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Iowa State University

Psychology (Counseling psychology)

Sociology

Publication Year

Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Contributions Of Advising Experiences With Faculty And Classroom Social Environment To Undergraduate Students' Persistence In Physical Science, Mathematical, And Engineering Majors , Jennifer Ann Dooley Jan 2001

The Contributions Of Advising Experiences With Faculty And Classroom Social Environment To Undergraduate Students' Persistence In Physical Science, Mathematical, And Engineering Majors , Jennifer Ann Dooley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the extent to which advising experiences with faculty, classroom social environment, relational-interdependent self-construal, and math and science self-efficacy, both individually and in combination, contribute to the prediction of persistence in the physical sciences, mathematics, and engineering (PSME). Based on the self-in-relation model of identity development and social-cognitive theories, it was hypothesized that: (1) women would prefer a more developmental style of advising than men; (2) a developmental style of advising, advising contact with faculty, and professorial concern would each contribute to the prediction of persistence in PSME majors; and (3) the relationships between: (a) advising experiences and ...


Structure And Validity Of Vocational Interest Scales With Us Racial And Ethnic Groups: Exploring The Interests Beyond Riasec , Ronke Renee Lattimore Tapp Jan 2001

Structure And Validity Of Vocational Interest Scales With Us Racial And Ethnic Groups: Exploring The Interests Beyond Riasec , Ronke Renee Lattimore Tapp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The large national sample of racial-ethnically diverse participants in this study was derived from the vast information obtained during the revision of the 1994 Strong Interest Inventory (SII: L. W. Harmon, J. C. Hansen, F. H. Borgen & A. L. Hammer, 1994). The balanced sample utilized in the study contained 3,087 individuals from four of the major U.S. racial-ethnic groups: 805 African Americans, 795 Asian Americans, 800 Caucasian Americans, and 687 Hispanic Americans. Item-based factor scales derived using each racial and ethnic group separately and with the balanced sample produced factor scale interest structures that were highly similar. In ...


A Longitudinal Evaluation Of Factors Associated With Retaining Women In Science And Engineering , Christina Marie Osslund Gandhi Jan 1999

A Longitudinal Evaluation Of Factors Associated With Retaining Women In Science And Engineering , Christina Marie Osslund Gandhi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the longitudinal effects of a Living Learning Center (LLC) on women studying engineering, science, and Mathematics; The intervention was designed to decrease social isolation within women studying traditionally male-dominated career fields. Secondary goals included increasing LLC participants' retention within nontraditional academic majors and enhancing LLC participants' academic performance within nontraditional courses of study. Finally, increasing LLC participants' university retention, overall academic performance, self-efficacy, and college adjustment were tertiary objectives. Based on previous research, it was hypothesized that women participating in the LLC would report less social isolation, greater major and university retention, higher academic performance, and greater ...


Women In Mathematics, Science, And Engineering College Majors: A Model Predicting Career Aspirations Based On Ability, Self-Efficacy, Role Model Influence, And Role Conflict , Margaret Mary Nauta Jan 1997

Women In Mathematics, Science, And Engineering College Majors: A Model Predicting Career Aspirations Based On Ability, Self-Efficacy, Role Model Influence, And Role Conflict , Margaret Mary Nauta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated a model of predictors of career aspirations among two groups of women: students in mathematics, physical science, and engineering majors and students in biological science majors. Based on theories of women's career development and social-cognitive theories, it was hypothesized that ability, self-efficacy, positivity of role model influence, and role conflict would influence the career aspirations of these women. It was further hypothesized that the students' year in school would contribute to this model as a predictor variable. Five hundred forty-six students (representing a 71% response rate) from Iowa State University were surveyed by mail to evaluate ...


Familial Drinking History, Gender, And Family Environment As Predictors Of Alcohol Use Patterns And Psychological Adjustment Among College Students , Richard Allen Martin Jan 1994

Familial Drinking History, Gender, And Family Environment As Predictors Of Alcohol Use Patterns And Psychological Adjustment Among College Students , Richard Allen Martin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the effects of parental alcoholism, gender, and family environment on alcohol use patterns and psychological adjustment of a non-clinical sample of college students. Participants were 543 students from introductory psychology courses at a large midwestern university. Adult children of alcoholics (ACAs) were found to have greater perceived external locus of control and greater problematic alcohol use than adult children of non-alcoholics. These findings were primarily attributable to differences in gender and family functioning. No significant differences were found between ACAs and non-ACAs in self-esteem, self-realization, or motives for drinking. When compared with parental alcoholism, gender and family ...