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Iowa State University

2009

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Articles 1 - 30 of 86

Full-Text Articles in Education

A Holistic Model Of Engaged Scholarship: Telling The Story Across Higher Education's Missions, Nancy K. Franz Dec 2009

A Holistic Model Of Engaged Scholarship: Telling The Story Across Higher Education's Missions, Nancy K. Franz

Nancy K. Franz

Faculty and administrators still struggle to practice and support a holistic approach to engaged scholarship. Many institutions have created a culture of engaged scholarship, yet faculty are looking for practical ways to plan, implement, and reflect on engaged scholarship due to productivity expectations. New faculty are often drawn to the idea of engaged scholarship but don’t know where to start or how to frame their work in a way that appeals to promotion and tenure committees. To address these issues, the holistic model of engaged scholarship presented here provides a definition of engaged scholarship, six practice and storytelling leverage ...


An Examination Of Persistence Research Through The Lens Of A Comprehensive Conceptual Framework, Robert D. Reason Nov 2009

An Examination Of Persistence Research Through The Lens Of A Comprehensive Conceptual Framework, Robert D. Reason

Robert D Reason

Arguably, student retention has been the primary goal for higher education institutions for several decades. Certainly, it has been the focus of much research effort among higher education scholars. Unfortunately, efforts to improve retention seem to be ineffective; attrition rates have endured despite significant efforts to close them (ACT, 2004b; Braxton, Brier, & Steele, 2007; Terenzini, Cabrera, & Bernal, 2001). Notwithstanding the emphasis placed on student retention, decades of research, and countless institutional initiatives, slightly over half of students who begin a bachelor’s degree program at a four year college or university will complete their degree at that same institution within six years ...


Calibrated Peer Review Assignments For The Earth Sciences, James A. Rudd Ii, Vivian Z. Wang, Cinzia Cervato, Robert W. Ridky Nov 2009

Calibrated Peer Review Assignments For The Earth Sciences, James A. Rudd Ii, Vivian Z. Wang, Cinzia Cervato, Robert W. Ridky

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

Calibrated Peer Review ™ (CPR), a web-based instructional tool developed as part of the National Science Foundation reform initiatives in undergraduate science education, allows instructors to incorporate multiple writing assignments in large courses without overwhelming the instructor. This study reports successful implementation of CPR in a large, introductory geology course and student learning of geoscience content. For each CPR assignment in this study, students studied web-based and paper resources, wrote an essay, and reviewed seven essays (three from the instructor, three from peers, and their own) on the topic. Although many students expressed negative attitudes and concerns, particularly about the peer ...


Multimedia In The Textiles And Clothing Classroom: Student Perceptions And Intentions To Recommend The Course, Mansi Batra, Sara B. Marcketti, Ashley Ratute Oct 2009

Multimedia In The Textiles And Clothing Classroom: Student Perceptions And Intentions To Recommend The Course, Mansi Batra, Sara B. Marcketti, Ashley Ratute

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The purpose of this exploratory study was to better understand students' perceptions of the classroom environment and their intentions to recommend the course for textiles and clothing classes, such as the history of dress, that rely heavily on multimedia usage.


Movin' On Up? An Investigation Of Women's Career Development In The Apparel Industry, Nancy N. Hodges, Elena E. Karpova, Holly Lentz Oct 2009

Movin' On Up? An Investigation Of Women's Career Development In The Apparel Industry, Nancy N. Hodges, Elena E. Karpova, Holly Lentz

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This research examines the early careers of female apparel industry professionals who majored in textile and apparel programs.


Languages And Cultures For Professions: Pathways To Global Engineering, Chad M. Gasta Oct 2009

Languages And Cultures For Professions: Pathways To Global Engineering, Chad M. Gasta

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Women And Sewing: Integrating Object Analysis With Documentary Evidence, Jean L. Parsons, Sara B. Marcketti Oct 2009

Women And Sewing: Integrating Object Analysis With Documentary Evidence, Jean L. Parsons, Sara B. Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

For centuries, sewing was a central feature of women's lives, education and employment. The story of sewing and its significance can be told through written records, however, to truly weave together an account of its importance , it is essential to include a variety of evidence, with the material culture of dress adding richness to the analysis.


Student Ideas Regarding Entropy And The Second Law Of Thermodynamics In An Introductory Physics Course, Warren M. Christensen, David E. Meltzer, Craig Ogilvie Oct 2009

Student Ideas Regarding Entropy And The Second Law Of Thermodynamics In An Introductory Physics Course, Warren M. Christensen, David E. Meltzer, Craig Ogilvie

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We report on students’ thinking regarding entropy in an introductory calculus-based physics course. We analyzed students’ responses to a variety of questions on entropy changes of an arbitrarily defined system and its surroundings. In four offerings of the same course we found that before instruction, no more than 6% of all students could give completely correct responses to relevant questions posed in both general and concrete contexts. Nearly two-thirds of the students showed clear evidence of conservation-type reasoning regarding entropy. These outcomes were little changed even after instruction. Targeted instruction that guided students to recognize that entropy is not a ...


Evaluation Of A Multiple Ecological Level Child Obesity Prevention Program: Switch®What You Do, View, And Chew, Douglas A. Gentile, Gregory Welk, Joey C. Eisenmann, Rachel A. Reimer, David A. Walsh, Daniel W. Rusell, Randi Callahan, Monica Walsh, Sarah Strickland, Katie Fritz Sep 2009

Evaluation Of A Multiple Ecological Level Child Obesity Prevention Program: Switch®What You Do, View, And Chew, Douglas A. Gentile, Gregory Welk, Joey C. Eisenmann, Rachel A. Reimer, David A. Walsh, Daniel W. Rusell, Randi Callahan, Monica Walsh, Sarah Strickland, Katie Fritz

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Background: Schools are the most frequent target for intervention programs aimed at preventing child obesity; however, the overall effectiveness of these programs has been limited. It has therefore been recommended that interventions target multiple ecological levels (community, family, school and individual) to have greater success in changing risk behaviors for obesity. This study examined the immediate and short-term, sustained effects of the Switch program, which targeted three behaviors (decreasing children's screen time, increasing fruit and vegetable consumption, and increasing physical activity) at three ecological levels (the family, school, and community).

Methods: Participants were 1,323 children and their parents ...


Integrating Language And Literature: Teaching Textual Analysis With Input And Output Activities And An Input‐To‐Output Approach, Stacey Weber-Fève Aug 2009

Integrating Language And Literature: Teaching Textual Analysis With Input And Output Activities And An Input‐To‐Output Approach, Stacey Weber-Fève

World Languages and Cultures Publications

The Modern Language Association report and Profession issue from summer 2007 (Geisler et al., 2007) are highly indicative of the increasingly debated concerns in the profession surrounding (1) the traditional division of foreign language curriculum between “language” and “literature” and (2) the instruction of textual analysis (or practice of close reading) in the student‐centered literature classroom. In this article, I discuss the need in the profession to address the contemporary problems inherited from the traditional “language‐literature” divide and postulate the use of close reading as a tactic to overcome this traditional divide. This article specifically addresses the issue ...


Changes In Students’ Problem-Solving Strategies In A Course That Includes Context-Rich, Multifaceted Problems, Craig Ogilvie Aug 2009

Changes In Students’ Problem-Solving Strategies In A Course That Includes Context-Rich, Multifaceted Problems, Craig Ogilvie

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Most students struggle when faced with complex and open-ended tasks because the strategies taught in schools and universities simply require finding and applying the correct formulae or strategy to answer well-structured, algorithmic problems. For students to develop their ability to solve ill-structured problems, they must first believe that standardized procedural approaches will not always be sufficient for solving engineering and scientific challenges. In this paper we document the range of beliefs university students have about problem solving. Students enrolled in a physics course submitted a written reflection both at the start and the end of the course on how they ...


Catalyzing Transformation: Conditions In Extension Educational Environments That Promote Change, Nancy K. Fran, Barry A. Garst, Sarah Baughman, Chris Smith, Brian Peters Aug 2009

Catalyzing Transformation: Conditions In Extension Educational Environments That Promote Change, Nancy K. Fran, Barry A. Garst, Sarah Baughman, Chris Smith, Brian Peters

Nancy K. Franz

Extension faculty and administrators have suggested Cooperative Extension's goal and niche is transformative education—to bring about deep change in individuals, families, and communities. However even though transformative learning appears to be a desirable approach to Extension education, few scholars and practitioners have examined the conditions in Extension learning environments that promote transformation. In fact, Extension agents and faculty ask what they can do to increase the likelihood their work will result in transformation. The research reported here explored conditions that catalyze transformation in two Extension educational contexts: 1) Cornell Cooperative Extension agent/specialist work teams and 2) Virginia ...


When Does Retrieval Induce Forgetting And When Does It Induce Facilitation? Implications For Retrieval Inhibition, Testing Effect, And Text Processing, Jason C.K. Chan Aug 2009

When Does Retrieval Induce Forgetting And When Does It Induce Facilitation? Implications For Retrieval Inhibition, Testing Effect, And Text Processing, Jason C.K. Chan

Psychology Publications

Retrieval practice can enhance long-term retention of the tested material (the testing effect), but it can also impair later recall of the nontested material – a phenomenon known as retrieval-induced forgetting (Anderson, M. C., Bjork, R. A., & Bjork, E. L. (1994). Remembering can cause forgetting: retrieval dynamics in long-term memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 20(5), 1063–1087). Recent research, however, has shown that retrieval practice can sometimes improve later recall of the nontested material – a phenomenon termed retrieval-induced facilitation (Chan, J. C. K., McDermott, K. B., & Roediger, H. L. (2006). Retrieval-induced facilitation: initially nontested material can ...


With Honors (Vol. 2), Iowa State University Honors Program Jul 2009

With Honors (Vol. 2), Iowa State University Honors Program

With Honors

No abstract provided.


College Of Human Sciences Matters (Summer 2009), Iowa State University College Of Human Sciences Jul 2009

College Of Human Sciences Matters (Summer 2009), Iowa State University College Of Human Sciences

College of Human Sciences Matters

No abstract provided.


Isu Advance Annual Report, Year 3: May 2008–March 2009, Iowa State University Advance Program Jun 2009

Isu Advance Annual Report, Year 3: May 2008–March 2009, Iowa State University Advance Program

Office of the Provost Reports

ISU ADVANCE has become Iowa State’s most prominent vehicle to recruit, retain, and advance women and women of color in STEM faculty positions. We are known for a well managed network, innovative research, and an integrated approach to change. We work within departments using a Collaborative Transformation approach to improve the work environment for all faculty members. Our program identifies cultures, practices, and structures that enhance or hinder the careers of ISU faculty, and works with faculty and administrators to transform university policies, practices, and academic culture in pursuit of a diverse and vibrant faculty in STEM disciplines.


Enhancing Accountability: Servsafe™ Impact Template Delivers, Renee Boyer, Matthew Benson, Heather Boyd, Mena Forrester, Nancy K. Franz, Karen Gehrt, Patsy Pelland, Kirsten Roan Jun 2009

Enhancing Accountability: Servsafe™ Impact Template Delivers, Renee Boyer, Matthew Benson, Heather Boyd, Mena Forrester, Nancy K. Franz, Karen Gehrt, Patsy Pelland, Kirsten Roan

Nancy K. Franz

Generating statewide impact data from Extension programs can be challenging. To streamline reporting, Extension specialists, with the help of county agents and administrators, generated a statewide impact statement for the ServSafe™ program in Virginia. This template includes knowledge gain, behavior change, and economic impact from participants generated from current standardized evaluation methods used by all Extension educators across the state. Providing this template for agents resulted in easier, more consistent yearly reporting for those agents administering the program.


Recognizing, Characterizing, And "Unsettling" Unintended Bias In The Faculty Search Process In Engineering, Kristen P. Constant, Sharon R. Bird Jun 2009

Recognizing, Characterizing, And "Unsettling" Unintended Bias In The Faculty Search Process In Engineering, Kristen P. Constant, Sharon R. Bird

Materials Science and Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

Faculty searches are one of the most critical activities undertaken with regards to shaping the future of a department, college or university. Despite the importance of this activity, most search committees are comprised of faculty who have very little time to commit to this task, and little if any training on ‘best practices’ or policies for conducting searches. National recognition of the need in faculty search processes for decision-makers to understand the prevalence of unintended biases and how to combat them has grown precipitously in recent years. Cognitive scientists have shown that many of the selection and evaluation processes we ...


Qualitative Tools To Examine Efnep Curriculum Delivery, Justine R. Hoover, Peggy A. Martin, Ruth E. Litchfield Jun 2009

Qualitative Tools To Examine Efnep Curriculum Delivery, Justine R. Hoover, Peggy A. Martin, Ruth E. Litchfield

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Use of qualitative research methods to evaluate nutrition education programs is limited. Structured observations and focus groups, qualitative research methods, were conducted to examine use of theory-based learning strategies and participant experiences in a nutrition education program. Theory-based learning strategies included use of open-ended questions, visual aids, and experiential learning activities. Open-ended questioning and some experiential activities were used less often than desired. Language of lesson delivery and instructional setting appear to influence the use of learning strategies. Lesson delivery and instructional setting may be relevant for preferred learning styles of different cultures.


“Where I Came From, Where I Am Now, And Where I'D Like To Be”: Aspiring Administrators Reflect On Issues Related To Equity, Diversity, And Social Justice, Frank Hernandez, Joanne M. Marshall May 2009

“Where I Came From, Where I Am Now, And Where I'D Like To Be”: Aspiring Administrators Reflect On Issues Related To Equity, Diversity, And Social Justice, Frank Hernandez, Joanne M. Marshall

Education Publications

This study explores student reflections about issues related to equity, diversity, and social justice from an educational foundations course. Online reflections and course assignments were analyzed from 15 aspiring administrators for patterns. Findings indicate that (1) students were willing to engage and reflect on their experiences and cultural identity, (2) students used their worldviews as filters for these experiences, (3) students were not necessarily willing to experience discomfort for the sake of learning about difference, and (4) students thought about their identities in a range of distinct developmental ways. If educational administration programs are to prepare future administrators who are ...


Assisting Students Struggling With Mathematics: Response To Intervention (Rti) For Elementary And Middle Schools, Russell Gersten, Sybilla Beckmann, Benjamin Clarke, Anne Foegen, Laurel Marsh, Jon R. Star, Bradley Witzel Apr 2009

Assisting Students Struggling With Mathematics: Response To Intervention (Rti) For Elementary And Middle Schools, Russell Gersten, Sybilla Beckmann, Benjamin Clarke, Anne Foegen, Laurel Marsh, Jon R. Star, Bradley Witzel

Education Books

Students struggling with mathematics may benefit from early interventions aimed at improving their mathematics ability and ultimately preventing subsequent failure. This guide provides eight specific recommendations intended to help teachers, principals, and school administrators use Response to Intervention (RtI) to identify students who need assistance in mathematics and to address the needs of these students through focused interventions. The guide provides suggestions on how to carry out each recommendation and explains how educators can overcome potential roadblocks to implementing the recommendations.


The Enrollment Research Team: An Example Of Collaborative Strategic Enrollment Management Research, Darin Wohlgemuth, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Jonathan I. Compton, Gregory R. Forbes, Julia Sullivan Apr 2009

The Enrollment Research Team: An Example Of Collaborative Strategic Enrollment Management Research, Darin Wohlgemuth, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Jonathan I. Compton, Gregory R. Forbes, Julia Sullivan

Education Publications

Effective strategic enrollment management (SEM) requires a “data rich environment” (Bontrager 2004)—a significant amount of data, intentional efforts to analyze the data and processes through which the results of the analysis can be implemented. In other words, successful SEM involves research. Although few would disagree that research is a necessary component of SEM, institutions may struggle with finding or aligning their resources (time, money and personnel) to adequately fulfill their research needs.


Describing The Elephant: Preservice Teachers Talk About Spiritual Reasons For Becoming A Teacher, Joanne M. Marshall Apr 2009

Describing The Elephant: Preservice Teachers Talk About Spiritual Reasons For Becoming A Teacher, Joanne M. Marshall

Education Publications

Given the need for high quality teachers in every classroom, it is important to understand what might contribute to the preparation and persistence of teachers. Two lines of literature in teacher education relate to such an understanding. One line of literature follows the circumstances of how people decide to become teachers. The other line explores the relationship between spirituality and teaching. This paper considers the intersection of those two lines; namely, what is the relationship, if any between why people enter the K-12 teaching field and the spirituality of teaching?


Undergraduate Interior Design Program Admissions: What Is The Best Predictor Of Future “Success?”, Lori A. Brunner Mar 2009

Undergraduate Interior Design Program Admissions: What Is The Best Predictor Of Future “Success?”, Lori A. Brunner

Art and Design Conference Proceedings, Presentations and Posters

The purpose of this paper is to present initial findings of a quasi-experimental study that analyzes what selection criteria provide the best measures of predicting future “success” in an undergraduate interior design program. Success in this study utilizes a performance assessment of a capstone interior design project.


Pulling It Together—Elements And Principles Of Design In Home Improvement, Iowa State 4-H Mar 2009

Pulling It Together—Elements And Principles Of Design In Home Improvement, Iowa State 4-H

4-H Youth Development Publications

This publication will help you increase your understanding of how and why some things work together and some simply "don't look right."


Unraveling The Mystery Of Design Elements And Principles In Clothing, Sue Bogue Mar 2009

Unraveling The Mystery Of Design Elements And Principles In Clothing, Sue Bogue

4-H Youth Development Publications

Get an introduction to the elements of design (shape/form, color, texture, and line) and the principles of design (rhythm, emphasis, proportion, balance, and unity).


Evaluation Of A New Nutrition Education Curriculum And Factors Influencing Its Implementation, Justine R. Hoover, Peggy A. Martin, Ruth E. Litchfield Feb 2009

Evaluation Of A New Nutrition Education Curriculum And Factors Influencing Its Implementation, Justine R. Hoover, Peggy A. Martin, Ruth E. Litchfield

Extension and Outreach Research and Scholarship

The study reported here evaluated a nutrition education curriculum through examining participant behavior change. A previously used curriculum (April - September 2005 and 2006) was compared to a new curriculum (April - September 2007) using pre- and post-program 24-hour dietary recalls and food behavior surveys. Participant, educator, and program variables were explored relative to behavior change. The new curriculum elicited behavior change similar to that elicited by the previous curriculum. Factors influencing behavior change included participant and educator race and educator experience. Participant and educator variables should be considered in future program/curriculum implementation.


College Of Human Sciences Matters (Winter 2008–2009), Iowa State University College Of Human Sciences Jan 2009

College Of Human Sciences Matters (Winter 2008–2009), Iowa State University College Of Human Sciences

College of Human Sciences Matters

No abstract provided.


How Farmers Learn: Improving Sustainable Agricultural Education, Nancy K. Franz, Fred P. Piercy, Joseph Donaldson, Jessie Deelo, Johnnie Westbrook, Robert Richard Jan 2009

How Farmers Learn: Improving Sustainable Agricultural Education, Nancy K. Franz, Fred P. Piercy, Joseph Donaldson, Jessie Deelo, Johnnie Westbrook, Robert Richard

Nancy K. Franz

This project examines how farmers prefer to learn and what that means for agricultural education, especially Extension educational program development and delivery. Extension educators use a variety of methods for teaching content and processes that enhance farmer learning and adoption of new practices. This research project specifically looked at farmer learning preferences and Extension educator’s instructional methods.


Designing An Intelligent Discourse Evaluation Tool: Theoretical, Empirical, And Technological Considerations, Elena Cotos Jan 2009

Designing An Intelligent Discourse Evaluation Tool: Theoretical, Empirical, And Technological Considerations, Elena Cotos

Elena Cotos

Considering the promising potential of ICALL and intelligent feedback, this paper addresses this topic from the perspective of practical applications. It reviews existing intelligent language learning systems and their feedback capabilities, arguing that while ICALL is very promising and highly complex, its development should be more principled. In other words, the decisions behind the system design need to be justified theoretically, integrating technology with theory, research, and practice in instructed SLA. To support this argument, this paper provides an example of how this was achieved in the context of L2 graduate academic writing. It describes a new natural language processing-based ...