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Full-Text Articles in Education

Above-Level Test Item Functioning Across Examinee Age Groups, Russell Warne, Kristine Doty, Anne Marie Malbica, Victor Angeles, Scott Innes, Jared Hall, Kelli Masterson-Nixon Jan 2016

Above-Level Test Item Functioning Across Examinee Age Groups, Russell Warne, Kristine Doty, Anne Marie Malbica, Victor Angeles, Scott Innes, Jared Hall, Kelli Masterson-Nixon

Russell T Warne

Above-level testing (also called above-grade testing, out-of-level testing, and off-level testing) is the practice of administering to a child a test that is designed for an examinee population that is older or in a more advanced grade. Above-level testing is frequently used to help educators design educational interventions for gifted children, especially those who may be candidates for grade skipping or Talent Search programs. However, little research has been conducted on how test items function when administered to a younger population, despite professional standards that require examiners to gather validity evidence when administering a test for a new population. In ...


Five Reasons To Put The G Back Into Giftedness: An Argument For Applying The Cattell–Horn–Carroll Theory Of Intelligence To Gifted Education Research And Practice, Russell Warne Dec 2015

Five Reasons To Put The G Back Into Giftedness: An Argument For Applying The Cattell–Horn–Carroll Theory Of Intelligence To Gifted Education Research And Practice, Russell Warne

Russell T Warne

Human intelligence (also called general intelligence, g, or Spearman’s g) is a highly useful psychological construct. Yet, since the middle of the 20th century, gifted education researchers have been reluctant to discuss human intelligence. The purpose of this article is to persuade gifted education researchers and practitioners to reincorporate modern human intelligence theory (as expressed in Cattell–Horn–Carroll, or CHC, theory) and research into their work on gifted children. There are five reasons to make intelligence part of gifted education research: (a) intelligence is one of the best studied constructs in psychology; (b) educators know more about how ...


The Impact Of Participation In The Advanced Placement Program On Students’ College Admissions Test Scores, Russell Warne, Ross Larsen, Braydon Anderson, Alyce Odasso Aug 2015

The Impact Of Participation In The Advanced Placement Program On Students’ College Admissions Test Scores, Russell Warne, Ross Larsen, Braydon Anderson, Alyce Odasso

Russell T Warne

The Advanced Placement (AP) program is an educational program that permits high school students to take introductory college-level courses and receive college credit by passing a standardized end-of-course exam. Data were obtained from a statewide database of 2 high school graduating cohorts (N = 90,044). We used a series of propensity score analyses and marginal mean weighting through stratification to examine the impact of the AP program on students' academic achievement as measured by ACT scores. Results indicate that merely enrolling in an AP course produces very little benefit for students. Students who take and pass the AP exam, however ...


The Advanced Placement Program's Impact On Academic Achievement, Russell T. Warne, Braydon Anderson Jun 2015

The Advanced Placement Program's Impact On Academic Achievement, Russell T. Warne, Braydon Anderson

Russell T Warne

The number of high school students who have taken and passed Advanced Placement (AP) exams has more than doubled since 2000. In this article, we examined whether this increased participation in the AP program has impacted twelfth-grade students' scores on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in mathematics, reading, and U.S. history for all students and for five major ethnic/racial groups: White, Black, Hispanic, Asian American, and Native American students. We found that the drastic increase in AP tests taken has coincided with improved NAEP scores in mathematics, but not in reading or U.S. history. We ...


Review Of The Cognitive Abilities Test, Form 7, Russell Warne Mar 2015

Review Of The Cognitive Abilities Test, Form 7, Russell Warne

Russell T Warne

No abstract provided.


Measuring The Outliers: An Introduction To Out-Of-Level Testing With High-Achieving Students, Karen Rambo-Hernandez, Russell Warne Feb 2015

Measuring The Outliers: An Introduction To Out-Of-Level Testing With High-Achieving Students, Karen Rambo-Hernandez, Russell Warne

Russell T Warne

Out-of-level testing is an underused strategy for addressing the needs of students who score in the extremes, and when used wisely, it could provide educators with a much more accurate picture of what students know. Out-of-level testing has been shown to be an effective assessment strategy with high-achieving students; however, out-of-level testing has not been shown to work well with low-achieving students. This article provides a brief history of out-of-level testing, along with guidelines for using it.


Promoting Access To Medical Education For Low-Income Students, Elizabeth Peck, Russell Warne, Anne Blum, Paul Hermesmeyer, Elizabeth Lopez, William Thomson Feb 2015

Promoting Access To Medical Education For Low-Income Students, Elizabeth Peck, Russell Warne, Anne Blum, Paul Hermesmeyer, Elizabeth Lopez, William Thomson

Russell T Warne

In 2001, the 77th Texas Legislature established a statewide BS/MD/DO pipeline program called the Joint Admission Medical Program (JAMP) to increase opportunities for economically disadvantaged Texas students to access medical education. JAMP partners all of the state's four-year public and private colleges and universities with Texas's nine medical schools. The first JAMP students entered the undergraduate component of the program in 2003. This group of students and subsequent cohorts of entering students were recruited, tutored, counseled and mentored by health professional advisors known as JAMP Faculty Directors (JFDs). To date, 1076 Texas undergraduate students have entered ...


Comparing Weighted And Unweighted Grade Point Averages In Predicting College Success Of Diverse And Low-Income College Students, Russell Warne, Chanel Nagaishi, Michael Slade, Paul Hermesmeyer, Elizabeth Peck Nov 2014

Comparing Weighted And Unweighted Grade Point Averages In Predicting College Success Of Diverse And Low-Income College Students, Russell Warne, Chanel Nagaishi, Michael Slade, Paul Hermesmeyer, Elizabeth Peck

Russell T Warne

While research has shown the statistical significance of high school grade point averages (HSGPAs) in predicting future academic outcomes, the systems with which HSGPAs are calculated vary drastically across schools. Some schools employ unweighted grades that carry the same point value regardless of the course in which they are earned; other schools use weighting systems that assign greater value to grades earned in honors courses. Due to these inconsistencies, comparison of HSGPAs from different schools is difficult or impossible. We coded 710 transcripts from undergraduate students involved in the Joint Admissions Medical Program in Texas. All grades were standardized on ...


Two Additional Suggested Reforms To Encourage Replication Studies In Educational Research, Russell Warne Nov 2014

Two Additional Suggested Reforms To Encourage Replication Studies In Educational Research, Russell Warne

Russell T Warne

No abstract provided.


Using Above-Level Testing To Track Growth In Academic Achievement In Gifted Students, Russell Warne Dec 2013

Using Above-Level Testing To Track Growth In Academic Achievement In Gifted Students, Russell Warne

Russell T Warne

Above-level testing is the practice of administering aptitude or academic achievement tests that are designed for typical students in higher grades or older age-groups to gifted or high-achieving students. Although widely accepted in gifted education, above-level testing has not been subject to careful psychometric scrutiny. In this study, I examine reliability data, growth trajectories, distributions, and group differences of above-level test scores obtained from the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills and Iowa Tests of Educational Development. Two hundred twenty-four middle school students participated in this study. All participants were tested at least 1 time for an overall total of 435 ...


Evaluating A Proposed Modification Of The Guttman Rule For Determining The Number Of Factors In An Exploratory Factor Analysis, Russell T. Warne, Ross Larsen Dec 2013

Evaluating A Proposed Modification Of The Guttman Rule For Determining The Number Of Factors In An Exploratory Factor Analysis, Russell T. Warne, Ross Larsen

Russell T Warne

Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) is a widely used statistical method in which researchers attempt to ascertain the number and nature of latent factors that explain their observed variables. When conducting an EFA, researchers must choose the number of factors to retain—a critical decision that has drastic effects if made incorrectly. In this article, we examine a newly proposed method of choosing the number of factors to retain. In the new method, confidence intervals are created around each eigenvalue and factors are retained if the entire eigenvalue is greater than 1.0. Results show that this new method outperforms the ...


The Impact Of Race And Ethnicity On The Identification Process For Giftedness In Utah, Russell Warne, Braydon Anderson, Alyce Johnson Nov 2013

The Impact Of Race And Ethnicity On The Identification Process For Giftedness In Utah, Russell Warne, Braydon Anderson, Alyce Johnson

Russell T Warne

Many gifted education experts have found that Black, Hispanic, and Native American students are less likely to be identified for gifted programs than Asian American and White students. A study was conducted to ascertain the degree of underrepresentation of these groups in gifted programs in Utah. Using state-collected data from 14,781 students in six representative school districts in Utah, it was found through multiple logistic regression analysis that there was no statistically significant difference in the likelihoods that Black, Hispanic, or Native American students and White students would be identified as gifted; Asian American and Pacific Islander students were ...


What The Joint Admission Medical Program (Jamp) Can Do For Texas Physicians; What Texas Physicians Can Do For Jamp - See More At: Http://Www.Texmed.Org/Aug12journal/#Sthash.M6pv8cjh.Dpuf, Alan Podawiltz, James Richardson, Wallace Gleason, Kathleen Fallon, David Jones, Elizabeth Peck, Jeffrey Rabek, Manuel Schydlower, William Thomson, Russell Warne, Budge Mabry, Paul Hermesmeyer, Quentin Smith Jul 2012

What The Joint Admission Medical Program (Jamp) Can Do For Texas Physicians; What Texas Physicians Can Do For Jamp - See More At: Http://Www.Texmed.Org/Aug12journal/#Sthash.M6pv8cjh.Dpuf, Alan Podawiltz, James Richardson, Wallace Gleason, Kathleen Fallon, David Jones, Elizabeth Peck, Jeffrey Rabek, Manuel Schydlower, William Thomson, Russell Warne, Budge Mabry, Paul Hermesmeyer, Quentin Smith

Russell T Warne

Texas faces health challenges requiring a physician workforce with understanding of a broad range of issues – including the role of culture, income level, and health beliefs – that affect the health of individuals and communities. Building on previous successful physician workforce "pipeline" efforts, Texas established the Joint Admission Medical Program (JAMP), a first-of-its-kind program to encourage access to medical education by Texans who are economically disadvantaged. The program benefits those from racial and ethnic minority groups and involves all 31 public and 34 private Texas undergraduate colleges and universities offering life science degrees, as well as all 9 medical schools. Available ...


History And Development Of Above-Level Testing Of The Gifted, Russell Warne Dec 2011

History And Development Of Above-Level Testing Of The Gifted, Russell Warne

Russell T Warne

Above-level testing (also called out-of-level testing, off-grade testing, and off-level testing) is the practice of administering a test level that was designed for and normed on an older population to a gifted child. This comprehensive literature review traces the practice of above-level testing from the earliest days of gifted education through the present. It was found that there were five reasons frequently given for above-level testing: raising the test ceiling, increasing score variability and discrimination, improving reliability, the sound interpretations of above-level test data, and reducing regression toward the mean. Although all of these reasons were theoretically supported, the strength ...


Are Weighted Or Unweighted High School Grade Point Averages Better Indicators Of College Success?, Chanel Nagaishi, Michael K. Slade, Russell T. Warne, J Scott Wright, B Paul Hermesmeyer Dec 2011

Are Weighted Or Unweighted High School Grade Point Averages Better Indicators Of College Success?, Chanel Nagaishi, Michael K. Slade, Russell T. Warne, J Scott Wright, B Paul Hermesmeyer

Russell T Warne

Multiple studies have shown the strong predictive power of high school grade point average (HSGPA) in forecasting future academic performance outcomes. However, the methods for calculating HSGPAs vary among schools, with some employing weighted methods in their calculations and others using unweighted scales. Due to these inconsistencies, it is often difficult to compare HSGPAs across high schools. This study involved the coding of 551 high school transcripts of pre-med college students in Texas. Unweighted HSGPAs were then calculated for each of these students on a standard 4.0 scale. Three multiple regression models were then created for the students with ...