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Full-Text Articles in Education

Food Frequency And Nutritional Status Of Asian Children In The Wic Program , Ali Khomsan Jan 1991

Food Frequency And Nutritional Status Of Asian Children In The Wic Program , Ali Khomsan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two sites were chosen as locations for the study: Ames, and Des Moines, Iowa. The sample consisted of 75 Asian children under five years old. A revised WIC food frequency was used to determine children's dietary scores that would reflect dietary intake. The mean dietary score was 15, which is taken to be equivalent to an intake of 80 to 100% of the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) for 11 nutrients. Stepwise regression identified children's age as the best predictor for children's dietary scores (p <.05);Anthropometric measurements of weight for age, height for age, and weight for height were used as indicators of children's growth that would reflect nutritional status. Gomez classification, which is based on weight for age ratio, classified 13.3% of children in the WIC program as mild malnutrition. Using the measurements of height for age and weight for height, the Waterlow classification indicated that 8.0% of the children were stunted and 1.3% wasted;Weight for age and height for age of children in small sized families were significantly different than children in large sized families (p <.01). Father's education was a significant factor in determining children's nutritional status. Less education was associated with lower nutritional status as measured by weight for age (p <.01), height for age (p <.01), and weight for height (p <.01). Mother's education was positively associated with children's weight for age (p <.01), height for age (p <.01), and weight for height (p <.01). The length of stay of the parents in the United States positively affected height for age of their children (p <.05) and 25% of the height for age variance was explained by combination of the length of stay of the parents in the United States and education of mother. The length of time in the WIC program was positively related to weight for age (p <.01) and weight for height (p <.01).


An Undergraduate Home Economics Core: Perceptions Of Students , Lisa Christine Lebleu Jan 1991

An Undergraduate Home Economics Core: Perceptions Of Students , Lisa Christine Lebleu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

An increased emphasis on specializations within the home economics profession has raised serious concerns about the necessity for common core concepts in home economics curricula and the role of such concepts in facilitating the students' understanding of the integrative nature of the home economics profession;The American Home Economics Association's documents outlining accreditation criteria and guidelines identify a common body of knowledge as a necessary criterion for programs of home economics in higher education. It cannot be assumed, however, that students' exposure to a common core of experiences will automatically result in shared concepts, and competencies with regard to ...


Necessary Competencies And Learning Experiences For Hospitality Educators: A Delphi Study , John Thomas Canterino Jan 1990

Necessary Competencies And Learning Experiences For Hospitality Educators: A Delphi Study , John Thomas Canterino

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were (1) to identify a list of knowledge and skill competencies that are needed by an effective hospitality management educator, and (2) to identify a list of learning experiences that would be appropriate for acquiring the competencies;Both purposes were achieved by administering three successive Delphi questionnaires to a panel of experts consisting of 100 hospitality educators who were nominated most frequently, according to specified criteria, by a national random sample of 100 hospitality educators;In the first questionnaire, (Round I), panelists were asked to generate competencies and learning experiences. In the second questionnaire, (Round ...


Impact Of Iowa Consumer And Homemaking Programs On Students' Knowledge, Life Importance, And Life Satisfaction , Helen Marie Brown Crew Jan 1990

Impact Of Iowa Consumer And Homemaking Programs On Students' Knowledge, Life Importance, And Life Satisfaction , Helen Marie Brown Crew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to determine the impact of consumer and homemaking programs on students' knowledge and life importance and satisfaction perceptions. A sample of 215 graduating seniors having had three or more semesters of consumer and homemaking courses were surveyed. An achievement test was used to assess students' level of knowledge of home economics concepts, and a quality of life inventory instrument was used to measure their perceptions toward the importance of and satisfaction with 10 specific quality of life components. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, Pearson Product Moment Correlations, and multiple stepwise regression analyses;Achievement test scores ranged ...


Importance Perceptions: A Theoretical Approach To Marketing Home Economics Programs , Janet A. Edson Wendland Jan 1990

Importance Perceptions: A Theoretical Approach To Marketing Home Economics Programs , Janet A. Edson Wendland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the differences in the perceptions of home economics programs among students, their parents, and guidance counselors who contribute to the course and career selection process. The study also investigated relationships among these groups' perceptions that might have an influence on students' enrollment in home economics courses. Students (N = 179), parents (N = 87), and guidance counselors (N = 18) from 20 schools responded to semantic differential scales assessing perceptions of six home-economics subject areas during spring 1989. The questionnaire also included items ascertaining students' past involvement in home economics coursework and future plans related to career and family. A ...


Work And Family: Effects Of Instruction On Adolescents' Knowledge And Perspectives , Mopelola Odunola Adegoke Jan 1990

Work And Family: Effects Of Instruction On Adolescents' Knowledge And Perspectives , Mopelola Odunola Adegoke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this summative evaluation study was to determine the effectiveness of an instructional intervention on adolescents' knowledge and perspectives using the curriculum Balancing Work and Family Life. The second purpose of the study was to determine the relationship of selected demographic and self-concept characteristics on adolescents' knowledge and perceptions of work and family roles. A nonequivalent control group research design was used;The sample for the study consisted of 166 adolescents in six vocational home economics programs in Iowa during the spring of 1989. Four instruments, including Work And Family Knowledge Test (WFKT), Future Likelihood Inventory (FLI ...


Nutrition Education Needs Of Iowa Public Health Nurses Providing Health-Related Services To Low-Income Elderly , Carol West Hans Jan 1990

Nutrition Education Needs Of Iowa Public Health Nurses Providing Health-Related Services To Low-Income Elderly , Carol West Hans

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of the study were to: (1) assess the needs of Iowa public health nurses in food and nutrition subject matter appropriate for use with low-income elderly, and (2) make recommendations for a nutrition continuing education training program for the public health nurses who provide health-related nutrition services to the low-income elderly in Iowa Well Elderly Screening Clinics;Nutrition education needs were assessed by a criterion-referenced test that included the content areas of nutrition in aging, principles of food safety, food label interpretations, and selection of nutritious food bargains. Information on demographic and educational variables was collected. A total ...


Growth Trends Among Rural Kenyan Infants , Josephine Mwikali Kiamba Jan 1990

Growth Trends Among Rural Kenyan Infants , Josephine Mwikali Kiamba

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to examine the growth pattern of infants from birth to six months in a rural area in Kenya and to seek explanations for the infant's pattern of growth. Data were collected by the Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Project in Kenya from 1984 to 1986 and involved 133 households with infants. Data on supplementary food intake, infant anthropometry, female anthropometry, household socioeconomic status and adult literacy were obtained;The growth pattern of infants was evaluated against the World Health Organization (WHO) reference population using weight for age and length for age indices. The birth ...


Validation Of A Self-Instructional Foodservice Inventory Control System Module , Il-Sun Yang Kim Jan 1989

Validation Of A Self-Instructional Foodservice Inventory Control System Module , Il-Sun Yang Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to: (a) develop an inventory control system achievement test for students in a foodservice management information systems course, (b) develop a self-instructional module on inventory control systems, and (c) evaluate the module using a nonequivalent control group experimental design. The experimental treatments were lecture and self-instruction; both treatments were developed based on content analyses of leading textbooks. The identified content areas were receiving, storing, issuing, inventory control, inventory valuation and inventory control computer systems. An achievement test, an attitude inventory, and a demographic questionnaire also were designed to assess the effects of the experimental treatments;A ...


Impacts On Socialization Of Student Teachers: An Ethnographic Study , Kathryn Rae Petersen Jan 1989

Impacts On Socialization Of Student Teachers: An Ethnographic Study , Kathryn Rae Petersen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Student teaching has been cited as a valuable component in teacher preparation but research conflicts on specific socializing influences. Some researchers argue that student teachers are predominantly socialized through prior life experiences and others argue that student teachers passively accept the norms of the institution. These two arguments suggest that socialization is unidirectional. Current socialization researchers argue that socialization occurs through an interaction effect. The purpose of this study is to describe the process through which student teachers selectively acquire the attitudes, values, beliefs, skills, and knowledge that are current in the teaching profession;The study setting is eight placement ...


Role Management Strategies Of Bed And Breakfast Operators In New York State , Margaret Dansbury Howe Jan 1989

Role Management Strategies Of Bed And Breakfast Operators In New York State , Margaret Dansbury Howe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purposes of this study were to describe families operating bed and breakfast operations in New York State, explore family coping behaviors used by bed and breakfast operators, and examine factors affecting life satisfaction. Results were analyzed from responses of 174 bed and breakfast operators to a questionnaire that elicited data on coping behaviors, demographics, time management, and life satisfaction. Mean scores of coping behaviors indicated that bed and breakfast operators appear to employ most frequently coping behaviors in the maintaining perspective/reducing tension coping pattern. These behaviors reflect a strong positive belief system for the lifestyle. The results ...


Restaurant Managers Learning Styles: Implications For Management Development Programs , Cathy Hui-Chun Hsu Jan 1989

Restaurant Managers Learning Styles: Implications For Management Development Programs , Cathy Hui-Chun Hsu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the learning styles of unit and district level restaurant managers. Also, aspects of current management development programs implemented in the foodservice industry were examined. Kolb's Experiential Learning Theory had been selected as the basis for the study;Two questionnaires were administered, Learning Style Questionnaire for unit and district level restaurant managers and Program Analysis Questionnaire for management development program directors in the foodservice industry. The sample consisted of 14 program directors, 118 unit level managers, and 45 district level managers;Descriptive statistical analyses were calculated for all variables. Learning styles were determined by using the scoring ...


Financial Management Competencies Of Money Managers: Bases For Household Net Worth And Satisfaction , Patricia Mahoney Titus Jan 1988

Financial Management Competencies Of Money Managers: Bases For Household Net Worth And Satisfaction , Patricia Mahoney Titus

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to examine the relationships between the financial management competencies of household money managers and the financial well-being of the household. Money managers in 123 households in central Iowa were interviewed during fall 1986. The interview schedule had questions related to financial management knowledge, planning and implementing practices, satisfaction with the household's financial situation, net income, assets and liabilities. A path analysis model of a systems approach to family resource management was tested. Further, analyses of covariance were computed to determine the effect of knowledge on money manager's behaviors and outputs;The typical household money ...


Time Management Strategy, Job Satisfaction, Research Productivity, And Life Satisfaction Of University Faculty , Yonsuk Lee Chung Jan 1988

Time Management Strategy, Job Satisfaction, Research Productivity, And Life Satisfaction Of University Faculty , Yonsuk Lee Chung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purposes of this study were to examine the factors affecting time management strategies used by faculty and to investigate the relationships between use of time management strategies and job satisfaction, research productivity, and life satisfaction. A stratified random sample of 275 faculty at Iowa State University were mailed questionnaires assessing time management behaviors, life and job satisfaction, demographic and family information, and work performance. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, factor analyses, Pearson product moment correlation analyses, canonical correlation analyses, and stepwise multiple regression analyses;Results of the study indicated that the time management strategies used by faculty members ...


Factors Influencing Teaching Aging-Related Concepts In Secondary Schools , Rose Awuor Mwonya Jan 1987

Factors Influencing Teaching Aging-Related Concepts In Secondary Schools , Rose Awuor Mwonya

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing teaching about aging by vocational home economics teachers. Because attitudes toward old people was one of the factors explored in the study, a secondary purpose of the study was to identify the underlying dimensions of Kogan's Attitudes Toward Old People Scale (OPS), an instrument that has been used extensively in attitudinal research;The population for the study was 391 vocational home economics teachers in the state of Iowa. A mailed questionnaire was sent to all of the teachers identified and questionnaires from 300 teachers provided usable data for ...


The Influence Of Housing Satisfaction On Job Satisfaction, Job Performance And Overall Quality Of Life , Chinella Grayson Henderson Jan 1987

The Influence Of Housing Satisfaction On Job Satisfaction, Job Performance And Overall Quality Of Life , Chinella Grayson Henderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to investigate how housing satisfaction influences job satisfaction, overall quality of life, and job performance of university faculty. A stratified random sample of 204 faculty at Iowa State University were mailed questionnaires assessing job performance, job satisfaction, and overall quality of life. Sixty follow-up interviews were used to assess housing satisfaction. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, Pearson product moment correlation analysis, and multiple regression.;Results of the study indicated that faculty are generally satisfied with the location and structural characteristics of their homes. They are also satisfied with the location and availability of public facilities. Faculty ...