Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 41

Full-Text Articles in Education

White, Male, And "Minority": A Study Of Racial Consciousness Development Among White Male Undergraduate Students At A Public Historically Black University , Robert Darrell Peterson Jan 2006

White, Male, And "Minority": A Study Of Racial Consciousness Development Among White Male Undergraduate Students At A Public Historically Black University , Robert Darrell Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Enrollments of non-Black students at historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have recently increased as a result of recent court mandates requiring public HBCUs to diversify their student bodies. As these numbers continue to increase, very little research has been done that examines the racial consciousness aspects of identity development of White students attending HBCUs where issues of race, gender, privilege, and power likely intersect;The purpose of this phenomenological study was to examine the racial consciousness development of White male undergraduate students attending a historically and predominantly Black university through their academic and social experiences. Bronfenbrenner's (2005) bioecological ...


Does Team-Based Variable Pay Work? , Deborah Barrett Boring Jan 2006

Does Team-Based Variable Pay Work? , Deborah Barrett Boring

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In May 2001, the Iowa legislature enacted the Teacher Quality Act (Senate File 476) to improve the quality of teaching and instruction in Iowa. The primary objective of this landmark piece of legislation was to improve student achievement (Iowa General Assembly, 2001). A key piece of Senate File 476 was Team-Based Variable Pay (TBVP), Iowa's version of a School-Based Performance Award (SBPA). This pilot project was intended to reward teams of teachers from individual schools for improved student achievement in their respective schools;A significant amount of research has been conducted regarding alternative teacher pay structures, including those focused ...


Revising The Iowa Accreditation Process For Community Colleges: A Case Study , Jan Erickson Snyder Jan 2006

Revising The Iowa Accreditation Process For Community Colleges: A Case Study , Jan Erickson Snyder

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Iowa is one of the few states in the nation that is required by law to have a formalized process that accredits its community colleges. In February of 2005, the Iowa Department of Education's (DE) Division of Community Colleges and Workforce Preparation began a comprehensive review of the state accreditation process for Iowa's community colleges. This review was prompted by major changes in the criteria and processes of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools - Higher Learning Commission (NCA-HLC) which was effective in January of 2005;The purpose of this case study was to collect, document, and ...


Strategic Planning In Community College Information Technology: A Delphi Study Of Model Programs , Todd Prusha Jan 2006

Strategic Planning In Community College Information Technology: A Delphi Study Of Model Programs , Todd Prusha

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Technology infusion at the community college involves decision making for a multitude of audiences and factors. Advances in technology, students with disparate needs, faculty with varying degrees of technological skills, network security threats, infrastructure costs and competition are contributing to a new reality for community college presidents and CIOs. Careful planning is needed on the part of community college leaders to focus technology resources and training opportunities. The plan must address the needs of the entire community college;In this study community colleges with proven interest and leadership in using technology for innovative college curriculum and services were identified and ...


The Evolution Of A Woman College President: Theodora J Kalikow , Leah Ewing Ross Jan 2006

The Evolution Of A Woman College President: Theodora J Kalikow , Leah Ewing Ross

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In order to combat the dearth of women at the helm of American colleges and universities, the experiences of the women who serve as college presidents need to be explored to inform the literature about women leaders. Despite the fact that there are numerous well known women college presidents who serve as role models for aspiring leaders and from whose stories we can learn, the number of women college presidents in the United States is still very low. Furthermore, the women whose stories are known lead or have led well-known institutions that are frequently in the spotlight;The purpose of ...


Learning In Community: Student Perceptions And Experiences , Janice A. Wiersema Jan 2006

Learning In Community: Student Perceptions And Experiences , Janice A. Wiersema

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Beginning in the 2002-03 school year all teacher evaluators in the state of Iowa were required to take part in the then newly-created Iowa Evaluator Approval Training Program (IEATP). This program was designed to train evaluators in teacher evaluation based on the Iowa Teaching Standards and Criteria. For this study novice teachers from Iowa public schools were surveyed and asked questions regarding the five attributes of teacher evaluation using a modified Teacher Evaluation Profile (TEP), originally designed by Stiggins and Duke (1988). The attributes include the following topics, each defined through a number of different traits: (a) self as a ...


Effect Of Organizational Environments On The Status Attainment Of Students Of Color And Majority Students: A General Linear Model Analysis , Shantha Joseph Ravindra Pieris Jan 2006

Effect Of Organizational Environments On The Status Attainment Of Students Of Color And Majority Students: A General Linear Model Analysis , Shantha Joseph Ravindra Pieris

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to determine if the graduation rates of students of color and majority students at public, research extensive and intensive institutions could be predicted by institutional resource allocation activities in the context of both the internal and external environments of universities. The independent variables for the internal environment were expenditures in regard to instruction, academic support, student services, institutional grants (scholarships, fellowships), research, public service, institutional support, plant operation and maintenance, and institutional selectivity. The independent variables for the external environment were geographical region and degree of urbanization. The independent variables for the internal environment were calculated in ...


No School Business Official Left Behind: School Business Officials, Superintendents, And Role Theory--Association Of School Business Officials (Asbo) International Professional Standards And Job Proficiency , Jeanette Sue Mcgreevy Jan 2006

No School Business Official Left Behind: School Business Officials, Superintendents, And Role Theory--Association Of School Business Officials (Asbo) International Professional Standards And Job Proficiency , Jeanette Sue Mcgreevy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to gain more understanding about the perceptions of school business officials' "adequacy of performance" in skill areas and "role consensus" regarding three theoretical role groups: executive, manager, and technician. From a new web-based survey, the perceptual data of 169 superintendents and 182 school business officials employed by Iowa public school districts during the 2005-2006 school year were analyzed using Role Theory as the theoretical framework and the 25 Association of School Business Officials (ASBO) International Professional Standards sub-skill set areas as the content framework. The response rate was 55.3% for school business officials ...


Investing In Students: A Quantitative Study Of The Impact Of An Institution's Characteristics On Retention Rates For Public 2-Year Institutions , Heidi Ann Hansel Jan 2006

Investing In Students: A Quantitative Study Of The Impact Of An Institution's Characteristics On Retention Rates For Public 2-Year Institutions , Heidi Ann Hansel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

At the same time that higher education was trying to balance their internal budgets, they began to feel influences regarding accountability to external sources. Community colleges have been forced to try to "do more with less" by cutting costs, boosting their productivity, and improving the quality of their services. Through various studies, it has been found that both organizational behaviors and specific organizational attributes (the existence of equitable administrative policies, decision making practices, etc.) have an impact on student persistence. Yet, even with the existence of empirical evidence to support the relationship between particular organizational attributes and student persistence, it ...


School Board Member And Superintendent Dispositions Relating To Student Achievement , Connie Jean Maxson Jan 2006

School Board Member And Superintendent Dispositions Relating To Student Achievement , Connie Jean Maxson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine whether local school board members who have been subjected to more of a specific type of training focused on student achievement create and support conditions in their systems that enable students to achieve at high levels. Of specific interest was the change in disposition of the board members and superintendents as a result of the training;Educational research has endorsed the idea that school districts cannot effectively raise student achievement without strong leadership and teamwork from the school board and the superintendent. Results from this study indicated that board members who participated ...


Leadership Experiences Of African American Women Who Are Mid-Level Student Affairs Administrators , Hannah Louise Clayborne Jan 2006

Leadership Experiences Of African American Women Who Are Mid-Level Student Affairs Administrators , Hannah Louise Clayborne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

For too long the universal leadership map for those interested in learning about leadership has drawn from the leadership values and beliefs of individuals whose life experiences do not fully represent the demographical changes that have occurred within the larger community (Parker, 2005). Consequently, African American women with intentions of using extant literature on leadership as a means or directional tool to gaining higher levels of personal and professional understanding of their own leadership approaches, inevitably confront a discourse shaped by the perceptions and experiences of White men and White women (Parker, 2005). To this end, exploration of leadership issues ...


Academic Achievement Of Year-Round And Traditional Calendar Elementary Students In A School-Within-A-School Setting , Barbara Kay Ramos Jan 2006

Academic Achievement Of Year-Round And Traditional Calendar Elementary Students In A School-Within-A-School Setting , Barbara Kay Ramos

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Do students attending school on a year-round calendar outperform students attending school on a traditional calendar in reading and math? Mixed and inconclusive findings are reported in previous studies. This study examined the reading and math achievement of 2004-2005 fifth graders in three school-within-a-school year-round elementary schools located in the United States. An ex post facto comparison group posttest design was utilized. National percentile ranks on state selected standardized tests were analyzed. Overall, sixteen comparisons of year-round and traditional student achievement and growth were made. When mean scores were compared in reading and math achievement and growth, all four comparisons ...


Winston Charter School: A Case Study Involving The Intersection Of External And Internal Accountability Mandates , Rebecca Susan Pitkin Jan 2006

Winston Charter School: A Case Study Involving The Intersection Of External And Internal Accountability Mandates , Rebecca Susan Pitkin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Charter schools are a growing force within the school choice movement. Charter school law provides charter schools the freedom to innovate and maintain increased autonomy as long as internal and external accountability mandates are begin met. Despite the growing popularity of charter schools, little is known about charter schools in high stakes testing states and the way they negotiate the intersection of external accountability mandates and internal school mission. This qualitative case study examines a charter school for diverse students in an urban setting. The study describes the practices teachers and the head of school engage in to fulfill the ...


Nuestra Identidad Y Experiencias (Our Identity And Experiences): Ethnic Identity Development Of Latino Fraternity Members At A Hispanic-Serving Institution , Juan Ricardo Guardia Jan 2006

Nuestra Identidad Y Experiencias (Our Identity And Experiences): Ethnic Identity Development Of Latino Fraternity Members At A Hispanic-Serving Institution , Juan Ricardo Guardia

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Higher education scholars have examined Latino/a student experiences and ethnic identity, yet there is no research describing the ethnic identity development of members of a Latino fraternity at a Hispanic Serving Institution (HSI). The purpose of this phenomenological study was to understand how membership in a Latino fraternity at a HSI enhanced members' ethnic identity development. Utilizing Bronfenbrenner's (2005) bioecological theory of human development as the guiding framework for this study, six themes emerged which enhanced members' ethnic identity development: family, the HSI campus, language, involvement, other Greeks and Greeks affairs policies, and gender. Implications for student affairs ...


Roles And Responsibilities Of Local School Board Members In Relation To Student Achievement , Mary L. Delagardelle Jan 2006

Roles And Responsibilities Of Local School Board Members In Relation To Student Achievement , Mary L. Delagardelle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research investigated school board members' perceptions about their roles and responsibilities for improving student learning, and examined contextual factors and characteristics that influence those beliefs. The study involved both quantitative and qualitative methods of analysis and the results surfaced several areas that shed light on potential needs for the leadership development of board-superintendent teams;The research focused on two questions: (a) Which governance roles and responsibilities do board members believe are most important to positively impact student learning? and (b) Do some contextual factors and characteristics have more influence on the board members' beliefs about their roles and responsibilities ...


Rising To The Top: The Personal And Professional Journeys Of Four Hispanic Women Leaders In Higher Education , Lyvier Leffler Aschenbrenner Jan 2006

Rising To The Top: The Personal And Professional Journeys Of Four Hispanic Women Leaders In Higher Education , Lyvier Leffler Aschenbrenner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to determine, through interviews, what educational and socio-cultural characteristics Hispanic women leaders in higher education possess. This study also provides an outlet for four Hispanic women leaders to share their unique experiences and journeys during their rise to administration. They were able to share their perceptions of their own career paths. The results offer advice for other Hispanic women aspiring to ascend into leadership positions. The in-depth descriptions of their personal experiences provides an opportunity to gain a better understanding of the types of barriers associated with access to higher educational leadership positions ...


Paired, Developmental Learning Communities: A Case Study Of One Institution , Kelly Jo Krogh Faga Jan 2006

Paired, Developmental Learning Communities: A Case Study Of One Institution , Kelly Jo Krogh Faga

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine a paired, developmental learning community to understand how it enhances learning at a selected community college---Metropolitan Community College in Omaha, Nebraska. Learning communities are defined as purposeful restructuring of an undergraduate curriculum that thematically link or cluster courses together and enroll a common group of students (MacGregor & Smith, 2005). Thus, the research focused on students in a paired, developmental learning community. Developmental learning communities consist of two developmental classes that are linked with other courses at the college and enroll a common group of students;The primary focus was to view paired, developmental learning communities through the eyes of at-risk students who participated in them. To complement this part of the research, a persistence study was included in the findings that examined the percentage of students in a paired, developmental ...


Examining The Relationship Between Supplemental Instruction (Si) And Student Retention At A Doctoral Extensive Institution , Kari A. Hensen Jan 2005

Examining The Relationship Between Supplemental Instruction (Si) And Student Retention At A Doctoral Extensive Institution , Kari A. Hensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study tracked 3,286 students over a five-year period who were enrolled in entry-level biology, chemistry, mathematics, and physics courses offering SI in the fall 1999 to see if they were retained or graduated at a Midwestern doctoral extensive institution and identified which predictor variables (demographic, achievement, and level of SI participation) most significantly predicted student retention or graduation. Chi-square analysis, based on two-way contingency tables indicated that SI participants are retained at higher rates than non-SI participants while having lower mean ACT composite scores and fewer semesters of high school preparation in calculus, chemistry, and physics. Backward stepwise ...


Centralized Reform In The Federal Republic Of Germany: Educational Leadership In Berlin Since The Reunification Of 1990 , Nanci Lynne Shaw Jan 2005

Centralized Reform In The Federal Republic Of Germany: Educational Leadership In Berlin Since The Reunification Of 1990 , Nanci Lynne Shaw

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

With the 2004 enactment of centralized educational reform in Berlin, school leaders were charged with increased responsibilities and autonomy, but with minimal training, decreased funding, and limited authority---in the not-so-distant aftermath of the reunification of 1990. The purpose of this study was to gain understanding of educational leadership, the implementation of reform, and the influence of cultural background from East or West on school leaders in Berlin.;Grounded theory methodology was utilized, conducted through a cultural lens as set within a particular historical context of Berlin. In-depth interviews were conducted with 13 school leaders of secondary vocational schools in Berlin ...


School-Wide Behavior Screening For Instructional Decisionmaking , Christopher Charles Pierson Jan 2005

School-Wide Behavior Screening For Instructional Decisionmaking , Christopher Charles Pierson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Since No Child Left Behind has become law, there has been increased use of data to drive instructional decisionmaking for academics. However, the focus placed on improving behavior and using data to drive decisions for school-wide behavior improvement has not occurred with the same fervor. Behavior needs often are identified too late in a student's school career, which limits intervention efficacy and increases cost. This study tests the reliability and validity of the School-wide Efficient Behavior Screening (SWEBS); (Pierson, 2003) and discusses how educators used the SWEBS to make instructional decisions to sort students into three levels of differentiated ...


Enhancing Empathy In Medical Students Using Flex Care Communication Training , Carla A. Stebbins Jan 2005

Enhancing Empathy In Medical Students Using Flex Care Communication Training , Carla A. Stebbins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to test the ability of an interpersonal communication program to enhance empathy within a sample of second-year osteopathic medical students. Researchers within the fields of medicine and medical education agree that empathy has a significant effect on clinical outcomes, and in improving interpersonal relationships of physicians and their patients. However, numerous studies suggest the empathy levels of medical students decline as they proceed through their training.;This study's true experimental, posttest-only control-group pilot study allowed for the comparison of posttest measures between sample groups. The experimental group treatment included exposure to a new ...


The Importance Of The Teams In Iowa Team-Based Variable Pay Pilot Project Schools , Sarah Sebring Binder Jan 2005

The Importance Of The Teams In Iowa Team-Based Variable Pay Pilot Project Schools , Sarah Sebring Binder

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In May 2001, the Iowa legislature enacted Teacher Quality legislation to improve student achievement. This legislation included four components, one of which was the Team-Based Variable Pay Pilot Project (TBVP), which coupled alternative teacher compensation with student achievement.;There has been much research on alternative teacher compensation, which includes recognizing and rewarding teachers as a team, but the research has not focused on the importance of teacher teams. Dianne Chadwick found student and staff achievement were key to the success of TBVP, not "variable pay". The researcher found the principals believed the team structure to be the key to the ...


An Instructor's Viewpoint: Incorporating Interaction In Web-Based Training, Julie M. Summers Jan 2005

An Instructor's Viewpoint: Incorporating Interaction In Web-Based Training, Julie M. Summers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify the role an instructor's pedagogical philosophy has on the development of online courses. Of specific interest was the inclusion of interaction, as interaction is generally perceived to influence the learning experience. The development and maintenance of an online course is a substantial task. Institutions take different approaches to providing support for the development of online courses. This study also explored how the level of institutional support impacted the instructor's design process.;Educational research has endorsed the benefits of using interaction in face-to-face and web-based settings. Results from this study indicated ...


Minority Stress And The Well-Being Of Sexual Minority College Students Viewed Through The Lens Of A (Bio)Ecological Model Of Human Development , R. M. Johnson Jan 2005

Minority Stress And The Well-Being Of Sexual Minority College Students Viewed Through The Lens Of A (Bio)Ecological Model Of Human Development , R. M. Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Minority stress comes from "the juxtaposition of minority and dominant values and the resultant conflict with the social environment experienced by minority group members" (Meyer, 1995, p. 39). Because minority stress is additive to general stressors that are experienced by all people, stigmatized people must accomplish an adaptation effort above that required of similar others who are not stigmatized. Using Bronfenbrenner's bioecological systems theory of human development as a guiding framework, this study explored the key environments in sexual minority college students' developmental trajectories that contributed to or buffered minority stress(ors). As the results of this study show ...


Investing In Student Persistence: A Regression Analysis Of Institutional Expenditure Patterns And Retention And Graduation Rates At Private Baccalaureate Colleges And Universities , Ann Marie Gansemer-Topf Jan 2004

Investing In Student Persistence: A Regression Analysis Of Institutional Expenditure Patterns And Retention And Graduation Rates At Private Baccalaureate Colleges And Universities , Ann Marie Gansemer-Topf

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Pressured by internal and external institutional stakeholders, institutions of higher education increasingly are challenged to demonstrate efficiency and productivity. One approach to illustrate productivity and efficiency is to examine how resources are allocated within the institution and the extent to which allocated resources meet institutional goals such as high first-year retention and 6-year graduation rates. Focusing on private Baccalaureate Liberal and General colleges and universities, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between institutional expenditures related to instruction, academic support, student services, institutional support, and institutional grants (i.e. student financial aid) and retention and graduation rates ...


Mid-Career Faculty Involvement In Learning Communities: An Exploration Of Outcomes And Vitality , Shari L. Ellertson Jan 2004

Mid-Career Faculty Involvement In Learning Communities: An Exploration Of Outcomes And Vitality , Shari L. Ellertson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the last decade, research universities have been called upon to reform undergraduate education (Boyer Commission, 1998). Faculty members are key participants in undergraduate education improvement efforts, such as learning communities. Although it has been suggested that learning communities have far-reaching potential for influencing faculty renewal and development, relatively little is known about their impact on participating faculty. This study examined mid-career faculty members' involvement in learning communities to discover outcomes of their participation and to explore the degree to which the construct of vitality can appropriately describe and illuminate their experiences in learning communities. The theoretical framework and methodology ...


Residential Learning Community Peer Mentors: A Qualitative Study Of Role Construction/Enactment And Learning Outcomes , Maryanne Benjamin Jan 2004

Residential Learning Community Peer Mentors: A Qualitative Study Of Role Construction/Enactment And Learning Outcomes , Maryanne Benjamin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study explored residential learning community peer mentor role construction/enactment and the learning outcomes that resulted from their participation in this role. Nineteen residential learning community peer mentors participated in focus groups and discussed their experiences as peer mentors. Three categories of mentors were explored: solo mentors (mentors in programs with only one live-in mentor), paired mentors (mentors in programs with two live-in mentors, typically living on different floors), and grouped mentors (mentors in programs with three or more live-in mentors, living on different floors). Using social learning theory (Bandura, 1977) and student involvement theory (Astin, 1984) as theoretical ...


A Comparison Of The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Type Characteristics And Demographics Between Students Enrolled In The Dmacc Health Care Administration Program And Iowa-Licensed Nursing Home Administrators , Wendy Ringgenberg Jan 2004

A Comparison Of The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Type Characteristics And Demographics Between Students Enrolled In The Dmacc Health Care Administration Program And Iowa-Licensed Nursing Home Administrators , Wendy Ringgenberg

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recent studies have identified a decline in the number of candidates sitting for the national nursing home administrator licensing exam (NAB, 2003), while other studies have recognized a decline in the number of students enrolling and completing nursing home administrator educational programs (McGinnis, 2003). This occurrence is directly in conflict with the burgeoning aging population and the anticipated 200--300% increase in nursing home use that is expected by the year 2030.;Iowa's largest nursing home administrator education program is the Health Care Administration program at Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC) and serves approximately 38 students each semester. DMACC ...


Variables Influencing The Use Of Institutional Outcomes Assessment Results In Institutional Decision-Making: An Attitudinal Survey Of Chief Academic Officers From Public Two-Year Institutions In The North Central Region , Janet Lynn Woldt Jan 2004

Variables Influencing The Use Of Institutional Outcomes Assessment Results In Institutional Decision-Making: An Attitudinal Survey Of Chief Academic Officers From Public Two-Year Institutions In The North Central Region , Janet Lynn Woldt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Successfully completing the assessment process and using the resulting findings to inform institutional decision-making processes is one of the most difficult, least understood, and least researched phases of the assessment process. Difficult though it may be, closing the loop, as it is commonly called, is necessary for improvement to occur. Accreditation agencies recognize the importance of closing the loop and now mandate that institutions document how the results of the assessment process are being used for institutional improvement. This exploratory study sought to identify which areas of institutional decision-making the results of the assessment process are being used in the ...


Degree Attainment Of Low-Socioeconomic Status Students: Structural Equation Modeling Test Of An Elaborated Theory Of Socialization , Kevin Patrick Saunders Jan 2004

Degree Attainment Of Low-Socioeconomic Status Students: Structural Equation Modeling Test Of An Elaborated Theory Of Socialization , Kevin Patrick Saunders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this inquiry was to develop an understanding of how socialization, economic, and interactionalist factors affect baccalaureate degree attainment of low-socioeconomic status (SES) students. The data were drawn from the 1996 Beginning Postsecondary Students (BPS) Longitudinal Study, which is sponsored by the National Center for Education Statistics, and represented students who began postsecondary studies during the 1995--96 academic year at any postsecondary institution. A subset of low-SES students (n = 437) was selected from the 8,934 respondents to the three rounds of the longitudinal study. The low-SES students were selected based upon their classification as moderately or ...