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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Power Of Language: Exploring Foundations Of Neoliberalism In Federal Financial Aid Policy, Brian A. Burt, Lorenzo D. Baber Apr 2018

The Power Of Language: Exploring Foundations Of Neoliberalism In Federal Financial Aid Policy, Brian A. Burt, Lorenzo D. Baber

Education Publications

Despite claims that colleges and universities are isolated from ideological preferences, sociopolitical discourse regularly shapes policies and practices of postsecondary education. This article considers how national discourse on federal aid for postsecondary education during the 1970s reflected a monumental shift in higher education policy. Specifically, we critique neoliberalism, a tenet of Critical Race Theory (CRT), to examine key testimonies from six expert educational leaders during a 1978 hearing on the Middle Income Student Assistance Act (MISAA). The key testimonies examined in this article highlight how language shifted the focus of national discourse on federal financial aid from public to private ...


Toward Linguistic Justice: Conceptual Schemes For Immigrants, Refugees, And Migrants, Zachary W. Taylor Mar 2018

Toward Linguistic Justice: Conceptual Schemes For Immigrants, Refugees, And Migrants, Zachary W. Taylor

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This conceptual essay argues that many access and equity issues facing marginalized populations in higher education is owed to a postsecondary polyglossia, or, a penetrable, learned, set of unique language registers necessary for one to access and navigate institutions of higher education both inside and outside of their physical and metaphysical walls. Facilitating the transmission of this postsecondary polyglossia is Donald Davidson’s notion of the conceptual scheme, or, structures meant to interpret and transmit culture through language. Through Davidson and others, the postsecondary polyglossia is shown to permeate the totality of U.S. higher education, albeit inadvertently and through ...


Community College Policies Affecting Undocumented Students, Emily Sara Logan Jan 2018

Community College Policies Affecting Undocumented Students, Emily Sara Logan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined community college policies and practices related to undocumented students in Iowa. Critical race theory’s tenet of interest convergence and the qualitative methods of phenomenological interviewing and document review were utilized to answer the following research questions: (a) What is the legislative and political policy discourse about undocumented students in Iowa? (b) What are the institutional policies and practices regarding undocumented community college students in Iowa? (c) How do institutional policies and practices differ among community colleges in Iowa? Findings indicate that community colleges attempt to respond to changing demographics and workforce needs, but practices regarding undocumented ...


Stem Identity Development For Latinas: The Role Of Self- And Outside Recognition, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kelly Cunningham, Alec Jordan Nov 2017

Stem Identity Development For Latinas: The Role Of Self- And Outside Recognition, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kelly Cunningham, Alec Jordan

Education Publications

This qualitative, phenomenological research study explored how 17 Latina undergraduate science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) majors developed their STEM identities. The study focused on the role that self- and outside recognition as a STEM individual played in the process. Interviews revealed students’ self-recognition in many forms. Outside recognition came primarily from STEM peers, faculty members, and family members. Self- and outside recognition were often negotiated through the lens of intersectional identities held by the participants.


Accounting For Institutional Variation In Expected Returns To Higher Education, Shawn F. Dorius, David A. Tandberg, Bridgette Cram Oct 2017

Accounting For Institutional Variation In Expected Returns To Higher Education, Shawn F. Dorius, David A. Tandberg, Bridgette Cram

Sociology Publications

This study leverages human capital theory to identify the correlates of expected returns on investment in higher education at the level of institutions. We leverage estimates of average ROI in post-secondary education among more than 400 baccalaureate degree conferring colleges and universities to understand the correlates of a relatively new metric of institutional ROI. Results indicate that a diverse undergraduate student body, high graduation rate, and public university status are strong, positive, and robustly associated with institutional ROI. The model accounts for more than 70% of inter-university variation in ROI, suggesting that the factors we have identified are among the ...


Whiteness Faq: Responses And Tools For Confronting College Classroom Questions, Naomi W. Nishi, Cheryl E. Matias, Roberto Montoya, Geneva L. Sarcedo Jan 2016

Whiteness Faq: Responses And Tools For Confronting College Classroom Questions, Naomi W. Nishi, Cheryl E. Matias, Roberto Montoya, Geneva L. Sarcedo

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Instructors and students with a critical race perspective are frequently confronted and often marginalized by questions of whiteness in the college classroom. These questions work to reinforce and promote white norms and ultimately white supremacy. This theoretical article and pedagogical tool responds to some frequently asked questions (FAQs) that exude whiteness in the classroom directly, offering critical responses backed by literature, research, and theory. We also respond to the questions subcontextually, naming the assumptions that are embedded in these whiteness questions and deconstructing them. We offer pedagogical strategies for responding to and resisting whiteness in the classroom when whiteness FAQs ...


The Use Of Map-Works To Examine Adjustment And Retention In Undergraduate International Students, Lindsay Anne Simpson Jan 2016

The Use Of Map-Works To Examine Adjustment And Retention In Undergraduate International Students, Lindsay Anne Simpson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the past several decades, United States institutions of higher education have experienced increased enrollment from international students. However, researchers have long acknowledged that many international students experience problems adjusting to life and studying in the United States, including culturally, academically, socially, and psychologically. These difficulties related to international student adjustment can easily translate into compromised academic performance, decreased mental health, and the potential for dropout. This study addressed the undergraduate international student adjustment and retention gap by examining data from MAP-Works™, a comprehensive student retention platform, to better understand if and how adjustment predicted undergraduate international student retention in ...


The Risk Takers: The Support Faculty Participants In Integration Initiatives Say They Really Need, Denise A. Vrchota Jan 2016

The Risk Takers: The Support Faculty Participants In Integration Initiatives Say They Really Need, Denise A. Vrchota

English Publications

This qualitative study reports the concerns of faculty in three pre-professional programs of one food science department as they integrate communication competencies into their classes. The study found that faculty viewed communication activities through the lenses of their disciplinary traditions, applying scientific frames of reference to communication activities. Two areas of concern that emerged are: first, faculty were challenged by logistical issues such as development assessment instruments and assignments; second the risks they took by teaching an area outside of their disciplinary expertise caused them anxieties. Agents of integration and other participants must be cognizant of the disciplinary frames of ...


Applying A Freirian Lens On Social Justice Education: One Practitioner’S Perspective, D. Scott Tharp Feb 2015

Applying A Freirian Lens On Social Justice Education: One Practitioner’S Perspective, D. Scott Tharp

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Freire’s writings beyond Pedagogy of the Oppressed offer value to social justice educators looking to deeply explore and inform their own practice. His ideas related to class suicide, authority and freedom, political clarity, educational directivity and epistemological circling can enhance social justice educators approach to recognizing personal prejudices, negotiating emotions, personal disclosure, and navigating authority in educational settings. Through phenomenological reflections on my social justice education practice as a curriculum designer and facilitator within higher education, Freire’s ideas are used to analyze my experiences and provide insight for how I can re-imagine my practice to contribute to democratic ...


Visual Ethnography Assessment Of Departments Of Animal Sciences At Three Land Grant Universities: Who Is Welcome?, Shannon Archibeque-Engle Jan 2015

Visual Ethnography Assessment Of Departments Of Animal Sciences At Three Land Grant Universities: Who Is Welcome?, Shannon Archibeque-Engle

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Physical artifacts present in educational settings make visible the values of the institution. These messages signal the institution’s desire for a culturally inclusive and supportive environment. Given the land grant mission of inclusive education, the labor heritage of agriculture, and the saliency of stereotype threat in creating an inclusive learning environment, critically assessing the equity climate of departments of animal sciences in land grant universities is overdue. This study utilizes Banning et al.’s 2008 taxonomy based on visual ethnography methodology to interpret the equity climate of three departments of animal sciences at land grant institutions to answer the ...


The Middle Of Somewhere: An Exploration Of Rural Women, Communities Of Place, And College-Going, Kathleen Erin Gillon Jan 2015

The Middle Of Somewhere: An Exploration Of Rural Women, Communities Of Place, And College-Going, Kathleen Erin Gillon

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

It has been well documented that rural students attend college at a rate lower than urban students as well as below the national average, despite the fact that rural students tend to graduate from high school at a higher rate than students in urban schools. Previous scholarship has attributed this post-secondary educational pattern to individual factors such as student aspirations and attainment as well as cultural and social capital at the familial level. Less attention has been given to the role of community context and the capital present at the community level in shaping rural student’s college-going practices and ...


Tuition Discounting At Private Higher Education Institutions And Implications For Revenue, Luke Behaunek Jan 2015

Tuition Discounting At Private Higher Education Institutions And Implications For Revenue, Luke Behaunek

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the past few decades, one of the broad and substantial transitions within student financial packages has been the increased presence of institutional tuition discounting, which is generally defined as using institutional grants to subsidize educational expenses. This has been especially prevalent at four-year private institutions, and although much analysis has been focused on the amounts of discounting, little has investigated discounting’s relationship with net tuition revenue.

This study investigated tuition discounting’s impact on net tuition revenue at 456 four-year, non-profit, private colleges and universities classified as Bachelor’s/Arts & Sciences or Bachelor’s/Diverse Fields. The timespan ...


Comparative State Community College Return On Investment: State Funding, Local Funding, Tuition And Graduation Rates For Community Colleges, Christopher Neary Jan 2015

Comparative State Community College Return On Investment: State Funding, Local Funding, Tuition And Graduation Rates For Community Colleges, Christopher Neary

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

America’s community colleges have recently been thrust into the national spotlight as people look to retrain or find economic alternatives to higher education. This substantial increase in accountability is met with the constraints of financial resources and other limiting factors structured into community college systems. In this paper I examine community college return on investment by states, which govern the responsibility of educating America’s workforce through their diverse community college systems. To improve America’s postsecondary education competency is to optimize collective action of U.S. state community college systems. While colleges and universities contribute to national education ...


Students Creating Curriculum Change: Sustainable Agriculture And Social Justice, Angie Carter, Claudia M. Prado-Meza, Jessica Soulis, Diego Thompson Jun 2014

Students Creating Curriculum Change: Sustainable Agriculture And Social Justice, Angie Carter, Claudia M. Prado-Meza, Jessica Soulis, Diego Thompson

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

As the sustainable agriculture movement in the U.S. evolves, it faces the challenges of integration and inclusivity. Including social justice questions within sustainable agriculture education facilitates broader discussions about inequality and who benefits from this education and its practice. In this article, we present a case study in which we share our process and lessons learned from our student-led effort to integrate social justice work within the sustainable agriculture graduate curriculum at a Midwest public land-grant university. We analyze different sources and data to discuss: a) how students’ efforts can lead to curriculum development, change, and implementation; b) how ...


Exploring The Leadership Identity Development Of Students Of Color At A Selective Liberal Arts College, Cameron Carl Beatty Jan 2014

Exploring The Leadership Identity Development Of Students Of Color At A Selective Liberal Arts College, Cameron Carl Beatty

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Students of color negotiate their own sense of what it means to be a person of color in the face of racial/ethnic stereotypes. This study aims to explore students of color's identity as student leaders and further understand what role race plays in these students' perceptions of race and leadership development. There has been a limited research on students of color, specifically regarding the experiences of these students who attend highly selective liberal arts colleges. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore and understand how students of color who are considered relational leaders navigate the highly ...


Professor Camp: A Phenomenological Study Of The Origin And Persistence Of The Wakonse Conference On College Teaching And Learning, Michelle Lea Boettcher Jan 2013

Professor Camp: A Phenomenological Study Of The Origin And Persistence Of The Wakonse Conference On College Teaching And Learning, Michelle Lea Boettcher

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the Wakonse Conference on Teaching and Learning through an organizational development lens. It explores why the conference was created and why it has continued for 24 years. Using this phenomenological case study provides insight into both the organizational elements involved in this conference, but also how the roles of individuals have contributed to the persistence of this conference.

The three founders who have been active with Wakonse from since its inception along with five other participants who have attended the conference for at least four years were interviewed. Through interviews with the conference founders and long-term participants ...


E-Learning In English Classroom: Investigating Factors Impacting On Esl (English As Second Language) College Students' Acceptance And Use Of The Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment (Moodle), Jing Liu Jan 2013

E-Learning In English Classroom: Investigating Factors Impacting On Esl (English As Second Language) College Students' Acceptance And Use Of The Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment (Moodle), Jing Liu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment (Moodle) is an open source Learning Management System (LMS) receiving more and more popularity in higher education. Many academic departments in colleges and universities employ Moodle to economically improve course management. English as Second Language (ESL) programs in universities have also adopted Moodle. However, successfully implementing Moodle in ESL courses requires ESL students to accept the system. The Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model was used as a framework to investigate the factors influencing ESL college students' acceptance and use of Moodle in their English classes. Additionally, this study aimed at ...


Malaysian Polytechnic Lecturers' Teaching Practices With Ict Utilization To Promote Higher-Order Thinking Skills, Siti Noridah Ali Jan 2012

Malaysian Polytechnic Lecturers' Teaching Practices With Ict Utilization To Promote Higher-Order Thinking Skills, Siti Noridah Ali

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In recent years, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has been having a significant impact in the field of education, and as a result drawing considerable attention. The advent of the digital and information age has made the development of critical and creative thinking, and higher-order thinking skills (HOTs) vital to future success. Thus, experiences that expose students at higher levels of Bloom's Taxonomy in constructivist-based learning environments are becoming an increasing practice. Take for example a country like Malaysia where ICT is becoming more and more pervasive in today's polytechnic institutions; however, very little is understood of polytechnic ...


Examining The Finances Of Higher Education Institutions To Understand Their Priorities, Clinton M. Stephens Jan 2012

Examining The Finances Of Higher Education Institutions To Understand Their Priorities, Clinton M. Stephens

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

These three articles critically examined the priorities of American higher education institutions through studying their patterns of spending. Precipitated from an interest in the consequences that the Great Recession in 2008 and 2009 had on public higher education institutions in the United States, this research studied how the institutions chose to allocate their financial resources. By using finances as a measure of priorities across the higher education system, these collective choices revealed systemic priorities. Each of these three articles analyzed these priorities from a unique perspective.

Article one examined the consequences of changes in state funding on the likelihood of ...


Economic Pressure And Family-Of-Origin Relationships As Predictors Of African American Educational Attainment During Late Adolescence, Jennifer Marie Senia, Aisha White, Clinton G. Gudmunson Jan 2011

Economic Pressure And Family-Of-Origin Relationships As Predictors Of African American Educational Attainment During Late Adolescence, Jennifer Marie Senia, Aisha White, Clinton G. Gudmunson

Human Development and Family Studies Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

According to a recent Current Population Survey, at the end of the 2008-2009 period, African American and Hispanic families experienced respective poverty rates of 25.8% and 25.3%, a stark contrast to the 9.4% rate experienced by non-Hispanic White families. Minority youth have disproportionately low rates of educational & occupational attainment compared to other ethnic groups.


Changing Faculty Perceptions And Perspectives: A Case Study At A Private, Midwestern, Liberal Arts University, Lucina May Kimpel Jan 2010

Changing Faculty Perceptions And Perspectives: A Case Study At A Private, Midwestern, Liberal Arts University, Lucina May Kimpel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research was comprised of a case study conducted at Grand View University to determine faculty perceptions and perspectives of outcomes related to a Title III grant-funded, professional development program. The conceptual framework for the study was based on a systematic process called the logic model (W. K. Kellogg Foundation, 2004). A goal-free evaluation technique developed by Scriven in 1972 (Scriven, 1974) was the method utilized for conducting a utilization-focused evaluation (Patton, 1997). These evaluation processes were conducted through the use of semi-structured interviews of two focus groups and four key informants to determine the short-, medium-, and long-term outcomes ...


The Sweet Briar Way: The Search For Organizational Identity In Higher Education, Denice Katherine Ross Haynes Jan 2010

The Sweet Briar Way: The Search For Organizational Identity In Higher Education, Denice Katherine Ross Haynes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study looked at organizational identity in higher education. First conceptualized by organizational and management theorists Stuart Albert and David Whetten in 1985, it is defined as those attributes and features members believe to be most central and enduring about their organization and that distinguish it from others. Using case study methodology, the study explored how the identity at Sweet Briar, a women's college in Sweet Briar, Virginia was developed, sustained, and preserved and its influence in the college. The study found a high degree of identity salience at Sweet Briar evidenced by clear identity claims and identity-referencing discourse ...


Service On The Community College Campus: The Millennial Generation Perspective, Kristie Lynn Fisher Jan 2009

Service On The Community College Campus: The Millennial Generation Perspective, Kristie Lynn Fisher

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this phenomenological study is to explore how Millennial generation students (born 1982 or after) experience the services they receive in the community college setting at Kirkwood Community College, a comprehensive community college in a suburban setting in eastern Iowa. The overarching research question for the study is: How do Millennial generation students describe their experiences with service staff on the Kirkwood campus? Among the secondary research questions include: How widely do Millennial generation students describe themselves as "customers" of the community college? How can the characteristics of the Millennial generation help community colleges understand the relationship between ...


A Study Of The Academic Performance Of Iowa Valley Community College District Transfer Students , Lisa Michelle Breja Jan 2006

A Study Of The Academic Performance Of Iowa Valley Community College District Transfer Students , Lisa Michelle Breja

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess the academic performance of Iowa Valley Community College District transfer students at the Iowa Regent institutions. The study analyzed the Regent first-term and cumulative GPA of IVCCD students who transferred to a Iowa State University, University of Northern Iowa, and the University of Iowa between 2000 and 2004. Four research questions guided the study: (1) What are the academic characteristics of IVCCD students who transferred to Regent institutions? (2) How did students perform at Regent institutions upon transfer? (3) Did transfer students experience a recovery in GPA at the time of baccalaureate ...


Roles And Influence Of The Governor's Office In State Policy-Making For Higher Education: A Two-State Case Study , Gregory Scott Nichols Jan 2005

Roles And Influence Of The Governor's Office In State Policy-Making For Higher Education: A Two-State Case Study , Gregory Scott Nichols

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on participant perceptions of roles and perceived influence of state Governors and their staffs in higher education policy-making. Reported increased activity by Governors and their staffs in education policy-making, coupled with increasing public demands and limited or reduced state resources for higher education lend relevance to this topic. Literature also suggests that higher education leaders and state officials may have differing views of their roles in state policy-making processes;The study was designed to capture participant perceptions as to processes, and roles and influence therein, not specific policy outcomes. Given the interpersonal and dynamic nature of the ...


A Study Of The Characteristics, Satisfaction, And Organizational Commitment Of Faculty Members At Ten Colleges Affiliated With The Council For Christian Colleges And Universities , Curtis J. Taylor Jan 2005

A Study Of The Characteristics, Satisfaction, And Organizational Commitment Of Faculty Members At Ten Colleges Affiliated With The Council For Christian Colleges And Universities , Curtis J. Taylor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the reasons why faculty members choose to teach at Christian colleges, their commitment to their institution, and their satisfaction with various job-related issues and values. It analyzed comparisons between the characteristics and satisfaction of faculty members at Christian colleges and faculty members in other types of American institutions of higher education.;An online survey was administered to all faculty members at 10 diverse institutions affiliated with the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities. Useable responses were received from 238 full-time faculty members. The response rate was approximately 33%.;Survey items were categorized as follows: demographic variables; researcher-designed ...


Student Self-Esteem And The Looking-Glass Self: Perceptions Of Emotional Support, Role Models, And Academic Success On A Community College Campus , Robert Lee Mcnair Jan 2004

Student Self-Esteem And The Looking-Glass Self: Perceptions Of Emotional Support, Role Models, And Academic Success On A Community College Campus , Robert Lee Mcnair

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A survey of 261 students at Des Moines Area Community College-Boone Campus was conducted to examine self-esteem in relation to perceptions of role models, emotional support, academic adjustment, and academic success. Symbolic interactionism and the looking-glass self formed the conceptual basis of the research. Factor and Cronbach's alpha analyses tended to confirm internal validity and reliability of the constructs, respectively.;Hypothesis testing revealed some significant (p ≤ .05) relationships. Pearson's product moment correlation linked student self-esteem and social perceptions. Self-esteem was higher when the students: had a support person, saw the support person or role model as similar to ...


The Empowerment Of Latina University Students: A Phenomenological Study Of Ethnic Identity Development Through Involvement In A Latina-Based Sorority, Jennifer Gray Nuñez Jan 2004

The Empowerment Of Latina University Students: A Phenomenological Study Of Ethnic Identity Development Through Involvement In A Latina-Based Sorority, Jennifer Gray Nuñez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate through phenomenological methodology how a Latina-based sorority influences the ethnic identity development of those associated with it on a predominantly white campus in the Midwest. Using ethnographic methods, the twelve-week study involved weekly observations during the organization's scheduled meetings and other extracurricular activities. The fifteen participants were asked through a written survey, focus group sessions, and in-depth interviews to reflect on their experiences and environments before beginning college and at the present time. A phenomenological approach was used to interpret the stories shared by participants to understand how the Latina women ...


Truths About Sojourner: African American Women And The Professorship: Their Struggles And Their Successes On Negotiating Promotion And Tenure At A Predominantly White Institution , Lynette Letricia Danley Jan 2003

Truths About Sojourner: African American Women And The Professorship: Their Struggles And Their Successes On Negotiating Promotion And Tenure At A Predominantly White Institution , Lynette Letricia Danley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation was to explore the internal and external factors that contributed to the successful negotiation of promotion and tenure for six African American female faculty members at a selected predominantly White Doctoral Extensive Institution. The data were gathered over the course of one year and were initiated after a pilot study was conducted on how first-generation African American graduate students navigated through graduate school. Factors including individual persistence and aspiration as well as the need for institutional support continued to emerge particularly for the respondents who decided to pursue the life of academics. The protocol ...


Empowering Lifelong Learners Through Knowledge Of Individual Learning Processes: A Case Study At One Community College , Ellengray Gutzman Kennedy Jan 2003

Empowering Lifelong Learners Through Knowledge Of Individual Learning Processes: A Case Study At One Community College , Ellengray Gutzman Kennedy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

According to Armstrong (1999), almost all students struggle at one point or another in their academic careers. True learning often eludes students due to ineffective study strategies, poor understanding of teacher expectations, limited knowledge of individual learning preferences, and a general confusion over what is superfluous and what is meaningful. The purpose of this study was to determine if students can learn strategies that enhance their ability to learn, reduce intimidation and, thus, manage stress during the learning process in order to maximize learning potential.;The case study method (Yin, 1994) was selected, with the research site being a small ...