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Iowa State University

Education (Curriculum and instructional technology)

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Instructional Computer Use By Coe Faculty In Turkey: Application Of Diffusion Of Innovations Theory , Ismail Sahin Jan 2006

Instructional Computer Use By Coe Faculty In Turkey: Application Of Diffusion Of Innovations Theory , Ismail Sahin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this quantitative research study was to explore instructional computer use by faculty members in the College of Education (COE) at an Anatolian university in Turkey. The faculty members in the study reported low levels of use and expertise in instructional computer technologies. Variables that were analyzed for their influence with regard to the faculty members' use of computers for instructional purposes included demographic characteristics, computer expertise, computer access, barriers to computer access, attitude toward computer use, support for computer use, and adopter categories based on innovativeness. Variables that were found to be significantly correlated with faculty members ...


Weaving Technology In The Design Of Learning Experiences In World Language Teacher Education: The Development Of A Cognitive Tool, An Instructional Device And An Exploration , Julio César Rodríguez Jan 2006

Weaving Technology In The Design Of Learning Experiences In World Language Teacher Education: The Development Of A Cognitive Tool, An Instructional Device And An Exploration , Julio César Rodríguez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation constitutes a first step toward improving our understanding of how better and more sophisticated uses of technology in the context of world language teacher education (WLTE) can be achieved. This work includes (a) the design and development of a prototype of a cognitive tool intended to support the design of language learning experiences; (b) an article that advocates project-based learning (PBL) as a powerful instructional device to support sophisticated learning experiences in WLTE; and (c) the exploration of conceptual and interactual aspects of said cognitive tool. Chapter 2, "Project-based learning: A promising pathway to technology integration in world ...


Participatory Instructional Design: A Contradiction In Terms?, Rema Nilakanta Jan 2006

Participatory Instructional Design: A Contradiction In Terms?, Rema Nilakanta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is an inquiry into the apparent absence of participatory approaches in instructional design (ID). It explores the question "what happens when ID becomes participatory?" with the help of three articles. The first article proposes a new approach in ID called Participatory ID, which incorporates principles and techniques of participatory design (PD), a software design approach that calls for genuine user involvement in the design, development, implementation, and maintenance of educational technology. Article 2 explores the feasibility of such an approach in higher education by studying an authentic case of participatory design and development of an electronic portfolio system ...


The Relationship Between Learner Characteristics And The Perception Of Distance Learning And Satisfaction With Web-Based Courses , Sami Sahin Jan 2006

The Relationship Between Learner Characteristics And The Perception Of Distance Learning And Satisfaction With Web-Based Courses , Sami Sahin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Distance education and web-based courses are now mainstream in the U.S. higher education involving over 80% of four year public universities and growing (NCES, 2003). This study investigated the relationships between students' characteristics and their perception of web-based learning and satisfaction with distance learning in five Web-based undergraduate biology courses in a Midwestern university. This quantitative study surveyed 279 students and used multivariate statistical techniques. The online survey combined Kolb's (1984) Learning Styles Inventory and Walker's (2003) Distance Education Learning Environment Survey plus demographic questions. The study found that the three dimensions of Moore's Transactional Distance ...


Examining The Use Of Computer Simulations To Promote Learning Of Electrochemistry Among College Students , Han-Chin Liu Jan 2005

Examining The Use Of Computer Simulations To Promote Learning Of Electrochemistry Among College Students , Han-Chin Liu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

When computer simulations are popular in helping students understand chemistry in today's classrooms, it is important to realize how instructional use of computer simulations affects students' understanding of science. This dissertation centers around the impact of the use of computer simulations on college students' learning. Chapter 1 generally addresses the background and the significance of the research topics. Chapter 2 reviews the literature from research that studied the factors that affect the use of computer simulations in helping students learn science. Learners were found to understand science theories better with descriptions and explanations presented in both verbal and visual ...


Impact Of Available Interactivity Options On Student Learning And Discussions In Online Physics Courses , Deanna L. Snyder Poudel Jan 2005

Impact Of Available Interactivity Options On Student Learning And Discussions In Online Physics Courses , Deanna L. Snyder Poudel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Community colleges are offering more online courses to meet the demands of the students they serve. To make these courses effective learning experiences, instructors are trying to utilize technologies and strategies to bring distance students into a virtual community where learning can best take place. This study examines the impact of adding a virtual class lecture/discussion and virtual office hours to two online physics courses offered through an urban community college. Two different courses were taught with two sections each. One section of each course added the virtual sessions for up to 4 hours per week. Effects studied include ...


The Iowa Chemistry Education Alliance, Icea: Process And Product , Kathleen Annette Burke Jan 2005

The Iowa Chemistry Education Alliance, Icea: Process And Product , Kathleen Annette Burke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Iowa Chemistry Education Alliance, ICEA, supported by Department of Education Star Schools funding (R203F5000198), was both a Process and a Product.;The Process included: (a) Design and support of high school teacher training sessions that incorporated distance learning techniques, cooperative learning and guided inquiry strategies, and a constructivist, student-centered classroom focus; (b) Design and incorporation of eight supplemental learning modules, corresponding assessment rubrics, and supporting videotapes into the existing Iowa high school chemistry curriculum; (c) Adaptation of the learning modules throughout the course of the academic year while the units were being integrated into the existing curriculum; (d) Modification ...


Integration Of Technology Into The Instructional Practice Of New Teachers: Case Studies Of Beginning Teachers' Use Of Technology , Jon Michael Clausen Jan 2005

Integration Of Technology Into The Instructional Practice Of New Teachers: Case Studies Of Beginning Teachers' Use Of Technology , Jon Michael Clausen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to investigate how two first-year teachers use technology with their students. Each teacher was encouraged to use technology with students at different times in their development as teachers. One teacher participated in Iowa State University's PT3 grant project as a member of the TechCo cohort and began her career at a traditional elementary school. The second teacher was not a member of the PT3 cohort, but began her career at a school that had been a partner with Iowa State University's PT3 grant project. A case study analysis of these teachers investigated ...


A Comparison Of Reading On Computer Screens And Print Media: Measurement Of Attention Patterns Using Eeg , Joel Carl Geske Jan 2005

A Comparison Of Reading On Computer Screens And Print Media: Measurement Of Attention Patterns Using Eeg , Joel Carl Geske

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study explores if media affect attention patterns for subjects reading text. A series of typography studies done in the mid-1990's show that typography for the computer screen does differ from print standards. A further review of the literature suggests that there is a difference in how the brain reacts to various media. Some of these variations indicate a decrease in attention and ability to concentrate. However, no studies have been done to confirm that the task of reading varies significantly dependent on media, nor has the research studied brain patterns of subjects' attention to reading materials using various ...


Sustainable Faculty Development: Issues In Technology For Teacher Education , Hsueh-Hua Chuang Jan 2004

Sustainable Faculty Development: Issues In Technology For Teacher Education , Hsueh-Hua Chuang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation centers around research and development on faculty preparation for integration of technology for teacher education. Chapter 1 is the general introduction in which the background and the significance of the research topics are addressed. Chapter 2, Chapter 3, and Chapter 4 consist of three published or publishable papers. Chapter 5 is the general conclusion. Chapter 2 summarizes the literature related to one-on-one technology mentoring programs in higher education and K--12 institutions nation wide, and identifies themes contributing to a successful mentoring program. Chapter 3 describes the pedagogical shift of an exemplary technology-using teacher educator through her eight-year journey ...


Faculty Development To Help Preservice Educators Model The Integration Of Technology In The Classroom: Perspectives From An Action Research Case Study , Ronald Alan Ellis Jan 2004

Faculty Development To Help Preservice Educators Model The Integration Of Technology In The Classroom: Perspectives From An Action Research Case Study , Ronald Alan Ellis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This action research case study focuses on faculty development and finding better ways to educate the faculty in modeling technology in their classroom and in their curriculum. Three School of Education faculty members and the Director of Instructional Technology Services at a small, Midwestern, liberal-arts university teamed together using participatory action research to study their practice with hopes of coming to an understanding of ways to remove some barriers to technology literacy and pedagogical issues. Three articles suitable for publication make up the body of the study. Article one is a review of literature in the field of faculty development ...


The Dance Of Sustaining Technology Innovations In Teacher Education: Case Of An Award-Winning Program , Natalie Ann-Marie Johnson Jan 2004

The Dance Of Sustaining Technology Innovations In Teacher Education: Case Of An Award-Winning Program , Natalie Ann-Marie Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This case study investigated the strategies, challenges, and leadership requirements for sustaining technology innovations in Iowa State University's (ISU's) teacher education program (TEP). In 1999, ISU's TEP was granted 1.4 million dollars to renew pedagogy and practice in teacher education with technology. A qualitative case study approach was used to describe and analyze the process of sustaining technology innovations in teacher education. Activity Theory Framework (ATF) and Rogers Diffusion of Innovation Theory (R'DIT) were complementary theoretical lenses used to analyze this case study. Thirteen participants from five constituencies supporting teacher education were interviewed. Interview data ...


Faculty's And Students' Perspectives On Establishing On-Line Collaborative Community Within A Distance Education Graduate Course , Rhea Renee Walker Jan 2004

Faculty's And Students' Perspectives On Establishing On-Line Collaborative Community Within A Distance Education Graduate Course , Rhea Renee Walker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this case study, teaching and learning practices in a technology-mediated distance education course were examined. These interactions were examined at the classroom level by using a descriptive tool, activity theory. This framework was used to describe the complex pedagogical, social, and technological issues that affected human activity in this experimental distance education course. Along with describing this setting, activity theory was used to identify emerging contradictions among interacting activity systems. These systems included the interactions among faculty and students.;Faculty members in the study encountered challenges to their pedagogy as they attempted to form a collaborative community between the ...


The Magic Bullet: The Effective Administrator's Roles During The Implementation Of Technology In K-12 Education , Dennis Wayne Mcelroy Jan 2004

The Magic Bullet: The Effective Administrator's Roles During The Implementation Of Technology In K-12 Education , Dennis Wayne Mcelroy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The importance of the school administrator to the success of educational technology initiatives is well documented in the literature. During the last twenty years numerous recommendations have been released concerning the roles a school administrator should fill to increase the success rate of a technology initiative. These culminated with the publication of the National Educational Technology Standards for Administrators (NETS-A) by the International Society for Technology in Education in 2001. This case study describes the actual roles and actions taken by an exemplary school administrator during the technology implementation process, provides a comparison to literature and the NETS-A, and discusses ...


Webs Of Support And Engaged Accountability: Weaving Community And Making Meaning Of Learning And Teaching In An Information Age , M. Kayt Sunwood Jan 2002

Webs Of Support And Engaged Accountability: Weaving Community And Making Meaning Of Learning And Teaching In An Information Age , M. Kayt Sunwood

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores political, social, economic, cultural, pedagogical, and technological challenges facing education and educators in the 21 st century. The tensions surrounding educational communication technologies and the debate over the capacity or incapacity of these technologies to facilitate human connection, rather than disconnection, reverberate through each chapter. The first chapter provides a general introduction to the three articles that follow and the fifth chapter provides a general conclusion for the dissertation. The second chapter interrogates definitions and conceptions of community, culture, and communications, and explores the possibilities of creating supportive communities for educators online through computer-mediated communication (CMC). The ...


Virtual Learning From The Iowa High School Student Perspective , Lance Alan Wilhelm Jan 2002

Virtual Learning From The Iowa High School Student Perspective , Lance Alan Wilhelm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Virtual learning is expanding rapidly at the high school level, but little is understood about the high school student perspective in virtual classes. This dissertation consists of three articles that examine that subject. The first article is a review of the literature, which indicates that there are concerns about virtual learning from the student, teacher, and institutional perspectives.;The second article describes a case study approach to gaining a richer understanding of the student experience in a virtual class. This particular case focused on two seniors taking a science course from another high school via two-way interactive video. This experience ...


Conceptual Change-Based Instruction And Preservice Teacher Technology Preparation: A Collective Case Study , William Anthony Sadera Jan 2001

Conceptual Change-Based Instruction And Preservice Teacher Technology Preparation: A Collective Case Study , William Anthony Sadera

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Preparing preservice teachers to use computers effectively in teaching and learning is fundamental for significant educational reform. Often, preservice teachers possess traditional beliefs about teaching and learning and view the computer as a device to support traditional education. Because educational reform is, in part, contingent on the preparation of the next generation of teachers, it is imperative that teacher educators design and implement instructional strategies that help preservice teachers to develop comprehensive conceptions about classroom computer use. The purpose of this case study was to explore and examine the effects of a conceptual change-based instructional unit on preservice teachers' conceptions ...


Integrating Multicultural Education And Computer-Mediated Communication: Opportunities And Challenges , Lucretia Orlantha Carter Jan 2000

Integrating Multicultural Education And Computer-Mediated Communication: Opportunities And Challenges , Lucretia Orlantha Carter

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In response to national and international agendas of globalization, a number of educators are exploring the integration of multicultural education and computer-mediated communication (CMC) as a promising practice for meeting requests of educational reform. The popular belief is that the cause and goals of multicultural education can be served by CMC, due to its ability to foster access to and cultivate the development of previously unavailable, dynamic, self-sustaining learning communities. While this practice is predicted to continue, currently research in this area is sparse and existing research leaves much to question about the validity of the practice;Seeking to gain ...


Exploring The Relationship Between Technology, Instructional Method And Learner Outcomes: An Application Of Path Analysis Techniques , Caryl Louise Bender Jan 2000

Exploring The Relationship Between Technology, Instructional Method And Learner Outcomes: An Application Of Path Analysis Techniques , Caryl Louise Bender

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the debate over the impact of technology and instructional methods on student learner outcomes, there has been no clear winner. This study utilized path analysis techniques to examine these effects. Data was gathered from 6 middle school mathematics classes including 6th, 7th, and 8th grade students (N = 372). Discriminant analysis showed significant differences between the groups, but the model elements captured that variance well enough to predict group membership correctly 82% of the time. Exogenous model elements included socio-economic status, math problem solving achievement, math concepts achievement, motivation for learning math, and score on math exemplar one. Endogenous variables ...


Sensitivity To Cultural Diversity Of Preservice Teachers Who Minor In Educational Computing , Carline Bradford Phillips Jan 2000

Sensitivity To Cultural Diversity Of Preservice Teachers Who Minor In Educational Computing , Carline Bradford Phillips

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Demographic trends indicate that the nation's school population is increasing in its percentage of children of color, while the teacher education students are largely European American women from rural areas. Additionally, these teacher education students have little experience with, or knowledge of diverse cultures. It is against this backdrop that a 1999 federal study revealed that "teaching students from diverse cultural backgrounds" and "using technology in the classroom" were areas for which neither new teachers nor veterans felt well-prepared (U.S. Department of Education, 1999). These major revelations highlight the need for teacher education programs to implement program changes ...


An Ecological Perspective Of Science And Math Academic Achievement Among African American Students , Endya Bentley Stewart Jan 2000

An Ecological Perspective Of Science And Math Academic Achievement Among African American Students , Endya Bentley Stewart

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using data from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88), path analytic procedures were performed to test an ecological model of the effects of family, individual and school characteristics on the academic African American students. A distinctive study is the inclusion of school computer use in the model. The study results show that several of the variables directly or indirectly affected 12th grade academic achievement. Furthermore, most of the individual influence variables were directly related to 12 th grade achievement. Two surprising findings from this study were the insignificant effects of family income and school computer use on ...


Eighth-Grade Writers And Meaning-Making: A Study Of Computer-Mediated Conferencing And Publishing , Lois J. Yocum Jan 1999

Eighth-Grade Writers And Meaning-Making: A Study Of Computer-Mediated Conferencing And Publishing , Lois J. Yocum

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A practitioner research methodology characterizes this investigation and analysis. This study is based on observations, interviews, surveys, and analyses of students' writing, and it is grounded in constructivist theory. The purpose of this study is to determine ways in which eighth graders in creative writing, online journalism, and language arts classes find meaning in three activities: (1) computer-mediated collaborative conferencing with distant audiences, (2) publishing their school newspaper on the Internet, and (3) preparing multimedia projects;This study illustrates the relationships among conducting practitioner research, promoting curriculum change, and encouraging student empowerment through writing for broader audiences. Research in the ...


Theory Into Practice: Social Constructivism And Technology In Instructional Technology And Teacher Education , Muktha B. Jost Jan 1999

Theory Into Practice: Social Constructivism And Technology In Instructional Technology And Teacher Education , Muktha B. Jost

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The discourse around computers in education and social constructivism includes discursive and often divergent ideas on individualized and social instruction, social and standardized construction of curriculum, prior knowledge, competition and cooperation, and situated and decontextualized knowledge. A course on educational computing was designed based on a qualitative framework and constructivist instructional design model with the course instructor as lead designer and researcher. The course was then team-taught to 8 preservice teachers in the spring of 1999. This doctoral dissertation is based on the theory-into-practice research and includes three parts: one conceptual paper on instructional design, one professional practice paper on ...


Computer Technology Integration In Iowa High Schools: Perceptions Of Teachers , Lynn Kay Manternach-Wigans Jan 1999

Computer Technology Integration In Iowa High Schools: Perceptions Of Teachers , Lynn Kay Manternach-Wigans

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study is based on focus group interviews with nearly 200 teachers at 30 Iowa high schools during the Spring of 1998. During the one-day site visits at each school, data was also collected from students, the principal, and the technology coordinator (where available). During focus group sessions teachers were asked about how they use technology, how they define technology integration, what motivates them to integrate technology, what barriers they face, how technology is changing teaching and learning, and what they believe the future holds for technology in education;Findings indicate that Iowa teachers are progressing well with technology integration ...


A Comparison Of The Effects Of Using Interactive Www Simulations Versus Hands-On Activities On The Conceptual Understanding And Attitudes Of Introductory Statistics Students , Barbara Dombroski Barnet Jan 1999

A Comparison Of The Effects Of Using Interactive Www Simulations Versus Hands-On Activities On The Conceptual Understanding And Attitudes Of Introductory Statistics Students , Barbara Dombroski Barnet

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Researchers have found that students learn better and retain more if the students are engaged in activities that require thinking and processing information, rather than passive learning. With increasingly easy access to computers and with several notable statisticians calling for greater computer use in statistics courses, it makes sense for some of these activities to be computer based. Currently, several World Wide Web (WWW) sites provide Java simulations covering statistical topics, which may be used in statistics courses. The present study investigates whether WWW simulations lead to improved understanding of statistical concepts in comparison to hands-on activities and also what ...


Internet-Based Instruction In College Teaching , Kathleen Flickinger Jan 1999

Internet-Based Instruction In College Teaching , Kathleen Flickinger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Distance education and Internet instruction are increasingly being used in college science teaching. In an effort to reach more students, Iowa State University's Human Anatomy and Physiology course was offered via Internet as well as via traditional lecture format. To assess the educational ramifications of this offering, three studies were conducted. In the first study, a collective case study approach was utilized to describe the learning environment created by an Internet-based college science course. In this study, three students were followed as they worked their way through the course. Collective case study methodologies were used to provide a rich ...


A Study Of Professional Development, Research, Practices, And Policies To Prepare Inservice Teachers In New Technologies: Implications For Training Standards In New Technologies , Joyce Ann Pittman Jan 1999

A Study Of Professional Development, Research, Practices, And Policies To Prepare Inservice Teachers In New Technologies: Implications For Training Standards In New Technologies , Joyce Ann Pittman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the efficacy of technology standards, policies and practices driving the Center for Technology in Education's (CTE) training and support efforts provided to inservice educators in the State of Maryland;In 1986, the Maryland State Department of Education (MSDE) partnered with CTE to provide training for teachers in new technologies to achieve educational reform goals, access to professional development and technical support. Five primary factors were examined (1) knowledge and awareness, (2) professional development, (3) technical assistance, (4) information dissemination, and (5) availability of new technology;The research was designed to evaluate the above factors to answer ...


Diffusion Of A Telecommunication And Computing Innovation At Waldorf College , Daniel Herbert Hanson Jan 1998

Diffusion Of A Telecommunication And Computing Innovation At Waldorf College , Daniel Herbert Hanson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to determine the relationships, and how they might change over time, between student perceptions of institutional innovativeness, individual innovativeness and computer anxiety and the diffusion of laptop computers and network access use among students in a small two-year college with a focus on the liberal arts. A second purpose of this study was to provide an investigation and a description of the easily available computer and network learning environment infused at the college;Participants in the study were two groups of Waldorf students. Data were gathered from one group of 216 students after ...


The Effects Of Computer Simulation Models On Middle School Students' Understanding Of The Anatomy And Morphology Of The Frog , Joseph Paul Akpan Jan 1998

The Effects Of Computer Simulation Models On Middle School Students' Understanding Of The Anatomy And Morphology Of The Frog , Joseph Paul Akpan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Science teachers, school administrators, educators, and the scientific community are faced with ethical controversies over animal dissection in school biology classrooms. Computer simulation has been proposed as a way of dealing with this issue. One intriguing tentative finding in previous research was that use of an interactive videodisc dissection facilitated performance on a subsequent actual dissection. This study was designed to replicate and extend that finding to computer-based dissection. The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to examine the effectiveness of a computer simulation model of frog dissection in improving students' actual dissection performance and learning of frog anatomy ...


Prediction Of And Differences In Computer Use: Universal Adoption Of Notebook Computers At Three Undergraduate Institutions , Therese Anderson Corwin Jan 1998

Prediction Of And Differences In Computer Use: Universal Adoption Of Notebook Computers At Three Undergraduate Institutions , Therese Anderson Corwin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The universal availability of computers through the adoption of notebook computers for faculty by the University is an organizational answer to the adoption of computer technology by faculty. The researcher studied solutions to this problem through a survey of faculty at three undergraduate institutions that adopted notebook computers for their faculty and students;Participants completed a Computer Technology in Teaching (CTIT) questionnaire composed of the above measures as well as demographic and computer-related questions. Faculty received the questionnaire prior to the adoption of notebook computers on three undergraduate campuses. The faculty received the same questionnaire one year later. During the ...