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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Sustainable Campus For The Higher Education Institutions In The U.S., Md Imtiajul Alam Jan 2018

A Sustainable Campus For The Higher Education Institutions In The U.S., Md Imtiajul Alam

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The green and sustainable campus concept is not something new to US universities, but well-organized and coherent activities to effectively “green” campuses are not that common, and efforts are minor in comparison to the potential of these universities. This thesis investigates different approaches taken by higher education (HE) institutions that are considered successful in their objectives toward achieving a sustainable campus. It also examines the process of integration of sustainability into the higher education institution’s policy, pedagogy, and research process; approaches taken by HE institutions aim to impact students’ perceptions and their behavior toward the world that they will ...


Science Learning Opportunities And The Project Approach In Preschool Classrooms, Melissa Clucas Jan 2018

Science Learning Opportunities And The Project Approach In Preschool Classrooms, Melissa Clucas

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Effective early science learning opportunities are critical for young children to build a solid foundation for subsequent development of concepts, as well as positive attitudes towards science (Eshach & Fried, 2005). However, these opportunities are often lacking in typical preschool classrooms (Connor, Morrison, & Slominski, 2006; Early et al., 2010). A multiple case study design was used to examine science learning opportunities in preschool classrooms using the Project Approach (PA; Helm & Katz, 2011). Guided by theoretical tenets from Dewey, Piaget, and Vygotsky, this study sought to explore the feasibility and efficacy of using the PA to promote high-quality science learning opportunities by examining the specific strategies teachers used to plan for authentic and meaningful experiences, structure the environment ...


Fathers In Home Visiting: An Examination Of Father Participation In Iowa Miechv, Neil Alan Rowe Jan 2018

Fathers In Home Visiting: An Examination Of Father Participation In Iowa Miechv, Neil Alan Rowe

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, father participation in early childhood home visits was examined using observational data from 50 Maternal Infant Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) home visits where a father figure was present for a visit with a mother receiving services and a target child two years old or younger. The sample included 34 different home visitors. Videos were coded using the HVOF-R and HOVRS A+ observational tools. Fathers were more present and available during home visits than previous research indicates (Holmberg & Olds, 2015; McBride & Peterson, 1997; Raikes, Summers & Roggman, 2005). A father-figure was present in 25.1% of the initial home visit videos with ...


A Mixed-Methods Longitudinal Study Of New Graduate Teaching Assistants’ Commenting Beliefs And Practices, Jillian I. B. Grauman Jan 2018

A Mixed-Methods Longitudinal Study Of New Graduate Teaching Assistants’ Commenting Beliefs And Practices, Jillian I. B. Grauman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Although research on teachers’ comments on student papers is fairly common and has remained an ongoing area of interest since at least the 1970s, composition studies has not yet investigated how teachers’ commenting beliefs and practices change over time, particularly graduate teaching assistants’ (GTAs’) commenting practices. GTAs are an important subgroup of composition instructors to study because not only do they teach a considerable number of first-year composition (FYC) classes across the country, they are also the future of the profession. This dissertation reports the results of a mixed-methods longitudinal study of novice GTAs’ commenting beliefs (i.e., goals, perceived ...


The Growing Together Project: Understanding Impacts On Field Day Attendees And Iowa Master Gardeners, Laura Irish Jan 2018

The Growing Together Project: Understanding Impacts On Field Day Attendees And Iowa Master Gardeners, Laura Irish

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Citizen science has been shown to be an effective tool for increasing data collection, as well as a great benefit to those who participate in the research project. The rising costs and limited funding for conducting large-scale research projects make citizen science projects valuable assets for researchers. Understanding the impact of citizen science projects on the volunteers must be done to better engage with and retain the volunteers. The Growing Together project, a partnership between the ISU Extension and Outreach Master Gardener program and the Human Sciences Extension, was created to increase food security in Iowa. The two major components ...


Perceptions Of Middle, High School And Community College Agricultural Teachers In Iowa Regarding Agricultural Awareness Concepts And Activities In The Middle School Curriculum: Grades 7-9, Abisoye Oyeyinka Odubanjo Jan 2018

Perceptions Of Middle, High School And Community College Agricultural Teachers In Iowa Regarding Agricultural Awareness Concepts And Activities In The Middle School Curriculum: Grades 7-9, Abisoye Oyeyinka Odubanjo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Teachers are relied upon to teach basic agricultural knowledge among young learners who are devoid of real-world agricultural experiences. The middle school serves as a tool for achieving this goal because self and environmental awareness, and career choices begin at this educational stage. Since agricultural teachers are the major driver of agricultural education program in the middle school, their perceptions regarding this program are important. The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of agricultural teachers regarding teaching agriculture and selected course content in the middle school. The Theory of Planned Behavior was used as a theoretical framework ...


The Problem With Homesickness: A New Way Of Coming Home, Carolyn Jean Duven Jan 2018

The Problem With Homesickness: A New Way Of Coming Home, Carolyn Jean Duven

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation responds to two aspects of the homesickness literature: its characterization as a mental health concern, and its lack of empirical attention in the United States. The purpose of this study was to develop a theoretical understanding of homesickness oriented to an affirming and sociocultural lens, and to do so in the context of current higher education settings in the U.S. Using grounded theory and arts-based inquiry methodologies, homesickness was explored from multiple perspectives by using participant data. The results challenge previous deficit-oriented theoretical frameworks of homesickness, noting it instead as a natural developmental process the participants underwent ...


Civic Engagement In Young Adulthood: Social Capital And The Mediating Effects Of Postsecondary Educational Attainment, Kevin M. Hemer Jan 2018

Civic Engagement In Young Adulthood: Social Capital And The Mediating Effects Of Postsecondary Educational Attainment, Kevin M. Hemer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Civic Engagement has two purposes in American society. The first is to maintain democracy and democratic institutions; the second is to serve as a pathway for maturation into adulthood. Utilizing data from The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), we investigate how adolescent experiences with schools and families impact young adult’s political (voting) and nonpolitical (volunteering) civic engagement and the mediating role postsecondary educational attainment may have in this process. Utilizing measures of adolescent bonding and bridging social capital, as well as human and financial capital, this investigation takes a life course perspective and relies ...


Grateful/Ungrateful, White/Not-White, Asian/Not-Asian: A Study Of East Asian Transracial-Transnational Adoptees, Justin Paul Winkel Jan 2018

Grateful/Ungrateful, White/Not-White, Asian/Not-Asian: A Study Of East Asian Transracial-Transnational Adoptees, Justin Paul Winkel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Transracial-transnational adoptees represent a marginal, sometimes invisible group within communities of color, including the Asian American community. Their social networks, and the way they forge friendships and relationships represent a complicated navigation of not just common social structures, but also a maze of social identities that many of these adoptees are caught between. The way these adoptees view their own identities influences whom with, and under what context they socialize. Experiences that construct ideas of membership and participation for adoptees are often thought to be unpredictable and inconsistent. This study seeks to better understand these narratives by examining the first ...


Iowa High School Agriculture Teachers' Motivations To Teach, Personal And Professional Needs, And Career Satisfaction In The Teaching Profession, Normala Ismail Jan 2018

Iowa High School Agriculture Teachers' Motivations To Teach, Personal And Professional Needs, And Career Satisfaction In The Teaching Profession, Normala Ismail

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence high school agriculture teachers’ motivations to teach, personal and professional needs that influence high school agriculture teachers’ intentions to continue teaching, and career satisfaction of high school agriculture teachers. This was a descriptive census survey study of all high school agriculture teachers in Iowa. The study addressed three objectives: 1) Describe the factors that motivate high school agriculture teachers to teach; 2) Describe the personal and professional needs that influence high school agriculture teachers’ intentions to continue teaching; and 3) Evaluate the career satisfaction of high school ...


An Assessment Tool To Determine The Appropriateness Of Engineering Design Projects For Gender Bias, Ambiguity, And Major Relatedness, Shubham Prashant Khoje Jan 2018

An Assessment Tool To Determine The Appropriateness Of Engineering Design Projects For Gender Bias, Ambiguity, And Major Relatedness, Shubham Prashant Khoje

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Engineering design learning is one of the critical components for an engineering

degree; thus, engineering design projects are commonly included in engineering curricula

to help students cultivate design thinking and creative problem-solving skills. However,

an engineering design project is prone to the following issues if it is not appropriately

provided to engineering students. First, gender bias can occur when the design project is

perceived to be more skewed to one gender in comparison to the other. Second, major

relatedness can occur when the discipline of the design project is not related to the chosen

major and interest areas of a ...


Investigating The Sense Of Belonging Of International Students Through A Predictive Model, Anupma Singh Jan 2018

Investigating The Sense Of Belonging Of International Students Through A Predictive Model, Anupma Singh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite the fact that international students face challenges at the United States (U.S.) universities and colleges, little research exits on these student’s sense of belonging. This study investigates the factors of sense of belonging for international students and provides insights on factors like academic adjustment, homesickness, peer connection, etc. either hinder or enhance sense of belonging for international students.

The study uses multi-year of student’s data collected from all the first-year first-time students at a large public research-intensive university in Midwest. The analytical approach employed in this study includes descriptive statistics, ANOVA tests, factor analysis and structural ...


A Qualitative Study Of Rural Community College White Faculty (Mis)Understanding Of Diversity, Ladrina Nicole Wilson Jan 2018

A Qualitative Study Of Rural Community College White Faculty (Mis)Understanding Of Diversity, Ladrina Nicole Wilson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the perceptions of white faculty teaching in rural community college in hopes of identifying how these faculty understand or appreciate the importance of diversity in their institution’s commitment and in their classroom. Case study methodology was used to examine the perceptions of six white faculty in one rural institution in the Midwest. Using White Racial Consciousness Model and Bronfenbrenner’s Ecology of Human Development Model as the theoretical underpinning, four themes emerging through the participants’ narratives gathered from the data collection and analysis: (1) Feeling Othered; (2) Operationalizing Diversity; (e) Historical and Hypothetical Privilege; and (4 ...


Engineering In The Elementary Science Classroom: Teachers' Knowledge And Practice Of The Nature Of Engineering, Jacob Pleasants Jan 2018

Engineering In The Elementary Science Classroom: Teachers' Knowledge And Practice Of The Nature Of Engineering, Jacob Pleasants

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the nature of engineering (NOE) as an objective of engineering education efforts within the context of K-12 science education in the United States. The dissertation examines the NOE knowledge and teaching practices of participants in a research project aimed at supporting science and engineering instruction in grades 3-5. The project formed teaching triads of elementary student teachers, their cooperating teachers, and engineering graduate students. The engineers served as content area experts in science and engineering, areas which elementary teachers often have little preparation. Together with the teaching expertise of the student teachers and cooperating teachers, these ...


Value Of U.S. Higher Education Among Students From China And Russia, Inna Kuznetsova Jan 2018

Value Of U.S. Higher Education Among Students From China And Russia, Inna Kuznetsova

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Chinese students are currently the largest group of international students pursuing higher education in the U.S. The number of Chinese students has been steadily increasing in the last decade, but many researchers warn that international student mobility should not be taken for granted. Other countries such as the U.K, Australia, New Zealand, and Russia have established themselves as strong competitors in the unstable international higher education market. While many Russian students pursue higher education abroad, the number of Russian international students in U.S. higher education institutions is low. Given the multiple political, economical, and educational similarities between ...


Exploring The Multicultural Competence, Will, And Multicultural Work Of Student Affairs Educators In Higher Education, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin Jan 2018

Exploring The Multicultural Competence, Will, And Multicultural Work Of Student Affairs Educators In Higher Education, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Student affairs educators are integral to meet the needs of today’s increasingly diverse student population, especially supporting the student success of underrepresented students and developing the multicultural competence of all students. A significant component of meeting these needs is engaging in multicultural work, which specifically addresses racism and systemic oppression in the higher education environment. Presented in a three-article format, this case study examined the multicultural competence development, will, and multicultural work of student affairs educators engaged in these endeavors.

The goal of multicultural work is to address racism and systems of oppression, and to do so requires multicultural ...