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Full-Text Articles in Education

Baby Boomer Widows: The Process Of Working With A Professional Financial Advisor , Brian Russell Korb Jan 2006

Baby Boomer Widows: The Process Of Working With A Professional Financial Advisor , Brian Russell Korb

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Baby boomers, those born between 1946 and 1964, represent 77 million people in the United States or roughly one out of every three Americans. Baby boomer women comprise 37% of the total female population age 15 and older. Fully 70% of baby boomer wives are expected to outlive their husbands. Even though there are currently only one million baby boomer widows, their numbers will increase dramatically in the coming decades. Financially preparing baby boomer wives for widowhood and supporting them in widowhood is very important. Professional financial advisors, such as certified financial planner practitioners, may be able to play a ...


Increasing Dark Green Leafy, Yellow/Orange, Cruciferous Vegetables, Tomatoes, And Physical Activity In A Low-Income Population: An Evaluation Of A Critical Thinking Approach , Ingrid Richards-Adams Jan 2006

Increasing Dark Green Leafy, Yellow/Orange, Cruciferous Vegetables, Tomatoes, And Physical Activity In A Low-Income Population: An Evaluation Of A Critical Thinking Approach , Ingrid Richards-Adams

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Intakes of dark green leafy, yellow/orange, cruciferous vegetables, and tomatoes (target vegetables), and involvement in physical activity have been shown to be protective actions against chronic diseases. Low-income individuals generally consume lower amounts of these target vegetables, engage in less physical activities, and experience higher incidences of chronic diseases. The study evaluated the effectiveness of a critical thinking approach in increasing (a) knowledge, (b) positive attitudes, (c) critical thinking skills of low-income parents related to vegetable offerings and physical activity, (d) the number of target vegetables low-income parents offer their children, and (e) the amount of time spent on ...


Unsecured Debt And Early Saving For Retirement By Recent Female College Graduates , Pamela J. Bennett Jan 2006

Unsecured Debt And Early Saving For Retirement By Recent Female College Graduates , Pamela J. Bennett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate unsecured debt and the practice of saving early for retirement by recent female college graduates. An electronic survey was conducted to assess graduates from the calendar years 1994--2004. An over-sampling of Family and Consumer Sciences majors was conducted for comparison. The amount of debt, amount of retirement savings, attitudes toward retirement, and expectations toward retirement were investigated. The study was grounded in the Theory of Reasoned Action and the findings supported the theoretical construct;The study revealed lower than national average amounts of student loan debt and a slightly larger than national ...


Financial Knowledge Levels And Savings Behaviors Of Bermudian High School Seniors At Cedarbridge Academy , Danika Ann (Holmes) Kieschnick Jan 2006

Financial Knowledge Levels And Savings Behaviors Of Bermudian High School Seniors At Cedarbridge Academy , Danika Ann (Holmes) Kieschnick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between financial knowledge and financial behaviors of high school seniors at CedarBridge Academy in Devonshire Bermuda. This study will also be used to determine if there is a need for a personal finance course at CedarBridge Academy. Seventy-five high school seniors were given a thirty question survey pertaining to financial topics and savings issues. This thesis is a detailed analysis of the research findings and literature relating to the study topic of financial knowledge and savings behaviors of teenagers. The theoretical foundation for this study is based on research from ...


Family Functioning And Adolescent Delinquency In Malaysia , Fauziah Hanim Abdul Jalal Jan 2005

Family Functioning And Adolescent Delinquency In Malaysia , Fauziah Hanim Abdul Jalal

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Malaysia is confronting a problem of increased adolescent delinquency. Despite these situations, there is very little research on adolescent delinquency. Some researchers have suggested that family functioning dimensions may become risk factors to the development of risky behaviors. The primary aim of this study is to examine perceived family functioning dimensions (problem solving, affective involvement, affective response, roles, communication, behavior control, general functioning, family time, religious belief, and religious practice) and their effect on the occurrence of adolescent delinquency. In addition, this study also investigates the effect of gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status on total delinquency scores of this group ...


Motivations For Service-Learning Among Family And Consumer Sciences College Faculty: Influence Of Teaching Perceptions, Efficacy, And Practice , Madhumita Banerjee Jan 2005

Motivations For Service-Learning Among Family And Consumer Sciences College Faculty: Influence Of Teaching Perceptions, Efficacy, And Practice , Madhumita Banerjee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Trying to understand connections between Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) and service-learning could improve the implementation process of this pedagogy in FCS courses. According to Giles and Eyler (1998), identifying ways by which service-learning can enhance subject matter learning is the first of their top ten unanswered questions in service-learning research. The primary objective of this study was to examine characteristics of FCS collegiate faculty who do and do not incorporate service-learning in their teaching, determine their teaching efficacy levels and dominant teaching perspectives, examine their perceptions about service-learning as an effective teaching strategy within FCS, and identify the factors ...


Mentoring Practices Of Cooperating Teachers To Prepare Student Teachers For Meeting Selected Iowa Teaching Standards: The Student Teacher's Perspective , Cynthia L. Waters Jan 2005

Mentoring Practices Of Cooperating Teachers To Prepare Student Teachers For Meeting Selected Iowa Teaching Standards: The Student Teacher's Perspective , Cynthia L. Waters

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Student teaching is the most widely studied aspect of inservice teacher preparation, the premier event for which the preservice educator has been trained. This experience is critical, as it sets the stage for his/her career. Appropriate guidance is key during this stage of development for teachers. Without mentoring, student teachers may not be ready to meet the challenges that await them in their own classrooms;This study used qualitative research to determine how student teachers perceive that they are being mentored by their cooperating teachers to assist them in meeting the Iowa Teaching Standards, specifically standards 7 and 8 ...


Family And Consumer Sciences Education National Curriculum Standards: Implementation Plans For Reform , Susan Ann Reichelt Jan 2001

Family And Consumer Sciences Education National Curriculum Standards: Implementation Plans For Reform , Susan Ann Reichelt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study documented the implementation of the national teaching and learning standards developed and published in 1998 for family and consumer sciences curricula in secondary schools. Telephone interviews were used to collect data from 44 family and consumer sciences administrators in state departments of education. The Concerns Based Adoption Model (CBAM) provided a framework for developing an interview schedule to identify the level and degree of use, concerns, and models of implementation related to the family and consumer sciences national standards.;Descriptive statistics were generated to summarize the data pertaining to the number of states using or not using the ...


Family And Consumer Sciences Teachers' Attitudes And Perceptions Of The Impact Of The Name Change On Fcs Education In Iowa , Stella Chilande Munya Jan 2001

Family And Consumer Sciences Teachers' Attitudes And Perceptions Of The Impact Of The Name Change On Fcs Education In Iowa , Stella Chilande Munya

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Many colleges and universities in the United States have resorted to using proven business marketing strategies to market themselves better, such as changing the program's name to broaden consumer appeal. Family and consumer sciences adopted this strategy in an attempt to present to the public a more accurate picture of the state of the profession. Over the years names of FCS programs in institutions of higher education had changed into a wide proliferation of directions. In addition the public image of home economics varied widely across the country. It was decided that a coordinated and common strategic name change ...


Performance Competencies And Appraisal Practices For Professional Hall Directors In Large Residence Hall Systems , Peter Donald Englin Jan 2001

Performance Competencies And Appraisal Practices For Professional Hall Directors In Large Residence Hall Systems , Peter Donald Englin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify processes and effectiveness of performance appraisal for professional hall directors in large residence hall systems as viewed by hall directors and their supervisors. The study identified that differences exist between perceptions of hall directors and supervisors concerning practices of performance appraisal. Competencies of effective hall directors were identified.;Sample was comprised of 54 universities with residence systems housing 4001 or more residents that employ professional hall directors and were members of ACUHO-I. Forty-eight of 53 institutions (90.6%) provided data. A total of 358 of 586 hall directors (61.1% response rate ...


Secondary School Family And Consumer Sciences Teachers' Perceived Importance Of Family And Consumer Sciences Competencies , Mary Ann Good Jan 2000

Secondary School Family And Consumer Sciences Teachers' Perceived Importance Of Family And Consumer Sciences Competencies , Mary Ann Good

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This purpose of this study was to determine Iowa family and consumer sciences secondary teachers' perceptions of their curriculum resulting from the implementation of the 1989 state legislation regarding vocational education requirements for public secondary schools. A stratified random sample of 152 teachers was selected from a population of 407 family and consumer sciences teachers in grades 9--12 during the 1995--96 school year which yielded a response from 106 (73.6%) teachers;Perceptions were measured to determine the extent the competencies were taught, the level of importance teachers placed on them, and comparisons between the two in the nine content ...


Korean Female Adolescents' Food Attitudes And Food Intake Relative To The Korean Food Tower , Kyeung-Eun Kim Park Jan 1999

Korean Female Adolescents' Food Attitudes And Food Intake Relative To The Korean Food Tower , Kyeung-Eun Kim Park

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A survey was conducted to examine food intake and food attitudes of 285 Korean female students attending a high school in Seoul. Food intake was assessed using a food frequency based on the Korean Food Tower consisting of five food groups, i.e., grain products, vegetables and fruits, meat, milk, and fats and sweets. The food attitude scale consisted of 22 items that were categorized into five factors with items about conscious choice of food, health concerns, economics and time influence, interest in foods, and foods that energize in regard to each of the five food groups;An analysis of ...


The School Lunch Program As A Vehicle For Nutrition Education In Iowa Public Schools , Chi-Ting Chen Jan 1999

The School Lunch Program As A Vehicle For Nutrition Education In Iowa Public Schools , Chi-Ting Chen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the Iowa public school food service (SFS) district directors incorporated nutrition education into SFS programs. A preliminary qualitative study was conducted to obtain in-depth information about nutrition education in SFS programs. The resulting information from interviews with 12 private SFS directors was used to develop a self-administered questionnaire for this study;The questionnaire consisted of three parts: demographic information, nutrition education activities, and attitudes toward nutrition education. The questionnaire was pilot tested, revised, and mailed to 377 Iowa public SFS district directors. The return rate was 74% (n ...


Professional Development: South Carolina Family And Consumer Sciences Secondary School Teachers' Experiences, Facilitators, And Opportunities , Ethel Nellie Grant Jones Jan 1999

Professional Development: South Carolina Family And Consumer Sciences Secondary School Teachers' Experiences, Facilitators, And Opportunities , Ethel Nellie Grant Jones

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study used a descriptive and correlational design to examine relationships among selected personal and professional characteristics, professional development experiences, facilitators, and opportunities of South Carolina secondary family and consumer sciences (FCS) secondary school teachers;Two models were developed to suggest various relationships among key variables based on Fullan's (1995) idea about the potential and limits of professional development. One model focused on experiences, the other on opportunities;A population of 496 middle, junior, senior, and occupational school FCS teachers in South Carolina's public schools yielded a sample of 217. A mailed questionnaire was used to collect data ...


Organizational Change: Extension Staff Response To Increase Programming For At-Risk Audiences , Diane Kay Klemme Jan 1999

Organizational Change: Extension Staff Response To Increase Programming For At-Risk Audiences , Diane Kay Klemme

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As family and consumer sciences professionals begin to consider changes in the profession or their individual organizations, an understanding of organizational change and organizational change processes becomes an essential leadership skill (McGregor, 1997). To better overcome resistance to change and create sustained change, the leaders and their staff must learn to examine their personal and the organization's assumptions and alter those assumptions that limit the change process (Argyris, 1997). The purpose of this research is to examine the individual and organizational assumptions that contribute to or inhibit Extension staff programming efforts with at-risk audiences. The research will also aid ...


Constructs That Contribute To Student Satisfaction For Participating In Graduate Level Courses Delivered By Full Motion Interactive Fiber Optic Communications Network , Fatemeh Zarghami Jan 1998

Constructs That Contribute To Student Satisfaction For Participating In Graduate Level Courses Delivered By Full Motion Interactive Fiber Optic Communications Network , Fatemeh Zarghami

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to measure constructs that contribute to graduate student satisfaction with interactive televised courses that have been taught via Iowa Communications Network (ICN). In this study student satisfaction with the instructor's communication and teaching skills, accessibility of the instructor out of classroom, course management, course content, and quality of technology was measured by using the Student Satisfaction with ICN (SSICN) questionnaire. Students' needs and their suggestions to improve the quality of education through ICN were identified through five open-ended questions. The population for the study was 690 graduate students who took ICN courses between ...


Faculty Computer Self-Efficacy And Integration Of Electronic Communication In Teaching College Courses , Leah Chepngéno Keino Kagima Jan 1998

Faculty Computer Self-Efficacy And Integration Of Electronic Communication In Teaching College Courses , Leah Chepngéno Keino Kagima

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As technological innovations continue to change and expand, it becomes increasingly necessary to support faculty in adopting innovations to keep up with the educational demands of the 21st century such as the changing learning environments, distance education, computer based course management, and delivery technologies. Recent studies have indicated that successful implementation of educational technologies depends largely on educators who guide the daily experiences of learners. Understanding more about faculty confidence and skills for computer technology use can provide insights for intervention strategies in faculty development efforts. To prepare for this intervention, it is important to identify the extent to which ...


Barriers To Change Encountered By Family And Consumer Sciences Teachers In A Curriculum Reform Effort, Susan Mutio Odhiambo Jan 1997

Barriers To Change Encountered By Family And Consumer Sciences Teachers In A Curriculum Reform Effort, Susan Mutio Odhiambo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The successful implementation of a curriculum reform effort is not without considerable barriers. To be effective, change efforts need more than the development of materials and procedures. They require attention to and involvement of the people who administer these changes. Knowledge of the barriers they may face in their efforts to implement change facilitates the adoption of those changes. The research question guiding this study was: What are the perceived barriers to change encountered by family and consumer sciences teachers involved in a curriculum reform effort? In order to obtain in-depth personal accounts of change experiences and barriers encountered, fifty-three ...


Family And Consumer Sciences Life Skills: Attainment By Secondary School Students , Robin Trimble White Jan 1997

Family And Consumer Sciences Life Skills: Attainment By Secondary School Students , Robin Trimble White

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study evaluated the effectiveness of Iowa's secondary school family and consumer sciences programs as perceived by students. A two-stage stratified random sampling procedure resulted in usable data from 273 graduating seniors from 98 schools during the 1995-96 school year. The sample was comprised of 135 students (53% males, 47% females) with one semester or less of family and consumer sciences education and 138 students (34% males, 66% females) with three or more semesters of instruction. Students' perceived level of competence was measured in the areas of housing and home management; food and nutrition; individual and family health; personal ...


Ecological Approach To Increasing Literacy Of At Risk Youth , Sharon Louise Query Jan 1997

Ecological Approach To Increasing Literacy Of At Risk Youth , Sharon Louise Query

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

About a quarter of the children under the age of six are living in poverty, a factor that is highly relevant to school failure. Protective factors are individual or environmental safeguards that enhance a youngster's ability to resist stressful life events and promote resilience. There are protective factors at work in every system--individual, family, peer, school, and community;The Model City/Woodland Wilkie Literacy project was designed to increase the participants' protective factors and academic achievement. The purpose of this study was to determine if participants in the Model City/Woodland Wilkie Literacy Project exhibited evidence of protective factors ...


Leadership Development Curriculum For Family And Consumer Sciences Undergraduates , Swarna Mariana Viegas Jan 1997

Leadership Development Curriculum For Family And Consumer Sciences Undergraduates , Swarna Mariana Viegas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objectives of this study were to design a leadership curriculum for family and consumer sciences female undergraduate students to be implemented as a course or infused into existing courses, and to conduct a formative evaluation of the curriculum. Curriculum content was based on recommendations of theorists of "transformational leadership" Bennis and Nanus (1985), Kouzes & Posner(1987), and Tichy and Devanna, (1986); leadership experts, and students. A draft curriculum was developed and pilot tested with seven undergraduate and two graduate students. The curriculum was revised and again pilot tested using a pretest-posttest, experimental-standard treatment design. Fifty-nine female students enrolled in a required one-credit, 15 contact-hour senior seminar ...


Family And Consumer Sciences Secondary School Teachers' Orientations Toward Distance Education Technology For Curriculum Delivery , Lemonia N. Bigilaki Jan 1996

Family And Consumer Sciences Secondary School Teachers' Orientations Toward Distance Education Technology For Curriculum Delivery , Lemonia N. Bigilaki

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined family and consumer sciences secondary school teachers' self-reported knowledge, ability, interests, feelings, beliefs, and teaching preferences toward interactive teleteaching when using curriculum competencies. Two hundred fifty family and consumer sciences secondary school teachers in the state of Iowa were randomly selected. Of these, 112 teachers became the data producing sample of this study. Results indicated that there were no significant differences among teachers' self-reported knowledge, ability, interests, feelings, and beliefs toward interactive teleteaching when compared to their years of experience as an educator. In addition, there were no significant differences among teachers' self-reported knowledge, ability, feelings, and ...


Teaching Home Economics Through Literature In Taiwan: Perspectives Of Home Economics Teachers , Meei-Ruey Hsu Jan 1995

Teaching Home Economics Through Literature In Taiwan: Perspectives Of Home Economics Teachers , Meei-Ruey Hsu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was undertaken to obtain information about teachers' perspectives toward teaching home economics through literature. The four objectives of this study were to (a) develop a conceptual framework for using literature to teach home economics; (b) develop an instrument based on the conceptual framework; (c) identify Taiwanese junior high school home economics teachers' perspectives toward teaching home economics through literature; and (d) describe information about literature provided by teachers;The conceptual framework proposed in this study was developed to assist students to interact rationally and morally with their environment via the integration of concepts presented in home economics and ...


Community Assessment Of The Barriers To Primary Health Care For Children And Families , Karen Glisczinski Shirer Jan 1995

Community Assessment Of The Barriers To Primary Health Care For Children And Families , Karen Glisczinski Shirer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to conduct a community assessment to determine the barriers to accessing primary health care for children in Chickasaw County, Iowa. Bronfenbrenner's (1986) ecological perspective on the interaction between the family and the environment was adapted to explain the barriers to health care. Based on this framework, barriers to preventive services, prenatal care, well-child care, immunizations, and health education were identified;Data were collected in two phases. First, existing data about the county's population, families, income and poverty, and child health were compiled into a health and social indicator profile. Second, a consumer ...


Integration Of Language Arts Skill Development Into Secondary School Family And Consumer Sciences Curriculum: A Causal Model For Predicting Teacher Practices , Grace Nanjala Wasike Jan 1995

Integration Of Language Arts Skill Development Into Secondary School Family And Consumer Sciences Curriculum: A Causal Model For Predicting Teacher Practices , Grace Nanjala Wasike

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were to: (1) provide baseline information about the practices and attitudes of family and consumer sciences secondary school teachers regarding the integration of language arts skill development into family and consumer sciences curriculum, (2) identify variables that influence family and consumer sciences secondary school teachers' practices of integrating language arts skill development into their teaching, and (3) describe relationships among these variables. The innovation theory formed the conceptual framework for the study;A sample of 192 teachers was randomly drawn from a population of 520 secondary school family and consumer sciences teachers. Data were obtained ...


Family And Consumer Sciences Teachers' Attitudes And Practices Concerning Parent Involvement In The Educational Process , Tersie Udeme Ndon Jan 1994

Family And Consumer Sciences Teachers' Attitudes And Practices Concerning Parent Involvement In The Educational Process , Tersie Udeme Ndon

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to assess junior and senior high school family and consumer sciences teachers' attitudes and practices concerning parent involvement in the educational process. Several specific objectives and variables of interest, including attitudes, practices, efficacy, and perceived level of support from colleagues for parent involvement were assessed. Using a mailed questionnaire titled, "School-Home Partnerships Survey," the study surveyed 168 teachers randomly selected from a list of 682 junior and senior high school family and consumer sciences teachers, obtained from the Iowa Department of Education;Methods of data analyses consisted of descriptive and inferential statistics, including path ...


Women's Roles And Social Change In Sudan , Cecilia A. Adae Darkoh Jan 1994

Women's Roles And Social Change In Sudan , Cecilia A. Adae Darkoh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were to determine if Northern Sudanese women with (1) different family backgrounds (traditional, transitional, or modern), (2) different geographic locations (urban high-income, urban low-income, and rural low-income areas), and (3) different educational backgrounds differed in their attitudes toward traditional gender roles and changes occurring in these roles. This research was based on an analysis of portions of data collected in 1990 by researchers at Ahfad University for Women (AUW) in Omdurman, Sudan, for purposes of determining the critical aspects of women's status that would predict fertility rates in the Sudan;Data were collected using ...


Implementation Of Mandated Health Concepts In The Curricula Of Iowa Secondary Schools , Brenda Lee Mccoy Jan 1992

Implementation Of Mandated Health Concepts In The Curricula Of Iowa Secondary Schools , Brenda Lee Mccoy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The overall purpose of this study was to determine how schools are incorporating health concepts into their curricula. A sample of 148 Iowa secondary school health teachers, 97 (66%) females and 51 (34%) males responded to a health education survey related to two specific purposes of the study, which were to examine: (1) organizational aspects of health curricula for grades nine through twelve, and (2) secondary school health teachers' attitudes toward the eleven health strands that make up one unit of health as mandated by the Iowa General Assembly. The survey consisted of demographic questions, Likert-type attitude statements, rating of ...


College Students' Choice Of Careers In Home Economics And Non-Home Economics Professions , Jane Onwona Agyeman Jan 1992

College Students' Choice Of Careers In Home Economics And Non-Home Economics Professions , Jane Onwona Agyeman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were (1) to develop a model of career choice by college students, (2) to identify variables influencing college students' choice of home economics careers, and (3) to determine the impact of the interactions of these variables on college students' choice of home economics careers. A model proposed by Moos (1987) was adapted and utilized to explain the interrelatedness of environmental and personal variables as they influenced students' choice of a career in Home Economics; A sample of 428 junior/senior college students from three land-grant institutions responded to a career choice instrument. The home economics ...


Junior High School Student Needs Related To Home Economics In Taipei, Taiwan, Republic Of China , Jeou-Shyan Horng Jan 1992

Junior High School Student Needs Related To Home Economics In Taipei, Taiwan, Republic Of China , Jeou-Shyan Horng

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of the study were to: (1) identify junior high school students' perceptions of the importance of home economics competencies and their perceived levels of performing these competencies, (2) identify home economics needs of junior high school students in Taipei as perceived by students, home economics teachers, and experts, and (3) use the findings to make recommendations to the administrators, policy-makers, and teachers for redefining the junior high home economics curriculum in Taiwan, R.O.C;Home economics needs were assessed by questionnaires with sixty-two statements which reflected competencies expected for each subject matter area. Students, home economics teachers ...