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Iowa State University

2018

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Evaluation Of Confidence Using Motivational Interviewing Skills Before And After In-Person Training Workshop, Jeni E. Lansing, Kathryn J. Deshaw, Maria Perez, Gregory Welk, Laura D. Ellingson Dec 2018

Evaluation Of Confidence Using Motivational Interviewing Skills Before And After In-Person Training Workshop, Jeni E. Lansing, Kathryn J. Deshaw, Maria Perez, Gregory Welk, Laura D. Ellingson

CIRTL Reports

Motivational interviewing (MI) is a skill used to help individuals make positive behavior changes and may be beneficial for those who work with undergraduate students. A new training, comprised of online content followed by an in-person workshop, was created and offered to staff members working directly with students at Iowa State University. The aim of this study was to evaluate confidence for using MI-related components pre and post an in-person workshop. To do so, participants completed a survey regarding their confidence in using MI-related skills before and after the workshop. From the survey results, a paired t-test was conducted to ...


Promoting Transformative Learning: Extension Partnerships Focused On An Ethic Of Caring, Nancy K. Franz, Jerri Baumeister, Leslie Van Dyke, Barbara Wollan Dec 2018

Promoting Transformative Learning: Extension Partnerships Focused On An Ethic Of Caring, Nancy K. Franz, Jerri Baumeister, Leslie Van Dyke, Barbara Wollan

Education Publications

Extension is known for creating educational environments conducive to the transformative learning required for people to change their perspectives and make better decisions in their lives. However, creating such environments is not easy. The complex Extension context often produces barriers to including program components that support transformative learning. Extension partnerships with nonprofits, government units, and businesses can reduce these barriers and enhance the potential for transformative learning by fostering caring program environments. A partnership between Extension and United Way exemplifies one model for developing programs focused on creating caring educational environments that encourage and sustain transformative learning.


Domain Description: Validating The Interpretation Of The Toefl Ibt® Speaking Scores For International Teaching Assistant Screening And Certification Purposes, Elena Cotos, Yoo-Ree Chung Dec 2018

Domain Description: Validating The Interpretation Of The Toefl Ibt® Speaking Scores For International Teaching Assistant Screening And Certification Purposes, Elena Cotos, Yoo-Ree Chung

English Publications

In the past 2 decades, there has been an increasing tendency to use scores from the TOEFL iBT® Speaking test for decisions regarding the certification of international graduate students as teaching assistants at North American universities. To obtain validity evidence in support of the usefulness of the speaking scores for this secondary use of the test, this study adopted the argument‐based approach to validation. Focusing on the domain description inference in the TOEFL interpretive argument, the study investigated whether the language functions elicited by TOEFL iBT Speaking tasks can be identified in authentic discourse produced by international teaching assistants ...


La Evaluación De La Destreza Oral Una Comparación Entre Cursos "Híbridos A Distancia" Y "Presenciales Alao", Cristina Pardo-Ballester Dec 2018

La Evaluación De La Destreza Oral Una Comparación Entre Cursos "Híbridos A Distancia" Y "Presenciales Alao", Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In the last decade, university institutions have been increasing, which demand from the teaching staff a greater offer of courses where technology is effectively incorporated into teaching. Critical studies published today, relating to the use of different technological tools in conjunction with language teaching, repeatedly contain the terms "distance learning" or "online course", as well as the terms "hybrid" or "combined" for make reference to the same model, to the same type of course. This study distinguishes two terms to refer to two models of courses: "hybrid at a distance" and "face-to-face ALAO". The oral dexterity of 132 participants was ...


Augmented Reality In Foreign Language Education: A Review Of Empirical Studies (增强现实技术在外语教学中的应用:文献综述性研究), Shenglan Zhang Dec 2018

Augmented Reality In Foreign Language Education: A Review Of Empirical Studies (增强现实技术在外语教学中的应用:文献综述性研究), Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This literature review examines how Augmented Reality (AR) has been used in foreign language learning. AR is a live view of reality that is augmented by computer-generated sound, image, or videos. It allows the user to interact with the real physical environment in an enhanced way. This study provides an overview of what AR is, its history, different definitions, and how it has been used in education in general. It summarizes how AR has been used in all aspects of foreign language education, including skill development (listening, speaking, reading and writing), vocabulary, grammar, culture, the aspect of affect in language ...


Design And Perception Of An Approach To Improving Chinese As A Foreign Language Learners’ Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Shenglan Zhang Nov 2018

Design And Perception Of An Approach To Improving Chinese As A Foreign Language Learners’ Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

Self-regulated learning (SRL) is a social-cognitive construct in the realm of self-regulation that describes the ways in which individuals actively and constructively regulate their own congitive processes in an educational setting. SRL conceptualizes effective learning as a process of cognitive and motivational evaluation where a learner completes academic tasks (Heikkilä & Lonka, 2006; Pintrich, 2000; Zimmerman, 1990; 2008). Different models of SRL developed over the years (Boekaerts & Niemivirta, 2000; Borkowski, 1996; Pintrich, 2000; Winne & Hadwin, 1998; Zimmerman, 2000), but all models assume at least three phases: a preparatory or forethought phase, an actual performance or task completion phase, and an evaluation and adaptation phase. In the preparatory ...


An Analysis Of Classroom Collusion Using Latent Dirichlet Allocation, Charles B. Shrader, Sue P. Ravenscroft, Jeffrey Kaufmann Nov 2018

An Analysis Of Classroom Collusion Using Latent Dirichlet Allocation, Charles B. Shrader, Sue P. Ravenscroft, Jeffrey Kaufmann

Management Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

In this study, we use Latent Dirichlet Allocation to explore the reflections of students who faced a demanding classroom challenge, to which some responded by colluding. Our five-topic LDA solution describes the cheating event in terms of the nature of the course assignment itself, teams as a resource and support mechanism, the repercussions of cheating, and differences between majors or course tracks. The most relevant topics were the differences between the tracks and the repercussions of cheating. Teams and teammates also play a large role in the students’ reflections. We conclude with the implications of these topics in future research.


Perception, Production, And Perception-Production: Research Findings And Implications For Language Pedagogy, Charles Nagle Aug 2018

Perception, Production, And Perception-Production: Research Findings And Implications For Language Pedagogy, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

When we are born our perceptual systems are capable of discriminating sounds that occur in English, Spanish, Hindi, or any other language. During the first year, our perception begins to zero in on the particular set of sounds that are contrastive in our native language(s) (L1s) (Kuhl et al., 2006). For example, a child whose parents are L1 English speakers will pick up on the fact that /b/ and /p/ are contrastive in English (e.g., “bet” vs. “pet”) and that the major difference is in the burst of air that occurs when the stop is released (i.e ...


Off To On: Best Practices For Online Team-Based Learning™, Michele Clark, Laura Merrick, Jennifer Styron, Annetta Dolowitz, Cassandra Dorius, Kajal Madeka, Holly Bender, Janet Johnson, John Chapman, Meghan Gillette, Michael Dorneich, Brian O'Dwyer, James Grogan, Tom Brown, Bruce Leonard, Jane Rongerude, Liz Winter Aug 2018

Off To On: Best Practices For Online Team-Based Learning™, Michele Clark, Laura Merrick, Jennifer Styron, Annetta Dolowitz, Cassandra Dorius, Kajal Madeka, Holly Bender, Janet Johnson, John Chapman, Meghan Gillette, Michael Dorneich, Brian O'Dwyer, James Grogan, Tom Brown, Bruce Leonard, Jane Rongerude, Liz Winter

Center for Excellence in Learning and Teaching Publications

In the fall of 2014, 20.4 million American students were enrolled in higher education. Of these, 28% or 5.8 million students were taking at least some of their courses at a distance and half of those or nearly 3 million students were taking all of them at a distance (Allen, Seaman, Poulin, & Straut, 2016). According to the 2017 New Media Consortium Horizon Report, “online, mobile, and blended learning are foregone conclusions” (Adams Becker et al. 2017, p. 2) reflecting the growing numbers of students seeking more flexible schedules and learning environments. In addition, employers are demanding that higher ...


Toward A Theory Of Engineering Professorial Intentions: The Role Of Research Group Experiences, Brian A. Burt Aug 2018

Toward A Theory Of Engineering Professorial Intentions: The Role Of Research Group Experiences, Brian A. Burt

Education Publications

This article advances the Theoretical Model of Engineering Professorial Intentions to explain why individuals do or do not choose to pursue faculty careers. A 13-month ethnographic study of members of a diverse chemical engineering research group was conducted. The resulting theoretical model accounts for six emergent components that contribute to members’ identification with faculty careers: (1) social identities and personal factors; (2) sociocultural factors; (3) participation, interactions, and learning in research group experiences; (4) faculty prototype; (5) social comparisons; and (6) individual and institutional experiences. The article concludes with implications for further research and recommendations regarding mentoring and design of ...


It Takes A Village: The Role Of Emic And Etic Adaptive Strengths In The Persistence Of Black Men In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, Gordon J. M. Palmer Aug 2018

It Takes A Village: The Role Of Emic And Etic Adaptive Strengths In The Persistence Of Black Men In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, Gordon J. M. Palmer

Education Publications

Black men, underrepresented in engineering, constitute a missing segment of the population who could contribute to the global knowledge economy. To address this national concern, stakeholders need additional research on strategies that aid in Black men’s persistence. This study explores the experiences of 30 Black men in engineering graduate programs. Three factors are identified as helping them persist from year to year, and in many cases through completion of the doctorate: the role of family, spirituality and faith-based community, and undergraduate mentors. The article concludes with implications for future research and professional practice that may improve the experiences of ...


Data Parties I Have Known: Lessons Learned And Best Practices For Success, Nancy K. Franz Aug 2018

Data Parties I Have Known: Lessons Learned And Best Practices For Success, Nancy K. Franz

Education Publications

Increased focus on data-driven decision making requires Extension professionals to excel at data analysis and interpretation. Data parties have become increasingly popular for involving stakeholders in making sense of data. As these parties become more frequently used by Extension professionals, best practices are emerging from lessons learned to improve the process and enhance the outcomes. These practices include designing discussion questions to fit the specific goals of the process, engaging a team of key partners, setting a theme and party environment that appeals to the participants and fits the context, providing appropriate data visualization tools, and using strong facilitation practices.


Four Approaches To Building Extension Program Evaluation Capacity, Nancy K. Franz, Thomas Archibald Aug 2018

Four Approaches To Building Extension Program Evaluation Capacity, Nancy K. Franz, Thomas Archibald

Education Publications

Extension educators are expected to more fully evaluate programs. In response, evaluation capacity building (ECB) is a necessary component of Extension educator professional development. One size rarely fits all; ECB more likely succeeds if it is well aligned with the educator's evaluation needs and the type of educational effort. Four approaches to Extension work have been documented—service, facilitation, content transmission, and transformative education. These approaches require different evaluation measures and therefore different forms of ECB.


Pronunciationforteachers.Com/ Key Concepts Factors Affecting Pronunciation Development, Charles Nagle Aug 2018

Pronunciationforteachers.Com/ Key Concepts Factors Affecting Pronunciation Development, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

As Derwing (2010) observed nearly ten years ago, one of the goals of pronunciation research is to identify how different aspects of second language (L2) speech develop over time, providing teachers with information on the pronunciation problems that will work themselves out, versus those that will likely pose an ongoing challenge. At the same time, research must account for the cognitive, socio-affective, and experiential variables that shape pronunciation learning outcomes (Moyer, 2014a, 2014b).


Mujeres Supporting: How Female Family Members Influence The Educational Success Of Latino Males In Postsecondary Education, Victor B. Saenz, Claudia Garcia-Louis, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez Jul 2018

Mujeres Supporting: How Female Family Members Influence The Educational Success Of Latino Males In Postsecondary Education, Victor B. Saenz, Claudia Garcia-Louis, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez

Education Publications

The purpose of this multi-institutional qualitative study was to understand the educational pathways of Latino males by underscoring the unique role female family members play in their academic pursuits—through the voice of these young men. Findings demonstrate female family members were identified as being primary supporters of their educational pursuits, and actively leveraged different sources of cultural capital to help Latino males enroll and persist through postsecondary education. This study reinforces extant literature on the importance of family in the educational pathways of Latina/o students. Furthermore, it makes a unique contribution by highlighting the important role female family ...


Attending To Phenomenology: Rethinking Cognition And Reflection In North American Writing Studies, Dylan B. Dryer, David R. Russell Jun 2018

Attending To Phenomenology: Rethinking Cognition And Reflection In North American Writing Studies, Dylan B. Dryer, David R. Russell

English Publications

As detailed elsewhere in this collection (esp. Bazerman; Carillo; Talbot), when North American Writing Studies of higher education and workplaces (henceforth, NAWS) turned to European continental philosophies, it turned away from information-processing (IP) cognitive theories. Those theories were early casualties of this “social-turn” (e.g., Bartholomae, 1985; Bizzell, 1982; Brand, 1987); today, NAWS seems somewhat squeamish about the fact that the brain is an organ with a broadly generalizable structure, predictable development, capacity constraints, operating costs, and so on. Yet cognitive research is a dynamic and thriving field that does not much resemble the after-image that persists in NAWS. Some ...


Combining Academics And Social Engagement: A Major-Specific Early Alert Method To Counter Student Attrition In Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics, Andrew J. Sage, Cinzia Cervato, Ulrike Genschel, Craig Ogilvie Jun 2018

Combining Academics And Social Engagement: A Major-Specific Early Alert Method To Counter Student Attrition In Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics, Andrew J. Sage, Cinzia Cervato, Ulrike Genschel, Craig Ogilvie

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

Students are most likely to leave science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors during their first year of college. We developed an analytic approach using random forests to identify at-risk students. This method is deployable midway through the first semester and accounts for academic preparation, early engagement in university life, and performance on midterm exams. By accounting for cognitive and noncognitive factors, our method achieves stronger predictive performance than would be possible using cognitive or noncognitive factors alone. We show that it is more difficult to predict whether students will leave STEM than whether they will leave the institution. More ...


Transdisciplinary Graduate Training In Predictive Plant Phenomics, Carolyn J. Lawrence-Dill, Theodore J. Heindel, Patrick S. Schnable, Stephanie J. Strong, Jill Wittrock, Mary E. Losch, Julie A. Dickerson May 2018

Transdisciplinary Graduate Training In Predictive Plant Phenomics, Carolyn J. Lawrence-Dill, Theodore J. Heindel, Patrick S. Schnable, Stephanie J. Strong, Jill Wittrock, Mary E. Losch, Julie A. Dickerson

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Novel methods to increase crop productivity are required to meet anticipated demands for food, feed, fiber, and fuel. It is becoming feasible to use modern sensors and data analysis techniques for predicting plant growth and productivity based on genomic, phenotypic, and environmental data. To design and construct crops that deliver desired traits requires trained personnel with scientific and engineering expertise as well as a variety of “soft” skills. To address these needs at Iowa State University, we developed a graduate specialization called “Predictive Plant Phenomics” (P3). Although some of our experiences may be unique, many of the specialization’s principles ...


Understanding Collaborations Between Chinese And The U.S. Universities: The Development Of A Typology, Hui Kang, Genshu Lu, Linda S. Hagedorn May 2018

Understanding Collaborations Between Chinese And The U.S. Universities: The Development Of A Typology, Hui Kang, Genshu Lu, Linda S. Hagedorn

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

There has been a recent and rapid increase in the number and forms of educational collaborations between the U.S. and China in recent decades. Through the years these collaborations have evolved from the simplest forms of welcome of international students and faculty to complex agreements and even new postsecondary institutions. In this manuscript, we develop a typology to better understand the various varieties of educational collaborations using examples of the various forms between universities in the U.S. and China.


Perceptions Of Career And Technical Education By Pre-Service Students, Scott W. Smalley, Kelsey Sands May 2018

Perceptions Of Career And Technical Education By Pre-Service Students, Scott W. Smalley, Kelsey Sands

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Agricultural education programs are one component of Career and Technical Education (CTE). For CTE to be effective, educators teaching CTE courses must be able to make connections between the curriculum and real-life situations. This qualitative study explored self-reported perceptions of CTE by pre-service students. Wigfield and Eccles’ expectancy-value model of achievement was used as the framework for this study. Findings indicated that career and technical education provides benefits for everyone because it helps develop career skills. With the shortage of educators and budget cuts, career and technical education cannot continue to survive. Participants also describe characteristics of successful career and ...


Into The Storm: Ecological And Sociological Impediments To Black Males’ Persistence In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, William A. Smith Apr 2018

Into The Storm: Ecological And Sociological Impediments To Black Males’ Persistence In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, William A. Smith

Education Publications

While much is known about how Black students negotiate and navigate undergraduate studies, there is a dearth of research on what happens when these students enter graduate school. This article presents the results of a study of 21 Black male graduate students in engineering from one highly ranked research-intensive institution. This article provides evidence of structurally racialized policies within the engineering college (e.g., admissions) and racialized and gendered interactions with peers and advisors that threaten Black males’ persistence in engineering. We argue for taking an anti-deficit approach to understanding Black males’ persistence in engineering. We conclude with implications for ...


The Power Of Language: Exploring Foundations Of Neoliberalism In Federal Financial Aid Policy, Brian A. Burt, Lorenzo D. Baber Apr 2018

The Power Of Language: Exploring Foundations Of Neoliberalism In Federal Financial Aid Policy, Brian A. Burt, Lorenzo D. Baber

Education Publications

Despite claims that colleges and universities are isolated from ideological preferences, sociopolitical discourse regularly shapes policies and practices of postsecondary education. This article considers how national discourse on federal aid for postsecondary education during the 1970s reflected a monumental shift in higher education policy. Specifically, we critique neoliberalism, a tenet of Critical Race Theory (CRT), to examine key testimonies from six expert educational leaders during a 1978 hearing on the Middle Income Student Assistance Act (MISAA). The key testimonies examined in this article highlight how language shifted the focus of national discourse on federal financial aid from public to private ...


Rapid Needs Assessment And Response Technique, Jacqueline Comito, Brandy Case Haub, Mark Licht Apr 2018

Rapid Needs Assessment And Response Technique, Jacqueline Comito, Brandy Case Haub, Mark Licht

Agronomy Publications

The rapid needs assessment and response technique (RNR) is a useful tool for Extension professionals seeking ways to improve workshop structure. Facilitators using RNR organize workshop participants in small groups and then rotate the groups through a series of stations where participants dialogue on questions central to the workshop topic. The technique helps adult learners actively engage with one another, thus improving their ability to learn the subject matter. Use of RNR also allows facilitators to understand participants' existing knowledge of a workshop topic and tailor their education to participants' specific questions and needs.


Addressing Diversity In Call Evaluation Through Arguments And Theory-Of-Action, Jim R. Ranalli Mar 2018

Addressing Diversity In Call Evaluation Through Arguments And Theory-Of-Action, Jim R. Ranalli

English Publications

THE DIVERSE AND EVER-CHANGING list of technologies encompassed by computer-assisted language learning (CALL) presents evaluators with a challenging moving target. At a time when CALL can include everything from school-based telecollaborative projects to Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs), to smartphone- and tablet-based apps, previous approaches to evaluation reveal their inadequacies. The checklists that once predominated (see Susser 2001) assumed the focus of evaluation to be tutorial software known as “courseware,” which now constitutes a much-diminished part of the CALL landscape. Methodological frameworks like the one proposed by Hubbard (2006) assume the role of an instructor and a course in which ...


Innovative Implementation Of A Web-Based Rating System For Individualizing Online English Speaking Instruction, Hyejin Yang, Elena Cotos Feb 2018

Innovative Implementation Of A Web-Based Rating System For Individualizing Online English Speaking Instruction, Hyejin Yang, Elena Cotos

English Publications

The primary goal of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) in general, and of online language instruction in particular, is to create and evaluate language learning opportunities. To be effective, online language courses need to be guided by an integrated set of theoretical perspectives to second language acquisition (SLA), as well as by specific curricular goals, learning objectives and outcomes, appropriate tasks and necessary materials, and learners’ characteristics and abilities – to name a few factors that are essential in both online and face-to-face teaching (Xu & Morris, 2007). Doughty and Long (2003) articulate pedagogical principles for computer-enhanced language teaching, which highlight the importance ...


The Acs Exams Institute Undergraduate Chemistry Anchoring Concepts Content Map Iv: Physical Chemistry, Thomas A. Holme, Jessica J. Reed, Jeffrey R. Raker, Kristen L. Murphy Feb 2018

The Acs Exams Institute Undergraduate Chemistry Anchoring Concepts Content Map Iv: Physical Chemistry, Thomas A. Holme, Jessica J. Reed, Jeffrey R. Raker, Kristen L. Murphy

Chemistry Publications

The ACS Examinations Institute has been developing Anchoring Concepts Content Maps to provide an organizational template for the four-year undergraduate chemistry curriculum. In order to accomplish this goal, specific subdisciplinary versions of the map share the two top levels but distinguish themselves at the bottom two levels which contain finer-grained content details. This structure has been refined and vetted over a number of meetings and workshops. This paper presents the four levels of the content map for physical chemistry.


The Acs Exams Institute Undergraduate Chemistry Anchoring Concepts Content Map Iii: Inorganic Chemistry, Keith A. Marek, Jeffery R. Raker, Thomas A. Holme, Kristen L. Murphy Feb 2018

The Acs Exams Institute Undergraduate Chemistry Anchoring Concepts Content Map Iii: Inorganic Chemistry, Keith A. Marek, Jeffery R. Raker, Thomas A. Holme, Kristen L. Murphy

Chemistry Publications

For the past eight years, the ACS Examinations Institute has been developing Anchoring Concepts Content Maps for the different subdisciplines taught throughout the undergraduate curriculum. The structure of the map consists of two top levels that are shared throughout the entire curriculum and two subdiscipline specific levels that contain finer-grained content details. This paper presents the four levels of the content map for inorganic chemistry.


Technology And Strategy Instruction, Jim Ranalli Feb 2018

Technology And Strategy Instruction, Jim Ranalli

English Publications

Since the 1970s, one strand of second language (L2) pedagogy has been concerned with imparting behaviors and techniques to learners that they can use independently to improve their learning and use of the target language. This strand, known as strategy instruction (SI), has faced a number of challenges including overdependence on teachers for instruction, competition for space in already crowded syllabuses, and the need to provide individualized practice and feedback on strategy use. This entry explores recent efforts to harness digital technologies in support of SI initiatives.


Inaccurate Metacognitive Monitoring And Its Effects On Metacognitive Control And Task Outcomes In Self-Regulated L2 Learning, Jim Ranalli Feb 2018

Inaccurate Metacognitive Monitoring And Its Effects On Metacognitive Control And Task Outcomes In Self-Regulated L2 Learning, Jim Ranalli

English Publications

Accurate metacognitive monitoring of one’s own knowledge or performance is a precondition for self-regulated learning; monitoring informs metacognitive control, which in turn affects task outcomes. Studies of monitoring accuracy and its connection to knowledge and performance are common in psychology and educational research but rare in instructed SLA. This paper describes two studies in which actual performance and self-evaluated performance were compared. In Study 1, 64 college-level ESL learners completed L2 vocabulary tasks that differed in complexity and familiarity. Wide discrepancies in monitoring accuracy were observed. In Study 2, the same sample was divided into two groups, and the ...


The Snowball Effect: Exploring The Influence Of Changes In Academic Performance On Student Success In Co-Enrolled Courses, Robert Matthew Demonbrun, Michael Geoffrey Brown, Stephanie D. Teasley Jan 2018

The Snowball Effect: Exploring The Influence Of Changes In Academic Performance On Student Success In Co-Enrolled Courses, Robert Matthew Demonbrun, Michael Geoffrey Brown, Stephanie D. Teasley

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Researchers have paid considerable attention towards understanding why students experience academic difficulties in college, particularly with regards to student persistence (Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005). While much of the research on retention in higher education focuses on institutional factors, including social support structures, financial aid, and campus climate (Mayhew et al., 2016; Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005; Tinto, 1997), there remain several questions regarding how the design and organization of a college curriculum can impact college student success.