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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Influence Of Parent Gender On Division Of Work In Families Of Children With Disabilities , Lynn Terri Martin Jan 1996

The Influence Of Parent Gender On Division Of Work In Families Of Children With Disabilities , Lynn Terri Martin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This is a qualitative study which examined the influence of parent gender on division of work in families of children with disabilities. Thirty-three interviews were completed with mothers and fathers from ten families over a four year period. The study used a family systems framework to examine child and family characteristics, family perceptions, family interactions, and social roles and family work. Data was obtained through in-depth interviews and family stories and cross-cutting themes were identified and discussed. Results indicated mothers are continuing to assume the majority of the work including direct and indirect child care, and are experiencing role strain ...


Foster Parent Licensing: Personal Characteristics, Parenting Attitudes, And Training Experiences , Amy Moeller Yates Jan 1996

Foster Parent Licensing: Personal Characteristics, Parenting Attitudes, And Training Experiences , Amy Moeller Yates

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the factors influencing foster parent licensing. Data collected on survey questionnaires and telephone interviews included personal characteristics, altitudes toward parenting, attitudes toward foster parenting, and perceptions of foster parent training. Data were collected prior to foster parent preservice training, immediately after training, and 6 months following training. Participants included 113 persons (77 females and 36 males) who attended foster parent training in Iowa. Logistic regressions were performed and indicated that attitudes toward parenting and perceptions of foster parent training had significant (p <.01) effects on foster parent licensing. Permutations were performed to ensure results were not artifactual. The model explained 23% of the total variance and correctly predicted 79% of all cases. Persons with more appropriate parenting attitudes were more likely to become licensed foster parents. Perceived usefulness of 2 of the 7 training objectives were found to have an effect on foster parent licensing. The significant (p <.05) training objectives were "preparing for the role of foster parent" and "understanding the foster care system." Neither personal characteristics (such as age, gender, and income) nor attitudes toward foster parenting influenced foster parent licensing;Persons with more education were less likely to perceive foster parent training as useful in meeting several training objectives. Furthermore, more educated participants were less likely to perceive foster parent training as useful overall. T-tests indicated significant differences (p <.01) in parenting and foster parenting attitudes between white and nonwhite participants. While both whites and nonwhites held appropriate attitudes toward parenting, white participants scored significantly lower (p <.01) than nonwhite participants. Lower scores indicated more appropriate parenting attitudes. Female participants identified with the role of foster parent significantly more than their male cohorts. These results suggest that foster parent preservice training must take into account the various needs of persons from diverse backgrounds.


The Effects Of Life-Stress, Social Support And Health On Formal Medical Utilization: A Longitudinal Study , Haeseon Lee Jan 1996

The Effects Of Life-Stress, Social Support And Health On Formal Medical Utilization: A Longitudinal Study , Haeseon Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research explored the relationships between life stress, social support and health on health service use behavior for elderly individuals, 70 years and older. Data from the Longitudinal Study of Aging (N = 2590) were analyzed by using structural equation modeling (LISREL). The results revealed that initial life stresses (financial stress and physical stress) at Time 1 were indirectly related to formal medical service utilization through social support especially functional support (availability of support) and health status measured at Time 2 (perception of functional ability and actual illness level);Different dimensions of social support function differently, however, all of the quantitative ...


Family Financial Management: A Real World Perspective , Glenn Allen Muske Jan 1996

Family Financial Management: A Real World Perspective , Glenn Allen Muske

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to examine techniques used by families in the day-to-day management of their finances. The purpose is accomplished by analysis of data gathered through a series of in-depth interviews with the family money manager in seven different families. Each family was interviewed for a minimum of four hours, to examine what the family actually does and their reported explanation of why they do it. The families are all white, in first marriages, with children living at home. The family financial managers have a bachelor's degree or less, and both spouses are employed at least ...