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Full-Text Articles in Education

Enhancing Team-Based Senior Capstone Projects: Opportunities And Challenges, Gretchen A. Mosher Oct 2014

Enhancing Team-Based Senior Capstone Projects: Opportunities And Challenges, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Generally, capstone courses focus on the integration and application of technical knowledge and skills acquired in previous coursework along with a consideration of multiple realistic constraints. However, capstone courses also require students to focus on a variety of professional skills, including teamwork, unstructured task completion, and project management. Because students are often new at these skills, they may find it difficult to resolve issues as they arise, particularly when working with an actual industrial client.

Capstone courses also pose challenges to faculty. Finding a consistent stream of projects that are at the appropriate level for senior level students can be ...


Quantifying Cognitive Processes In Virtual Learning Simulations, Michael P. Thornton, Gretchen A. Mosher Oct 2014

Quantifying Cognitive Processes In Virtual Learning Simulations, Michael P. Thornton, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Virtual learning simulations have received increasing attention due various proposed educational, instructional, and institutional advantages; with literature focusing largely on perceptions of this technology and empirical comparisons to other instructional methods. Compared to traditional learning environments, virtual learning environments may present methodological advantages in studying learning processes through applying behavioral tracing techniques.

This paper will discuss behavioral indicators of cognitive learning processes used in virtual decision scenarios designed for third year engineering and engineering technology students. Behavioral measures to quantitatively analyze the learning process will be presented. Implications for assessing student learning, instructional strategy selection, and improving higher education quality ...


Understanding Engineering Students' Perceptions And Knowledge About Sustainable Development And Sustainability, Bhavna Sharma, Brian L. Steward, Say K. Ong, Fernando E. Miguez Oct 2014

Understanding Engineering Students' Perceptions And Knowledge About Sustainable Development And Sustainability, Bhavna Sharma, Brian L. Steward, Say K. Ong, Fernando E. Miguez

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The Sustainable Engineering and International Development course was first offered to engineering majors at the Iowa State University (ISU) in 2005. The course is focused on describing, discussing and comparing the key concepts of sustainability, sustainable development and sustainable engineering. In 2005, sustainability was not a major part of the engineering curricula and students had little to no knowledge about these concepts. Nine years later, sustainability has become an integral part of our daily lives. In this study, we wanted to understand student perceptions, knowledge, and understanding of sustainability, sustainable development and its implementation across various engineering systems. The assessment ...


Students Creating Curriculum Change: Sustainable Agriculture And Social Justice, Angie Carter, Claudia M. Prado-Meza, Jessica Soulis, Diego Thompson Jun 2014

Students Creating Curriculum Change: Sustainable Agriculture And Social Justice, Angie Carter, Claudia M. Prado-Meza, Jessica Soulis, Diego Thompson

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

As the sustainable agriculture movement in the U.S. evolves, it faces the challenges of integration and inclusivity. Including social justice questions within sustainable agriculture education facilitates broader discussions about inequality and who benefits from this education and its practice. In this article, we present a case study in which we share our process and lessons learned from our student-led effort to integrate social justice work within the sustainable agriculture graduate curriculum at a Midwest public land-grant university. We analyze different sources and data to discuss: a) how students’ efforts can lead to curriculum development, change, and implementation; b) how ...


A Case For A Reform In Teaching Introductory, Fundamental Engineering Mechanics Courses, Peggy C. Boylan-Ashraf, Steven A. Freeman, Mack C. Shelley Jun 2014

A Case For A Reform In Teaching Introductory, Fundamental Engineering Mechanics Courses, Peggy C. Boylan-Ashraf, Steven A. Freeman, Mack C. Shelley

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Introductory, fundamental engineering mechanics (IFEM) courses, such as statics of engineering, mechanics of materials, dynamics, and mechanics of fluids, have far too long been focused on intense mathematical and theoretical concepts. Bold new methodologies that connect science to life using active learning pedagogies need to be emphasized more in engineering classrooms. This study investigated the role of a new paradigm in teaching IFEM courses and attempts to contribute to the current national conversation in engineering curriculum development of the need to change engineering education—from passive learning to active learning. Demographic characteristics in this study included a total of 4 ...


Holistic Student Professional Development And Assessment: A Backward Design Approach, Jacqulyn A. Baughman, Thomas J. Brumm, Steven K. Mickelson Apr 2014

Holistic Student Professional Development And Assessment: A Backward Design Approach, Jacqulyn A. Baughman, Thomas J. Brumm, Steven K. Mickelson

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

No abstract provided.


Valuing Smallholder Food Production - A Call For New Theories, Carol B. Thompson Feb 2014

Valuing Smallholder Food Production - A Call For New Theories, Carol B. Thompson

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

The idea that industrial agriculture is successful in providing food security during this time of climate change and increasing world hunger is grounded in the ontology and episteme of neoliberal economics. Therefore, the goal of this article is to extend the debates about the transformation of economic theories—from assumptions to concepts to measures—in order to recognize smallholder, food-producing techniques, ones that acknowledge the bio-physical limits of planet earth and demonstrate “evidence-based” resilience. The first proposed alternative set of theories, ecological economics, challenges neoliberal economics by redefining the planet as a closed system in which externalities cannot exist and ...


Update From The Animal Science Undergraduate Teaching Section, Jodi A. Sterle Jan 2014

Update From The Animal Science Undergraduate Teaching Section, Jodi A. Sterle

Animal Industry Report

Undergraduate student enrollment in the Animal Science department continues to increase. A total of 1,051 undergraduate students set another new record this fall. Placement numbers also remain high, with over 97% of graduates either entering graduate or professional school or gaining employment within six months of graduation


Utilization Of A Modified Delphi Method To Perform A Needs Assessment And Curriculum Revision Of A Senior-Level Beef Systems Management Course, Erika L. Lundy, Daniel D. Loy, Patrick J. Gunn Jan 2014

Utilization Of A Modified Delphi Method To Perform A Needs Assessment And Curriculum Revision Of A Senior-Level Beef Systems Management Course, Erika L. Lundy, Daniel D. Loy, Patrick J. Gunn

Animal Industry Report

Recent, new instructorship of the senior-level beef systems management course (An S 426) presented the opportunity to conduct a thorough evaluation and potential revision of the course curriculum. The objective of this study was to conduct a structured, critical evaluation of the course using a modified Delphi method, and utilize the results to update course objectives and student outcomes. Based on stakeholder feedback, the course is implementing heightened emphases on business and financial planning in addition to the basic managerial principals in the beef production process.


A Critical Thinking Benchmark For A Department Of Agricultural Education And Studies, Dustin K. Perry, Michael S. Retallick, Thomas H. Paulsen Jan 2014

A Critical Thinking Benchmark For A Department Of Agricultural Education And Studies, Dustin K. Perry, Michael S. Retallick, Thomas H. Paulsen

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Due to an ever changing world where technology seemingly provides endless answers, today’s higher education students must master a new skill set reflecting an emphasis on critical thinking, problem solving, and communications. The purpose of this study was to establish a departmental benchmark for critical thinking abilities of students majoring in agricultural education and studies. Seventy-five senior-level undergraduates completed a Critical Thinking Assessment Test (CAT) during the spring 2013 semester. A one-sample t-test utilizing national norm data and a step-wise regression model analyzing predictors of critical thinking ability were used to address research objectives. The only critical thinking skill ...


Perceptions Regarding Importance And Frequency Of Use Of Selected Communication Tools By Iowa Cattle Producers, Jaclyn F. Tweeten Jan 2014

Perceptions Regarding Importance And Frequency Of Use Of Selected Communication Tools By Iowa Cattle Producers, Jaclyn F. Tweeten

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

New technologies have profoundly affected the agricultural industry in the twentieth century. Within the agriculture industry numerous forms of communication exist. Forms of communication accessible to cattle producers and industry leaders include face-to-face, print media, electronic media, and social media. With several communication tools available to producers it is imperative to understand producers' perceived importance and usage of these communication tools. Understanding the usage of communication tools by cattle producers will help beef industry partners, beef breed associations, and the overall beef industry to better communicate with producers. Nonetheless, if electronic forms of communication provide quick access to information, one ...


Measuring And Articulating The Value Of Community Engagement: Lessons Learned From 100 Years Of Cooperative Extension Work, Nancy K. Franz Jan 2014

Measuring And Articulating The Value Of Community Engagement: Lessons Learned From 100 Years Of Cooperative Extension Work, Nancy K. Franz

Education Publications

The Cooperative Extension System was created in 1914 with the passage of the Smith-Lever Act. The act provided resources to improve access to education by creating this nationwide organization to bring land-grant university research and resources to people where they lived and worked. Cooperative Extension was the first formal nationwide structure created for university–community engagement. Expectations for Extension as an engaged institution have changed over time. Once seen chiefly as a source of private value for program participants in local communities, Extension is now also expected to provide public value for those not directly involved in Extension programs. After ...


Exploring Critical Thinking Skills Among Undergraduate Agriculture Education And Studies Students, Dustin Kensel Perry Jan 2014

Exploring Critical Thinking Skills Among Undergraduate Agriculture Education And Studies Students, Dustin Kensel Perry

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to describe the current critical thinking abilities of undergraduate agriculture education and studies students, and to explore how entry pathway and enrollment in a capstone course affect these abilities. Objectives were to: (1) establish a departmental benchmark for the critical thinking abilities of senior-level agricultural education and studies students; (2) determine if entry pathway, direct from high school admittance versus transfer from community college admittance, has an effect on critical thinking abilities; and (3) examine the impact a semester-long capstone farm management course has on the development of critical thinking abilities.

For objectives one ...


Extension Program Needs By Farmers In Tanzania: A Descriptive Study, Kabura James Philip Jan 2014

Extension Program Needs By Farmers In Tanzania: A Descriptive Study, Kabura James Philip

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The agricultural sector in Tanzania is the backbone of economic and social development of her citizens who's liveli-hood depends on this sector for more than seventy five percent of the economy. Until significant efforts are undertaken to the make the agricultural sector move forward, Tanzania will lag behind in food security and abject poverty alleviation. Strengthening agricultural extension services is paramount for attainment of genuine economic growth in the country and sub-Saharan Africa as a whole.

This descriptive study explored the extent to which Extension Programs meet farmer needs in the Ngorongoro district of Tanzania. The main objectives of ...


People In Ecosystems/Watershed Integration: Visualizing Ecosystem Services Tradeoffs In Agricultural Landscapes, Carrie Michelle Chennault Jan 2014

People In Ecosystems/Watershed Integration: Visualizing Ecosystem Services Tradeoffs In Agricultural Landscapes, Carrie Michelle Chennault

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Educational modeling in agricultural and environmental sciences provides access to the scientific knowledge needed to address local and global challenges that affect human wellbeing. Ecosystem services tradeoffs frameworks can enhance wellbeing by facilitating agricultural landscape design to produce multiple ecosystem services while maintaining farmer profitability and mitigating risk to farmers. At present, few broadly accessible tools evaluate how changes to land management affect the types and levels of ecosystem services delivered to humans. I developed a tool, People in Ecosystems/Watershed Integration version 2 (PE/WI or PE/WI v2), to fill this gap and foster multidimensional and integrative land ...


Production Information Needs Of American Boer Goat Association Members In The Midwestern United States, Elise Nicole Gallet De St. Aurin Jan 2014

Production Information Needs Of American Boer Goat Association Members In The Midwestern United States, Elise Nicole Gallet De St. Aurin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The goat industry in the United States is growing. The low input costs of production (USDA, 2005) has attributed to the gaining popularity of goats to producers in developed countries, such as the United States. With this growth comes a demand for a quality product to allow producers to compete in a growing world market. Without timely and adequate information producers could get pushed out of the market because of a less than standard product.

The purpose of this study was to determine the adequacy in terms of quality and quantity of the goat production information available to producers. This ...


Perceptions Of Secondary School Agriculture Teachers Regarding Biomass Production Education In Iowa, Guang Han Jan 2014

Perceptions Of Secondary School Agriculture Teachers Regarding Biomass Production Education In Iowa, Guang Han

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With the boom of biorenewable energy, biomass production has become an important segment in agriculture industry (Iowa Energy Center, 2013). A higher workforce will be needed for this burgeoning biomass energy industry (Iowa Workforce Development, n. d.). Instructional topics in agricultural education should take the form of

problems and questions faced by the agriculture industry itself (Phipps, Osborne, Dyer, & Ball, 2008). This study sought to assess the perceptions of secondary agriculture teachers regarding biomass production education in Iowa. Results of this study indicated that teachers held strongly to moderately positive perceptions toward biomass production and moderately positive perceptions toward teaching ...


Iowa Agricultural Educators' Current Grading Practices And Perceptions Of Standards-Based Grading, Jenny Ann Lichty Jan 2014

Iowa Agricultural Educators' Current Grading Practices And Perceptions Of Standards-Based Grading, Jenny Ann Lichty

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Research on grading reveals that grading practices have not changed much since they were first introduced. However, educators are now learning about a newer grading approach that evaluates student performance based on clearly defined learning standards. Standards-based grading (SBG) looks to more accurately communicate student knowledge by assessing and reporting each student's mastery based on clearly defined learning standards. While still rather new, research on standards-based grading is limited and very little has been conducted at the secondary level. Even less research has been conducted on SBG and grading practices of career and technical education teachers.

The purpose of ...


Secondary School Agricultural Teachers Understanding Of The Differences Between Agricultural Awareness And Agricultural Literacy In Iowa, Ashley Nicole Eason Jan 2014

Secondary School Agricultural Teachers Understanding Of The Differences Between Agricultural Awareness And Agricultural Literacy In Iowa, Ashley Nicole Eason

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The focus of this study was an assessment of the understanding of the concepts of agricultural awareness and agricultural literacy as perceived by agricultural education teachers. The purpose of this study was to identify perceptions of agriculture teachers regarding the understanding of the concepts of agricultural awareness and agricultural literacy in the study of agriculture in the state of Iowa. To also develop consensus definitions of agricultural awareness and agricultural literacy. Data provide information for development of a framework for education in and about agriculture and the life sciences. We can conclude from the study there is no consensus definition ...


Identifying The Effects Of Human Factors And Training Methods On A Weld Training Program, Alex Preston Byrd Jan 2014

Identifying The Effects Of Human Factors And Training Methods On A Weld Training Program, Alex Preston Byrd

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to enhance the welding training programs in technical colleges, post-secondary institutions, and industry to prepare certified welders. This dissertation contains three papers: (1) a study describing the ability of dexterity to predict future performance in beginning welders, (2) a study identifying the ability of virtual reality welding simulation to reduce the amount of anxiety experienced by beginning welders when completing test welds, and (3) a descriptive study assessing the ability of virtual reality welding simulations to evaluate seasoned welders.

With a high demand for certified welders, training programs need efficient methods of preparing certified ...


A Multiple Case Study Of Professional Development And Perspective Change Within The Cooperative Extensive Service, Judith Myers Levings Jan 2014

A Multiple Case Study Of Professional Development And Perspective Change Within The Cooperative Extensive Service, Judith Myers Levings

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This multi-case study explored individual and organizational perspective change by analyzing two long-term, management-supported professional development courses within the Cooperative Extension Service (CES). Data sources consisted of a survey of course participants, and interviews of selected participants and course designers. More than one half of the participants in both courses self-reported a perspective change, although only 5 of the 16 participant interviews revealed premise reflection--a necessary condition in this study for a perspective change. Seven learning themes were identified, five of which were similar to the transformational learning phases identified by Mezirow (1991). The two themes not similar to Mezirow ...


Social Capital, Agricultural Technical Assistance, Access To Productive Resources, And Food Security In Post-Conflict Lira, Northern Uganda, Joseph Deng Malual Jan 2014

Social Capital, Agricultural Technical Assistance, Access To Productive Resources, And Food Security In Post-Conflict Lira, Northern Uganda, Joseph Deng Malual

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the link between social capital and access to productive resources particularly land, labor, information, and credit, as well as the impact of agricultural technical assistance on resource access among formerly-displaced farm households in Lira, northern Uganda. The study also explored whether established associations between social capital and food security are also observed in post-conflict situations. Food security was measured using the validated Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS). Data were collected from March-July 2011 through interviews with 221 heads of household. The study identified socio-demographic and socio-economic factors that influence and differentiate households in terms of access ...


Under The Asabe Umbrella — Engineering Degree Programs Need Curriculum Reform, D. Raj Raman, Amy L. Kaleita Jan 2014

Under The Asabe Umbrella — Engineering Degree Programs Need Curriculum Reform, D. Raj Raman, Amy L. Kaleita

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The first-ever issue of Transactions of the ASAE, published in 1907, opens with a talk given by Howard W. Riley (after whom Riley-Robb Hall at Cornell University would later be named) that's modestly titled "The Courses in Agricultural Engineering that Should be Offered." Responses from several other luminaries, including J. B. Davidson (after whom Davidson Hall at Iowa State University would later be named), are included and make for fascinating reading for any student or practitioner of our discipline.