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Iowa State University

Family and consumer sciences education

Life Sciences

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Increasing Dark Green Leafy, Yellow/Orange, Cruciferous Vegetables, Tomatoes, And Physical Activity In A Low-Income Population: An Evaluation Of A Critical Thinking Approach , Ingrid Richards-Adams Jan 2006

Increasing Dark Green Leafy, Yellow/Orange, Cruciferous Vegetables, Tomatoes, And Physical Activity In A Low-Income Population: An Evaluation Of A Critical Thinking Approach , Ingrid Richards-Adams

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Intakes of dark green leafy, yellow/orange, cruciferous vegetables, and tomatoes (target vegetables), and involvement in physical activity have been shown to be protective actions against chronic diseases. Low-income individuals generally consume lower amounts of these target vegetables, engage in less physical activities, and experience higher incidences of chronic diseases. The study evaluated the effectiveness of a critical thinking approach in increasing (a) knowledge, (b) positive attitudes, (c) critical thinking skills of low-income parents related to vegetable offerings and physical activity, (d) the number of target vegetables low-income parents offer their children, and (e) the amount of time spent on ...


Korean Female Adolescents' Food Attitudes And Food Intake Relative To The Korean Food Tower , Kyeung-Eun Kim Park Jan 1999

Korean Female Adolescents' Food Attitudes And Food Intake Relative To The Korean Food Tower , Kyeung-Eun Kim Park

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A survey was conducted to examine food intake and food attitudes of 285 Korean female students attending a high school in Seoul. Food intake was assessed using a food frequency based on the Korean Food Tower consisting of five food groups, i.e., grain products, vegetables and fruits, meat, milk, and fats and sweets. The food attitude scale consisted of 22 items that were categorized into five factors with items about conscious choice of food, health concerns, economics and time influence, interest in foods, and foods that energize in regard to each of the five food groups;An analysis of ...


The School Lunch Program As A Vehicle For Nutrition Education In Iowa Public Schools , Chi-Ting Chen Jan 1999

The School Lunch Program As A Vehicle For Nutrition Education In Iowa Public Schools , Chi-Ting Chen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the Iowa public school food service (SFS) district directors incorporated nutrition education into SFS programs. A preliminary qualitative study was conducted to obtain in-depth information about nutrition education in SFS programs. The resulting information from interviews with 12 private SFS directors was used to develop a self-administered questionnaire for this study;The questionnaire consisted of three parts: demographic information, nutrition education activities, and attitudes toward nutrition education. The questionnaire was pilot tested, revised, and mailed to 377 Iowa public SFS district directors. The return rate was 74% (n ...


Food Frequency And Nutritional Status Of Asian Children In The Wic Program , Ali Khomsan Jan 1991

Food Frequency And Nutritional Status Of Asian Children In The Wic Program , Ali Khomsan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two sites were chosen as locations for the study: Ames, and Des Moines, Iowa. The sample consisted of 75 Asian children under five years old. A revised WIC food frequency was used to determine children's dietary scores that would reflect dietary intake. The mean dietary score was 15, which is taken to be equivalent to an intake of 80 to 100% of the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) for 11 nutrients. Stepwise regression identified children's age as the best predictor for children's dietary scores (p <.05);Anthropometric measurements of weight for age, height for age, and weight for height were used as indicators of children's growth that would reflect nutritional status. Gomez classification, which is based on weight for age ratio, classified 13.3% of children in the WIC program as mild malnutrition. Using the measurements of height for age and weight for height, the Waterlow classification indicated that 8.0% of the children were stunted and 1.3% wasted;Weight for age and height for age of children in small sized families were significantly different than children in large sized families (p <.01). Father's education was a significant factor in determining children's nutritional status. Less education was associated with lower nutritional status as measured by weight for age (p <.01), height for age (p <.01), and weight for height (p <.01). Mother's education was positively associated with children's weight for age (p <.01), height for age (p <.01), and weight for height (p <.01). The length of stay of the parents in the United States positively affected height for age of their children (p <.05) and 25% of the height for age variance was explained by combination of the length of stay of the parents in the United States and education of mother. The length of time in the WIC program was positively related to weight for age (p <.01) and weight for height (p <.01).