And Response: Four Dimensions Of Transformative Facilitation In Educational Development, Roben Torosyan Ph.D., Alison Cook-Sather 5265396 Jul 2018

Balancing Direction And Response: Four Dimensions Of Transformative Facilitation In Educational Development, Roben Torosyan Ph.D., Alison Cook-Sather 5265396

Roben Torosyan Ph.D.

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Helvetica; color: #252728}
In this article we present 4 dimensions of transformative facilitation, each conceptualized
using the “wisdom of practice” (Weimer, 2006, p. 54) gathered through our experience
facilitating educational development and through the experiences posted by participants in
a POD Network conference session. Composed of theoretical underpinnings we drew from
several bodies of literature and practical applications generated by us and participants
during the session, these dimensions include: (a) liminality (context); (b) organization
(structures); (c) attitudinal stance (tone); and (d) process. Through their multidirectional
interactions ...


Introdução A La Pedagogia Jesuita No Brasil Colonial. Educação Humanista E O Ratio Studiorum, Karl M. Lorenz Jun 2018

Introdução A La Pedagogia Jesuita No Brasil Colonial. Educação Humanista E O Ratio Studiorum, Karl M. Lorenz

Karl M. Lorenz

Em 1599, a Companhia de Jesus aprovou o Ratio atque Institutio Studiorum Societatis lesu (Método e Sistema de Estudos da Companhia de Jesus). O documento delineou as políticas, os procedimentos administrativos, os currículos e as práticas de ensino em suas instituiçãoes educacionais na Europa e no exterior. Uma parte da Ratio detalhou um programa de estudos de linguas e da literatura clássica. O objeto deste estudo é o programa de humanidades e o foco da analise é o comportamento profissional do professor jesuíta responsável por sua implementação. Este trabalho identifíca as ações que um jesuíta brasileiro teria demonstrado quando ensinando ...


Introduction To Jesuit Pedagogy In Colonial Brazil. Humanist Education And The Ratio Studiorum, Karl M. Lorenz Jun 2018

Introduction To Jesuit Pedagogy In Colonial Brazil. Humanist Education And The Ratio Studiorum, Karl M. Lorenz

Karl M. Lorenz

In 1599 the Society of Jesus approved the Ratio atque Institutio Studiorum Societatis lesu (Method and System of the Studies of the Society of Jesus). The document outlined policies and procedures on the administration, curriculum and teaching practices in its educational institutions in Europe and abroad. Part of the Ratio detailed a secondary program of studies in classical languages and literature. The subject of this study is the program of humane letters and the focus of the analysis is the professional behavior of the Jesuit teacher responsible for its implementation. This paper identifies the actions that a Brazilian Jesuit would ...


Theological Foundations Of Pastoral Care In Catholic Universities, Thomas V. Gourlay Apr 2018

Theological Foundations Of Pastoral Care In Catholic Universities, Thomas V. Gourlay

Thomas V. Gourlay

One defining element of life in any Catholic educational institution, whether it be primary, secondary, or tertiary, is the focus on pastoral care for staff and students. This paper provides a distinctly Catholic definition of the term ‘pastoral care’ and briefly examines the theological foundations that underpin this concept, particularly, in relation to its application in the Catholic university. The paper traces the motif of pastoral care through the Scriptures and, building on insights from St. Pope John Paul II’s Apostolic Constitution on Catholic Universities, Ex Corde Ecclesiae (1990) and the broader theological anthropology of the Vatican II Council ...


Effects On Teaching Of An Intensive Summer New Faculty Workshop, Delena Bell Gatch, Michelle Cawthorn, Joy W. Darley Mar 2018

Effects On Teaching Of An Intensive Summer New Faculty Workshop, Delena Bell Gatch, Michelle Cawthorn, Joy W. Darley

J. Michelle Cawthorn

Historically, university faculty receive little training for becoming teachers. Some universities offer short workshops on teaching to their incoming faculty. However, few of these workshops last more than a few days or a week. We will report on the efficacy of an intensive month long teaching workshop designed for new faculty members. The goal of the workshop was to guide faculty through the process of course development while equipping participants with an appropriate pedagogical toolbox. Best practices in teaching and learning from the literature were emphasized. Participants exited the workshop with a fully developed semester course, including a syllabus, classroom ...


Faculty And Student Perceptions Of Post-Exam Attendance, Trent W. Maurer, Laura Frost, Diana Sturges, Simone Charles, Debbie Allen, Michelle Cawthorn, Cherry C. Brewton Mar 2018

Faculty And Student Perceptions Of Post-Exam Attendance, Trent W. Maurer, Laura Frost, Diana Sturges, Simone Charles, Debbie Allen, Michelle Cawthorn, Cherry C. Brewton

J. Michelle Cawthorn

This session will describe a recently completed mixed-methods research project that investigated differences between faculty and student perceptions of student attendance in courses for the class period after an exam, including factors thought to influence student attendance. Session objectives include discussing similarities and differences that emerged from the data and classroom techniques and policy implications that flow from them. The audience will be invited to build upon these findings and brainstorm additional ideas for increasing attendance couched within what we have learned about the factors that influence student attendance. Attendees will learn: 1. The prevalence of declines in post-exam attendance ...


Recognizing The Intellectual Complexity Of Teaching. A Response To “Democratic Teaching: An Incomplete Job Description”, Alisa J. Bates Mar 2018

Recognizing The Intellectual Complexity Of Teaching. A Response To “Democratic Teaching: An Incomplete Job Description”, Alisa J. Bates

Alisa Bates

This response to “Democratic Teaching: An Incomplete Job Description” explores the intellectual work that teachers must do to achieve the goal of preparing citizens for a flourishing democracy. This piece analyzes the rigor of such a teaching task and asks questions about what it means to engage in the intellectual work of teaching for democracy. Public perceptions of teaching as an intellectual practice and the impact this has on teaching as both a profession and element of fostering democracy are explored.


Recognizing The Intellectual Complexity Of Teaching. A Response To “Democratic Teaching: An Incomplete Job Description”, Alisa J. Bates Mar 2018

Recognizing The Intellectual Complexity Of Teaching. A Response To “Democratic Teaching: An Incomplete Job Description”, Alisa J. Bates

Alisa Bates

This response to “Democratic Teaching: An Incomplete Job Description” explores the intellectual work that teachers must do to achieve the goal of preparing citizens for a flourishing democracy. This piece analyzes the rigor of such a teaching task and asks questions about what it means to engage in the intellectual work of teaching for democracy. Public perceptions of teaching as an intellectual practice and the impact this has on teaching as both a profession and element of fostering democracy are explored.


A Content Analysis Of Catholic School Written Discipline Policies, Daniel L. Philippe, Claudia M. Hernandez-Melis, Pamela Fenning, Katie N. B. Sears, Emily M. Mcdonough, Elizabeth Lawrence, Michael Boyle Jan 2018

A Content Analysis Of Catholic School Written Discipline Policies, Daniel L. Philippe, Claudia M. Hernandez-Melis, Pamela Fenning, Katie N. B. Sears, Emily M. Mcdonough, Elizabeth Lawrence, Michael Boyle

Michael Boyle

School discipline has traditionally endorsed the use of exclusionary practices (i.e. suspension and expulsion). Such practices can have a negative short- and long-term impact on student lives, and tend to be enforced disproportionately with certain student populations. Although public school discipline policies have received increased scrutiny in recent years, Catholic school policies have received very little attention. This study presents the results of a content analysis of the written discipline policies of 33 Catholic secondary schools from two dioceses within a major metropolitan area. Results suggest that although variability exists in the types of behaviors included in formal written ...


Conduct Un/Becoming: Discipline In The Context Of Educational Leadership Research., Vonzell Agosto Dec 2017

Conduct Un/Becoming: Discipline In The Context Of Educational Leadership Research., Vonzell Agosto

Vonzell Agosto

In this chapter we engage in a critical, reflexive process focused on researching and leading assemblages of discipline. Our interest in discipline stems from concerns about disparities in the educational experiences of students related to social differences, which for girls of color is seldom to their benefit. We confront leading and researching on two interrelated fronts: 1) participants’/students’ interactions with school-based leadership, and 2) research as
authors/researchers who aimed to mentor graduate students as novice researchers while attempting to involve youth as co-participants. More specifically, we address methodological and theoretical issues that surfaced in the context of studying ...


Augustine: Learning In Community, Samuel J. Smith Dec 2017

Augustine: Learning In Community, Samuel J. Smith

Samuel James Smith

If all Western philosophy is a footnote to Plato as some have claimed, it might also be legitimate to suppose that all Christian philosophy of education is a footnote to Augustine.  After all, Augustine was the first to offer a systematic synthesis of ancient philosophy with biblical truth, and as Aristotle’s realism was a response to Plato’s idealism, Thomas Aquinas’ scholasticism was similarly a response to Augustine’s Christian liberal arts.  Though it has been nearly two millennia since this North African monk and bishop wrote and established his order of learning communities, Augustine’s writings and his ...


Thomas Aquinas: Theory Of Knowledge And Learning, Samuel J. Smith Dec 2017

Thomas Aquinas: Theory Of Knowledge And Learning, Samuel J. Smith

Samuel James Smith

Though Thomas Aquinas’ theory of knowledge experienced a resurgence in Neo-Scholasticism—especially in traditional Catholic and in Protestant classical schools—its educational influence is currently minimal, limited to isolated pockets of educational traditionalism.  Why is this so?  An answer may be considered by examining the following: the historical context of Aquinas and of Scholasticism, Aquinas’ epistemological arguments related to the nature and acquisition of truth, the interplay of faith and reason in Aquinas’ theological arguments, and an assessment of Aquinas in light of current perspectives.  Such exploration will show that, while the ideas of Aquinas continue to be granted token ...