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Iowa State University

Psychology

1993

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Women In Engineering: Factors Affecting Persistence And Attrition In College Majors , Kathleen Galvin Schaefers Jan 1993

Women In Engineering: Factors Affecting Persistence And Attrition In College Majors , Kathleen Galvin Schaefers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined factors related to persistence in engineering and related college majors, with attention to women's experiences. Participants were 278 upper-class undergraduates (135 women and 143 men) who as freshmen entered the college of engineering at a large midwestern university. Persisters in engineering, physical science, and mathematics were compared with those who did not persist. Participants completed a survey questionnaire, including variables predicted by self-efficacy theory (Bandura, 1986), expectancy-valence theory (Vroom, 1964), and interest congruence theory (Holland, 1973). Social support/environmental barriers, grade point averages, pre-college ability, and interests also were included. Four sources of self-efficacy information (personal ...