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Iowa State University

2018

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Articles 1 - 30 of 209

Full-Text Articles in Education

Bounding Average Returns To Schooling Using Unconditional Moment Restrictions, Desire Kedagni, Lixiong Li, Ismael Mourifie Dec 2018

Bounding Average Returns To Schooling Using Unconditional Moment Restrictions, Desire Kedagni, Lixiong Li, Ismael Mourifie

Economics Working Papers

Abstract. In the last 20 years, the bounding approach for the average treatment effect (ATE) has been developing on the theoretical side, however, empirical work has lagged far behind theory in this area. One main reason is that, in practice, traditional bounding methods fall into two extreme cases: (i) On the one hand, the bounds are too wide to be informative and this happens, in general, when the instrumental variable (IV) has little variation; (ii) while on the other hand, the bounds cross, in which case the researcher learns nothing about the parameter of interest other than that the IV ...


Evaluation Of Confidence Using Motivational Interviewing Skills Before And After In-Person Training Workshop, Jeni E. Lansing, Kathryn J. Deshaw, Maria Perez, Gregory Welk, Laura D. Ellingson Dec 2018

Evaluation Of Confidence Using Motivational Interviewing Skills Before And After In-Person Training Workshop, Jeni E. Lansing, Kathryn J. Deshaw, Maria Perez, Gregory Welk, Laura D. Ellingson

CIRTL Reports

Motivational interviewing (MI) is a skill used to help individuals make positive behavior changes and may be beneficial for those who work with undergraduate students. A new training, comprised of online content followed by an in-person workshop, was created and offered to staff members working directly with students at Iowa State University. The aim of this study was to evaluate confidence for using MI-related components pre and post an in-person workshop. To do so, participants completed a survey regarding their confidence in using MI-related skills before and after the workshop. From the survey results, a paired t-test was conducted to ...


Promoting Transformative Learning: Extension Partnerships Focused On An Ethic Of Caring, Nancy K. Franz, Jerri Baumeister, Leslie Van Dyke, Barbara Wollan Dec 2018

Promoting Transformative Learning: Extension Partnerships Focused On An Ethic Of Caring, Nancy K. Franz, Jerri Baumeister, Leslie Van Dyke, Barbara Wollan

Education Publications

Extension is known for creating educational environments conducive to the transformative learning required for people to change their perspectives and make better decisions in their lives. However, creating such environments is not easy. The complex Extension context often produces barriers to including program components that support transformative learning. Extension partnerships with nonprofits, government units, and businesses can reduce these barriers and enhance the potential for transformative learning by fostering caring program environments. A partnership between Extension and United Way exemplifies one model for developing programs focused on creating caring educational environments that encourage and sustain transformative learning.


Domain Description: Validating The Interpretation Of The Toefl Ibt® Speaking Scores For International Teaching Assistant Screening And Certification Purposes, Elena Cotos, Yoo-Ree Chung Dec 2018

Domain Description: Validating The Interpretation Of The Toefl Ibt® Speaking Scores For International Teaching Assistant Screening And Certification Purposes, Elena Cotos, Yoo-Ree Chung

English Publications

In the past 2 decades, there has been an increasing tendency to use scores from the TOEFL iBT® Speaking test for decisions regarding the certification of international graduate students as teaching assistants at North American universities. To obtain validity evidence in support of the usefulness of the speaking scores for this secondary use of the test, this study adopted the argument‐based approach to validation. Focusing on the domain description inference in the TOEFL interpretive argument, the study investigated whether the language functions elicited by TOEFL iBT Speaking tasks can be identified in authentic discourse produced by international teaching assistants ...


La Evaluación De La Destreza Oral Una Comparación Entre Cursos "Híbridos A Distancia" Y "Presenciales Alao", Cristina Pardo-Ballester Dec 2018

La Evaluación De La Destreza Oral Una Comparación Entre Cursos "Híbridos A Distancia" Y "Presenciales Alao", Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In the last decade, university institutions have been increasing, which demand from the teaching staff a greater offer of courses where technology is effectively incorporated into teaching. Critical studies published today, relating to the use of different technological tools in conjunction with language teaching, repeatedly contain the terms "distance learning" or "online course", as well as the terms "hybrid" or "combined" for make reference to the same model, to the same type of course. This study distinguishes two terms to refer to two models of courses: "hybrid at a distance" and "face-to-face ALAO". The oral dexterity of 132 participants was ...


Augmented Reality In Foreign Language Education: A Review Of Empirical Studies (增强现实技术在外语教学中的应用:文献综述性研究), Shenglan Zhang Dec 2018

Augmented Reality In Foreign Language Education: A Review Of Empirical Studies (增强现实技术在外语教学中的应用:文献综述性研究), Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This literature review examines how Augmented Reality (AR) has been used in foreign language learning. AR is a live view of reality that is augmented by computer-generated sound, image, or videos. It allows the user to interact with the real physical environment in an enhanced way. This study provides an overview of what AR is, its history, different definitions, and how it has been used in education in general. It summarizes how AR has been used in all aspects of foreign language education, including skill development (listening, speaking, reading and writing), vocabulary, grammar, culture, the aspect of affect in language ...


Factors That Influence New Students’ Decision To Attend Two Midwestern Land-Grant Universities, Elizabeth A. Foreman, Scott W. Smalley, Michael S. Retallick Dec 2018

Factors That Influence New Students’ Decision To Attend Two Midwestern Land-Grant Universities, Elizabeth A. Foreman, Scott W. Smalley, Michael S. Retallick

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

The purpose of this quantitative study was to describe the people and factors that influenced new students’ decisions to attend the colleges of agriculture at two Midwestern land grant universities. Athletics was identified as the most common pre-collegiate activity. Students identified their parent as the most influential person in selecting their college. The top factor which influenced students' college decision was pursuing a career that interested them. The findings from this study can guide recruitment efforts at land-grant universities by allowing institutions to be more intentional with their recruitment efforts. Future research needs to be conducted to determine the timing ...


Misconceptions On Part-Part-Whole Proportional Relationships Using Proportional Division Problems, Ji-Yeong I, Ricardo Martinez, Barbara Dougherty Nov 2018

Misconceptions On Part-Part-Whole Proportional Relationships Using Proportional Division Problems, Ji-Yeong I, Ricardo Martinez, Barbara Dougherty

Education Publications

This study focuses on proportional division, a specific problem type of proportions and proportional relationships, which embeds a part-part-whole relationship. We investigated how students in grades 6 to 9 solved and perceived three proportional division problems. Analysis of the students’ performance on the tasks revealed three types of misconceptions emerged in solving proportional division problems: regarding a ratio as a number, additive reasoning, and confusion about the whole. Confusion about the whole was the misconception that appeared most frequently across all grades. This finding suggests teachers should provide various types of proportional problems, especially with part-part-whole ratios. Proportional division is ...


Standardized Language Proficiency Tests In Higher Education, Gary Ockey, Nazlinur Gokturk Nov 2018

Standardized Language Proficiency Tests In Higher Education, Gary Ockey, Nazlinur Gokturk

English Publications

In higher education, standardized academic language proficiency test scores are often used for multiple purposes, including admissions of international students to degree programs and identification of students’ post-entry language support needs. In this chapter, issues surrounding the use of high-stakes standardized academic language proficiency tests for making decisions about international English as a second language (ESL) students are explored. Specifically, (a) stakeholders’ views and knowledge about standardized academic language proficiency tests, (b) predictive validity of standardized academic language proficiency tests for academic success, (c) the use of standardized language test scores for placement into language support courses, and (d) the ...


Design And Perception Of An Approach To Improving Chinese As A Foreign Language Learners’ Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Shenglan Zhang Nov 2018

Design And Perception Of An Approach To Improving Chinese As A Foreign Language Learners’ Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

Self-regulated learning (SRL) is a social-cognitive construct in the realm of self-regulation that describes the ways in which individuals actively and constructively regulate their own congitive processes in an educational setting. SRL conceptualizes effective learning as a process of cognitive and motivational evaluation where a learner completes academic tasks (Heikkilä & Lonka, 2006; Pintrich, 2000; Zimmerman, 1990; 2008). Different models of SRL developed over the years (Boekaerts & Niemivirta, 2000; Borkowski, 1996; Pintrich, 2000; Winne & Hadwin, 1998; Zimmerman, 2000), but all models assume at least three phases: a preparatory or forethought phase, an actual performance or task completion phase, and an evaluation and adaptation phase. In the preparatory ...


An Analysis Of Classroom Collusion Using Latent Dirichlet Allocation, Charles B. Shrader, Sue P. Ravenscroft, Jeffrey Kaufmann Nov 2018

An Analysis Of Classroom Collusion Using Latent Dirichlet Allocation, Charles B. Shrader, Sue P. Ravenscroft, Jeffrey Kaufmann

Management Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

In this study, we use Latent Dirichlet Allocation to explore the reflections of students who faced a demanding classroom challenge, to which some responded by colluding. Our five-topic LDA solution describes the cheating event in terms of the nature of the course assignment itself, teams as a resource and support mechanism, the repercussions of cheating, and differences between majors or course tracks. The most relevant topics were the differences between the tracks and the repercussions of cheating. Teams and teammates also play a large role in the students’ reflections. We conclude with the implications of these topics in future research.


Implementing Mathematical Modeling For Emergent Bilinguals, Ji Yeong I, Ricardo Martinez, Betsy A. Araujo-Grando Nov 2018

Implementing Mathematical Modeling For Emergent Bilinguals, Ji Yeong I, Ricardo Martinez, Betsy A. Araujo-Grando

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

In this study, a researcher collaborated with a middle school mathematics teacher through co-planning, teaching and reflecting upon mathematical modeling lessons to support emergent bilinguals to make sense of mathematics. We investigate how this collaboration impacts the process of co-teaching and co-planning in terms of the interactions between the researcher and the teacher. Our analysis reveals how each role changed and maintained during the collaboration and what factors were discussed to develop and implement modeling-based lessons for emergent bilinguals.


More American Students Are Studying Abroad, New Data Show, Chad M. Gasta Nov 2018

More American Students Are Studying Abroad, New Data Show, Chad M. Gasta

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Kelsey Hrubes knew she had a challenge on her hands when she visited Germany as a study abroad student back in 2015.

“I was forced to adapt to cultural norms I had never considered before and try to comprehend everything in a new language,” recalls Hrubes, a software engineer at Microsoft and 2017 Iowa State graduate in German and computer science.

Hrubes says if she hadn’t studied abroad and learned to adjust to new surroundings, she wouldn’t be nearly as confident as she is in her career.


Ace Your Online Teaching With Quality Course Delivery, Kristie Baldwin Nov 2018

Ace Your Online Teaching With Quality Course Delivery, Kristie Baldwin

Open Course Materials

The following is an instructor resource to assist educators in developing superior online courses.


Origins Of Early Stem Interest For Black Male Graduate Students In Engineering: A Community Cultural Wealth Perspective, Brian A. Burt, Jarrel T. Johnson Sep 2018

Origins Of Early Stem Interest For Black Male Graduate Students In Engineering: A Community Cultural Wealth Perspective, Brian A. Burt, Jarrel T. Johnson

Education Publications

The development of talent in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields remains a national priority, one for which increasing the number of STEM participants from historically underrepresented populations is germane. Increasing the number of historically underrepresented students who complete advanced degrees in STEM will not only aid in solving national problems such as building infrastructure and strengthening national security, but also provide more models of success for future generations. Addressing this priority requires developing a better understanding of what leads students into and through STEM pathways, and finding ways to eliminate systemic barriers to their participation in STEM. This ...


The Changing Face Of L2 Pronunciation Research And Teaching, Charlie Nagle, John M. Levis, Erin F. Todey Sep 2018

The Changing Face Of L2 Pronunciation Research And Teaching, Charlie Nagle, John M. Levis, Erin F. Todey

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

This paper discusses changes in the field of L2 pronunciation over the past decade, including research studies, resources, and changes in methodology. To do so, it revisits the history of PSLLT over its 10 years as a conference by considering the inclusion of both research and teaching and the effects of the conference on the field of L2 pronunciation. This paper also describes changes in how L2 pronunciation research is being carried out and the general categories of the papers in the Proceedings of the 10th annual PSLLT conference.


Perception, Production, And Perception-Production: Research Findings And Implications For Language Pedagogy, Charles Nagle Aug 2018

Perception, Production, And Perception-Production: Research Findings And Implications For Language Pedagogy, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

When we are born our perceptual systems are capable of discriminating sounds that occur in English, Spanish, Hindi, or any other language. During the first year, our perception begins to zero in on the particular set of sounds that are contrastive in our native language(s) (L1s) (Kuhl et al., 2006). For example, a child whose parents are L1 English speakers will pick up on the fact that /b/ and /p/ are contrastive in English (e.g., “bet” vs. “pet”) and that the major difference is in the burst of air that occurs when the stop is released (i.e ...


Off To On: Best Practices For Online Team-Based Learning™, Michele Clark, Laura Merrick, Jennifer Styron, Annetta Dolowitz, Cassandra Dorius, Kajal Madeka, Holly Bender, Janet Johnson, John Chapman, Meghan Gillette, Michael Dorneich, Brian O'Dwyer, James Grogan, Tom Brown, Bruce Leonard, Jane Rongerude, Liz Winter Aug 2018

Off To On: Best Practices For Online Team-Based Learning™, Michele Clark, Laura Merrick, Jennifer Styron, Annetta Dolowitz, Cassandra Dorius, Kajal Madeka, Holly Bender, Janet Johnson, John Chapman, Meghan Gillette, Michael Dorneich, Brian O'Dwyer, James Grogan, Tom Brown, Bruce Leonard, Jane Rongerude, Liz Winter

Center for Excellence in Learning and Teaching Publications

In the fall of 2014, 20.4 million American students were enrolled in higher education. Of these, 28% or 5.8 million students were taking at least some of their courses at a distance and half of those or nearly 3 million students were taking all of them at a distance (Allen, Seaman, Poulin, & Straut, 2016). According to the 2017 New Media Consortium Horizon Report, “online, mobile, and blended learning are foregone conclusions” (Adams Becker et al. 2017, p. 2) reflecting the growing numbers of students seeking more flexible schedules and learning environments. In addition, employers are demanding that higher ...


Toward A Theory Of Engineering Professorial Intentions: The Role Of Research Group Experiences, Brian A. Burt Aug 2018

Toward A Theory Of Engineering Professorial Intentions: The Role Of Research Group Experiences, Brian A. Burt

Education Publications

This article advances the Theoretical Model of Engineering Professorial Intentions to explain why individuals do or do not choose to pursue faculty careers. A 13-month ethnographic study of members of a diverse chemical engineering research group was conducted. The resulting theoretical model accounts for six emergent components that contribute to members’ identification with faculty careers: (1) social identities and personal factors; (2) sociocultural factors; (3) participation, interactions, and learning in research group experiences; (4) faculty prototype; (5) social comparisons; and (6) individual and institutional experiences. The article concludes with implications for further research and recommendations regarding mentoring and design of ...


It Takes A Village: The Role Of Emic And Etic Adaptive Strengths In The Persistence Of Black Men In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, Gordon J. M. Palmer Aug 2018

It Takes A Village: The Role Of Emic And Etic Adaptive Strengths In The Persistence Of Black Men In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, Gordon J. M. Palmer

Education Publications

Black men, underrepresented in engineering, constitute a missing segment of the population who could contribute to the global knowledge economy. To address this national concern, stakeholders need additional research on strategies that aid in Black men’s persistence. This study explores the experiences of 30 Black men in engineering graduate programs. Three factors are identified as helping them persist from year to year, and in many cases through completion of the doctorate: the role of family, spirituality and faith-based community, and undergraduate mentors. The article concludes with implications for future research and professional practice that may improve the experiences of ...


Data, Data Everywhere: Implications And Considerations, Matthew D. Pistilli Aug 2018

Data, Data Everywhere: Implications And Considerations, Matthew D. Pistilli

Iowa State University Articles and Manuscripts

Learning Analytics in Higher Education provides a foundational understanding of how learning analytics is defined, what barriers and opportunities exist, and how it can be used to improve practice, including strategic planning, course development, teaching pedagogy, and student assessment. Well-known contributors provide empirical, theoretical, and practical perspectives on the current use and future potential of learning analytics for student learning and data-driven decision-making, ways to effectively evaluate and research learning analytics, integration of learning analytics into practice, organizational barriers and opportunities for harnessing Big Data to create and support use of these tools, and ethical considerations related to privacy and ...


Pronunciationforteachers.Com/ Key Concepts Factors Affecting Pronunciation Development, Charles Nagle Aug 2018

Pronunciationforteachers.Com/ Key Concepts Factors Affecting Pronunciation Development, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

As Derwing (2010) observed nearly ten years ago, one of the goals of pronunciation research is to identify how different aspects of second language (L2) speech develop over time, providing teachers with information on the pronunciation problems that will work themselves out, versus those that will likely pose an ongoing challenge. At the same time, research must account for the cognitive, socio-affective, and experiential variables that shape pronunciation learning outcomes (Moyer, 2014a, 2014b).


Data Parties I Have Known: Lessons Learned And Best Practices For Success, Nancy K. Franz Aug 2018

Data Parties I Have Known: Lessons Learned And Best Practices For Success, Nancy K. Franz

Education Publications

Increased focus on data-driven decision making requires Extension professionals to excel at data analysis and interpretation. Data parties have become increasingly popular for involving stakeholders in making sense of data. As these parties become more frequently used by Extension professionals, best practices are emerging from lessons learned to improve the process and enhance the outcomes. These practices include designing discussion questions to fit the specific goals of the process, engaging a team of key partners, setting a theme and party environment that appeals to the participants and fits the context, providing appropriate data visualization tools, and using strong facilitation practices.


Four Approaches To Building Extension Program Evaluation Capacity, Nancy K. Franz, Thomas Archibald Aug 2018

Four Approaches To Building Extension Program Evaluation Capacity, Nancy K. Franz, Thomas Archibald

Education Publications

Extension educators are expected to more fully evaluate programs. In response, evaluation capacity building (ECB) is a necessary component of Extension educator professional development. One size rarely fits all; ECB more likely succeeds if it is well aligned with the educator's evaluation needs and the type of educational effort. Four approaches to Extension work have been documented—service, facilitation, content transmission, and transformative education. These approaches require different evaluation measures and therefore different forms of ECB.


Student-Centered Pedagogy: Using Moses’ Five-Step Approach As A Scaffolding Framework To Teach Diverse Learners, Ruth Ahn, Ji Yeong I, Justin White, Liane Monroy, Nicole Tronske Aug 2018

Student-Centered Pedagogy: Using Moses’ Five-Step Approach As A Scaffolding Framework To Teach Diverse Learners, Ruth Ahn, Ji Yeong I, Justin White, Liane Monroy, Nicole Tronske

Education Publications

In this article, two teacher educators and three preservice teachers reflect on the critical role Moses’ Five-Step Approach (Moses & Cobb, 2001) played as a scaffolding pedagogical framework in preservice teacher and faculty learning. Using Moses’ approach to frame their presentations, preservice teachers work in their groups to teach abstract Educational Psychology concepts to actively engage classmates from diverse backgrounds. During this process, the presenters co-construct knowledge with their peers and instructor, applying the framework by putting common activities and everyday language first before teaching abstract concepts and academic language. The authors, including a preservice teacher who also teaches a university ...


Mujeres Supporting: How Female Family Members Influence The Educational Success Of Latino Males In Postsecondary Education, Victor B. Saenz, Claudia Garcia-Louis, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez Jul 2018

Mujeres Supporting: How Female Family Members Influence The Educational Success Of Latino Males In Postsecondary Education, Victor B. Saenz, Claudia Garcia-Louis, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez

Education Publications

The purpose of this multi-institutional qualitative study was to understand the educational pathways of Latino males by underscoring the unique role female family members play in their academic pursuits—through the voice of these young men. Findings demonstrate female family members were identified as being primary supporters of their educational pursuits, and actively leveraged different sources of cultural capital to help Latino males enroll and persist through postsecondary education. This study reinforces extant literature on the importance of family in the educational pathways of Latina/o students. Furthermore, it makes a unique contribution by highlighting the important role female family ...


Do Believe The Hype: Using Student Stories To Shape A Year-Long Faculty And Staff Training Initiative, Denise N. Williams-Klotz, Kenyatta N. Shamburger Jul 2018

Do Believe The Hype: Using Student Stories To Shape A Year-Long Faculty And Staff Training Initiative, Denise N. Williams-Klotz, Kenyatta N. Shamburger

Multicultural Student Services Regional Conference

This session will outline the creation of a student blog and the year-long faculty and staff training program that grew from sharing the student stories. Join us to learn about the development of the program, what we found to be benefits and how you might implement something similar on your campus.


When It Gets Personal: Connecting, Collaborating And Closing The Gap, Stancia J. Whitcomb Jenkins Jul 2018

When It Gets Personal: Connecting, Collaborating And Closing The Gap, Stancia J. Whitcomb Jenkins

Multicultural Student Services Regional Conference

Keynote address for the 2018 Multicultural Student Services Regional Conference.


Building Student Engagement Through Specializes Employment And Leadership Roles, Hemie Collier, Tiyah Western Jul 2018

Building Student Engagement Through Specializes Employment And Leadership Roles, Hemie Collier, Tiyah Western

Multicultural Student Services Regional Conference

The objective of this session will be to supply you with ideas and methods that will help you build student engagement and buy-in through the creation of valuable leadership roles, internships, and employment within your office. The roles that we will discuss will go beyond your typical student office assistant jobs. We will teach you how to create roles that will allow students to be involved in the planning and implementation of programs, orientations, marketing, etc.


Let’S Get Naked: How To Amplify Student Voices In Vulnerable Conversations, Jade Horning, Colice Sanders Jul 2018

Let’S Get Naked: How To Amplify Student Voices In Vulnerable Conversations, Jade Horning, Colice Sanders

Multicultural Student Services Regional Conference

Are you concerned that workshops about diversity and inclusion are not giving anything back to your students? We've been there. Come hear our story and learn about the evolution of our two-hour, interactive workshop for new underrepresented students at UNI. We've learned that to lead these conversations we have to be courageous, vulnerable, and committed to nurturing student voices. We invite you to bring your own stories and experiences in facilitating conversations about identity, self-awareness, and affinity group building.