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Full-Text Articles in Education

Historical Trends And Emerging Issues In Teacher Education Programs In The United States, Karl M. Lorenz Dec 2016

Historical Trends And Emerging Issues In Teacher Education Programs In The United States, Karl M. Lorenz

Karl M. Lorenz

US national and state educational polices are advocating for more teacher accountability with respect to student performance, and accrediting agencies are requiring more evidence of teachers’ mastery of subject area knowledge and professional skills. This paper examines some of the significant educational and social issues currently facing basic education and teacher preparation programs in the United States. It addresses numerous topics and focuses on five general issues that confront K-12 education and either directly or indirectly Teacher Preparation Programs. Las políticas educativas nacionales y estatales de Estados Unidos están abogando por una mayor responsabilidad de los maestros con respecto al ...


Measuring The Effectiveness Of Team-Based Learning Outcomes In A Human Factors Course, Michael C. Dorneich, Sarah E. Bickelhaupt, Cassandra Dorius, Georgeanne M. Artz, Holly Bender, Laura Bestler, Beth Caissie, Sandra W. Gahn, Keri L. Jacobs, Monica H. Lamm, Lisa Orgler, Jane M. Rongerude, Ann Smiley-Oyen, Richard T. Stone Dec 2016

Measuring The Effectiveness Of Team-Based Learning Outcomes In A Human Factors Course, Michael C. Dorneich, Sarah E. Bickelhaupt, Cassandra Dorius, Georgeanne M. Artz, Holly Bender, Laura Bestler, Beth Caissie, Sandra W. Gahn, Keri L. Jacobs, Monica H. Lamm, Lisa Orgler, Jane M. Rongerude, Ann Smiley-Oyen, Richard T. Stone

Richard T. Stone

This paper will describe a synopsis of the development and application of a survey instrument to assess
team skills and professional development outcomes of Team-Based Learning (TBL) in a human factors
course. TBL is an advancing teaching pedagogy that shifts instruction from a traditional lecture-based
teaching paradigm to a structured learning sequence that includes individual student preparation outside of
class followed by active, in-class problem solving exercises completed by student learning teams. As an
evolving teaching method, TBL appears to be producing new empirical learning outcomes in areas that
have only preliminarily been explored. Traditionally, the effectiveness of TBL has ...


Undergraduate Teaching Assistant Impact On Student Academic Achievement., Stephanie B. Philipp, Thomas R. Tretter, Christine V. Rich Dec 2016

Undergraduate Teaching Assistant Impact On Student Academic Achievement., Stephanie B. Philipp, Thomas R. Tretter, Christine V. Rich

Thomas Tretter

This study evaluated the impact that trained and supported undergraduate teaching assistants (UTAs) may have had on the academic achievement of students in the first semester of an introductory chemistry course for science and engineering majors. Framed by the concepts of Lave and Wenger’s Community of Practice and Wheeler, Martin and Suls’ Proxy Model of Social Comparison , the study used an untreated control group with dependent post-test only design. Covariates related to student academic achievement and contextual variables were also collected and used to build models for the final exam core outcome variable. Hierarchical linear models indicated that having ...


Prior Mentoring And Computer-Mediated Experiences Influence On Willingness To Engage In E-Mentoring, Marty Thomas, Ellen Ensher Dec 2016

Prior Mentoring And Computer-Mediated Experiences Influence On Willingness To Engage In E-Mentoring, Marty Thomas, Ellen Ensher

Ellen Ensher

The practice of mentoring has proliferated tremendously and occurs in many different forms. The advent of Internet technology offers some new possibilities to traditional face-to-face mentoring relationships in which mentoring relationships are not constrained by physical proximity (e-mentoring). This presentation will describe the results of a research study involving the relationship between willingness to participate in e-mentoring relationships and prior mentoring and CMC experiences. The researchers considered three hypotheses: 1) positive prior mentoring experiences will increase the likelihood of participating in e-mentoring; 2) positive prior experiences with CMC will increase the likelihood of participating in e-mentoring; 3) the form of ...


Pisa 2015 : A First Look At Australia’S Results, Sue Thomson, Lisa De Bortoli, Catherine Underwood Dec 2016

Pisa 2015 : A First Look At Australia’S Results, Sue Thomson, Lisa De Bortoli, Catherine Underwood

Lisa De Bortoli

The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is an international comparative study of student achievement directed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). PISA 2015 represents the sixth such study since PISA was first conducted in 2000. Seventy-two OECD countries or partner economies participated in PISA 2015. In Australia, PISA is managed by the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) and is jointly funded by the Australian Government and the state and territory governments. The goal of PISA is to measure how well 15-year-olds, who are nearing the end of their compulsory schooling in most participating educational systems ...


Creative Tension: Turn The Challenges Of Learning Together Into Opportunities, Christina L. Dobbs, Jacy Ippolito, Megin Charner-Laird Nov 2016

Creative Tension: Turn The Challenges Of Learning Together Into Opportunities, Christina L. Dobbs, Jacy Ippolito, Megin Charner-Laird

Jacy Ippolito

Participants in a high school literacy initiative learn to navigate the productive tensions that arise as they grapple with and attempt new instructional practices.


Exploring And Examining Quantitative Measures, Jonathan D. Bostic, Erin Krupa, Michele Carney, Jeff Shih Nov 2016

Exploring And Examining Quantitative Measures, Jonathan D. Bostic, Erin Krupa, Michele Carney, Jeff Shih

Michele Carney

The purpose of this working group is to bring together scholars with an interest in examining the research on quantitative tools and measures for gathering meaningful data, and to spark conversations and collaboration across individuals and groups with an interest in synthesizing the literature on large-scale tools used to measure student- and teacher-related outcomes. While syntheses of measures for use in mathematics education can be found in the literature, few can be described as a comprehensive analysis. The working group session will focus on (1) defining terms identified as critical (e.g., large-scale, quantitative, and validity evidence) for bounding the ...


Students' Reasoning Around The Functional Relationship, Michele Carney, Angela Crawford Nov 2016

Students' Reasoning Around The Functional Relationship, Michele Carney, Angela Crawford

Michele Carney

Proportional reasoning is related to flexible use of the scalar and functional relationships that exist in proportional situations. More specifically, in regard to the functional relationship, students’ understanding of the multiplicative comparison that exists between two quantities in a ratio is a key concept. We conducted student interviews with 12 high performing students to examine their conception of the functional relationship. Analyses provided initial evidence that the majority of students did not conceive of the multiplicative comparison when solving problems designed to press the functional relationship, indicating students’ written work that makes use of the functional relationship should not imply ...


Our Home By The Sea: Critical Race Reflections On Samuel Chapman Armstrong’S Accommodationism Through William Watkins’ White Architects Of Black Education, Theodorea Regina Berry, Michael E. Jennings Nov 2016

Our Home By The Sea: Critical Race Reflections On Samuel Chapman Armstrong’S Accommodationism Through William Watkins’ White Architects Of Black Education, Theodorea Regina Berry, Michael E. Jennings

Theodorea Regina Berry

The work and words presented are a reflection of the multidimensionality of two critical race scholars and their engagement with the work of Dr. William H. Watkins, specifically his seminal text The White Architects of Black Education: Ideology and Power, 1865-1954. This work will be framed similarly to the way Watkins framed his chapter on General Samuel Chapman Armstrong in this work. Our story, a critical auto-ethnographic narrative, will begin with a discussion of the historical context that frames the relationship we have with Watkins and the relationship we have with General Samuel Chapman Armstrong and Hampton Institute.  Next, this ...


Socializing Intelligence Through Academic Talk And Dialogue: A Review, Jody Piro Oct 2016

Socializing Intelligence Through Academic Talk And Dialogue: A Review, Jody Piro

Jody Piro

No abstract provided.


The Open Hub: How Libraries Facilitate Oer, Jeremy Smith Oct 2016

The Open Hub: How Libraries Facilitate Oer, Jeremy Smith

Jeremy Smith

An examination of the role of libraries in the support of Open Educational Resources at the University of Massachusetts Amherst


The Open Hub: How Libraries Facilitate Oer, Jeremy Smith Oct 2016

The Open Hub: How Libraries Facilitate Oer, Jeremy Smith

Jeremy Smith

An examination of the role of libraries in the support of Open Educational Resources at the University of Massachusetts Amherst


The Postmodern Classroom: Inhabiting The 'Extra-Territorial' Space, Jane L. Fernandez-Goldborough Oct 2016

The Postmodern Classroom: Inhabiting The 'Extra-Territorial' Space, Jane L. Fernandez-Goldborough

Jane Fernandez

No abstract provided.


Students' Perceptions Of Student Evaluation Of Teaching (Set) Process, Ale J. Hejase, Rana S. Al Kaakour, Leila A. Halawi, Hussin J. Hejase Oct 2016

Students' Perceptions Of Student Evaluation Of Teaching (Set) Process, Ale J. Hejase, Rana S. Al Kaakour, Leila A. Halawi, Hussin J. Hejase

Leila A. Halawi

Researchers have mixed views about Student Evaluation of Teaching (SET) as means to evaluate teaching where some agreed and others viewed SET as being biased. This study aims to measure students’ perceptions of the effectiveness and appropriateness of the evaluation process in Lebanon. A survey questionnaire was administered to students from five Lebanese universities. Findings revealed that students were positive and perceived the evaluation process as effective and appropriate to evaluate teaching. Students identified students’ perceptions, instructors’ behavior, and course characteristics as variables that may impact the process. Results and implications were discussed for future research.


From Enrollment To Employment: A Dacum Approach To Information Systems And Information Security And Assurance Curriculum Design, Leila Halawi, Wendi M. Kappers, Aaron Glassman Oct 2016

From Enrollment To Employment: A Dacum Approach To Information Systems And Information Security And Assurance Curriculum Design, Leila Halawi, Wendi M. Kappers, Aaron Glassman

Leila A. Halawi

Issues associated with information security are numerous and diverse. Since the majority of organizational actions rely greatly on information and communication technologies, Information Systems (IS) security is now a main concern for firms, governments, institutes, and society as a whole. As a result, a plethora of graduate programs have been created, covering nearly every aspect of IS security. The authors review the current state of the IS industry presented in the literature, and identify a panel of IS experts in which to explore current job skill needs using a “Developing a Curriculum,” DACUM, process to support curriculum design for two ...


Designing An Active Learning Popular Culture Experience, Julie A. Decesare Oct 2016

Designing An Active Learning Popular Culture Experience, Julie A. Decesare

Julie A (DeCesare) Cicilline

Designing an Active Learning Popular Culture Experience is an overview of various techniques faculty can use to incorporate active learning into their curriculum and pedagogy.  Popular culture studies provides a great platform for engaging students, but also provides them opportunities for active review of materials and discussion in and out of class.  Innovative spaces, classroom design and technology to support active learning will also be reviewed. 


Evaluating The Dimensionality Of First-Grade Written Composition, Luana L. Greulich, Young-Suk Kim, Stephanie Al Otaiba, Jessica S. Folsom, Cynthia Puranik Oct 2016

Evaluating The Dimensionality Of First-Grade Written Composition, Luana L. Greulich, Young-Suk Kim, Stephanie Al Otaiba, Jessica S. Folsom, Cynthia Puranik

Luana Greulich

Purpose—We examined dimensions of written composition using multiple evaluative approaches such as an adapted 6+1 trait scoring, syntactic complexity measures, and productivity measures. We further examined unique relations of oral language and literacy skills to the identified dimensions of written composition. Method—A large sample of first grade students (N = 527) was assessed on their language, reading, spelling, letter writing automaticity, and writing in the spring. Data were analyzed using a latent variable approach including confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling. Results—The seven traits in the 6+1 trait system were best described as two constructs ...


Informed Learning, Information Literacy, And Scholarly Communication: Library Pedagogy As A Bridge To The Disciplines, Kim L. Ranger Oct 2016

Informed Learning, Information Literacy, And Scholarly Communication: Library Pedagogy As A Bridge To The Disciplines, Kim L. Ranger

Kim L. Ranger

This paper explores collaboration between librarians and faculty in higher education to construct connections between informed learning theory, information literacy practice, and disciplinary scholarly products to foster reflective and deep engagement with information.

Increasing digital innovations in communication and pedagogy, the need for various literacy capabilities, and the potential wisdom gained from considering diverse methodological perspectives have driven the need for interdisciplinary collaboration (Witt, 2012). There have also been several calls for a relational approach to teaching and learning, changing the roles of librarians (Farrell and Badke, 2015; Gunton et al, 2014; Jaguszewski and Williams, 2013), and scholarship which examines ...


Undergraduate Students’ Perceptions Of The Impact Of Pre-College Computing Activities On Choices Of Major, Monica M. Mcgill, Adrienne Decker, Amber Settle Oct 2016

Undergraduate Students’ Perceptions Of The Impact Of Pre-College Computing Activities On Choices Of Major, Monica M. Mcgill, Adrienne Decker, Amber Settle

Amber Settle

A lack of diversity in the computing field has existed for several decades, and although female participation in computing remains low, outreach programs attempting to address the situation are now quite numerous. To begin to understand whether or not these past activities have had long-term impact, we conducted a systematic literature review. Upon discovering that longitudinal studies were lacking, we investigated whether undergraduate students believed that their participation in computing activities prior to college contributed to their decision to major in a computing field. From the 770 participants in the study, we discovered that approximately 20% of males and 24 ...


Rigor And Responsiveness In Classroom Activity, Jessica Thompson, Sara Hagenah, Hosun Kang, David Stroupe, Melissa Braaten, Carolyn Colley, Mark Windschitl Oct 2016

Rigor And Responsiveness In Classroom Activity, Jessica Thompson, Sara Hagenah, Hosun Kang, David Stroupe, Melissa Braaten, Carolyn Colley, Mark Windschitl

Sara Hagenah

Background/Context: There are few examples from classrooms or the literature that provide a clear vision of teaching that simultaneously promotes rigorous disciplinary activity and is responsive to all students. Maintaining rigorous and equitable classroom discourse is a worthy goal, yet there is no clear consensus of how this actually works in a classroom. Focus of Study: What does highly rigorous and responsive talk sound like and how is this dialogue embedded in the social practices and activities of classrooms? Our aim was to examine student and teacher interactions in classroom episodes (warm-ups, small group conversations, whole group conversation, etc ...


Grit, Biography, And Dedicated Teachers Who Struggled Academically As Students, Sara Winstead Fry Oct 2016

Grit, Biography, And Dedicated Teachers Who Struggled Academically As Students, Sara Winstead Fry

Sara Winstead Fry

Dedicated teachers who had and overcame academic challenges in their youth offer valuable insights into how to support students who struggle. This article presents a qualitative study of 46 teachers from across the United Stated [sic] who faced academic challenges as elementary, middle, and/or secondary students. Their memories of academic struggles lead them to use teaching practices that are grounded in the professional disposition that all children can learn. The findings suggest a positive interrelationship between a biography (Knowles, 1992) that includes academic struggles, the theoretical constructs of grit (Duckworth, Peterson, Matthews, & Kelly, 2007) and self-efficacy (Bandura, 1977), and ...


Writing To Learn: Benefits And Limitations, Sara Winstead Fry, Amanda Villagomez Oct 2016

Writing To Learn: Benefits And Limitations, Sara Winstead Fry, Amanda Villagomez

Sara Winstead Fry

Writing to learn (WTL) is the act of making a subject or topic clear to oneself by reasoning through it in writing; it is a pedagogical approach that uses writing to facilitate learning (Zinsser 1988). Some researchers have reported favorable results associated with the approach (Balgopal and Wallace 2009; Bullock 2006; Hand, Hand, Gunel, and Ulu 2009). However, others have indicated that studies supporting WTL pedagogy tend to lack comparison groups, pre/posttest data, or the rich description that contributes to a rigorous qualitative study (Hübner, Nückles, and Renkl 2010; Kieft, Rijlaarsdam, and van den Bergh 2006; Klein 1999). Thus ...


A New Engineering Communications Course Based On A Professional Communications Process, Leslie Potter, John K. Jackman, Kyung J. Min, Matthew Search Oct 2016

A New Engineering Communications Course Based On A Professional Communications Process, Leslie Potter, John K. Jackman, Kyung J. Min, Matthew Search

John K. Jackman

Given the nationally recognized need to improve engineering students’ communication skills, a new engineering communication course was developed by the Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering department at Iowa State University and offered in the Fall of 2007. Initial assessment results provide insight into student learning needs related to specific professional communication skills. The course is characterized by a high degree of interaction and formative assessment of students along with a unique core professional communication process consisting of (1) Analysis, (2) Formulation, (3) Creation, (4) Delivery, and (5) Assessment. Students participate in multimodal communication exercises that require ongoing practice and application ...


Improving Retention And Reducing Isolation Via A Linked-Courses Learning Community, Amber Settle, Theresa Steinbach Sep 2016

Improving Retention And Reducing Isolation Via A Linked-Courses Learning Community, Amber Settle, Theresa Steinbach

Amber Settle

Despite a rebound in enrollments, men of color and women remain underrepresented in computing. The literature indicates that student-student interaction, affinity for the computing major, and reduced feelings of isolation are important for retention of underrepresented groups in computing. Learning communities connect students with each other and faculty to improve collaboration, interaction, and enthusiasm. In an effort to improve retention of female and minority students at our institution, we have created two cohorts of a linked-courses learning community for development majors. Here we report on the academic performance and retention for the first cohort and on the impact of the ...


The Relationship Between High-School Mathematics Teachers' Beliefs And Their Practices In Regards To Intellectual Quality, Jonathan L. Brendefur, Michelle B. Carney Sep 2016

The Relationship Between High-School Mathematics Teachers' Beliefs And Their Practices In Regards To Intellectual Quality, Jonathan L. Brendefur, Michelle B. Carney

Michele Carney

This study examines the relationship between mathematics teachers’ beliefs and instructional practices related to learning, pedagogy, and mathematics in regards to components of intellectual quality for eight high-school mathematics teachers. Research has demonstrated that the higher the degree of intellectual quality for instruction is rated the higher student achievement is on standardized assessments. The findings in this study demonstrate a consistent pattern between teachers espoused beliefs and their instructional practices. Even though teachers’ practices changed as they wrote curricular units to be more in line with intellectual quality characteristics, their beliefs stayed consistent over an 18 month period and were ...


The Role Of Family Interactions In Hiv Risk For Gay And Bisexual Male Youth: A Pilot Study, Michael C. Lasala, Carl F. Siebert, James P. Fedor, Elyse J. Revere Aug 2016

The Role Of Family Interactions In Hiv Risk For Gay And Bisexual Male Youth: A Pilot Study, Michael C. Lasala, Carl F. Siebert, James P. Fedor, Elyse J. Revere

Carl Siebert

Despite ongoing prevention efforts, young gay and bisexual males continue to engage in sexual behaviors that place them at disproportionately high risk for HIV infection. Parental monitoring and parent-child communication have been found to be associated with low-risk sexual behavior among heterosexual youth, but the role of family interactions for gay and bisexual male youth remains largely unexplored. To help address this gap, an exploratory study of recorded and coded interactions among 35 gay and bisexual youth and their parents was done to begin to identify which types of family interactions were associated with youth high-risk sexual behavior. Parent-son communication ...


Embedded Librarians: Partnering With Faculty In The Virtual Classroom, Dee Bozeman, Rachel Owens, Min Tong, Andrew D. Todd Jul 2016

Embedded Librarians: Partnering With Faculty In The Virtual Classroom, Dee Bozeman, Rachel Owens, Min Tong, Andrew D. Todd

Andrew Todd

See presentation description.


Embedded Librarians: Partnering With Faculty In The Virtual Classroom, Dee Bozeman, Rachel Owens, Min Tong, Andrew D. Todd Jul 2016

Embedded Librarians: Partnering With Faculty In The Virtual Classroom, Dee Bozeman, Rachel Owens, Min Tong, Andrew D. Todd

Andrew Todd

See presentation description.


2a: "Illinois Carbon Dioxide Emissions Activity", Sarah O'Leary-Driscoll, Crystal Randall Jul 2016

2a: "Illinois Carbon Dioxide Emissions Activity", Sarah O'Leary-Driscoll, Crystal Randall

Sarah O'Leary-Driscoll

Your goal for this activity is to compare the different sources of carbon dioxide emissions, stemming from the consumption of fossil fuels, in Illinois. To do this you will be working with data spanning from 1980 to 2012.


3: "The Current Extinction: Defaunation & Ecosystem Disruption", Sarah O'Leary-Driscoll, Crystal Randall Jul 2016

3: "The Current Extinction: Defaunation & Ecosystem Disruption", Sarah O'Leary-Driscoll, Crystal Randall

Sarah O'Leary-Driscoll

Information taken from: Dirzo, R. et al (2014). Defaunation in the Anthropocene. Science, 345(401).

Scientists estimate, conservatively, that there are 5 to 9 million different animal species on the planet. But that number is continually changing, and unfortunately, dropping, as we are likely losing 11,000- 58,000 species annually, and evidence suggests that on average, there has been a decline of about 28% in terms of numbers of individuals within a species over the last four decades. Both of these statistics are vitally important. The critical nature of the first is perhaps more obvious, as total loss of ...